Sack and sore throat, difficulty swallowing and a hoarse voice, swelling of the lymph nodes and redness of the tonsils, increased fever and general malaise are symptoms that are very common manifest in childhood.
Inflammation of one or more tonsils is characteristic of a number quite serious infectious diseases.
What are tonsils, why are they inflamed and how treat their inflammation – this question is devoted to the answers to these questions article addressed to parents.
Lymphadenoid organs located in the pharyngeal region Tissues are called tonsils. They begin to work in 2-3 months, maximize in size by 5-7 years, from 9-10 years lymphoid tissue is gradually transformed and by 16-20 almost completely disappears, is replaced by a connective.
There are 6 tonsils in the human body, along with lymphadenoid tissue forming the so-called lymphoid ring:
- Paired palatine (glands) are located on the sides of the pharynx, between palatine arches;
- Paired tube located deep in the pharyngeal opening;
- The pharyngeal tonsil, or adenoids, is located in the arch nasopharynx;
- The lingual (sublingual) tonsil is hidden in the root of the tongue.
Normally, tonsils produce lymphocytes that enter the current. blood. As soon as an airborne infection enters the body, lymphocyte production increases dramatically, so tonsils fight microbes and viruses, preventing their deeper penetration into the body. If immunity is weakened, these organs do not cope with the infection and become inflamed.
The most common inflammation of the tonsils, or tonsils, called tonsillitis, and in acute form – tonsillitis. Both are inflamed tonsils, less often inflammation of one of them is observed. At the same time with glands or independently pharyngeal can become inflamed (nasopharyngeal) tonsil, inflammation of one tonsil in a child called adenoiditis. It can develop as a result hypothermia, as a complication of various infectious diseases, enlarged adenoids become inflamed more often. Single inflammation lingual tonsils is a rather rare disease.
With a simple, catarrhal form of a sore throat, it is indicated:
- A plentiful warm drink;
- Warming compresses on the throat;
- Physiotherapeutic procedures;
- Rinse with antiseptics;
- Steam inhalation;
- Reception of vitamins, immunostimulants.
Be sure to read material on the same topic, from which it will become clear why the tonsils in the child are enlarged.
An article about the causes and treatment of tonsillitis in a child should also bookmark.
Moms Note: An article on the risks of laryngeal edema in infants. If tonsillitis is complicated by purulent processes, it is recommended bed rest, to the above treatment methods are added:
- Irrigation with antiseptic sprays, resorption of lozenges;
- Tonsils lubrication with iodine-glycerin and the like drugs;
- Tonsil washing in a medical facility, mechanical and vacuum;
- If purulent plugs are formed – taking antibiotics and sulfa drugs.
The infected layer of the glands can be removed by cryotherapy, and if tonsils are constantly inflamed and serve as a focal point of infection, abscesses develop, more radical operation – tonsillectomy. With inflammation and proliferation of adenoids you can wash your nose with saline and herbal infusions, bury protargol, and only if conservative treatment does not work, resort to surgery. In childhood, remove any tonsils are not recommended.