Why are constantly cold feet, the causes of coldlimbs what to do

Update: October 2018

Usually people do not pay attention to such an unimportant thing as
cold feet or do not attach much importance to this if the feeling is already
it became habitual and ceased to cause discomfort. Cold feet
occur most often in winter or autumn, when people often
overcooling or wetting the feet.

Но если мерзнут ноги постоянно, даже когда человек
is in a warm, heated room, it is worth looking for reasons
more meticulously. This problem is very often encountered.
women and men over forty years old. Most often blame the bad
blood circulation or disorders of the nervous system
(laxity or low tone of its vegetative part).

Холодные конечности у здоровых людей

The legs are a regulator of the temperature of the whole body. The fact,
that the lower limbs are a distant part of the body where the heart is heavy
deliver blood. And doctors strongly recommend hardening feet,
for example, walking barefoot in the summer or at home. Shoes must be selected
carefully, according to the season.

  • For those who are used to shuffling their feet, even at room temperature
    feet may chill. Often, people with
    minimal abnormalities in the work of the vegetative nervous
    system.
  • Naturally, with hypothermia or chilliness of the feet, they
    will be cold until they are warmed. Even with a comfortable
    air temperature, feet that are cold or wet
    earth may suffer greatly. The phenomenon of frostbite at
    positive temperatures, known as “trench feet” and often
    was observed during the hostilities.
  • If you sit with pursed legs, disrupting the normal flow of blood
    to them, then sooner or later the legs will not only turn blue and numb, but also
    freeze over The so-called “economy class syndrome” –
    prolonged sitting in a constrained position (most often for
    computer).
  • Once having suffered frostbite, it is possible for many years
    suffer from frequent cooling of the limbs. If any
    the limb is frozen, the consequences of this will remain for the whole
    a life. The temperature of 15 -17 degrees is felt healthy
    how comfortable. And the man whose legs were once frozen before,
    at such temperatures suffers.
  • Those who often sit on hard monodiets or starve, can
    face the problem of forever freezing limbs. Disadvantage
    plastic material and energy resources are robbed
    first of all, the periphery of the body (see how to properly lose weight without
    harm to health).

Causes of constantly freezing feet

The most common cause of cold feet is BPS (disease
peripheral vessels). BPS often affects vessels that carry
blood from the heart to the periphery, as well as those vessels through which blood
moves, on the contrary, to the heart. Below is a complete list.
vascular causes of cold legs:

Diabetes

If the feet are constantly freezing, the cause may be sugar.
diabetes in which small and large vessels become more
brittle and prone to thrombosis. Foot cold may become
a harbinger of such a formidable complication of diabetes as diabetic
foot, in which the nutrition of the tissues of the legs gradually becomes
worse, and the risks of gangrene of the limb and its amputation grow (see
diabetic foot, the rate of glucose in the blood).

Anemia

Anemia (низкий гемоглобин) ухудшает поступление кислорода к
tissues, which slows down metabolic processes and heat generation. Sharp
cold extremity causes acute anemia due to blood loss,
eg. for injuries (see iron supplementation for anemia).

Raynaud’s disease or syndrome

Raynaud’s disease on the background of vascular neurosis lead to frequent
spasms of small arteries and arterioles. The result is bad
tolerance of cold water limbs, low temperatures. If
human even at room temperature cold hands and feet
reasons to look for together with the vascular surgeon.

Obliterating endarteritis or intermittent claudication

These pathologies are the lot of smokers. Against the background of chronic
inflammation of the inner lining of arteries, narrows or secondarily
their lumen is thrombosed. As a result, the arterial blood flow
so difficult that the limbs are cold, sore when walking
even for short distances. Sooner or later the process goes like this
far away that foot tissue necrosis develops and is required
amputation of toes, feet, or the entire leg up to the thigh.

Venous congestion

Problems with superficial or deep veins of the lower limb
may also be the culprit in the fact that the legs are cold at home. Venous
stagnation causes not only cold legs, but also swelling, pain after
loads or at night. Complicated condition may inflammation of the veins
(phlebitis) or their thrombosis, which already requires surgical
treatment.

Vegetative dystonia

The presence of vegetative-vascular dystonia may also be a response to
the question of why the hands and feet are cold. This disease is very
typical for people from 20 to 30 years. Failure to adequately and
timely change the width of the vessels when changing external conditions
underlies similar violations.

Low or high blood pressure

A serious factor can be blood pressure (blood pressure).
For example, when blood pressure is too low,
then the peripheral blood flow suffers (see how to increase
pressure). And if the blood pressure, on the contrary, is too high, then
vasospasm, which again results in impaired blood flow (see
drugs for hypertension).

Symptoms of poor blood flow

  • Fatigue and pain, and swelling in the lower leg region
    or foot. At rest, the pain should be reduced.
  • Feeling tired even during a minor load.
  • Convulsive involuntary twitching of the muscles of the legs and buttocks.
  • When stationary, for example, during sleep
    convulsive twitching in the feet and
    shins.

Nonvascular causes of cold feet

Age

Various changes associated with age. After fifty years
the immune system is very often weakened and also occur
hormonal changes, reduced muscle mass and
subcutaneous fatty tissue (disturbing heat exchange), deteriorates
blood circulation, metabolism slows down, ability decreases
organism to self-regulation.

Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism или другими словами снижение функциональности
thyroid gland – this condition causes a slowdown in all metabolic
processes in the body. Heat transfer suffers and slows down.
Characterized by feeling tired, feeling cold, falling interest in
life, slowing down perception and memorization. Significantly decreases
energy release.

Constantly cold feet are combined with pallor, dryness and
swelling of the skin, brittle nails and hair loss. Worsens
condition and hypoacid gastritis, resulting in decreased appetite and
secondary iron deficiency anemia. This disease is mainly
occurs in people over 40 years old, in women after suffering
thyroiditis, thyroid resection, radiation therapy.

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Atopic dermatitis in childhood

Cold feet are almost inevitable if you’re a kid.
suffered atopic dermatitis (in simple terms – bright
pronounced diathesis). It has long been known that allergic manifestations
remain forever and combined with vegetative dysfunctions,
manifested as white dermographism (when carried on the skin
forearm with a finger instead of a red stripe appears resistant white,
indicating prolonged vascular spasm).

Taking certain medications

Some medicines can also be a factor
causing cold feet. Cold feet when warm
beta-blockers (atenolol, anaprilina). When gynecological
diseases of women may prescribe ergot drugs, which
also cause chilliness.

Acute Allergic Reactions

Acute allergy in the form of urticaria or angioedema due to a sharp
expansion of small vessels gives considerable heat loss and can
accompanied by chilliness of the skin.

Other reasons

  • Excessive growth of the fungus of the genus Candida, causing candidiasis, gives
    vascular spasm. The mechanism is somewhat similar to allergic
    the reaction.
  • Heart failure can cause acrocyanosis (blue and
    cooling limbs).
  • Sharp обезвоживание или расстройства электролитного равновесия
    (with a decrease in magnesium and chlorine in the blood) give a cooling skin, including
    including limbs.
  • Infectious toxic shock or sepsis is accompanied by a fall
    temperature due to spasm of blood vessels, deposition of blood in
    vessels of the abdominal cavity, gluing of red blood cells in the capillaries and
    microcirculation crisis.
  • Worms and other parasites that are found in the intestines can
    release various toxins that cause vasospasm (see
    signs of worms in humans).

Neurological problems

  • Peripheral nerve diseases (lumbar radiculoneuritis
    segment, lumbar plexus inflammation, toxic and
    alcoholic polyneuropathy, sciatic nerve neurinomas) can
    to give a feeling of numbness and coldness in the lower limbs
    long time.
  • Herniated intervertebral discs lumbar and sacral
    also often give similar symptoms.
  • After suffering acute disorders of cerebral circulation
    (strokes) paresis or paralysis of the limbs is accompanied and
    trophic disorders (coldness, dryness) of the skin.

Provocateurs cooling legs

In addition to disease, cold in the legs can cause the following
habits and factors:

  • obesity
  • smoking
  • hypodynamia
  • improper as well as irregular meals
  • diabetes
  • pregnancy or nerve disease.

Feet cold: what to do?

And so what to do if there was such an attack? To start
should use simple guidelines to help
warm feet: use woolen socks, heating pad or
a bottle of hot water, a bath up to your knees with mustard or just
warm water.

Long-term activities look like.

  • Be sure to stop smoking.
  • Dress strictly according to weather conditions.
    avoiding tight clothing for the lower half of the body.
  • Shoes should be chosen carefully and in size.
  • Exercise regularly, for example do
    charging
  • Eat more protein foods, as well as various
    spicy foods, spices and condiments, such as red pepper or
    mustard.
  • Avoid any stress.
  • It is advisable not to abuse strong tea, as well as coffee. Need to
    drink tea with motherwort, mint, valerian.
  • If the legs are not only cold, but also sweat, it is desirable
    сdo согревающие ванны для ног, использую морскую соль или же
    mustard For example, salt baths are made as follows: in
    boiled, hot water, you must dissolve two tablespoons of salt
    (sea, can be purchased at the nearest pharmacy), two spoons of milk
    .After the bath, you must wear thick, wool socks (you can
    knitted slippers).
  • If you are at work all day, you should
    arrange baths with the addition of mustard. It will improve
    blood circulation and relieve swelling.
  • When there are even the slightest signs of freezing feet,
    необходимо do им массаж. To start разотрите подошву каждой
    feet, then massage your toes. After that, wear warm
    socks (preferably preheated).
  • There may be contraindications to the next procedure (for example,
    varicose veins). Prepare two containers with hot as well as cold
    water Feet must first be placed in a container with warm water on
    5-10 minutes while doing a massage. Then the legs need to be put in
    cold water for 10-20 minutes. The procedure is repeated until
    until the warm water has cooled. Also, she must
    end with immersion of the feet in cold water.

Folk methods of dealing with freezing feet

There are many more folk ways that help
recover from this disease. For example:

Alcohol compress

It is done as follows: it is necessary to moisten the plantar
part of the socks with alcohol or vodka, warm your feet in warm water and
wear these socks. It is recommended to wear wool socks over it.
After that, within five minutes you will feel that your legs
completely warmed up.

Hot pepper

Pepper in a ground state perfectly warm the skin in the event that
if you attach it to her. The annoyance he causes is not
substantially. An excellent solution would be to put pepper in socks or
grease your legs with grease before you go out.

Tincture Sophora

Insist within one month 50 grams of fruit (you can flower)
Sophora on half a liter of vodka. You need to drink this tincture three times a day.
one teaspoon. It is necessary to drink tincture from three to four
months.

Mistletoe leaves

You must completely grind dried mistletoe leaves to flour.
One teaspoon (with a hill), ground mistletoe, pour one glass
(200 milliliters) boiling water and leave overnight in a thermos. Accepted
mistletoe sips two tablespoons for 10-20 minutes before
food. Mistletoe also needs to drink three to four months. Mistletoe
regulates the pressure, especially the heart, has a calming
action.

Gymnastics

As mentioned above, exercise helps
get rid of cold feet. The following will be considered complex
gymnastics exercises aimed specifically at the problem of cold
feet.

Shaking legs

For example, shaking legs is a very useful procedure. With
shaking the capillaries are subject to vibration, which in turn
leads to a reduction in blood vessels and improve blood circulation.
You must lie on your back on a flat and hard surface (for example,
floor), then you need to raise your legs and arms in such a way that
they formed a 90 degree angle with the body. In this position
shake them for one to two minutes.

Reed in the wind

Lie on your stomach, relax your legs and at the same time bend them into
your lap. Next you need to give them freedom of movement, you need
to imagine that they are a reed that sways from gusts
ветра (упражнение, кстати, так и называется – «Reed in the wind»).
It is necessary that the feet hit on the pope.

Walnut massage

This exercise will not only improve the blood circulation of the body, but also
can help relieve stress. Perform this exercise as follows.
way: between the palms are placed nuts (walnuts) and made
rotational movement for two to three minutes. It is very important when
To do this, make sure that the nuts are tightly pressed to
palms После этого необходимо проdo тоже самое, но уже не с
palms, and with feet. These exercises need to be done two
once a day: morning and evening.

If all household tricks do not help to cope with cold
feet, should go to the doctor. Therapist after
questioning, collecting history and examination will recommend to pass
blood and urine tests and an ECG. With необходимости
consultation of the vascular surgeon and ultrasound
исследование сосудов feet. With исключении сосудистых патологий,
A visit to a neurologist and endocrinologist follows.

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