What is salivary gland inflammation? Symptoms andtreatment methods

Content:

  • What is salivary gland inflammation?
  • Causes of inflammation
  • Types and forms of sialodenitis
  • Symptoms of salivary gland inflammation
  • Diagnosis of sialadenitis
  • Methods of treatment of salivary gland inflammation
  • Conservative therapy
  • Local treatment
  • Medicines
  • Surgery
  • Chronic sialodenitis
  • Video
  • Conclusion

What is salivary gland inflammation?

Salivary gland inflammation and symptoms that can lead
to a serious illness under the name of sialadenitis, requires
yourself careful relationship. Start of his treatment earlier
period will save the patient from serious complications and
significantly reduce the time of correction.

This disease is marked by acute inflammatory processes of organs.
endocrine secretion, due to which begin in the salivary ducts
to form stones. They are in most cases found in
submandibular region. The disease in its spread covers
both adult age groups and children.

To answer the question: “Where does a person have salivary
glands? ”, the following places of their location and characteristic
disease names:

  • Parotid region (parotid);
  • Submandibular region (submandibulitis);
  • Sublingual region (sublingue).


At the same time, infection is possible in several areas.
human body. Sialadenitis is divided into primary
(independent disorder) or secondary (complication or
manifestation of other diseases).

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Causes of inflammation

The main factor of the inflammatory process in each case
is getting any infectious pathogen inside
salivary duct. The development of the disease is influenced by the following
microorganism: streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci. So
why are the salivary glands inflamed?

Causes are:

  • Weak and unstable to the body immunity of the organism, most often
    arising from unhealthy lifestyle, fasting,
    vitamin deficiency;
  • Depletion of the body, which is expressed in a decrease
    functionality;
  • The complex effects on human tissues or organs
    affecting the oral cavity;
  • Inflammation of the lymph nodes or mucous epithelium,
    phlegmon;
  • Inadequate adherence to general oral hygiene;
  • Influenza virus;
  • Oncological diseases.

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Types and forms of sialodenitis

Depending on the method of infection, sialodenitis is divided
on:

  1. Вирусный — попадает в организм
    airborne and after the incubation period due to
    penetration of the salivary gland tissue causes its inflammation,
    actively multiplying in the cells. The most common ill children in
    age from 3 to 15 years.
  2. Bacterial. Develops when hit
    bacteria from the mouth – through the ducts of the glands, as well as from the inside –
    through blood and lymph.

Most patients suffer from inflammation of the parotid and
submandibular region. Problems with salivary ducts,
under the tongue, occur much less frequently. Usually
appear on the background of cellulitis or abscess.


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Symptoms of salivary gland inflammation

Ciladenitis can occur in a patient in different variations,
therefore, symptoms differ from each other in symptoms.

  • With purulent type, the patient will feel high temperature.
    bodies; excretion of purulent formations from the affected areas;
    visually observed distinct redness of the epidermis, which
    is above the gland; sore affected organs.
  • Serous sialadenitis is characterized by swelling in ear zones
    shells; markedly reduced salivation; Body temperature
    is usually normal, which may be imperceptible
    disease at first. Soreness is especially felt when
    eating, in the normal state, it is insignificant;
  • Gangrenous form refers to the highly advanced stages of the disease.
    There is a high temperature and an active process.
    severe inflammation. The tissues of the affected gland are exposed
    to death. Ignoring therapeutic measures leads to the development of
    sepsis – the general infection of the body with pathogenic microbes, which
    may eventually be fatal.
  • Mumps has a sharp onset of illness, a sharp
    fever and headache. Feel soreness in
    the area of ​​the ears, swelling on both sides is well marked and
    characterized by an increase. In the area of ​​arising gland compaction
    there is significant swelling. Adults most often suffer
    infection of glands of the lower jaw.
  • Calculous sialadenitis is most common in children.
    6-13 years and usually affects the mandibular departments. maybe
    the appearance of severe edema on the cheek, which will be clearly increased in
    sizes.

You should start fighting with each type of spnadenitis in the early stages.
stages. Particularly attentive is medical
diagnosing a child for this disease. So как первоначально оно
has an incubation period of approximately 13 to 19 days.
is he expressed in tangible malaise, headaches, insomnia,
discomfort in mice, lack of appetite. With development
infectious changes, if the salivary glands are inflamed, then
intoxications become more pronounced, signs are noted
lesions of the salivary glands: dryness in the mouth or pain in the area
ear, especially noticeable when chewing food and talking.

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Diagnosis of sialadenitis

People prone to inflammation of the salivary gland do not every time know
which doctor to contact for the correct diagnosis and
receiving treatment recommendations. Based on the age of the sick person,
etiology of sialadenitis and major complications
accompanied, the disease can be detected by a pediatrician,
virologist, otolaryngologist, therapeutic specialists,
surgeons, phthisiatricians, venereologists, rheumatologists. Therefore, for
answer to the question “Which doctor treats sialadenitis?” to each patient
need an individual approach and analysis. When visual
Examination observed swelling of a local character in
areas of finding secretion of exocrine glands (outside or
from the oral cavity), the release of purulent deposits from the hole
with a special medical
instrumentation.

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If there are signs clearly confirming the symptoms
diseases it is better not to self-medicate and not to postpone the visit
to the doctor for a long time. When confused about what
do when you feel a general deterioration and weakness
forget about self-diagnosis and pass a general inspection to identify
diseases in the clinic.

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Methods of treatment of salivary gland inflammation

Recovery procedures are required to proceed only under
the guidance of a medical professional. With
timely treatment for medical help
held on an outpatient basis. An experienced doctor will always select effective
recommendations on how to treat a particular form of inflammation
salivary glands. In more complex forms of the disease more often
only required hospitalization of the patient.


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Conservative therapy

Ear sialoadenitis are quite common and in the initial
stages do not carry much harm to the body. To overcome this
Forms are enough only for the use of medicines and
physiotherapy traditional type. She is включает в себя следующее:

  • Balanced menu, mainly includes
    finely divided products, as the patient has pain
    sensations when eating food. Food consists of cereals, mashed potatoes, lungs.
    soups, stewed vegetables, different high vitamin complex
    contained in trace elements.
  • Bed rest
  • Restricting a patient from practicing any kind of physical
    activity. High temperatures and the onset of a more acute course
    diseases can cause serious complications on
    cardiovascular system.
  • Abundant fluid intake for accelerated metabolism.
    Clean water, natural and fresh juices, decoctions of herbs
    from wild rose or chamomile, tea, dairy products. Extremely not
    It is recommended to drink coffee and soda.

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Local treatment

Effective means to combat inflammation are
warming, dry, camphor-alcohol and dimexidic compresses.
Ultrahigh Frequency Therapy Using special products
food that can disperse the process of salivation.
Sore mild sialodenitis before meals recommends
hold a piece of lemon in your mouth, this approach will help
more salivation. The diet is best to include
sauerkraut and cranberries for the same purpose.

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Medicines

You can not do without synthetic drugs. With
unused form will require drugs that hinder
development of inflammatory processes, lower the temperature and block
pain syndrome. The following medical products will work well:
ibuprofen, analgin, pentalgin and other drugs that have similar
action methodology.

Ибупрофен
Анальгин
Пенталгин

Для улучшения процесса оттока слюны и предотвращению закупорки
glands using a one percent solution of pilocarpine hydrochloride by
6-10 drops 3 times a day.

Abstinence, but rather a complete rejection of harmful habits. Special
smoking has a negative effect. Tobacco smoke is negative
affects the work of all organs and it helps bacteria to develop
at an accelerated pace. For a patient suffering from sialoadenitis is
the impact can be very serious, due to which the disease
has the option of flowing into a chronic form.

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Surgery

With более острых формах и развитии гнойных воспалений
Surgical intervention is required. Doctor
carries out the opening of the abscess from the outside and its subsequent
antiseptic treatment.

In the case of gangrene, the patient is immediately operated under anesthesia.
Otherwise, the disease may be aggravated, which will cause blood infection.
at rupture of the abscess.

In the presence of stones, they are removed as soon as possible, since
a different course of action, the process of constant will be repeated in
aggravated forms.

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Chronic sialodenitis

It is characterized by alternating alternation of periods of exacerbations and
remission. During the latent phases, there are any complaints.
are missing. At the onset of an exacerbation, treatment is no different from acute
forms. Outside these stages, the following activities are recommended:

  • Massaging the ducts of the salivary glands and the introduction of the inside of the channels
    antibiotic means for washing out purulent deposits;
  • Novocain injection or galanthamine electrophoresis
    in order to increase the secretion of the salivary gland;
  • Daily galvanization (application of permanent
    electric current for therapeutic purposes) with a stretch of about thirty
    days;
  • Injecting 3-6 milliliters of iodolipol into the canal once a couple
    months;
  • The use of a two percent solution of potassium iodide in the form
    internal reception of one tablespoon three times a day. Common
    duration 25-40 days, the course is repeated after expiration
    every third month;
  • X-ray treatment of the salivary duct. She is
    has a positive anti-inflammatory and anti-infective
    act.

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