Vegetarianism: the benefits and harm, for and against whomone can or cannot refuse meat and is it worth itdo?

Update: February 2019

Vegetarianism is part of human culture since
antiquities. The meat was not consumed by Pythagoras, Zarathustra, Aristotle, and
Plato. The fashion for vegetarianism came to Europe in the middle of XIX
century.

The followers of this trend attributed themselves to Albert.
Einstein, Ilya Repin, Henry Ford and many others. Among now
living meat is not eaten Mohammed Ali, Nikolai Drozdov, Richard Gere,
Madonna, etc. However, debate about whether vegetarianism is helpful or
harmful does not subside so far.

Is it a predator or herbivore?

Let’s talk about the benefits of vegetarianism or potential harm
from the discussion of how people are adapted to beef
diet.

Teeth

In humans, large sharp incisors, undeveloped canines and flat
indigenous, that makes us with herbivores. However our teeth are covered
enamel on all sides and change over the course of life only once,
which does not allow us to chew rough vegetable food for a long time and more
It looks like the teeth of predators. These teeth have omnivores.

Saliva

In predators, the salivary glands are weakly developed, saliva is acidic and not
contains enzymes. In herbivores, saliva is alkaline and includes
starch digesting enzymes. In humans, it is just that.

Stomach

It is small in predators; gastric juice is very sour, basic.
digestion takes place here. Herbivores have a stomach
large, multi-chamber, gastric juice is slightly acidic, since
the stomach does not digest, but ferments food. In man
the stomach is medium in size, the gastric juice is weaker than that of predators, but
much more acidic than herbivores.

Intestines

Untreated meat in the intestine is exposed to bacterial
decomposition with the release of toxic waste, so predators need
short intestines to quickly evacuate leftover food and as
The rule is 2-3 body lengths. On the contrary, herbivores need
long intestine, which exceeds the growth of 20-28 times, since
plant food is digested extremely slowly. In man
the intestine is 8 times as tall and quite comfortable
digest both light vegetable food (mostly fruits) and
small portions of meat.

The conclusion from the above is as follows: A person cannot digest
large amounts of coarse plant food such as herbs, like
unable to eat only meat. Evolution has made us
omnivorous, a person can be a vegetarian, but the meat in the diet
necessary for normal growth of the body and maintain health.
So, vegetarianism: the benefits and harm to the body.

Arguments FOR vegetarianism

Arguments in favor of refusal of meat food may be
following:

  • Vegetarian food contains less carcinogens. This fact
    established by many researchers. Meat lovers especially
    fried, more at risk of cancer of the stomach, liver and intestines
    (see how not to die from cancer).
  • Vegetarian food protects from cardiovascular
    diseases. This statement is based on the fact that in cultures
    where the meat ration prevails, for example in Europe, the frequency
    heart attacks, hypertension and diabetes mellitus far exceeds
    countries with a predominantly plant-based diet, for example, China and
    Japan. Also vegetarians are less susceptible to atherosclerosis due to
    lower blood cholesterol.
  • Vegetarian food allows you to better control weight. it
    true only in part. Herbal diet less calorie and reset
    those extra pounds are much easier with it than eating
    animal protein. But Sumo wrestlers don’t eat meat at all, so
    vegetarianism in matters of weight loss is not a panacea.
  • Herbal food contains more vitamins. Balanced and
    a varied vegetable and milk ration is able to completely
    provide a person with all the necessary nutrients and
    trace elements (see vitamins pills – dispelling myths).

The vast majority of those who practice yoga –
vegetarians, because in the practice of yoga is considered the rejection of meat –
proper diet. In addition, in all styles of yoga has
the place is such a term as “ahimsa” (non-violence), i.e. protest against
killing animals. Therefore, if a person practices yoga, he is early
tries vegetarianism late and decides for himself – suits him
such a lifestyle or not.

Reviews of vegetarians engaged in yoga, the benefits of rejection
meat:

  • most lose weight, which was superfluous
  • the state of health improves, the person becomes more
    energetic
  • It is noticed that after starting yoga classes and going to
    vegetarianism – a person is less sick with colds
    diseases
  • mood improves, the person becomes less
    irritable.

Arguments – AGAINST Vegetarianism

  • The effect of vegetarianism on life expectancy only
    theoretical It is assumed that vegetarians are less susceptible
    cardiovascular diseases therefore live longer. But
    centenarians of the Caucasus are Georgians, Ossetians, Armenians, etc., who feed on
    meat, and fried, this assumption is refuted. Some
    northern peoples generally eat only meat and live enough
    long.
  • A vegetarian diet is poor in some vitamins and
    trace elements found only in meat – first of all B12 and
    iron. Plant food lovers in 70% of cases suffer from
    anemia and iron deficiency, and related problems –
    brittle nails and hair loss, low performance,
    problems in the bowels, irregular menstruation
    women, etc.
  • In plant foods do not have enough calcium, iodine, vitamin D. From
    This can be a problem with bones, teeth and thyroid.
    gland, which is extremely dangerous, especially in old age.
  • Violation of protein absorption – an excess of vegetable food
    fiber causes impaired absorption of proteins, which in turn
    can lead to protein deficiency in the body. Hence the muscular
    dystrophy, reduced immunity, the risk of developing tuberculosis and other
    trouble
  • Vegetarianism is harmful to pregnant and lactating people who are not
    able to get enough protein from vegetable
    food.
  • Vegetarianism is unacceptable to children under 15 years old – if the meat is not
    introduced in time to feed the baby, it inevitably waits for him
    dystrophy, anemia, dysplasia and mental retardation
    development. Children under 15 years of age can not be vegetarians, and
    The opinion of scientists in this matter is very categorical.

It is fair to say that most of the described
problems associated not with vegetarianism per se, but with its
radical direction – veganism. Vegans on ethical
considerations do not consume not only animal meat, but also fish,
milk and dairy products, as well as eggs.

Cons vegetarianism reviews:

  • Unavailability of dishes for a vegetarian in many small cafes,
    hotels – this is the biggest and most pronounced minus.
    A vegetarian should constantly think about what and when he can and
    you need to eat, and on trips, hikes, travels where there are
    только мелкие кафе или частные гостиницы,  и в которых меню
    limited to 2-3 dishes (and all with meat) or just when unavailable
    visiting a large supermarket – a vegetarian or remains
    hungry, or circumstances are forced to carry food with you,
    which is not convenient.
  • Expensive – it may seem strange, because cereals, vegetables,
    in principle, no more than meat, but in order to somehow diversify their
    menu, a vegetarian is forced to buy expensive foods. For example,
    buying large quantities of fruit or replacing a lack of protein with
    vegetarianism (for example, porcini mushrooms) is quite expensive.
  • Condemnation and advice of others – to listen to the advice of others,
    which are not in the “topic” or are negative about vegetarianism –
    Do not add a positive.

To be or not to be a vegetarian?

This article deliberately avoided ethical issues.
�”Non-meat”. In fact, from any ethical background
Nemyasoedov struck a terrible hypocrisy, but we have a medical site, and
ethical issues are not within our competence.

However, it is ethical issues that divide vegetarianism into
certain currents:

  • Veganism is the most radical option, deny all products
    �”Exploitation of wildlife”, even honey. Example of radicalism and
    obscurantism. Vegans feel the most negative
    moments of vegetarianism.
  • Raw foods – a type of veganism, which is used
    products that do not need to be cooked, stewed and baked, syroedy not
    recognize spices, eat sprouts. According to experts,
    only perfectly healthy people with perfect bowel conditions,
    can afford it.
  • Lacto-ovo vegetarianism is a classic version in which
    In addition to plant foods, you can eat milk and eggs.
  • Lacto-vegetarianism – milk and plant foods.
  • Flexitorianism is a kind of vegetarianism in which
    it is allowed to consume meat and seafood once a month. Most
    vegetarian communities (sects) considers flexitorine apostates
    (heretics).

Modern dietetics on this issue says the following.
If the diet of a vegetarian is quite varied and includes eggs,
milk and dairy products, as well as fish and seafood, he
It is considered quite balanced and allows you to live quite normally
and work for decades, while doing without meat.

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