«Мама, болит stomach!» – одна из самых распространенных
complaints of children at any age. Kidи, еще не овладевшие речевыми
skills, express pain by crying, whimpering, bending the knees to
chest Unfortunately, often mummies, not understanding the causes of the disease,
just stuff the child with analgesics and antispasmodics.
The content of the article
- 1 Причины болей в stomachе и сопутствующие им симптомы
- 1.1 Symptoms for emergency call an ambulance
- 2 Stomach ache – first aid
- 2.1 First aid before the arrival of the doctor
- 3 Functional pains – how to help a child?
- 4 Консультация специалиста: Что делать, если у ребенка
- 5 У ребенка болит stomach — Школа доктора Комаровского
Дискомфорт и боль в stomachе – это серьезный сигнал хрупкого
child’s body that he needs help. Pain can
caused by the simplest indigestion, and maybe one of
manifestations of a serious illness that requires prompt
medical care. Therefore, it is important to be able to conduct on time
initial diagnosis and facilitate (rather than harm!) condition
child before the arrival of doctors.
Помните, что сильная боль в stomachе – это повод для
emergency treatment to the doctor!
Причины болей в stomachе и сопутствующие им симптомы
Pain в stomachе может быть кратковременной и длительной, резкой и
слабой, на участке возле желудка или по всему stomachу, но, главным
the rule in this situation is to wait until the pain becomes
unbearable is impossible, and if it is not the severity of too abundant
dinner, you need to immediately call a doctor.
The most common causes of pain in the area
stomachа у ребенка:
They usually suffer from babies up to 3-4 months. Baby cuddles
legs, comes in screaming, spinning and straining. Pain relieve
нагретая пеленка на stomach или употребление укропной воды. Can
try to wear a crumble column. When especially painful
pains, when the child does not sleep at night, the pediatrician prescribes
special medicine. For example, Espumizan, Bobotik, Plantex. (as
help baby with colic)
In this case colic is also joined by intestinal distention.
Обычно без клизмы (as сделать клизму новорожденному ребенку) или
A special candle (glycerin or sea buckthorn) is indispensable.
(constipation in a newborn – how to help)
Manifested in the form of sharp and sharp pain while walking or when
trying to sit up straight. It is the result of heavy physical
overexertion, sometimes manifested after vomiting or severe coughing.
In addition to pain, the child does not bother, he has a normal appetite and
- Intestinal obstruction
Peculiar to infants aged 5 – 9 months. Requires urgent
appeals to the surgeon. Related symptoms – nausea, vomiting, blood
in the chair.
- Flatulence (bloating) and gas accumulation
The child becomes moody and nervous, does not sleep well. During
feeding the baby can greedily grab the breast or the nipple and then abruptly
spit out. After feeding, burping and belching may occur.
Quite often, flatulence is a sign of other more serious
This is usually roundworm. The pain is not as acute as with colic or
constipation, but it appears regularly. Additional symptoms
– headaches, flatulence, itching in the anus. Mistakenly assume
that gnashing of teeth in a dream is associated with worms in the body.
- Intolerance to any product
The most common lactose intolerance in children (milk and
milk products). Malaise begins after 30 – 40 minutes
after consuming the product. In addition to pain, the child suffers from
bloating, diarrhea, sometimes vomiting. The pains are colicky or
The disease is quite serious and contagious. Severe pain
localized in the liver. A child has yellow sclera of the eyes, urine
gets a dark shade. The disease requires urgent attention to
to the doctor. (jaundice in newborns)
- Testicular inflammation
Обычно ребенок чувствует боль внизу stomachа с отдачей из мошонки.
The inflammation can be triggered by a torsion of the testicles, a hernia, or
normal bruise. It is important to provide a qualified medical
This disease is typical for girls. Sharp and pretty
сильные боли локализуются в пояснице, боку, внизу stomachа. Usually them
accompanied by fever, headache, weakness, increased sweating,
chills, nausea and vomiting. The disease is very serious, it is caused
inflammation of the renal pelvis. The cause may be hit
bacteria in the urinary system or impaired outflow of urine from the kidneys.
The disease is amenable to drug treatment, but in especially severe
situations there is no other way out other than operating
The disease is characterized by inflammation of the gastric mucosa and thin
guts caused by viruses, parasites or bacteria. Pain
paroxysmal, dull. Additional symptoms – rumbling in
stomachе, диарея, тошнота, рвота, жар. At the slightest suspicion of
gastroenteritis is an urgent need to turn to pediatrician.
Appendicitis – это воспаление отростка слепой кишки, называемого
appendix. It usually occurs on the 1st of 6 children. And before
two years, as a rule, does not escalate. Most common disease
subject to children aged 8 and up to 14 years. First characteristic
occurrence of dull aching pain on the right or lower abdomen, loss
appetite, weakness, vomiting, fever. Further, sharp cutting pains occur.
and rapidly develops perforation of the appendix wall. All his
the contents go into the peritoneum, which represents a serious risk for
child’s life. Without urgent surgery can not do. (appendicitis)
Symptoms for emergency call an ambulance
- A child under 5 years old, the pain does not pass more than 3 hours. Kid
naughty and nervous.
- The pain in the abdomen is accompanied by a rash on the skin of the child or
inflammation of the joints.
- For abdominal pains, concomitant diarrhea, fever,
severe nausea or persistent vomiting.
- The pain is localized in the umbilical zone.
- The child refuses food and water amid pains in
- Severe abdominal pain after falling or hitting the stomach.
- Pain accompanied by weakness, pallor, loss
- The pain occurs at night.
- Abdominal pain and lack of stool.
- Regular pain lasting more than 2 weeks.
- Frequent abdominal pain and weight loss (or lag in
- Frequent pains, repeated regularly for several
weeks / months (even with no other symptoms).
Doctor Komarovsky telling when a doctor is urgently needed
in case of abdominal pain in a child:
Stomach ache – first aid
The good news is that quite often the pain is caused
indigestion or unhealthy diet that is safe and easy
passes after the elimination of the causes. If pain
getting stronger and added to it are other signs
peculiar to certain diseases, with a call to the doctor to delay
First aid before the arrival of the doctor
- If you are not a physician capable of initial diagnosis, do not
Give the child any medication. They can harm or “lubricate
a picture of the disease, which will complicate diagnosis by a doctor;
- Do not feed the baby, but provide plenty of drink, especially when
vomiting and diarrhea. You can drink Regidron, self-cooked
water-salt solution or non-carbonated water (lemonade, juices and
milk is prohibited!);
- Control the temperature. If it rises above 38 ° C
give the baby antipyretic;
- It is very important not to put a heating pad or a warming compress on your belly.
Heating provokes inflammation and the child’s condition
may deteriorate sharply;
- If you are sure that the cause of the pain is bloating, give the patient
medicine based on simethicone;
- Make sure your child does not have constipation. Regardless
result before a professional diagnosis by a doctor is done
enema is impossible;
- If the tummy got sick, the temperature jumped and vomiting began
or watery / offensive diarrhea – get ready to treat intestinal
infection (most often it is hidden under such
The lion’s share of the most dangerous diseases hidden under
severe abdominal pain and usually requiring intervention
surgeon, not accompanied by subfebrilitet! Fever
usually is a “companion” of infections.
If in doubt, call the doctor – do not pull with
qualified help. What would you have been waiting for the “case”, no matter how
I was afraid of the child’s doctors, call an ambulance without thinking! It is better
be safe than sorry.
Functional pains – how to help a child?
У детей в возрасте около 7 – 15 лет часто бывают так
called functional pain – in fact it is not clear what caused,
by the nature of manifestations like migraine. They are usually called
pains that are completely unrelated to surgery or infection. Even
a deep examination does not find the cause of the pain, but contrary to this
they are not the fruit of children’s imagination, not to go to school
or do not tidy up the toys. Children really suffer from them.
Functional pains can be caused by:
- Stress or nervous tension;
- Functional dyspepsia (a violation of the stomach,
- Irritable bowel syndrome (a violation of the gastrointestinal tract without
any organic reasons);
- Abdominal migraine (abdominal cramps, accompanied by
headache, pallor, nausea and vomiting) – as they mature
child’s illness turns into migraine headaches.
Functional pains are not dangerous and do not carry health risks, with
time, they cease to occur (they do not require a specific
treatment). Nevertheless, for children suffering from such pains, very
proper care is important. Relieve the child’s condition will help:
- Calm and caring from loved ones.
Создайте для ребенка приятную и комфортную атмосферу добра и
security. Do not allow yourself negative emotions;
- Diet. Scientifically proven to relieve symptoms
an introduction to the daily menu of cereals, vegetables, fresh fruit and
- Medicines. For severe pains do not need
make the child tolerate discomfort. Can give light
analgesics: ibuprofen or paracetamol;
- Diary of the disease. The fixation of the observations will be
useful for the history and understanding of where your legs grow from. Fix
followed by a period of pain (how long it lasts), a means of easing it (than
shoot) and situations in which pain occurs.
Консультация специалиста: Что делать, если у ребенка болит
Dudchenko Polina. Family doctor, neonatologist, consultant
У ребенка болит stomach — Школа доктора Комаровского
Pain в stomachе рано или поздно, часто или редко, но возникает у
any child. And the parents face the question: is it dangerous or
no, what to do about it; when to go to the doctor
immediately, and when – you can suffer? TV presenter Ioannina Sokolova –
no exception, her these questions are also very excited, and she came to
Dr. Komarovsky to understand this topic: