You had to meet a three year old kid who
runs through the corridors of the clinic, yelling loudly, rushes
toys and fights? It turns out this free education is like
explained his mother. No, no, something is wrong here! Could not great
teachers of past years to allow such recklessness.
The content of the article
- 1 Where did the idea of free education
- 1.1 Basic Provisions
- 2 Theory of free education
- 2.1 Free education – not permissiveness
- 2.1.1 Mistakes of a distorted view of the free
- 2.1.1 Mistakes of a distorted view of the free
- 2.1 Free education – not permissiveness
- 3 Freedom education in the 21st century
- 3.1 Waldorf system
For three centuries, interest in parenting has not faded
by freedom. What does parents like about this concept? What is she by herself
represents and where the boundaries of permissiveness?
Where did the idea of free education come from
Впервые заговорили о свободном nurture в 18 веке. Her
founder Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Insisted on the development of children in
harmony with nature. In the 19th and 20th centuries, this system was attempted to be introduced into
the practice of K. N. Wentzel “House of a Free Child”, L. N. Tolstoy
�“Yasnopolyanskaya school”, A. Radchenko “School of mischievous” and others. She is
considered in the writings of M. Montessori, Yu. I. Fausek, E. Key, D.
In practice, free education has not taken root either in Russia or for
abroad. But modern pedagogy was borrowed from her.
many principles and methods now applied in practice. For example:
replacing the authoritarian learning style with a democratic one, eliminating
corporal punishment, the use of the method of involvement,
individual approach, emphasis on physical development, creation
favorable conditions, etc.
Свободное воспитание — это развитие, воспитание
and education based on the freedom of choice of the child, without coercion.
The theoretical basis – in each child initially laid
abilities that can develop independently, you only need
create favorable conditions for this.
Different teachers have their own concept of free education,
but they have a lot in common.
- Equality. An adult is a friend and helper, and
not a mentor who must be obeyed without question. Should not
be an authoritarian learning style. Between adult and child
friendly relationships and complete trust.
- Freedom of choice. This ability to reckon with opinion
�”Crumbs”. Children make their own decisions regarding sleep,
mode of the day and leisure. Attendance is optional. Schoolchildren
given the opportunity to select subjects of study.
- Respect for the child’s personality. Small man
considered as an equal member of society, with its
merits and personal opinion.
- Method of engagement Systematic failure
imposed teaching. Training and education is under construction
through the involvement of the child in the process. That is, it is necessary
- Active child. Children actively
participate in their development and learning, learn from their own experience
laws of nature and physics. Knowledge is acquired through labor, games,
- Individual approach. Child take
such as it is, with its own characteristics and weaknesses. TO
every personal touch.
- Refusal of any kind of violence. No “necessary” and
�”should”. Do not force to do what the child does not want. it
applies to all activities, as well as food, daytime sleep, lessons.
Even for serious misconduct children are not punished.
- Close relationship with nature. Development in harmony with
natural environment. Knowing yourself as part of nature. For children
instill love and respect for her.
- Ability development. Provide
opportunity to develop innate advances on their own. Create
conditions so that the child at any time could show imagination and
creation. Free access to the necessary materials.
We also read: Свободное воспитание: плюсы
Free education theory
It should be understood that freedom education has nothing to do with
permissiveness and pampering. With children constantly engaged, but
these classes pass unnoticed: through play, work, help,
creativity, reading, conversations. For children рассказывают о хороших и плохих
deeds, the consequences of wrong behavior,
instill respect for comrades, respect for natural
The child is always supervised. TOогда он поступает
bad, instead of pulling out, teaching, or ignoring him
explain the consequences of his behavior. Kid mischievous and indulges –
they do not scold and do not punish, but switch attention to useful
occupation: creativity, work.
On the one hand, the child is given the right to choose for himself that
do and when. No instructions and teachings, but on the other – do not go
on occasion, and do not do for him what he can do himself.
For example: расчесать волосы, одеться, самостоятельно покушать.
The child is free in his actions and actions as long as
does not harm others, and does not violate the freedom of another
Free education is not permissiveness.
One of the reasons why upbringing did not stick to freedom on
practice, is a distorted view of this concept. And if
it would be individuals … But it came to the point that
special schools were created where children themselves were provided
to myself. There were no classes and exercises. Did what they wanted
with no restrictions. Итог — ни зonний, ни onвыков, ни воспитания. By
after graduation, not all of the students were able to adapt and
live normally in society.
Ошибки искаженного представления о свободном nurture
- Permissiveness. Some parents are confused
free education with “everything is possible.” Byзволяя ребенку делать, что
ему хочется, не ограничивая, не запрещая, даже если это onносит
damage to others. Отсутствие контроля onд ребенком, никакого воспитания
и onучения. The result – unruly, immoral, socially
- Byпустительство. It is found that parents
hide behind this term, hiding indifference to development and
training your child. The kid is left to himself, because
взрослых нет on него времени: «Вырастет как все остальные». Only
that’s how he grows, do not think.
- Byдчиненность или «Пляшут под его дудку». Still
одon распространенonя ошибка — выполнять приказы baby is he
commanded, the parents immediately did. Children should have their own
position, but mom and dad are not slaves. Взрослый — это onдежность,
security and support for the baby.
- Do it for him. The baby is naughty,
refuses to eat and dress on her own, mom is right there
fed with a spoon and clothed. it не свобода выбора, а скорее
nurture manipulator. Теперь он точно зonет, что нужно сделать,
to get what you want.
Freedom education in the 21st century
В onстоящее время возобновился интерес к свободному воспитанию.
In a number of cities in Russia and Europe, development centers are opening up.
method M. Montessori, Waldorf gardens and schools are created.
From 1921 to the present day, the Summerhill school has been operating in
Great Britain. Основаon Александром Ниллом. Educational institution
базируется on самоуправлении.
The founder of the Austrian scientist R. Steiner. First school was
opened in Germany in 1919, and in 1925 – the first kindergarten.
Waldorf Kindergarten. Very different from
traditional gardens of the state sample. All furniture and games
оборудование из onтуральных материалов. In one group, children of different
ages: from 3 to 7 years. Взрослым запрещено повышать голос on
детей и onказывать. The word “No!” Is used in exceptional
cases: to prevent danger.
Toys are made of straw, wood, fabric. Often have the form
incompleteness, for the development of children’s imagination.
In the presence of the children, the teacher is engaged in household chores or
manual labor. Cooks, cleans, sews and pays from time to time.
time for children. Малыши могут свободно onблюдать и участвовать в
Daytime sleep, meals, games – at will. Child is entitled
abandon the class organized by the tutor.
Food is prepared right in the group. Kids take in cooking
dishes directly involved. Byрции раскладывают в соответствии с
individual needs of pupils.
Kids do different types of manual labor: embroidery,
резьба по дереву, гончарное искусство, работа on ткацком станке, в
саду, on огороде, on кухне. Большое внимание уделяется зonкомству с
Waldorf School. Systematic training
built without coercion. В младших классах дети позonют onуку
playfully In the older – the method of involvement is used.
Training lasts 12 years. Отсутствует оценочonя система. Lot
внимания уделяется духовному развитию, зonкомству с культурой и
At school, children do manual labor and gardening, sew,
knit, dance, put on plays. Classes are built in such a way
чтобы умственonя деятельность чередовалась с физическим трудом.
The motivation to learn the child receives by comparing the current
achievements with their own for the past period.
Steiner free education system does not use
onглядные методы обучения, делая упор on позonние чувствами.
The basis for this is the confirmation of psychologists that
эмоциоonльonя память устойчивее onглядной. Main focus – turn on
feelings of children, their interest.
There are no directors in Waldorf schools. They are governed by a council
which consists of parents and teachers. Adults are actively involved.
in the life of children.
Free education is the ability of adults to listen and hear
baby Respect the feelings, needs and desires of the little
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