What does an increased level of triglycerides inblood in adults? Causes and symptoms.

Content:

  • What are triglycerides?
  • Norm triglycerides for men and women?
    (table)
  • Causes of elevated triglycerides
  • Symptoms of elevated triglycerides
  • Diagnostics
  • Video
  • How to lower triglycerides in the blood?
  • Prevention

If triglycerides are elevated in an adult, what does that mean? AT
the first is about ignoring a healthy lifestyle and
non-compliance with a healthy diet.

The primary causes of high blood fat levels in 95% of cases
such, and it affects, first of all, at work
of cardio-vascular system. And what levels of triglycerides are considered
elevated? Does it somehow depend on age, gender?

What are triglycerides?

Triglycerides are fatty compounds that the human body
gets along with the food. In the normal course of all
physiological processes these same fats are subsequently synthesized
to the energy needed by a person for physical activity,
maintaining the work of the heart and so on.

Источниto: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Триглицериды

что таtoое триглицериды в toрови


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Norm triglycerides for men and women? (table)

ATозраст Men (mmol / L) Women (mmol / L)
18 – 20 0.45 – 1.80 0.40 – 1.53
20 – 30 0.53 – 2.82 0.44 – 1.70
30 – 40 0.6 – 3.6 0.5 – 2.17
40 – 50 0.65 – 3.70 0.6 – 2.6
50 – 70 0,69 – 2,80 0.62 – 2.70
Over 70 0.6 – 2.80 0.68 – 2.71

What are dangerous triglycerides?

With excess levels, fats simply do not have time to be synthesized.
to energy and accumulate in the body, particularly in the blood.
Lipid compounds at the same time can settle on the walls of blood
vessels, where blood clots, cholesterol
plaques. AT toонечном итоге это может заtoончиться тромбозом,
stroke, heart attack.

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Causes of elevated triglycerides

An increase in triglycerides may indicate:

  • the prevalence in the diet of fatty foods, sweets (excess
    carbohydrates are subsequently also synthesized to triglycerides “pro
    stock “);
  • chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system (when
    reduced nominal blood flow velocity);
  • endocrine system malfunctions (hormones and enzymes right
    affect all metabolic processes in the body);
  • diabetes mellitus (as well as the condition of prediabetes);
  • Cushing’s syndrome (excess cortisol);
  • pancreatitis;
  • pathologies in the development of the liver;
  • gout (which is accompanied by an increase in the rate of uric acid and
    violations of the process of fat splitting);
  • excess cholesterol in the blood;
  • chronic avitaminosis (lack of vitamins and other nutrients
    trace elements).

Article in topic: Normal values ​​of ESR in the blood in men

повышены триглицериды


Also, doctors say that elevated triglycerides
in the blood can be commonplace genetic predisposition.
There is a concept of transient metabolism and each person
it is different. That is why someone quickly gains weight, others
it is not possible even if they consume only fat and
sweet. So the reasons in each case are set
individually.

Another common primary cause is alcoholism,
due to which there is a substitution of fatty liver tissue. Organ
in this case, it simply reduces its productivity and
the bile they produce is not enough for normal
digesting food.

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Symptoms of elevated triglycerides

By itself, an elevated level of triglycerides is in no way in
symptomatology does not manifest itself. But over time this can
provoke:

  • recurrent acute abdominal pain (upset stomach);
  • nausea, bouts of vomiting for no apparent reason;
  • periods of severe loss and excessive appetite (when a person
    either does not eat at all, or begins to overeat);
  • angina, pain in the heart;
  • hypertension;
  • weakening of the immune system (non-infectious immunodeficiency
    etiology).


But it is possible that even with regularly elevated levels
triglycerides will not cause any symptoms.

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Diagnostics

In both men and women, the current rate of triglycerides in the blood
determined through a comprehensive blood count. Spend it should
in the morning until 11 o’clock in the afternoon on an empty stomach. ATместе с этим реtoомендуется
consult with an endocrinologist and pass tests for
determine the total hormonal levels. AT том случае, если норма
fat will be increased, then the analysis of hormone levels will reveal
possible primary causes of rejection.


It is also worth mentioning that a day before the scheduled analysis
it does not follow:

  • engage in active physical activity;
  • drink alcohol (even in small quantities);
  • take diuretics;
  • take synthetic enzymes (stimulating metabolic
    processes);
  • use hormonal drugs (including
    birth control pills).

Another nuance – during pregnancy, the range of normal
Fat level expands. This is normal and not considered.
deviation.

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Video










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How to lower triglycerides in the blood?

AT большинстве случаев снизить триглицерин можно toонсервативными
by measures toардинальными изменением своего рациона, отtoазом от
вредных привычеto, увеличением физичесtoой аtoтивности. Праtoтичесtoи
всем пациентам врачи реtoомендуют:

  • полностью отtoазаться от алtoогольных напитtoов;
  • исtoлючить из рациона жирные блюда (из мяса отдавать
    предпочтение toуриной грудинtoе);
  • отtoазаться от toурения;
  • вtoлючить в рацион свежие фруtoты и овощи, а таtoже продуtoты,
    богатые на жирные toислоты (омега-3, омега-6, их производные и таto
    Further);
  • sign up for a gym and attend it at least 3 times a week
    (sessions of 1 to 2 hours);
  • normalize your own weight;
  • отtoазаться от продуtoтов с высоtoим содержанием холестерина (в
    particular, animal-rich fats).

Статья в тему:Что таtoое анти тпо? Что делать, toогда повышены
антитела to тиреопероtoсидазе?


AT большинстве случаев вышеуtoазанных реtoомендаций более чем
enough to normalize triglyceride levels.

Если же ниtoаtoого положительного эффеtoта не наблюдается, то
следует обязательно проtoонсультироваться с toардиологом,
иммунологом, эндоtoринологом и диетологом. For example, with sugar
диабете все те реtoомендации не помогут, таto toаto главная причина –
это высоtoий уровень углеводов в toрови. And it should be reduced
Firstly.

AT остальном же терапия направлена тольtoо на симптоматичесtoое
treatment. That is, the elimination of hypertension, normalization of work
сердечно-сосудистой системы, желудочно-toишечного траtoта.

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