Tinea versicolor – treatment, symptoms, photo,causes and first signs

Pityriasis versicolor is a lesion of the outer layer of the epidermis,
caused by a fungus of the genus Malassezia. The disease
It takes a long time and is considered relatively safe because
non-contagious (not contagious), almost never
causes complications and does not affect the quality of life. That is why in
In most cases, people begin treatment
aesthetic considerations in order to eliminate the ugly, on their
look, spots on the skin.

The reasons

Pityriasis versicolor

Pityriasis versicolor belongs to the group of keratomycosis – fungal
skin diseases affecting only the horny layer of the epidermis and
hair cuticle. Affects mostly young people in
age from 14 to 40 years, more often than men, in children up to 7 years old
not found.

Normally, in humans, it is located on the skin and in the mouths of the hair
bulbs constantly, without causing disease. In favorable for themselves
conditions, the fungus begins to multiply actively and penetrates into
surface layer of the skin. Proved hereditary
predisposition to the development of this disease.

Заболевание считается условно контагиозным, то there is грибок может
transmitted by contact with a sick person and his personal belongings,
but this does not mean that the infected person necessarily
ill.

The fungus is activated by the following factors:

  • hyperhidrosis – increased sweating, for example,
    tuberculosis or during a stay in a hot climate;
  • non-compliance with hygiene rules;
  • disorders in the horny layer of the skin of physiological processes,
    increased fat content of the human skin;
  • associated diseases: diabetes and other endocrine
    pathologies, vegetative neurosis, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, pancreas,
    liver, obesity, diseases of the respiratory system (pneumonia,
    bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis), diseases of the ovaries,
    adrenal glands, hormonal disorders;
  • vegetative-vascular disorders, including
    teenagers;
  • immunodeficiency, constant use of cytostatics or
    glucocorticoid hormones.

Is bite-borne lichen contagious?

Tinea versicolor can be transmitted to a healthy person.
This usually occurs as a result of contact with infected
objects (towels, hairbrushes), but you can also get
places like the gym, hospital or store. Also
the cause of infection can be the factor of living in one
indoors with a carrier of the disease.

Infection can occur when:

  • using shared objects with the patient;
  • close contact;
  • wearing someone else’s clothes.

There are 3 forms of the disease.

In modern medicine, it is customary to distinguish such forms of development.
pityriasis in a person: erythematous, follicular
and invert.

  1. For the first, erythematous form, characterized by the appearance
    light brown to darker non-inflammatory spots
    colors. Initially, the spots are small and only increase with time.
    in size. With careful inspection, it is possible to detect a pityriasis
    peeling. Itching or absent or very slight.
    The favorite place of localization of the fungus – the chest, back, much less
    abdomen and shoulders area. In children can be observed on the hairy part
    head pathogenic process.
  2. The second form of pityriasis lichen is the follicular form.
    In this condition, papules appear on the inflamed skin area.
    and pustules reaching 3 mm in diameter. Often patients
    complain of severe itching in the affected area. More often
    cholitexis follicular form develops on the background
    diabetes or is a consequence of hormonal
    treatment.
  3. The third invert form is localized in natural folds.
    epidermis in humans. The reasons практические такие же, как и в
    in other cases, serious illnesses that inhibit immunity,
    genetic predisposition. Pityriasis versicolor of this form
    quite difficult to treat in later stages of development.

Symptoms of scaly depriving a person

Симптомы отрубевидного лишая на фото

The main symptom of scaly depriving is the appearance on the skin
small spots of irregular shape. Pockets may appear on the chest,
back, shoulders, neck, head, legs, armpits. More often
total yellow-pink or dark cinnamon spots, the surface
which peels off.

In humans, pityriasis versicolor has its own, individual
symptoms:

  • Pink or yellow spots of various sizes appear on the skin,
    which peel off without itching or burning.
  • Spots can take on a light shade in summer and brownish.
    in the winter. That is why pityriasis versicolor has received the second name –
    multicolored.
  • Tinea versicolor of a person rarely affects the head, but if
    this happens, the hair always remains intact.

Especially severe disease occurs in people whose skin has
alkaline reaction. This skin is dry and rough, this condition can
provoke frequent use of washing-up detergents
protective grease film. Often the cause of the alkaline reaction becomes
hereditary factor.

Pityriasis versicolor on the head is manifested by spots of yellowish or
brown flowers covered with scales. Also, наблюдается
hair loss with the appearance of small flaps on the head. Stains more often
appear around the crown and occiput and have an irregular shape and
small sizes.

Pityriasis versicolor differs in long (for several
years) over. In the absence of systematic therapy after treatment
possible recurrence of the disease. Pityriasis versicolor
often cured by exposure to sunlight. Sites previously
those affected by the lichen do not tan and remain white against a tanned background.
skin (pseudo-leukoderm).

If treatment is not started in a timely manner, deprive me of the growth and
occupies a larger surface of the patient. Small spots
coalesce into large ones, which makes it difficult to form
treatment of inflamed areas.

How is the chromophytosis in children

Pityriasis versicolor у детей раннего возраста практически не
is found. But it becomes quite common.
disease in adolescents.

Chug form does not represent a great danger to
child, because it does not penetrate into the deeper layers of the skin. But he looks like
unaesthetic and progresses rapidly. The sooner will
the disease is diagnosed, the easier and faster it will be possible
get rid of. That is why it is necessary to show the child to the dermatologist immediately,
as soon as the first pink spots appeared and suspicion arose
to pityriasis versicolor in a child.

Characteristic features:

loading...
  • in a child, areas of the chest, shoulders, back, and stomach are affected;
  • patches of weak pink color, without visible foci of inflammation,
    on dark skin, the spots look colorless;
  • rashes of different size, small spots merge and form
    large lesions with jagged edges;
  • pink and brown foci become darker in winter
    overall skin tone, more prominent; peeling weak.

Some parents try to cure pityriasis versicolor.
child alone, relying only on the ointment. It is better not
do, because in different cases it may be effective
some particular drug.

For the treatment of scaly deprivation in children is used mainly
antifungal drugs for external use. It:

  • exoderyl
  • nizoral,
  • clotrimazole,
  • bifonazole,
  • ketoconazole
  • terbinafine,
  • ciclopirox.

To strengthen the immune system prescribe vitamin and mineral
complexes. Will help and complexes physiotherapy – ultraviolet
radiation, magnetic therapy.

Impact on pregnancy

Pregnant women, in identifying this pathology, are interested in
whether the chirimatosis is a threat to
health of her unborn child. For baby, lichen is not dangerous.
It is important that fungi do not penetrate the placenta and are not dangerous for the fetus.
Pityriasis versicolor не изменяет нормальное протекание беременности и
childbirth. The main thing is to timely identify the problem and correctly
start to eliminate it.

Treatment for scaly deprivation in pregnant women is
the use of antifungal and antiviral drugs.

Diagnostics

Diagnosis and therapy for chump (color) depriving
engaged by a dermatologist. Self-medication should not be carried away
since most relapses of the disease occur precisely because
неправильного treatment. Only a qualified technician can
make the correct diagnosis and determine how to treat the chubby
deprive.

The diagnosis is set based on the characteristic appearance.
stains, as well as several samples that allow you to distinguish
disease from others similar to him in clinical manifestations,
such as:

  • vitiligo,
  • white or pink versicolor,
  • psoriasis,
  • seborrheic dermatitis,
  • eczema,
  • cutaneous syphilis.

Symptoms of pathology are quite specific. Additional
diagnosis of chrysolotal lichen includes the following methods:

  • examination of skin flakes under a microscope, during which
    find a fungus;
  • inspection under Wood’s fluorescent lamp, at which they find
    a kind of yellow or brown glow;
  • проба Бальцера, выявляющая скрытое peeling.

Tinea versicolor treatment

О методах лечения отрубевидного лишая

Как избавиться от заболевания? The following are the most
safe and effective ways of drug and
non-drug correction.

As a rule, the treatment regimen for chubby (solar,
beach, colorful) a person is regular,
daily application of special antifungal drugs on
поражённые солнечным лишаем участки кожи.

Also в применение идут антимикотические растворы, мази до
complete disappearance of signs of depriving. In the case when the form
depriving is very common, use common antimycotics
(ketoconazole итраконазол).

Alternative drugs:

  • 2% alcohol solution of iodine: it is recommended to lubricate the affected
    skin areas 1-2 times a day.
  • 10% серно-салициловая мазь: наносится на поражённые
    skin areas 2 times a day.

These drugs have a destructive effect on
fungal cells and also have antibacterial and
antiparasitic effect.

With the defeat of scaly deprive of the scalp
shows the use of special therapeutic shampoos, which include
antifungal drugs and tar, removing swelling,
infiltration, erythema and peeling.

If it is itchy, it is necessary
perform the following recommendations to reduce severity
itching:

  • Wash only with soap-free water;
  • Wash in warm water and avoid hot since it
    increases itching;
  • After washing, apply moisturizers to the skin.

How to treat pityriasis versicolor folk remedies

Use traditional medicine at home
possible only after consultation with your doctor, because there is
probability of developing allergic reactions.

Можно эффективно лечить отрубевидный лишай при помощи мазей
with herbs, bee products. The finished product should
stored in the refrigerator to avoid souring
ingredients.

  1. Blackberry leaves and calendula, mixed in a ratio of 2: 1 and filled
    a glass of boiling water, can cure the disease. To get rid of
    from the symptoms of pityriasis lichen, you should drink this broth 3
    Once a day for half a cup.
  2. Ointment. For 10 days, use a fresh gruel
    sorrel mixed with heavy cream or sour cream.
  3. Sorrel. A tablespoon of a mixture of horses and sorrel seeds need
    boil in 200 ml of water for 5 minutes and insist for an hour to
    then lubricate their affected skin or apply to it
    compresses.
  4. Beet Juice. For the preparation of a medicine for chiriformis
    200 grams of beet and 1 lemon are used. Beet and Juice
    juice is squeezed out, the resulting liquid is diluted with water, the total volume
    funds should be 300 ml. Within two weeks, the juice is taken
    three times a day, 100 ml
  5. The treatment of pityriasis versicolor vinegar is considered one of the most
    effective and at the same time simple folk methods. Need to
    lubricate the place with deprive apple cider vinegar 4-6 times a day 1
    a week
  6. Garlic. It has antimycotic and bactericidal properties.
    Garlic juice is applied twice a day on lichen spots.

Prevention

Pityriasis versicolor – harmless, but still very unpleasant
disease. Everyone can run into it, because mushrooms,
вызывающие недуг, в норме there is на коже любого здорового человека.
Close contact with the patient, weakened immunity, non-compliance
rules of personal hygiene, stress and experience entail
increased risk of chippy fever.

An important condition for the prevention of recurrence is compliance
personal hygiene rules and home organization in such a way
to reduce the possibility of re-entering the fungus spores on
skin

Like this post? Please share to your friends:
Leave a Reply

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: