In this article you can find information on proper care for the navel in a newborn, and also learn why can he suddenly change his color and darken. Information will be useful for both the parents of the baby and for pregnant women women who are waiting for the birth of their baby, will help in the future to prevent mistakes in caring for the baby and avoid possible health problems of a little man.
Throughout 9 months of pregnancy, the baby is associated with by the mother with the umbilical cord, which moves away from the placenta. Exactly through the umbilical cord the embryo and gets all the beneficial nutrients elements necessary for its development and growth. At the time of birth the child is born the destruction of this unique connection.
From what remains after cutting the umbilical cord, and will be future navel is formed. Umbilical cord tear pinched with a special clamp to prevent bleeding.
There are no nerve endings in the rest of the umbilical cord, so this part of the body can not cause the child pain. Usually the remaining piece of the umbilical cord dries out quickly enough (after all blood flow is blocked by a clamp) and darkens. After he will fall off, a small wound and a small one will remain instead a piece of umbilical skin. During subsequent healing, closing the wound and the formation of the belly button familiar to us.
This piece of skin (actually being an ordinary scar) tends to be pulled back into the stomach. It happens that the navel can bulge a little. In the event that the baby has a navel first pulled into the stomach, and then fell back, you need to contact to the doctor, as this may indicate the presence of an umbilical hernia.
For a certain period of time, the navel will be the most vulnerable spot for the newborn in body. Based on this, it must be carefully looked after.
While the woman is in the hospital, all care manipulations performed by a doctor. And after discharge, the process of processing the umbilical wounds should be dealt with by native babies, it is important to relate to this manipulations in all seriousness.
According to the rules, it is necessary to process the umbilical wound once every day (if you do this too often, you can accidentally damage another not healed wound).
It is best to carry out this procedure immediately after washing. baby. Until the wound is completely tightened, it is recommended add a weakly concentrated potassium permanganate solution to the water (no the need for boiling water).
You need to take a cotton swab, dip it in a 3% peroxide solution hydrogen, and then gently moisten the wound. In addition to the swab, you can use also an ordinary pipette – in this case just drip a few drops of peroxide in place of the umbilical wound.
Important with a cotton swab or cotton swab dry the umbilical bottom, and then its entire surface, remove crusts formed, because under them they can begin to multiply harmful microorganisms. You don’t have to peel the crusts, otherwise, bleeding may begin. After softening with hydrogen peroxide, the crusts themselves are removed quite simply.
In conclusion, you need to lubricate the wound site with any antiseptic (in green). The latter, however, has one significant minus – it strongly stains the skin and thereby hides the presence of possible complications. Based on this, it would be better to opt for colorless antiseptics.
Often women apply an antiseptic only to the surface belly button, but microbes can “hide” in its corners. Fine, after two to three days of competent care, the umbilical wound should completely heal.
Some children have a belly button may darken at its base. This is due to an allergic reaction (this is observed with atopic dermatitis). With this pathology, diaper rash is also observed, roughness of the skin, cheeks, as well as arms and legs, are present rashes, a milk scab on the head, the navel begins to get wet. It is necessary to consult a pediatrician who will help determine cause allergies and prescribe appropriate treatment.
If the child does not suffer from this pathology, the darkened navel may indicate an umbilical hernia or infection. A surgeon is involved in the treatment of umbilical hernia during examination quite often perform abdominal ultrasound cavities.
Infection can get into the baby’s body, if not carried out proper wound treatment. Then the wound begins to stand out a small amount of blood, an anemone, and discharge may appear purulent nature.
If you do not treat the inflammatory process, in further it can lead to purulent omphalitis (i.e. inflammation of the umbilical ring). Process begins extend to the skin umbilical ring, as well as to the umbilical vessels, the skin at the wound site begins to redden, occurs its seal. The inflammatory process tends to go into sepsis and peritonitis. The treatment of these pathologies requires application antibacterial drugs. To prevent umbilical hernia, read how to get rid of constipation in infants.
We recommend that you familiarize yourself with what monthly rates development of the baby.
Along the way, read an article on how many months it grows fontanel.
Be that as it may, with the appearance of any atypical phenomena in the navel in a baby must go to the hospital for medical help. Only at the examination will the doctor be able to say for sure for what reason the color of the skin has changed, why the baby has darkened the navel and will prescribe the necessary therapy.