Yarrow: useful properties andcontraindications

Update: October 2018


  • Interesting facts about yarrow
  • Morphological description
  • Collecting and harvesting
  • Chemical composition
  • Beneficial features
  • Basic indications for use
  • Folk recipes
  • Herbal tea with yarrow
  • Contraindications and special instructions for use

Yarrow is a herbaceous perennial of
Family Compositae. Widespread and pronounced
medicinal properties of yarrow are estimated by herbalists and supporters
natural treatment.

This plant has such names as cutter, beaver,
Guliavica Among the military doctors caught on – tenacious grass, because
when injured, this plant can save lives. Also characteristic
peculiar, recognizable smell – those who felt the scent
yarrow, no longer forget it.

Today, yarrow is used in folk recipes and
official pharmacology. Beneficial features и contraindications
yarrow well studied. Knowing them, some problems are solved.
with health, without resorting to synthetic drugs, which is important
with intolerance to the latter.

Interesting facts about yarrow

Cultural associated ancient legends that eloquently
demonstrate its properties. Latin name of the plant is Achillea
consonant with Achilles. That was the name of the famous hero of the Trojan War. By
legends Achilles stopped bleeding with the help of yarrow.
Dioscorides healed “wound grass” open wounds and injuries.
skin. The famous Avicenna, in his “Canons” also described the healing
the properties of the plant and the conditions under which it is shown. The ancients
the Scythians and the loyal warriors of Alexander the Great used the plant for
cupping bleeding. Byлководец Суворов, который заботился о
each soldier, went into battle only if equipped
отряда порошком из plants.

Peasants have long and still used yarrow grass for
obtain the broth, whose properties helps to destroy pests
agricultural plants such as aphids and spider mites.

�”Mille” in Latin means “one thousand”, and “folium” –
this is a sheet. Those. literal translation of yarrow sounds like a thousand
sheets. When considering the leaves of this plant are cut into
a lot of shares.

The plant is officially recognized as a medicinal not only in
Russia. Yarrow is used in Finland, Switzerland, Austria,
Sweden, the Netherlands with many diseases.

Morphological description

лечебные свойства тысячелистникаThe plant has a branched
horizontal rhizome. Stems erect, there are some
pubescent, reach a height of 15 – 80 cm, branching only at the top.
Yarrow leaves alternate, lanceolate or linear,
dissected into thin segments. The upper leaves are sitting on the stem,
and the lower ones have scapes.

The small flowers of yarrow are white or pink and
collected in compact inflorescences baskets. Inflorescences form a common
corymbose inflorescence on the tips of the shoots, which consists of
a large number of baskets. Each basket contains median flowers.
are tubular, bisexual, and marginal – reed,

Flowering plant during the summer, from June. Silvery fruits
yarrow ripen en masse in August and October. Pollination
carried by insects – the culture is considered a good honey plant.
The yarrow reproduces both with the help of rhizomes and

Grows predominantly on forest edges, meadows, well
grows in steppes, along roads and along margins, on banks
reservoirs, among shrubs, on deposits and wastelands, in the villages.
Yarrow is widespread in Asia and Europe, everywhere
is found in all areas of the European part of Russia, in many
areas of the Caucasus, in Siberia.

Collecting and harvesting

Medicinal value is grass and inflorescences.
yarrow. Grass and buds harvested from the beginning to
mid-flowering, i.e. from June to August. To this top
the stems are cut at a distance of 15 cm from the top. Leaves just
cut off from the thick part of the stem. When harvesting flowers neatly
cut the peduncles to a length of 4 cm.

The grass is dried under wide awnings, in the attic or veranda.
If a dryer is used, the air temperature should not exceed
40-45 C. When drying raw materials must be turned. Dry raw materials
has a peculiar smell. Keep the grass needed in dry and darkened
places in paper bags for 2 years.

Collection of yarrow growing in the city or at
roads are prohibited. In adverse environmental conditions
Yarrow easily accumulates toxic substances, and its grass
unsuitable for collection.

Chemical composition

In the leaves of yarrow there is an essential oil rich in
chamazulene, alkaloid achillein, esters, camphor, borneol,
thujone, glycosides (luteolin and apigenin), cyneol, tannins,
resins, carotene, organic acids, amino acids, vitamins K, C,
bitterness. Found and minerals – magnesium, potassium, boron, zinc, calcium,
selenium, copper and molybdenum.

Beneficial features

Medicinal properties of yarrow are diverse and are associated with
chemical composition plants incorporating many biologically
active substances.

  • Gelenic forms of the plant (obtained by extraction)
    have a pronounced antispasmodic effect on smooth muscle
    tissue of the biliary and urinary tract, intestines. Such effect
    leads to the expansion of the biliary tract and increase
    bile secretion in the duodenum, increase diuresis and cupping
    pain syndrome associated with bowel spasms. Data
    properties are associated with the presence in the plant of flavonoids and essential
  • Bitter-tasting achillein irritates the end of the gustatory nerves,
    the consequence of which is the activation of the secretion of gastric juice.
    The plant reduces intestinal swelling and fights flatulence.
  • Among all known herbs, this plant has the best
    hemostatic properties: local and systemic
    applying it quickly stops bleeding and does it without
    formation of blood clots. The plant is indicated for any type of bleeding.
    (except for arterial) and at any age. Thrombophlebitis,
    heart attack and stroke are not a hard constraint to use
    yarrow, while other hemostatic drugs
    use with such diagnoses is dangerous.
  • The plant has anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic
    and bactericidal properties due to essential oils, chamazulene and
  • When applied locally, yarrow has anti-burn
  • In moderate doses, hypotensive and sedative

Basic indications for use

Since the beneficial properties and range of therapeutic action
drugs yarrow is very wide, it is used for:

  • various bleeding: external, uterine, hemorrhoidal,
    pulmonary, intestinal, gingival, nasal, etc. (except
  • intestinal infections, acute and chronic: dysentery, diarrhea,
  • peptic ulcer, cholecystitis, with pancreatitis, hepatitis;
  • pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, with cystitis;
  • obesity;
  • atherosclerosis;
  • scratches, wounds, abrasions, eczema, diathesis, burns;
  • inflammation of the gums, throat;
  • acne, boils, fistula;
  • hair loss.

Folk recipes

Fresh Juice

Chop fresh yarrow grass and squeeze juice from gruel.
The juice is bitter, before applying it is mixed with natural honey.
The average dose for admission – 1-1,5 tsp. Take thrice / day.

  • This is an ideal remedy for internal and external bleeding.
    Especially effective for internal bleeding: nasal,
    gastrointestinal, uterine, pulmonary.
  • Thirty drops of yarrow juice, diluted in equal
    proportions with mint juice and grape wine help with
    cardiac arrhythmias.
  • In addition, the juice is good for anemia.
  • Another area of ​​application for yarrow juice is to increase
    production of breast milk: 1 tsp 3 r / day.
  • Used to prevent kidney stone formation,
    gall bladder.
  • Fresh Juice растения помогает от кашля, при туберкулезе, для
    improve appetite, with anemia, for the treatment of liver diseases,
    accompanied by jaundice.

Yarrow decoction

1 tsp pour 250 gr. boiled water, boil broth for 5–10 min
on low heat and strain. Average dose – 50 ml per
reception / three times a day.

  • Widely used to stop bleeding, internal and
    outdoor. Especially recommended for the treatment of women in labor after a strong
    generic blood loss.
  • Well helps with hemorrhoids, especially with exacerbations.
  • The decoction has a pronounced poto- and diuretic effect and
    used for edema, as well as for hyperthermia.
  • It contributes to the treatment of chronic gastritis and gastric ulcer. Helps with
    treatment of diarrhea, intestinal diseases, dyspepsia and nausea.
    Effective with helminthic invasion. In these cases, take
    three times a day for half a cup.
  • The tool is used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases.
    urinary tract, kidney, with ICD, as well as incontinence
  • Helps with воспалительных гинекологических заболеваниях, для
    cycle regulation. Used to reduce pain when
  • Dosage form has a regulatory effect on metabolism.
  • This is an effective tool in the treatment of dizziness, headache.
    pain, hysteria, insomnia, neuralgia.

Decoction of flowers

2 tbsp. dry flowers pour boiling water (0.5 l) and over low heat
boil no more than 10 min. Daily washing with decoction helps
in the treatment of acne.

Infusion Yarrow

В термос залить кипяток (250 мл), поместить 2 tbsp. dry grass
plants. Corking and insisting means within an hour, raw materials
strain and squeeze. Take the infusion for half an hour and 1/3 cup to
meal three times / day (to store no more than 2 days. in the refrigerator).

  • Good remedy for intestinal pain (disappear 15 minutes after
    reception). It is recommended to normalize stools after food.
  • Can be used as an infusion to treat hair
  • This infusion is suitable for gargling, lotions, and
    for washing wounds.

Alcohol tincture

Take 4 tbsp. l dry raw, chop thoroughly. Put all
in a jar and pour vodka (100 ml), put in a cool and dark
place for a week. Strain the drug and squeeze the raw material well.

  • Internal reception of 20 drops 3 once a day helps in the treatment
    cholecystitis, hepatitis, pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis and
  • With external use tincture can be processed
    abrasions, acne (spot), use for washing


A handful of fresh leaves and flowers are crushed and carefully
fray in a mortar, mixed in half with melted pork
lard. If there is no fresh herb, take one share of the tincture.
yarrow and mixed with four parts of vaseline.

It is applied fresh when bruised – apply ointment for treatment
on the skin in a thin layer.


Yarrow decoction по рецепту выше, добавляемый в ванну в
1-2 l volume, helps with scabies and lichen (scaly).


2 tbsp. leaves brewed in a liter of boiling water should be taken
for the treatment of hemorrhoids instead of tea.

Yarrow Liquid Extract

This is a pharmacy drug that is not available at home.
easy. Take three times a day, 5-7 drops with water as urine.
and choleretic, antiallergic, anti-inflammatory,
hemostatic agent.

  • Helps with патологиях печени и желчного пузыря, в т.ч.,
    dyskinesias, cholecystitis, gastritis and ulcers, infections
    urinary tract, helminthic invasions.
  • Well stops bleeding.
  • Tones the uterus, activates the secretion of gastric juice,
    increases blood clotting. It is prescribed for neurasthenia,
    insomnia as a sedative. Used in nursing
    women to increase lactation.

Herbal tea with yarrow

The use of yarrow in combination with other herbs is
effective and common treatment for a wide spectrum

  • Тысячелистник с ромашкой (две трети цветков
    тысячелистника и одна треть цветков ромашки) в количестве 2 tbsp.
    pour half liter of boiling water and steam. So good
    wash your face with acne (for treatment). Recommended for like
    ранозаживляющее средство по 100 мл 3 r / day. для любых wounds.
  • 2 tbsp. a mixture of yarrow and chamomile (equally), brewed in
    a glass of boiled water, help with pain and cramps of the stomach: 3-4
    p / day for half a cup.
  • Tea с тысячелистником и зверобоем (по 1 ст.l на 1000 мл
    boiling water) is useful for cholecystitis and liver disease.
  • Тысячелистник с листом крапивы (по 1 ст.l каждого) заливают
    0.5 liters of boiling water and incubated for 3 hours. This infusion is useful for
    painful periods: take 100 ml 4 times a day per week
    before menstruation and in the first days of discharge.
  • Yarrow with celandine – well help with inflammatory
    diseases of the kidneys and bladder. For decoction dry herbs
    смешивают и 1 ст.l the mixture is poured half a liter of boiling water, boiled
    on low heat 10 min. Принимают по 2 tbsp. in 3-4 hours. When
    oncolopathology of the bladder or kidneys to these herbs
    it is recommended to add a tenacious bedstraw,
    цветы кипрея по 1 tsp and take a decoction according to the specified scheme – this
    will slow the progression of the disease.
  • Тысячелистник с мятой — применяются для терапии
    gastritis and also have antispasmodic and
    anti-inflammatory effect, can be used for gastrointestinal cramps
    and inflammatory diseases. 1 ст.l ground components
    collection brew half a liter of boiling water, insist 30 minutes and take
    100 ml in 20-25 minutes before meals four times a day and always before
    a dream.
  • Yarrow with calendula helps in the fight against local
    ulcers of the stomach and duodenum,
    trophic disorders associated with ulcerative lesions. Effective
    for the treatment of infectious-bacterial processes and also helps
    neutralize the aggressive factors causing gastritis and ulcers
    violations. Для приготовления полезного настоя 1 ст.l mixture of two
    herbs pour 400 ml boiling water, insist and take 50 ml
    three times / day before meals.
  • Yarrow with plantain, chamomile and hunter contributes
    treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers and cessation
    bleeding. Medicinal infusion is prepared from a mixture of dried herbs in
    количестве 1 ст.l and half a liter of boiling water, insist 60 minutes and
    принимают натощак по 50 мл three times / day before meals.
  • Yarrow with a wormwood (1: 4) is traditionally used for
    improve appetite. 1 tsp the mixture in the specified ratio brew
    400 ml of boiling water, take a quarter cup three times / day.

Contraindications and special instructions for use

All medicinal forms of the plant have some toxic
effect, so domestic consumption requires caution.
Especially it is impossible to exceed the recommended dosage, as well as
apply yarrow for a long time.

You can not use yarrow:

  • children under 6 years old;
  • pregnant women;
  • individual intolerance;
  • severe hypotension.

Despite the absence of direct contraindications, with caution
prescribe yarrow drugs with a tendency to form
blood clots. Do not use the plant with enhanced secretion
gastric glands.

A number of patients have long-term therapy with drugs based on
yarrow leads to side effects in the form of dizziness,
skin rash. For any unusual events and reactions to
yarrow treatment should stop it.

Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог

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