- Symptoms of enterocolitis in infants
- Enterocolitis in infants: treatment
- Acute enterocolitis in infants
Gastrointestinal problems in a newborn baby doctors and parents are always worried. Enterocolitis is a dangerous disease of thin and large intestine, which is inflammatory in nature.
But useful information will help mommies recognize the symptoms of the disease. and basic treatment methods to respond quickly and correctly for troubling signs. Enterocolitis cannot be started, as it actively develops and leads to complete dehydration organism.
Symptoms of enterocolitis in infants
In newborns, enterocolitis can be caused by penetration of organism of dangerous infections – Staphylococcus aureus. This the microorganism adapts even to the effects of strong antibiotic drugs.
Often the baby becomes infected with a dangerous virus during feeding, if mom is sick with mastitis. The endogenous path is also possible. infection when staphylococcus enters the body through digestive tract of a baby.
Any purulent focus can provoke the development of a dangerous infectious disease. Then the newborn will be tormented severe vomiting.
Other signs include: the appearance of mucus in the stool, liquid green feces, fever, general lethargy and pallor of the skin.
Enterocolitis is most affected by premature babies or children who have serious problems since birth with the work of the respiratory system.
The necrotic enterocolitis provoked by such pathologies may lead to the development of peritonitis. The child will suffer from severe pain in the abdomen and vomiting with bile.
For this types of the disease are characterized by excessive bloating. Problems may arise due to the use of antibiotics.
Common symptoms of enterocolitis in infants include:
- Frequent fluid or mucous bowel movements;
- Increased irritability, anxiety of the baby;
- Feces with blood streaks, greenish, no residues overcooked food and putrid odor;
- Severe diarrhea;
- Bloating and frequent regurgitation;
- The appearance of pain localized in the navel, the lower part abdomen on both sides;
- Alternating diarrhea and constipation;
- Headache and fever;
- Enhanced gas discharge;
- Weakness and fatigue;
- Bad dream;
- Anemia and hypovitaminosis;
- Metabolic disease.
Parents should not miss the moment of the appearance of dangerous symptoms. If the baby shows some of these symptoms, You need to immediately contact a specialist.
Enterocolitis in infants: treatment
At the initial stage of the child need to isolate, and then move on to intensive treatment.
The examination should take place in stationary conditions, as and subsequent intensive care.
Parents are forbidden to give any crumbs on their own antibiotics without medical prescription and prior consultation. Self-government is fraught with danger the consequences.
Modern pediatricians always insist on immediate hospitalization, because enterocolitis is an insidious disease, whose development is unpredictable. To make predictions, the baby should be under constant medical supervision.
Proper diet is the basis for treating infants from this gastrointestinal infection. Toddlers who are on breastfeeding, will have to limit the intake of breast milk.
If the newborn receives artificial nutrition mixture, it is recommended to transfer it to dairy products with active bacteria to restore the microflora of the stomach and intestines. Special dehydration will help to eliminate dehydration. children’s teas, pure boiled water, glucose-salt solutions.
If enterocolitis is started, gastric lavage will be required babies and a complete transition to tea and water diet. After the child will need a lot of mother’s milk to recover full recovery, as well as medicinal mixtures.
If the child is not yet six months old, he is allowed to give special decoctions of medicinal herbs. But such an opportunity should be discussed with your doctor in advance.
Enzyme preparations probiotics and multivitamins, activated carbon and enterosorbents may be prescribed by a doctor upon the onset of the first alarming symptoms enterocolitis. But choose your own medicines by no means impossible.
If the baby was not promptly placed in a hospital and not received medical attention, doctors will have to move to more cardinal techniques.
Laparatomy and bowel resection suggest surgical intervention with the onset of peritonitis. In more complex cases abdominal drainage is performed.
For each infant, an individual treatment. But it should be carried out in a timely manner to avoid serious surgical interventions.
Acute enterocolitis in infants
A neglected disease in newborns very quickly turns into ulcerative form with complete necrotization of tissues. Such a condition extremely dangerous for the life of an infant.
Do not do without surgery it turns out. Degenerative inflammation affects the deep layers of the colon and small intestine, leading to the formation of painful sores. They gradually increase in size.
Ulcerative necrotic enterocolitis is a consequence of active vasospasm or the formation of pathogenic microflora in the intestine baby. Infection can be deadly for a child due to insufficient development of the protective mechanisms of his body.
In acute enterocolitis, the condition of the baby is catastrophic worsens. Very severe dehydration occurs, and then complete violation of the cardiovascular activity of the body. FROM even an experienced one can no longer cope with such difficulties surgeon.
At risk are children who were born on seventh to eighth month of pregnancy and are deep premature. Necrotic enterocolitis is accompanied by abundant and repeated vomiting, stool with purulent discharge. undertake if all at once: diarrhea, nausea, weakness, baby’s temperature.
I wonder when the gases with the smell of the baby will already pass?
It is here that everything about colic in a child is described. After some time, there is a rejection of food. Baby can die with such an active course of the disease. Only operational diagnosis and the right treatment are the key to a favorable outcome enterocolitis in infants.