- What to do
- Measuring respiratory rate in children
Does the child hold his breath in his sleep – is this serious? Frequency breathing of children in a state of sleep is constantly changing: unexpectedly begins to breathe faster, then the rhythm slows down, and stop for a few seconds.
After such differences, everything stabilizes, and everything comes in the norm. Sometimes it’s enough to change the pose of the sleeping person and his breathing evens out.
Catastrophically not getting enough sleep parents are increasingly faced with impaired baby sleep. They are observed in 15% of children.
In every 6th family, a child does not sleep well. To prevent delays in the development of the baby, you should know about sleep problems in children not only specialists, but also parents.
One of the ways to assess the level of work of organs respiration, is a count of the frequency of its rhythm. Thanks to the special the structure of the chest breathing of infants is different from adults, newborns show signs of arrhythmia.
Regular rhythm control makes it possible to notice on time deviations and recognize the onset of the disease.
In medicine, there is a special term for this phenomenon – periodic breathing. For kids who are not yet six months, holding your breath is the norm. If a 6-month milestone long ago behind, but the problem remains, it is necessary to consult with a doctor.
Periodic breathing is 5% of the time that the baby spends in a dream. If the mother had a premature birth, then this indicator doubled.
The delay may be accompanied by a bluish tint of the skin around the mouth, blue limbs. Similar signs are enough common, but if the blueness extends to the forehead and body baby, this may mean oxygen deficiency. The kid becomes lethargic, he lacks breathing.
If there is concern that the baby is not breathing, you need to wake him careful touches. If there is no reaction, it may mean respiratory arrest, and urgent medical attention is needed.
The intermittent breathing of the baby does not give cause for alarm. But children with repeated stops are at risk for complications and sudden death.
Symptoms may accompany rhythm disturbance: whistling, wheezing, gurgling. These causes of respiratory depression in a child in a dream are characteristic for infectious diseases. Rhythm increase is one of the criteria way to diagnose pneumonia, often occurring in babies asymptomatic.
Children hold their breath, and then often breathe if they have heat. When shortness of breath is observed in parallel, these are signs of pulmonary or cardiac pathology requiring inpatient treatment the patient.
Acceleration happens with false croup: the baby often coughs, with noise exhaling air. Attacks of obstruction in bronchitis pass with acceleration of the rhythm of breathing.
Slowing (bradypnea) in infants is not so common and is a symptom of serious brain damage (meningitis).
Increased respiratory fluctuations arising from strong emotions or physical exertion, does not need observations. If the kid is interested in something, carried away, he can often breathe.
Running, jumping, outdoor games, vigorous walking also accelerate rhythm of breathing. If this rule is violated, you need a child to survey.
Periodic breath counting is especially necessary in the early childhood, when many pathologies are asymptomatic, and the frequency breathing can be an important tool for detecting abnormalities on early stages.
A pause in the process of breathing in a dream is called apnea. Night apnea is manifested in blueness, oxygen deficiency, violation of the cardiac system.
With a mild form of the disease, breathing returns automatically, but the more blood is saturated with carbon dioxide, the more head the brain suffers from a lack of oxygen.
This situation threatens to turn off consciousness. If not provide urgent qualified assistance to the victim, he may die. Deaths are most often reported at night, when it’s more difficult to control the baby’s breathing.
Causes of childhood apnea – problems with the central nervous system, overheating in violation thermal conditions. If you suspect apnea, you should record the frequency his breathing and the duration of pauses. You need to show your observations pediatrician who will choose a specific treatment.
There is the concept of sudden infant death syndrome when babies unexpectedly die in their cradle. Big influence in heredity plays on this issue: according to statistics, in the group at risk are brothers and sisters.
Special studies have shown that children with respiratory pauses in a dream hardly wake up at the slow sleep
It is important to observe preventive measures:
- Regular ventilation of the room, comfortable temperature, humidity.
- Lack of pillows in the baby’s crib; do not lay the baby on stomach.
- Continuous monitoring of the health status of the baby in the first year of life.
- If respiratory arrest is detected, it is advisable to examine baby in the hospital.
- It is important to treat colds to the end, since often they are the cause of apnea.
- With scheduled examinations, you must tell the pediatrician all the nuances the baby’s health, including his complaints. To calm you can to do an ultrasound of the brain (dopplerometry).
- Give a correct assessment of health status after examination respiratory tract and heart can only be a doctor. Sometimes he recommends purchase a ventilator.
Why does the child hold his breath in a dream? The reason is complete or a partial obstruction blocking the air, not passing him into the baby’s lungs. This leads to insufficient saturation. blood oxygen, decreased muscle tone. Similar difficulty may occur due to growing tonsils or adenoids check with the otolaryngologist.
You can continue the list of obstacles with a respiratory allergy, infection of the nose, ear, throat, obesity. The appearance of the syndrome obstructive sleep apnea contribute to the structural features of the nose and throat. With all the symptoms of a disease of the nervous and endocrine system Apnea does not have much impact.
Many babies with symptoms of delay are observed and snoring is intermittent and sufficient loud. Pauses in breaks can reach 30 seconds. Such children sleep uneasily: cry out, wake up, rush about in bed, again fall asleep in the most atypical pose – head down.
On an unconscious level, they are trying to get rid of the barrier, obstructing the access of air to the lungs. With such a problem phase deep sleep is practically inaccessible to them.
If the baby makes different sounds in a dream, you can check with your pediatrician optimal posture for him. Often in the nasopharynx in the baby collecting mucus causing snoring.
If whistling and wheezing are observed after an infection, it may mean that the airways have not returned to normal.
Incomprehensible breathing causes bronchiolitis – a viral infection, filling the lumens in the lungs with mucus. Snoring baby entertaining and touching parents, the doctors are terrified.
One of the reasons for childhood snoring is a new conservative fashion. treatment of tonsils. A specific children’s menu (soda, chocolate, fast food) is another cause of sleep disturbance.
What to do
If pauses during breathing in a dream exceed 15 seconds, it is urgent prepare crumbs to the hospital. Before the arrival, the ambulance must be done cardiopulmonary resuscitation so that the baby can breathe again.
If the child began to hold breaths not in a dream, doctors recommend removal of adenoids and tonsils. Consult with ENT, neurologist-somnologist, pediatrician.
Every sixth child today has trouble sleeping. Baby may be disturbed by insomnia and drowsiness, nightmares and enuresis, headache and weather dependence, dry mouth and increased sweating, motor disinhibition and fatigue, snoring and apnea.
All these problems that negatively affect the body the baby is associated with the features of his breathing. Expert Opinion on new treatments for baby sleep disorders on this video
Walking or singing at night in children 2-4 years old specialists called the norm, the main thing is to protect such a child during sleep, without laying it on the top floor of a bunk bed.
Eliminate childhood epilepsy and other serious disorders will help polysomnography is a method of studying the sleep process. 18 sensors monitor all processes in the body: heart rate, respiratory rate, brain function. We advise you to find out if you can sleep on your stomach infants.
Useful information on the topic – why the child sweats in a dream head. By 2 and a half years, respiratory arrests are usually cease, but sometimes persist up to 6 years.
Measuring respiratory rate in children
In infants, breathing is shallow, jerky, with alternating slowing and accelerating rhythm. Uneven breathing for a newborn baby is the norm – and those born on time, and for those who are premature. During the first month of life baby’s breathing is leveled and gradually completely stabilizes.
Count the rhythm of breathing crumbs when he is absolutely calm. In infants it is convenient to observe rib cage. To listen to the breath, doctors use phonendoscope, but if you just put your hand to the chest child, you can fix all of its filling.
The baby must be distracted so that he does not get scared or interfere counting. The norm for babies up to a year will be 50-60 sighs per minute, from a year to 3 – 30 sighs, 4-6 years – 25. When the number of sighs, significantly exceeding the norm, you can do conclusion about the presence of shallow breathing with all that it implies the consequences.
Breathing is one of the main life functions of a person. If it it seems quite ordinary, it’s worth hiding it for half a minute to realize the true value.
Holding your breath and oxygen starvation can cause another delay is in development. It is expressed in hyperactivity and attention deficit disorder. The kid is not able to sit still, not can perceive information. All this creates problems with his learning, the child grows up mentally retarded.
Russian psychologists do not support the advice of Western colleagues do not pay attention to the cry of your child. This behavior of parents strengthens and develops the fear of crumbs. If the child holds his breath in a dream, doctors recommend sitting with him for half an hour before going to bed. Then the night will be calm, including for parents.