Update: December 2018
A dry cough is an unconditioned reflex that performs
the function of cleansing the airways from various irritants –
sputum, mucus, pus, foreign bodies, thereby helping to clean
bronchial tree and trachea.
Usually, a dry cough appears at the beginning of any infectious,
viral disease, cold. Depending on the pathogen
disease and immune response, its intensity may be different,
from insignificant to exhausting, paroxysmal, intensifying during
time to sleep.
How to treat dry cough in children and adults, what drugs and
folk remedies can be used to facilitate and
speedy transfer to wet? About this our article.
Causes of dry cough in children and adults
Before starting treatment for dry cough, you should establish
the reason for his appearance. If it is banal cold or
the flu, then with bed rest, plenty of drinking,
symptomatic treatment after a few days dry cough
to become productive with light sputum is a good sign
indicating that the person is recovering.
A dry cough is a reason to go to the therapist, since
It can hide a number of diseases. Especially, if dry
cough does not go 10 or more days – this is a serious reason for
appeals to the therapist or pediatrician.
The doctor, on the basis of the examination, the patient’s history, may refer
for the following tests and diagnostics:
- General blood analysis
- Fluorography for suspected pneumonia or if not
in the last 2 years
- According to indications – radiography in 2 projections (suspicion of
cancer, tuberculosis, sarcoidosis)
- Sputum culture with changes in fluorography or radiography
and for decreed groups.
- With purulent sputum and laboratory capacity – seeding
sputum for pathogen detection and antibiotic sensitivity
(in clinics is not done).
- If you suspect bronchial asthma – spirography with samples
(on berotok, cold).
- If necessary – referral to an allergist for
scratch test for allergies and examination of the ENT with smears from the pharynx and
pharynx on eosinophilia.
- X-ray diagnosis of tumors – bronchoscopy, MRI
or CT for indications.
- For foreign bodies – ENT examination, bronchoscopy
- If you suspect whooping cough – blood tests for immunoglobulins or
PCR mucus from the pharynx.
The main causes of dry cough in children and adults:
- SARS, flu, cold (how does the flu differ from SARS)
- Bronchial asthma, COPD, respiratory tract irritation from
chemicals – bronchospasm, allergic cough
- Runny nose, sinusitis, sinusitis, adenoids, chronic allergic
- Children’s infectious diseases – diphtheria, false croup
(barking cough in a child) and those that happen in adults –
whooping cough, measles.
- Pleurisy, pneumonia, acute or chronic bronchitis, tracheitis,
tracheobronchitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis (treatment in children).
- Cancer of the respiratory system – cancer
lung, cancer of the bronchi, cancer of the throat, larynx, etc.
- Congestive heart failure, aortic aneurysm
- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
- Smoker’s cough
- Foreign body in the respiratory organs – most often happens and causes
dry cough in children.
How to treat dry cough in children and adults
If a dry cough is not caused by cold and viral
diseases, then tuberculosis, oncology,
cardiac or allergic etiology of cough. After
thorough diagnosis, based on the established diagnosis,
appropriate treatment is prescribed. And we will consider options
treatment of unproductive cough with the most common options
his appearance – with colds, viral, infectious diseases
upper and lower respiratory tract.
- Cough suppressant medications: Butamirate
(synode), Glauvent (children from 4 years).
- Combined medications: Codeterpin, Codelac (since 2 years)
additionally improve sputum discharge, thin the sputum
Stoptussin (children older than a month), Glykodin (from 12 months), with
antipyretic action – Grippostad (6 years).
- Peripheral cough suppressant effect: Levopront (with 2
years), Libeksin (with 3 years).
An abundant warm drink with a dry cough is a guarantee of quick
An abundant warm drink is a banal phrase, everyone knows about it,
but sometimes they do not give this important component of treatment a special
values. But how much liquid the patient drinks
depends directly on the transition rate of dry cough to wet with
sputum for various colds and viral diseases. Drink
You can use the following fortified drinks:
- Cranberry juice, currant jelly, raspberries
- Broths of herbs, in the absence of allergy to them – this
plantain decoctions, mother and stepmothers, licorice, sage, dogrose
- Hot tea with lemon, honey, raspberries
- It is useful to drink warm goat’s milk, while melting in it.
a piece of butter or add almond oil, honey (but
only those who do not suffer pancreatitis). Very good to drink such
drink for the night.
- Black radish juice with honey
- Warm mineral alkaline water without gases
- Infusions of licorice root
Dry cough inhalation
Inhalation – this is also a very effective way.
mitigate dry cough. For the implementation of inhalation can
use special devices – nebulizers, inhalers, and
can be carried out in the old way – breathing over the steam,
covered with a towel, you can also use the spout of the kettle, and
inhale the vapors through the paper cone. Inhalation solutions may
the most diverse:
Medicaments Lasolvan, Ambrobene, ACC injection,
Fluimucil, Sinupret, Rotokan, Tolsilgon N, calendula extract.
- Отвары различных лекарственных трав — шалфей,
зверобой, ромашка, календула, листья малины, мята перечная,
coltsfoot, eucalyptus leaves, juniper leaves, pine buds,
ready fees Evkar number 1 or Inhafitol collection for inhalation (chamomile
- Read more about the methods of inhalation, medicinal
means of various solutions for inhalation with bronchitis,
laryngitis, cold, flu, read our article.
Rubbing, massage, compresses for the treatment of non-productive cough
Rubbing, massage, compresses – any warming procedures
can be produced only if there is no high body temperature
the patient. You should be especially careful with these tools.
при лечении сухого кашля in children.
If a child’s dry cough is allergic or caused
whooping cough or false croup – in these cases the use of different
strongly smelling or allergenic means may worsen the condition
especially cause allergy ointment – Dr. Mohm, in the composition
which includes – camphor, menthol, eucalyptus, nutmeg,
turpentine oil, thymol. To warming ointments
action, can be attributed – Dr. Mom, Barsuchok, Pulmeks, Evkabal –
Many pediatricians do not recommend using these ointments for children under 2 years old, and
if the child is prone to allergies, then do not use
As for the massage, it can also be performed only when
low body temperature, in the absence of even suspicion
complications of irrigation or flu. Best of all he helps with
bronchitis because the massage is designed to improve sputum discharge, but
it can also be produced while relieving the condition
непродуктивном кашле in children и взрослых. Drainage massage should
made very carefully, after a warm bath. After массажа
the child should lie down for about half an hour, while
cover with a warm blanket, and at night you can make a compress.
For a compress, you can make such a solution – 1 tbsp. spoon
sunflower oil, 1 tbsp. spoon водки, 1 ст. spoon меда — эту
The mixture should be heated in a water bath. Wet in this solution
linen cloth, in such a size to close the neck and interscapular
zone, on top of a cloth put cotton wool, then cellophane. To the back
baby should wrap the compress with a scarf or scarf.
Keep in mind that the child will have to sleep all night, nodules
should be made small and placed on the side. everyday
such a compress is not worth doing, it is better in a day.
In the room in which the baby sleeps with a compress should be
cool air. Alcohol should be used very carefully.
compresses, you can not use it in large quantities,
поскольку кожа in children до 7 лет частично выполняет функцию дыхания,
and in case of overdose, alcohol poisoning of the baby may occur.
The same applies to the use of vinegar to remove the temperature – this
The old folk method of reducing the temperature of a child is often
leads to poisoning, do not use it.
Medicinal plants to help
The use of medicinal plants – in pharmacies can be purchased
ready chest charges that you can eat inside and do
inhalation. Among medicinal plants significant expectorant
and the following herbs have the mucolytic property: oregano, root
Althea, sage, mother-and-stepmother, anise, licorice root,
|Nursing chest number 1||Mother and stepmother, Althea roots, Oregano|
|Nursing chest number 2||Plantain, mother and stepmother, licorice root|
|Nursing chest number 3||Sage, Althea roots, anise fruits, pine buds, root
|Nursing chest number 4||Ромашка, побеги багульника, календула, корень licorice, мята,
|Phytopectolum number 1||Mother and stepmother, Althea roots, oregano|
|Phytopectolum number 2||Plantain, mother and stepmother, licorice root|
Climatic conditions in the room of the patient with a dry cough
Creating the patient’s room optimal humidity and temperature
air – is also an essential condition for the speedy transition
dry cough is productive because dry, dusty, too
warm air exacerbates the condition of the nasal mucous membranes and
condition of the lower respiratory tract. It is very important to comply
correct climatic conditions to avoid complications from
viral and infectious diseases so that pathogens
microorganisms did not descend on the lower respiratory tract.
- Humidity should be at least 50%, more precisely from 50 to 70%
- Air temperature no more than 20С
With dry air, especially during the heating season, you can easily
to cope with the help of special humidifiers on the wound
Home appliances are now a large selection. Harder to create comfortable
temperature if the apartment has central heating and is not allowed
regulate the heating of the room, in this case you should always keep
It is also very important that the air is clean;
make daily wet cleaning, the room should
missing carpets and carpeting. Optimally also
use air purifiers.
Antitussives – dangerous to use without
Combined antislip agents with dry cough
should be used only as directed by a physician, such as Sinekod,
Stoptusin, Libexin, Bronholitn, since these drugs can
cause sputum stagnation, mucus in the airways, some of
they have a central effect on cough centers.
They are indicated for such diseases when dry cough
painful, strongly interferes with sleep, for example, whooping cough. The best thing
use for the treatment of dry cough Gerbion with plantain,