Treatment and symptoms of intestinal (gastric)flu in children and adults

Update: October 2018

Gastric flu, intestinal flu is a simplified name.
a medical condition called gastroenteritis or
rotavirus infection, since the disease is not a flu
is an. The causative agent of gastroenteritis are various viruses
most often it is a virus of the order Rotavirus, as well as astroviruses,
caliciviruses, noroviruses and adenoviruses, which, during reproduction
lead to inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.

Mainly affected by this disease are children, intestinal flu in
children last longer and flow harder, as well as older people.
Symptoms of gastric flu are pronounced, but at the same time,
adults with strong immune systems, rotavirus infection can
proceed in a latent form, asymptomatic, while apparently healthy
a person can be a carrier of the pathogen. Usually within a week
the acute period of the disease ends and occurs after 5-7 days
full recovery, during this period the patient is still
contagious.

How can you get gastric flu?

The virus enters the human body through the mucous membrane
gastrointestinal tract. The incubation period of this disease
from 16 hours to five days. The speed of development and the severity of the flow
gastric flu depends on the concentration of the pathogen that has penetrated
into the body, and the state of the human immune system.

  • One type of transmission is food. I.e. infection
    enters the body through unwashed fruits, vegetables, substandard
    milk products. Gastrointestinal flu can rightly be called
    �”Dirty hands disease”. It is also possible infection through not boiled
    tap water, even with a banal bathing.
  • The second route of infection is airborne. When loud
    talking, sneezing, coughing microbes from a sick person
    spread in the air.
  • The contact-household method of transmission of the pathogen,
    especially in crowded places: in offices, in children’s
    gardens, schools, shops.

The causative agent of gastric flu is very viable, ordinary
detergents are not able to destroy it. It is quite stable
to freezing and high temperatures, withstands heating to 60 C.
Intestinal virus is destroyed only by concentrated
chlorine-based disinfectants.

What happens in the body during infection?

With the penetration of rotavirus in the body after half an hour you can
detect the pathogen in the cells of the small intestine. Thanks to attack
virus disrupts the structure of the intestinal mucosa. This leads to
turn to disrupt the production of digestive enzymes,
responsible for the breakdown of complex sugars. So in
non-digested carbohydrates accumulate in the small intestine
attracts excess fluid, causing diarrhea or
watery diarrhea.

Symptoms of gastrointestinal flu

If a child is sick, you need a pediatrician’s call to
determine the possibility of treatment at home or hospitalization.
As a rule, if vomiting is observed no more than 5 times, and the chair is not more
10 times a day, outpatient treatment is acceptable. About 5 days
The incubation period of gastric flu lasts. His symptoms
appear quite sharply and violently.

Желудочный грипп

The easiest way to avoid infection with gastric flu –
wash hands thoroughly

Just a few hours before the onset of dyspepsia (gastrointestinal
intestinal disorder), a small cough first appears,
runny nose, sore throat, which pass quickly. From other
infectious diseases of the digestive tract is what distinguishes intestinal flu,
symptoms of which do not begin with indigestion, but with
quickly passing catarrhal phenomena. The main signs of gastric
flu:

  • Pain in the throat when swallowing, redness in the throat
  • Catarrhal phenomena – minor runny nose, cough, sneezing,
    which pass quickly
  • Loose stools up to 5-10 times a day, feces abundant,
    gray-yellow, clay-shaped, with a pungent smell, but without mucus and
    of blood
  • Abdominal pain, rumbling
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • High fever or subfebrile
  • Growing weakness
  • Severe gastric flu may cause dehydration.
    (symptoms).

Similar symptoms may accompany other diseases.
for example, cholera, salmonellosis, food poisoning, so for
differentiation of the diagnosis should immediately consult a doctor (see
also causes vomiting and diarrhea in a child without fever).

Gastrointestinal Flu Treatment

Specific treatment of rotavirus does not yet exist. Main
treatment is aimed at reducing intoxication, normalization
water-salt metabolism, which is disturbed by diarrhea and vomiting. Thats
there is a treatment mainly symptomatic aimed at reducing
negative effects of the virus on the body: prevent
dehydration, reduce toxicity, restore work
urinary and cardiovascular systems, prevent
development of secondary bacterial infection.

  • First of all, rehydration therapy is needed, for which
    1 bag of Regidron is dissolved in a liter of boiled water and
    drunk in throughout the day every half hour. If desired, such a solution
    for rehydration, you can do it yourself – boiled water 700 ml (or
    weak chamomile decoction) + 300 ml of dried apricots (carrots or raisins)
    + 4-8 tsp. Of sugar + 1 tsp. Of salt + 1/2 tsp.
    soda Shown with repeated vomiting and diarrhea, drink small
    sips. Adults, regardless of the severity of the condition after
    vomit or stool drink 200 ml. solution because fluid loss
    must be replenished in the first 6 hours. Children with frequent vomiting and
    diarrhea indicated hospitalization.
  • When you can eat, you must strictly observe
    sparing diet and eliminate from the diet all dairy and fermented milk
    foods, as they promote rapid reproduction
    pathogenic bacteria in the intestines.
  • Also, the patient should take sorbents, such as
    Activated Carbon, Enterosgel, Smecta, Polysorb, Filtrum
    STI.
  • With severe diarrhea and fever, doctors usually prescribe
    Furazolidone (70 rubles) Enterofuril (300 caps. 500 suspension) or
    Enterol, their use helps to stop the protracted course
    diarrhea.
  • And you should also take drugs with
    пищеварительными ферментами —  Креон, Панкреатин, Мезим форте.
    In rare cases, phthalazole may be prescribed, but use it
    can be no more than 3 days.
  • When the acute phase of the disease passes, it is necessary to recover
    intestinal microflora. For this there are many medicinal
    agents such as Linex, Bifiform, Rioflora-immuno,
    RioFlora-Balans, Bifidumbakterin Forte, Hilak forte, etc. (see
    full list of all probiotics).

A few facts about intestinal flu

Does flu vaccine help with intestinal flu?

Do not confuse two completely different diseases, two different
pathogen. Of course, some signs of ordinary flu are reminiscent of
symptoms of gastrointestinal flu – headache, manifestations
general intoxication, aching joints, temperature. However usual
flu does not cause severe intestinal upset and vaccination against it
can not protect against infection of rotavirus infections.

Intestinal flu is very contagious.

In the warm season, when there is a maximum
spread of viral gastroenteritis, should be very carefully
observe hygiene regime. Gastric flu enters the body
by the fecal-oral route, that is, from a sick person through
contaminated vomiting or feces when touching healthy
person with a dirty surface. Moreover, often waste
waters, reservoirs where vacationers bathe, polluted products
meals and meals cooked by an infected person contribute
transmission of the pathogen intestinal flu. Thatsлько тщательное мытье рук
before any meal can protect against development
gastroenteritis.

Gastrointestinal influenza virus is hardy enough in the external
environment

Causative agent of intestinal flu (norovirus) for several
hours can stay alive on any surfaces in the home even
after cleaning, moreover, to infect a child
a small amount of it. It is better to wash your hands with soap and water.
running water, it is more efficient than using other
means for hands (napkins, spray).

Symptoms of LCD flu do not appear immediately

Intestinal symptoms such as abdominal cramps, diarrhea, and vomiting
occur only 1-2 days later, after infection
the body because the virus should reach the gastrointestinal
tract and multiply in it. However, pathogens such as
salmonellosis and others may cause signs of food poisoning already
a few hours later.

The most serious danger in children and adults –
dehydration

This is especially dangerous for children, as with vomiting and diarrhea
loss of fluid occurs, it should be replenished. Moreover, with
liquid body loses potassium, sodium and other minerals.
Therefore, rehydration therapy (rehydron) is indicated. The best thing
drink mineral water without gas, green tea, decoction of chamomile. Not
in the acute period it is necessary to consume milk, dairy products,
bread and sweets. In the recovery period should be restocked
potassium, bringing in foods such as bananas, rice porridge.

Intestinal flu is not treated with antibiotics.

Since this intestinal disorder is caused by a virus,
antibiotics here can not help, contrary to the beliefs of many.
Intestinal flu is treated symptomatically and taking antibacterial
drugs not shown.

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