What is a cold allergy? Symptoms, treatmentallergies to cold

Update: October 2018

Cold allergy is one of the many types of negative responses.
body reactions to various external stimuli. The name itself
such an allergy suggests that an allergic reaction occurs
under the influence of cold temperatures.

Until recently, medicine has rejected such a diagnosis, since
allergen, provoking a specific reaction of the body as
there is no such, there is only a physical impact – cold. Not
allergen – no allergies.

But when exposed to cold air in some sensitive
people have a significant release of histamine, which causes
reactions as with other types of allergies – the development of edema, 
dilation of blood vessels, redness and itching of the skin and mucous membranes. That is the answer
to reduce the temperature of the thermal receptors of the skin.

Causes of cold allergies

Why does cold allergy appear? On this question for now
medicine does not know the exact answer, but with the following factors
sensitive people may experience such a strange look

  • With a sharp change in the presence of a person in an environment with normal
    air temperature in an environment with low temperature – in winter
    time especially in windy weather
  • In contact with cold water – in everyday life when washing dishes,
    cleaning, bathing in open water
  • With very cold drinks and cold foods

Cold allergy does not rarely develop after a serious illness.
and long-term antibiotic treatment, it is believed that she has
genetic predisposition may occur on the background
infectious diseases (eg tuberculosis) or parasitic
(roundworm in children, adults, pinworms in children, giardiasis. Холодовая аллергия симптомы

Have a strong, tempered body with a strong immune system
such temperature drops do not cause any reactions.

However, in the case of reduced protective forces, systemic disturbances,
severe diseases, metabolic disorders in the body
possible appearance of this type of allergy. Stress is known
the most important risk factor for failure in immunity, therefore
stress resistant people tend to get sick less often and have a strong

Provocative factors for the development of cold allergy

  • The presence of allergic reactions to other irritants – food,
    pollen (allergy to poplar fluff), household allergies
  • Some infectious diseases – mumps, measles (see symptoms
    measles in adults), mycoplasma pneumonia, rubella
  • Thyroid disease, systemic lupus erythematosus,
    oncological diseases
  • The presence of chronic diseases – sinusitis, sinusitis, various
    gilmintozy, intestinal dysbacteriosis
  • Recurrent skin diseases – atopic dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis
  • Hereditary factor

There are cases when a similar reaction has hereditary
nature, that is, is inherited and most often it is a reaction
organism on windy weather than on the cold. Symptom such
An allergy is a burning sensation, not an itchy skin.

How does cold allergy manifest itself?

How does cold allergy manifest itself? Symptoms of such an allergy can
have various forms of manifestation – from mild signs that disappear
some time after contact with a cold environment, to
severe recurrent skin rashes.


Read also on the topic:

  • Review of creams from allergies for children
  • Can there be fever in allergies in children and adults?
  • Calcium chloride for allergies
  • Allergy to the skin around the eyes

Skin manifestations are the most common signs. These include
– redness, swelling, itching of open areas of the body, which
in contact with the cold environment. After a while the skin
begins to ache, itch, and can blister as if

Cold allergies in children can even cover the internal
the surface of the legs, thighs, knees and manifest in the form of urticaria.
The rash is pink, thick, itchy, but passes over several
hours There are cases when, after a cold, the skin does not just redden and
itches, but also becomes covered with a layer that begins to peel off, as when
dermatitis Sometimes at the site of an allergy with time
bruises appear.

Most often there is a cold allergy on the face, on the hands,
since these places are more exposed to the external environment, they
always open and more vulnerable.

General malaise – increased pressure, shortness of breath, headache and

Allergic rhinitis – a runny nose, sneezing at the exit to
cold air. Swelling of the mucous membranes of the nose can either greatly
impede nasal breathing or completely block it, and
returning to a warm room all the symptoms of allergies disappear.

Symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis – tearing, swelling
around the eyes, eyelid swelling, pain in the eyes. And also arises
hypersensitivity to bright light. To differentiate the diagnosis,
It is necessary to consult an oculist and a dermatologist, because
in case there is heavy tearing in the cold, this
may be a sign of tick-borne disease (demodicosis) or a fungus and

Diagnosis of cold allergies

If you have similar symptoms, then first
is necessary visit the therapist and immunologist – allergist. 
After a complex of diagnostic and laboratory studies, you can
will accurately determine the cause of the allergic reaction.
Cold allergy, signs that are similar to other species
allergic reactions should be differentiated from a number of other

  • Иногда у маленьких детей дошкольного возраста холодовая
    face allergy is similar to atopic dermatitis,
    neurodermatitisХолодовая аллергия симптомы и лечение
  • Often, similar allergic symptoms occur when
    idiopathic dermatosis. With this disease, heat and cold
    skin receptors are deregulated. Swelling, tearing, sneezing,
    breathing difficulties occur in both cold and
  • The intolerance of the fur of some animals – rabbits, mink,
    chinchilla, wool, sheep wool – can also be confused with
    allergic to cold. Wearing clothes, going out into the cold, man
    comes back with a rash and swelling of the nasopharynx, as a result
    evaluate it as a reaction to the cold, not an allergy to wool or
  • The situation is similar with perfumery. Usually perfume
    applied to the forearm, neck, face, and allergic rash may
    be caused precisely by cosmetics and perfumes, and not

When symptoms appear, it is important to establish the diagnosis correctly, and
only after differentiating the signs of allergy, the doctor can
confirm this disease. Затем,  возникает вопрос: а
Is cold allergy treated?

How to treat cold allergies

The inability to eliminate such an allergen as cold makes the fight
with such a disease quite complicated. If the patient is installed
диагноз  аллергия на холод, лечение в этом случае чисто
symptomatic. Possible only with antihistamines.
drugs to slightly reduce its manifestations, or to protect as much as possible
open areas of the body from exposure to negative temperatures.
You can reduce the manifestation of allergic reactions if:

  • Before going out in the cold, lubricate the face, hands – for children
    cream, adults – any fat cream. Lips must be lubricated
    hygienic lipstick. This will partially protect uncovered areas.
    skin from cold air.
  • Badger fat has a very good effect, it is rich
    unsaturated fatty acids and vitamins B, A, providing
    only positive effect on the skin. 20 minutes before going on
    frost can lubricate exposed skin badger fat (lips,
    cheeks, nose, hands), if there are no serious liver damage, then you can
    use inside for 40 minutes. before breakfast, 1 tbsp. a spoonful of fat.
  • Long warm gloves, better waterproof mittens for children,
    warm scarves, preferably wearing hoods in outerwear
    —  это эффективно защитит от ветра и лучше сохранит
  • Medicinal herbs, if they are not allergic, can also
    help with the development of urticaria, which appears to be allergic to cold.
    Burdock root, tricolor violet and walnut leaves are very useful.
    walnut To collect, mix the raw materials in equal proportions, 2 s.
    spoonful of the mixture pour a glass of boiling water for 1 hour to insist,
    strain the resulting broth to use 60 ml of 3 p / day.
  • Pine cones also have beneficial properties (see
    pine cones with a stroke) or spruce, for making a decoction
    4 cones are required, they should be ground in a mill or a meat grinder,
    add water and simmer for half an hour. Strain the broth, im
    You can wipe wetted and rough skin every evening.
  • If you have a cold allergy, the symptoms are minor,
    that gradual hardening, wiping, can strengthen the immune system and
    reduce the body’s response. But for small children and those with
    intense symptoms – hardening is contraindicated because
    is fraught with the development of complications in the form of anaphylactic shock, edema
    Quincke, laryngeal edema.
  • In the cold season, you can use antihistamines.
    (A complete list of all allergy pills in our article.)
A drug Price, rub.)
Antihistamine tablets Tavegil 170-250
Zyrtec 250-300
Zodak 130-200
Tsetrin 160-240
Claritin 180-240
Suprastin 120-140
Levotsetrizin 170-300
Cetirizine 90-100
Fexofast 160-200
Parlazin 130-140
Antihistamines cream, ointment (dermatitis ointment) Skin cap, Gistan N contains a hormonal substance (a list of all
hormonal creams and ointments)
Gistan, La Cree – contain extracts of medicinal herbs,
use it if they are not allergic
Skin aids for irritation Panthenol spray and cream foam 200-300
Dexpanthenol cream 140
Bepanten 470
Antihistamine drops in the nose (When rhinitis from cold in 20 minutes
before the frost)
Allergodil 280-300
Phenystyle 280-300
Parlazin 280-300

Автор: Мельникова Светлана Георгиевна врач-дерматолог

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