Update: November 2018
Gastritis is an inflammatory disease affecting the internal.
surface of the stomach (mucous membrane). Distinguish acute and
chronic forms of this disease. The reasons for them are different
factors ranging from medication to infection
the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. It all depends on what
methods can be used to treat various forms of gastritis.
In the development of acute gastritis plays a role:
- Medications that can reduce the protective
properties of the gastric mucosa – glucocorticosteroids, NSAIDs
(nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). As a result, salt
acid, normally part of the gastric juice, damages
internal surface of the body, develops inflammation.
- Mechanical mucosal injury.
- Chemical burns solutions of alkalis and acids.
- Eating food contaminated with bacteria (salmonella,
- More rarely – the effects of radiation exposure.
- Sudden stressful situation.
Treatment of acute gastritis necessarily includes cessation.
impact factor that caused the development of the disease.
Cancels gastric mucosa-damaging drugs
establish a diet of sparing regimen. Warm on the first day
tea, decoctions of plantain or chamomile. In the following add
low fat meat pates, kissel, chopped soup
ingredients, porridge and omelet on milk.
In case of bacterial toxicity, washing is shown.
the stomach clean with warm water until it becomes transparent (emetic
mass without food residues). With severe gastritis for
eliminate bacteria prescribe antibacterial drugs only
after consulting a doctor.
Acid or alkali burns require immediate hospitalization.
hospital due to the risk of simultaneous gastritis and burn
esophagus, edema of tissues of the pharynx, larynx.
Acute superficial gastritis, accompanied by nausea, vomiting
treated with antiemetic drugs:
- domperidone (50-200 r.);
- metoclopramide (50-100 p.);
- ondansetron (100-300 p.).
For pain in the epigastric region, antispasmodics are effective:
- Drotaverinum (30-70 r.);
- mebeverin (50-100 r.).
The question of whether it is possible to treat acute gastritis at home is decided
definitely – no. The causes of pathology themselves require round-the-clock.
There are several versions of what factors cause gastritis.
- Заражение слизистой желудка the bacterium Helicobacter pylori.
- Improper diet with an excess of spicy, fried, spicy
- Употребление излишне горячей или холодной food.
- Constant stress.
- Smoking and drinking alcohol.
Today, the leading bacterial infection is recognized, but
wrong to exclude the influence of other factors.
Основа терапии chronic гастрита – антихеликобактерная
(eradication) scheme. It includes 3 drugs that should
take 10 days:
- Amoxicillin 1000 mg 2 times a day (50-150 p.).
- Clarithromycin on 500 mg 2 times a day (200-400 r.).
- Omeprazole (Omez) 20 mg 2 times a day for half an hour before taking
food (20-80 p.).
There is a scheme that consists of 4 drugs:
the above add bismuth tricalium dicitrate (De-nol) 120
mg 4 times a day (200-600 p.).
In the absence of Helicobacter pylori infection, hyperacid gastritis (with
increased secretion of hydrochloric acid) amenable to antisecretory
- Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs) – Omeprazole, Pantoprazole
(150-300 r.), Rabeprazole (50-300 r.).
- H2-histamine receptor blockers – ranitidine (20-200 p.),
famotidine (15-60 r.).
With hypoacid gastritis (with reduced saline excretion
acid) antisecretory agents are contraindicated. Need to apply
gastric juice substitutes in tablets – Acidin-pepsin (60-150
R.). Metoclopramide helps normalize gastric motility. With
heartburn means fast help is Rennie (200-500 p.), Gastal
Diet therapy is the key to the prevention of gastritis exacerbations (see what
You can eat with gastritis). Limited to:
- smoked meat
- too cold and hot dishes
- fast food.
It is recommended to eat small meals 5-6 times a day,
warm, gentle handling.
Обычно лечение обострений chronic гастрита проходит в
home conditions. Only severe aggravations of gastritis with
severe symptoms are subject to stationary observation.
Traditional methods of treatment
Despite the prevalence of drug treatments,
There are natural remedies to treat exacerbations.
гастрита в home conditions. Herbs, vegetables, offal and
various natural oils.
Fresh juice of new potatoes must be drunk for
half an hour before meals for 10-15 days. In order not to lose
beneficial properties of starch, fiber, carotenoids and
antioxidants, juice is drunk within 5-10 minutes after
PUFA contained in sea buckthorn oil (polyunsaturated
fatty acids) provide the soft enveloping structure of oil.
This has a beneficial effect on the stomach wall, creating a protective barrier.
from hydrochloric acid and external irritants. Carotenoids help
restore damaged areas of the mucous membrane. Vitamin E –
powerful antioxidant that suppresses inflammation. Sea buckthorn oil
take 2 teaspoons before breakfast and dinner,
washing it down with warm water.
Unlike sea buckthorn, flax seed oil is more bitter,
therefore, it is more often added to salads or meats. But for healing
properties it is not inferior to the previous one. Receive mode not
Olive oil is taken daily by a teaspoon for the hungry
stomach. The course is 2-3 months. Possible side effects in
form of diarrhea, short-term abdominal pain. Due to choleretic
Olive oil effect is not recommended for people with gallstones.
To prepare it, place 2 teaspoons of flaxseeds
in a glass, pour boiling water and leave for one day on the windowsill.
One portion of the broth is divided into three parts. Eat first in the morning
before breakfast, drink the rest of the volume for the rest of the day. Course
admission – 1 month. The benefits of flax decoction are
lack of specific taste and smell, oily structure,
antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activity.
In the treatment of atrophic gastritis, which is accompanied by
low acidity of gastric contents helps dogrose.
A decoction or infusion based on it tanning and supplying the body with a large
a dose of vitamin C – a natural antioxidant.
For the preparation of broth hips rose 5-7.
minutes The resulting liquid must be poured into a thermos or can with
tight lid, storage – no more than 3 days. Recommended
use a decoction 3 times a day in a glass. The infusion is prepared,
pouring 4 tablespoons of berries with one liter of hot water. Insist
within 8-10 hours in a thermos.
To prepare the broth Hypericum should boil
a large spoon of Hypericum in 200-300 ml of water. Chilled drink
по трети стакана трижды в сутки за полчаса до приема food.
Aloe and honey
This tool can reduce the acidity of gastric juice.
and strengthen the motility of the walls. It is because of this in the treatment
Aloe erosive gastritis with honey is contraindicated. Can
include this folk remedy only in the scheme of atrophic therapy
gastritis. Mix a small amount with a teaspoon of aloe juice
honey, eat within a month.
For effective treatment of gastritis with the help of folk remedies
should forget about drug therapy modern
drugs. No popular recipe has yet been proven.
clinical trials, so their use remains personal
the choice of each.
Терапия острого и chronic гастрита – всегда комплекс
events. Mandatory diet, medications and
PPI preventive courses in spring and autumn.