- What is salivary gland inflammation?
- Causes of inflammation
- Types and forms of sialodenitis
- Symptoms of salivary gland inflammation
- Diagnosis of sialadenitis
- Methods of treatment of salivary gland inflammation
- Conservative therapy
- Local treatment
- Chronic sialodenitis
What is salivary gland inflammation?
Salivary gland inflammation and symptoms that can lead
to a serious illness under the name of sialadenitis, requires
yourself careful relationship. Start of his treatment earlier
period will save the patient from serious complications and
significantly reduce the time of correction.
This disease is marked by acute inflammatory processes of organs.
endocrine secretion, due to which begin in the salivary ducts
to form stones. They are in most cases found in
submandibular region. The disease in its spread covers
both adult age groups and children.
To answer the question: “Where does a person have salivary
glands? ”, the following places of their location and characteristic
- Parotid region (parotid);
- Submandibular region (submandibulitis);
- Sublingual region (sublingue).
At the same time, infection is possible in several areas.
human body. Sialadenitis is divided into primary
(independent disorder) or secondary (complication or
manifestation of other diseases).
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Causes of inflammation
The main factor of the inflammatory process in each case
is getting any infectious pathogen inside
salivary duct. The development of the disease is influenced by the following
microorganism: streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci. So
why are the salivary glands inflamed?
- Weak and unstable to the body immunity of the organism, most often
arising from unhealthy lifestyle, fasting,
- Depletion of the body, which is expressed in a decrease
- The complex effects on human tissues or organs
affecting the oral cavity;
- Inflammation of the lymph nodes or mucous epithelium,
- Inadequate adherence to general oral hygiene;
- Influenza virus;
- Oncological diseases.
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Types and forms of sialodenitis
Depending on the method of infection, sialodenitis is divided
- Вирусный — попадает в организм
airborne and after the incubation period due to
penetration of the salivary gland tissue causes its inflammation,
actively multiplying in the cells. The most common ill children in
age from 3 to 15 years.
- Bacterial. Develops when hit
bacteria from the mouth – through the ducts of the glands, as well as from the inside –
through blood and lymph.
Most patients suffer from inflammation of the parotid and
submandibular region. Problems with salivary ducts,
under the tongue, occur much less frequently. Usually
appear on the background of cellulitis or abscess.
to content ↑Статья в тему:Symptoms and лечение ОРВИ у
adults. Drugs or folk remedies?
Symptoms of salivary gland inflammation
Ciladenitis can occur in a patient in different variations,
therefore, symptoms differ from each other in symptoms.
- With purulent type, the patient will feel high temperature.
bodies; excretion of purulent formations from the affected areas;
visually observed distinct redness of the epidermis, which
is above the gland; sore affected organs.
- Serous sialadenitis is characterized by swelling in ear zones
shells; markedly reduced salivation; Body temperature
is usually normal, which may be imperceptible
disease at first. Soreness is especially felt when
eating, in the normal state, it is insignificant;
- Gangrenous form refers to the highly advanced stages of the disease.
There is a high temperature and an active process.
severe inflammation. The tissues of the affected gland are exposed
to death. Ignoring therapeutic measures leads to the development of
sepsis – the general infection of the body with pathogenic microbes, which
may eventually be fatal.
- Mumps has a sharp onset of illness, a sharp
fever and headache. Feel soreness in
the area of the ears, swelling on both sides is well marked and
characterized by an increase. In the area of arising gland compaction
there is significant swelling. Adults most often suffer
infection of glands of the lower jaw.
- Calculous sialadenitis is most common in children.
6-13 years and usually affects the mandibular departments. maybe
the appearance of severe edema on the cheek, which will be clearly increased in
You should start fighting with each type of spnadenitis in the early stages.
stages. Particularly attentive is medical
diagnosing a child for this disease. So как первоначально оно
has an incubation period of approximately 13 to 19 days.
is he expressed in tangible malaise, headaches, insomnia,
discomfort in mice, lack of appetite. With development
infectious changes, if the salivary glands are inflamed, then
intoxications become more pronounced, signs are noted
lesions of the salivary glands: dryness in the mouth or pain in the area
ear, especially noticeable when chewing food and talking.
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Diagnosis of sialadenitis
People prone to inflammation of the salivary gland do not every time know
which doctor to contact for the correct diagnosis and
receiving treatment recommendations. Based on the age of the sick person,
etiology of sialadenitis and major complications
accompanied, the disease can be detected by a pediatrician,
virologist, otolaryngologist, therapeutic specialists,
surgeons, phthisiatricians, venereologists, rheumatologists. Therefore, for
answer to the question “Which doctor treats sialadenitis?” to each patient
need an individual approach and analysis. When visual
Examination observed swelling of a local character in
areas of finding secretion of exocrine glands (outside or
from the oral cavity), the release of purulent deposits from the hole
with a special medical
Article in topic: Fast treatment of rhinitis folk remedies.
Ways and recipes
If there are signs clearly confirming the symptoms
diseases it is better not to self-medicate and not to postpone the visit
to the doctor for a long time. When confused about what
do when you feel a general deterioration and weakness
forget about self-diagnosis and pass a general inspection to identify
diseases in the clinic.
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Methods of treatment of salivary gland inflammation
Recovery procedures are required to proceed only under
the guidance of a medical professional. With
timely treatment for medical help
held on an outpatient basis. An experienced doctor will always select effective
recommendations on how to treat a particular form of inflammation
salivary glands. In more complex forms of the disease more often
only required hospitalization of the patient.
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Ear sialoadenitis are quite common and in the initial
stages do not carry much harm to the body. To overcome this
Forms are enough only for the use of medicines and
physiotherapy traditional type. She is включает в себя следующее:
- Balanced menu, mainly includes
finely divided products, as the patient has pain
sensations when eating food. Food consists of cereals, mashed potatoes, lungs.
soups, stewed vegetables, different high vitamin complex
contained in trace elements.
- Bed rest
- Restricting a patient from practicing any kind of physical
activity. High temperatures and the onset of a more acute course
diseases can cause serious complications on
- Abundant fluid intake for accelerated metabolism.
Clean water, natural and fresh juices, decoctions of herbs
from wild rose or chamomile, tea, dairy products. Extremely not
It is recommended to drink coffee and soda.
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Effective means to combat inflammation are
warming, dry, camphor-alcohol and dimexidic compresses.
Ultrahigh Frequency Therapy Using special products
food that can disperse the process of salivation.
Sore mild sialodenitis before meals recommends
hold a piece of lemon in your mouth, this approach will help
more salivation. The diet is best to include
sauerkraut and cranberries for the same purpose.
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You can not do without synthetic drugs. With
unused form will require drugs that hinder
development of inflammatory processes, lower the temperature and block
pain syndrome. The following medical products will work well:
ibuprofen, analgin, pentalgin and other drugs that have similar
Для улучшения процесса оттока слюны и предотвращению закупорки
glands using a one percent solution of pilocarpine hydrochloride by
6-10 drops 3 times a day.
Abstinence, but rather a complete rejection of harmful habits. Special
smoking has a negative effect. Tobacco smoke is negative
affects the work of all organs and it helps bacteria to develop
at an accelerated pace. For a patient suffering from sialoadenitis is
the impact can be very serious, due to which the disease
has the option of flowing into a chronic form.
to content ↑Статья в тему:Что такое альбумины и их норма в крови.
What should be the value?
With более острых формах и развитии гнойных воспалений
Surgical intervention is required. Doctor
carries out the opening of the abscess from the outside and its subsequent
In the case of gangrene, the patient is immediately operated under anesthesia.
Otherwise, the disease may be aggravated, which will cause blood infection.
at rupture of the abscess.
In the presence of stones, they are removed as soon as possible, since
a different course of action, the process of constant will be repeated in
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It is characterized by alternating alternation of periods of exacerbations and
remission. During the latent phases, there are any complaints.
are missing. At the onset of an exacerbation, treatment is no different from acute
forms. Outside these stages, the following activities are recommended:
- Massaging the ducts of the salivary glands and the introduction of the inside of the channels
antibiotic means for washing out purulent deposits;
- Novocain injection or galanthamine electrophoresis
in order to increase the secretion of the salivary gland;
- Daily galvanization (application of permanent
electric current for therapeutic purposes) with a stretch of about thirty
- Injecting 3-6 milliliters of iodolipol into the canal once a couple
- The use of a two percent solution of potassium iodide in the form
internal reception of one tablespoon three times a day. Common
duration 25-40 days, the course is repeated after expiration
every third month;
- X-ray treatment of the salivary duct. She is
has a positive anti-inflammatory and anti-infective
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