What are antibiotics for sore throat in an adult?pills to take? Comparison of essential drugs

Content:

  • Why antibiotics are necessary for sore throat
    an adult?
  • What antibiotics to treat sore throat?
  • Drugs for angina, a list of the best antibiotics
  • Penicillins
  • Cephalosporins
  • Macrolides
  • Fluoroquinol
  • Quick cures for angina
  • Additional drugs for the treatment of tonsillitis
  • Duration of antibiotic therapy
  • Video
  • Concomitant treatment of angina in adults

Should I take antibiotics for sore throat in an adult
pills? The answer is definitely affirmative. Angina is dangerous for its
serious complications, so antibacterial agents –
strict necessity. It is important to choose the right medicine to
minimize side effects and reduce time
recovery.

Why antibiotics are necessary for sore throat an adult?

Angina, or acute tonsillitis is a serious viral disease,
in which the tonsils are inflamed. It happens normal and purulent.
The causative agent of the disease is steptococcus and staphylococcus. These microbes
are present in the body in a small amount always, but amid
reduced immunity they multiply, resulting in a patient
clinical symptoms of the disease appear:

  1. High temperature (above 39 degrees).
  2. Severe sore throat.
  3. Enlarged submandibular lymph nodes.
  4. Signs of general intoxication: weakness, headache,
    nausea.

The danger of sore throat is that it develops early
serious complications:

  • throat abscess;
  • meningitis;
  • sepsis.

антибиотики при ангине


With a long course increases the risk of rheumatism,
glomerulonephritis, renal failure. On streptococci and
Staphylococcus may be affected only by antibiotics. By this
due to the use of antibiotics for the treatment of angina.

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What antibiotics to treat sore throat?

Penicillins и цефалоспорины являются золотым стандартом терапии
tonsillitis, especially purulent form. However, the choice of treatment depends
on the type of disease. Ideally, the doctor should prescribe an analysis on
bacteria sensitivity to antibiotics.

Which antibiotic is better: in pills or injections? To this question
no clear answer. Usually prescribed pills, but with severe
condition of the patient to achieve rapid effect using
injections with antibiotics.

In acute tonsillitis, the following groups of drugs are prescribed:

  1. Penicillin group. These are first-generation antibiotics. They
    inexpensive and effective. The disadvantage is the rapid development
    the resistance of many bacteria to penicillin and often arising
    allergic reaction.
  2. Group of cephalosporins. New generation drugs are prescribed
    with intolerance to penicillins. Strong antibiotic capable
    cope with the most severe symptoms of the disease.
  3. Macrolide group. Typically, these tools are used when
    angina of moderate severity if a patient develops penicillin
    allergy.
  4. Fluoroquinol group. Apply when serious
    complications of illness or purulent form of pathology.

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Drugs for angina, a list of the best antibiotics

It is impossible to accurately determine the best antibiotic for the treatment of angina.
The choice of means is carried out by the doctor taking into account the peculiarities of the disease.
each patient.

to content ↑Статья в тему:Что такое Синдром Аддисона? The reasons
appearance, symptoms and treatment

Penicillins


Penicillin group antibacterial drugs belong to
beta-lactam antibiotics. These medicines are inexpensive and effective.
what causes their use in various diseases.

Penicillins подразделяются на four группы в зависимости от
Origin:

Group one 2 3 four
Characteristic Natural origin, have a narrow spectrum
actions
Полусинтетические препараты, спектр actions намного шире, чем
the first group
Расширенного спектра actions Very wide antibacterial spectrum, affect many
bacteria
Titles Benzylpenicillin, Phenoxymethylpenicillin Oxacillin, Nafcillin Amoxicillin, ampicillin Metzillam, mezlocillin

Амоксициллин
Бензилпениллин
Нафциллин
Оксациллин

Penicillins практически не имеют побочных эффектов, но на них
часто развивается серьезная allergy. It can manifest in
as:

  • skin rash;
  • urticaria;
  • Quincke’s edema;
  • anaphylaxis.

Therefore, it is advisable to hold
penicillin tests.

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Cephalosporins

Cephalosporin group antibiotics are used for the treatment of purulent
sore throats when penicillin treatment has proven ineffective. Data
funds are very strong and there is a high risk of development
резистентности bacteria к ним. Cephalosporins выписывают, если
pathogens of angina are not streptococci or staphylococcus, but
other more dangerous microorganisms.


Funds are also included in beta-lactam medications. Mechanism
их actions основан на повреждении клеточной стенки микроорганизма,
подавлении синтеза bacteria, которые находятся в процессе
breeding. There are 5 generations of cephalosporins:

one — Цефрадин, Цефазолин, Цефалексин.

2 – Cefoxitin, Cefaclor, Cefuroxin, Zinnat.

3 – Cefotaxin, Ceftriaxone, Ceftazidine.

four — Цефепим, Цефпиром.

5 – Ceftaroline, Ceftozan.

Patients who have an increased sensitivity to
penicillins may also react to cephalosporins.
Among the side effects of drugs are: myalgia,
bleeding gums, abdominal pain. Data лекарства с
caution is prescribed to people with liver problems, kidney problems,
susceptibility to drug allergies, stomach ulcers.
Medicines should not be taken at the same time as
alcohol.

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Macrolides

Macrolides при лечении ангины используются при непереносимости
a patient of beta-lactam drugs. Medicines block
синтез белка bacteria. Note that bacteria such as
salmonella, enterobacter and shigella are resistant to
macrolides.

Macrolides являются наименее токсичными и наиболее безопасными
antibiotics. They обычно хорошо переносятся больными, при их
application has not recorded cases of damage to the liver, kidneys,
anaphylaxis.

Macrolides делятся на 2 группы:

  • Natural. These include the following drugs:
    Erythromycin, Spiramycin, Leukomycin.
Спирамицин
Эритромицин
  • Полусинтетические. В этой группе: Кларитромицин,
    Azithromycin, Summamed, Rokitamycin.
Азитромицин
Сумамед

Несмотря на низкую токсичность, при длительном применении
high doses of drugs may develop side effects:

  1. Dysbacteriosis.
  2. Thrush in women.
  3. Reversible impairment of hearing.
  4. Heart rhythm disorder.

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Fluoroquinol

These drugs are not antibiotics of origin and
structure, but have a similar effect. Bactericidal effect
caused by the destructive effect on the cell’s DNA and the negative
возactions на другие процессы жизнедеятельности
microorganisms.

Article in the topic: Ways to restore intestinal microflora after
taking antibiotics?

Эти средства эффективны в отношении множества bacteria:
salmonella, meningococcus, pseudomonas and Escherichia coli, chlamydia
etc. What makes these drugs indispensable in the treatment of many
diseases, including sore throats. In addition, fluoroquinolones
produced in topical dosage form
(drops, sprays).

Titles лекарств группы фторхинолонов:

one поколение 2nd generation 3rd generation four поколение
Oxolinic acid. Ciprofloxacin Levofloxacin Delafloxocin
Pipemido acid Tsiprolet Moxifloxacin
Ofloxacin

Contraindications include:

  1. Allergy.
  2. Pregnancy and breastfeeding.
  3. Atherosclerosis.

Side effects:

  • headache, dizziness;
  • heartburn, stomach pain;
  • violation of the chair;
  • convulsions;
  • allergy.

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Quick cures for angina

Today on the pharmacological market are presented the means
able to cure sore throat for 3 days. These are drugs such as:
Azithromycin, Summamed, Zi-factor. They входят в
macrolide group. The active ingredient of drugs – azithromycin.
Medications differ only in cost. Azithromycin – inexpensive
препарат, цена не превышает one00 рублей, в то время как Суммамед
It costs almost 600 rubles.


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Additional drugs for the treatment of tonsillitis

For the treatment of angina simultaneously with pills prescribe funds
местного actions: спреи для горла, леденцы и таблетки для
resorption, rinse solutions. Many of them also
made on the basis of antibiotics.

Effective throat sprays:

  1. Ingalipt. The drug is made on the basis of
    sulfanilamide and eucalyptus and mint essential oils. Possesses
    bactericidal and analgesic effect. Also effective in
    respect to fungus candida.

  2. Isofra. It is a nasal spray, but it has
    positive effect in the treatment of angina. Affects many
    microorganisms. The negative point is frequent cases of allergies.


  3. Octenisept. The medicine acts on
    various bacteria, herpes virus and fungi. When angina is used
    for gargling. Virtually no contraindications and
    side effects. In rare cases, allergies can occur.
    form of swelling of the mucous throat and oral cavity.

Tablets for resorption in angina have an effect
directly on the inflamed hearth and do not affect the body in
whole Therefore, they can be prescribed for problems with the digestive tract, kidneys.
The best tablets for sucking from angina:

  1. Faringosept. It contains an antibiotic, but it has
    mild action on the throat, therefore it has a minimum
    contraindications and negative effects. After its application
    inflammation decreases and pain in the throat subsides.
  2. Neoangin. Drug with pronounced
    antiseptic activity. It is used even for purulent form.
    diseases. Active ingredients: Amylmetacresol, Levomenthol. With
    using the product reduces the need for use
    antibacterial drugs in the form of injections and tablets.
    Contraindications: diabetes, hypersensitivity to
    components. Side effects usually develop when exceeding
    recommended dosage: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, hyperemia
    mucous throat.
Нео-ангин
Фарингосепт

A drugы местного actions без антибиотиков также назначают как
adjuvant treatment of angina:

  1. Тантум Верде. The active substance is
    Benzydamine is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent. A drug
    possesses anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect.
    It is produced in the form of lozenges and spray. Pills
    prohibited during pregnancy.
  2. Kameton. The active ingredient is chlorbutanol.
    The drug has analgesic, anti-edematous, bactericidal
    action with tonsillitis. Usually easily tolerated, the only thing
    contraindication – individual intolerance.
Каметон
Тантум Верде

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causes and consequences

Duration of antibiotic therapy

How many days do I need to use antibiotics for sore throat? It depends
from several conditions:

  1. The age of the sick.
  2. Chronic diseases of the digestive tract, kidneys, heart.
  3. Severity of pathology.

Стандартно лечение проводится в течение 7-one0 дней. Some
drugs (Aziromycin, Summamed) enough to spend on drink 3 days. Purulent
angina requires longer and more thorough treatment.

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