Tick ​​bites – the first signs, symptoms inhuman bite looks like, consequences and prevention

Blood sucking ticks are carriers of numerous
infections and belong to a class especially dangerous. Infection
occurs directly through the bite of an arthropod. Most
severe tick-borne infections are encephalitis and
borreliosis

The peak of bite registration occurs in the first half of the summer, but
tick activity is observed until late autumn. Tick ​​can
cling to clothes, and then get to the open skin. Often
penetration of a dangerous tick occurs through the sleeves, below the trousers, in
районе  воротника.

Tick ​​classification

In magnitude, these representatives of arthropods rarely reach 3
mm, mostly tick sizes range from 0.1 to 0.5 mm. Like
It is supposed to be arachnid, mites have no wings.

Ticks are classified into two main groups:

  • Sterile – those individuals that are not carriers
    any infections;
  • Infected ticks, which are carriers of viral,
    microbial and other diseases (tick-borne borreliosis,
    encephalitis).

It is worth noting that most often ticks begin to bite early
spring and deep autumn. Please note that not all ticks
are carriers of infectious diseases. In spite of this,
even a sterile mite can lead to serious consequences.
That is why it is so important to know what to do in a specific situation.
when attacked by a tick.

Tick ​​bites – the first signs in humans

As a rule, the first sign of a bite is
sticking insect to the body of the victim. Most often this
exposed under clothing areas of the body and places with well
developed capillary system.

Tick ​​bite is usually painless, and this fact remains
unnoticed even after the tick finishes drinking blood and
falls off the skin.

Первые признаки после укуса клеща могут появиться уже
after 2-4 hours. These include:

  • headache;
  • weakness;
  • photophobia;
  • drowsiness;
  • chills;
  • aching joints;
  • muscle soreness.

If there is redness on the bite, it can be
normal allergic reaction. But the red spots that reached in
diameter 10-12 cm, may be a symptom of the disease
Lyme. They may appear after 2 days or later.
of the week.

Overly sensitive people may feel
такие признаки укуса клеща, как:

  • nausea;
  • vomiting and indigestion;
  • сильная headache;
  • dizziness;
  • breathing with wheezing;
  • hallucinations.

If you are bitten by a tick, measure daily for 10 days.
body temperature! Her rise after 2-9 days after the bite may
testify that you have become infected
disease!

Symptoms of tick bites

Most often, the first symptoms begin to manifest itself later.
7-24 days after the bite. There were cases when a sharp deterioration
condition was observed after 2 months. Therefore, the state
health needs to be monitored.

If the tick was not infected, then redness and itching is enough
pass quickly, no other symptoms appear.
If the insect was infected, then after the tick bit
signs such as general weakness, chills, drowsiness,
body aches, joints, photophobia, neck numbness.

Please note that the affected place is
painless, there is only a slight round redness.

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The degree of symptoms may vary. How do
tick bites, depends on age, individual characteristics,
the general condition of a person, on the number of sucked
insects.

The main symptoms of an encephalitic tick bite in humans are:

  • Heat,
  • Body aches,
  • Frequent headaches

If such symptoms exist, nothing should be put off;
contact the clinic.

Symptom Description
Temperature One of the most common symptoms of a tick bitten is
fever. This happens during the first hours.
after being bitten and is an allergic reaction to getting into
insect saliva organism. Increased temperature may occur
after 7-10 days, when bitten about your experiences and think
will forget. If there is a high temperature during this period,
This is a sign of an infectious process.
Redness after bites Такой симптом характерен для болезни Lyme. Suction point
The tick is redder and resembles a ring. It can happen on 3-10
day after injury. In some cases, a skin rash is noted.
Over time, redness after a bite changes size and becomes
a lot more. Over the next 3-4 weeks rash
gradually begins to go and the stain may disappear completely.
 Rash  Rash, которая возникает из-за укуса клеща, также известна
how erythema migrans (pictured in photo) is a symptom
болезни Lyme. It has the appearance of a bright red spot with a high
central part. May also be dark red or blue
colors, making it look like a bruise on the skin.

The earlier treatment is started, the better the prognosis. Therefore it is important
time to do vaccination, insure against tick-borne encephalitis,
to injections with immunoglobulin and subsequent therapy cost
is free.

Как выглядит укус клеща у человека на теле

The tick is attached to the human body using a hypostome. This
unpaired growth performs the functions of the sense organ, attachment and
bloodsucking. Most вероятное место присасывания клеща к
man bottom up:

  • groin area;
  • belly and loin;
  • chest, armpits, neck;
  • ear area.

Bites can often manifest themselves in different ways. let’s
look at the photo, what a tick bite looks like on a human body:

A typical bite looks like a pinch track with moderate
red spot around (see photo), resulting in allergic
reactions to the parasite’s saliva.

If, after removing the tick, a small amount remains at the suction site.
black dot – this means that the head has come off and it is necessary
need to remove. For this, the affected area is treated with alcohol and
using a disinfected needle, the wound is cleaned. After deletion
heads need to lubricate the wound with alcohol or iodine.

Be sure to save the tick (put it in polyethylene
package) so that you can conduct research in a laboratory and
reveal whether it was an encephalitic tick or not. It depends on it
the severity of the consequences for the bitten person or animal and
further therapy.

You must understand that a small tick bite can lead
to serious health problems. So, encephalitis can cause
paralysis of the limbs and be fatal.

If you are close to the city, contact urgently in
emergency station, experts will remove the tick without unnecessary risk. And the risk
crush it when self extracting exists and if
the crushed tick will be infected, a large
amount of virus.

The further course depends on how fast a person is.
reacted to the defeat. If he ignored the manifest
symptoms and did not go to the doctor, the prognosis is extremely
adverse. The fact is that tick bites can manifest themselves
only after a while.

Implications for the body

A tick bite can cause a number of diseases in humans.
Naturally, if you do not pay attention to it, there may be serious
effects.

The following is a list of possible effects of tick-borne infections, in
type of lesions:

  • nervous system – encephalitis, encephalomyelitis, various
    variants of epilepsy, hyperkinesis, headaches, paresis,
    paralysis;
  • joints – arthralgia, arthritis;
  • cardiovascular system – arrhythmia, blood jumps
    pressure;
  • lungs – pneumonia, a consequence of pulmonary hemorrhage;
  • kidney – nephritis, glomerulonephritis;
  • liver – digestive disorders.

Severe forms of these infections can cause a loss.
ability to self-service, reduced working capacity (up to
to disability group 1), epileptic seizures and development
dementia.

Diseases that can occur with bites

  • Borreliosis The causative agent of this disease are spirochetes,
    which are distributed in nature, including ticks.
    The disease occurs in a chronic form, affects almost
    all organs and systems. In the treatment of borreliosis (Lyme disease)
    Antibiotics are required! They are used to suppress
    pathogens of the disease. Lyme borreliosis causes a microorganism from
    spirochete groups.
  • Tick-borne encephalitis. Infectious viral disease,
    transmitted through tick bites, characterized by fever and
    damage to the central nervous system. The effects of a bite from
    encephalitis tick can be very disastrous. In some
    cases of encephalitis, people become
    disabled people.
  • Tick-borne typhus. Rash от тифа первоначально часто называют
    pink, although so this first symptom appears only on the light
    skin. The next stage is blanching the rash, and later it turns red again.
    and it gets dark. In severe cases of typhus where visible hemorrhagic
    elements, often develop bleeding into the skin (petechiae).
  • Hemorrhagic fever. The danger is heavy
    and sometimes irreversible damage to vital organs. Everything
    people with suspected hemorrhagic fever are subject to
    hospitalization in an infectious disease unit
    hospitals.
  • Borreliosis The causative agent of this disease are spirochetes,
    which are distributed in nature, including ticks.
    The disease occurs in a chronic form, affects almost
    all organs and systems. In the treatment of borreliosis (Lyme disease)
    Antibiotics are required! They are used to suppress
    pathogens of the disease. Lyme borreliosis causes a microorganism from
    spirochete groups.
  • Tick-borne encephalitis. Infectious viral disease,
    transmitted through tick bites, characterized by fever and
    damage to the central nervous system. The effects of a bite from
    encephalitis tick can be very disastrous. In some
    cases of encephalitis, people become
    disabled people.
  • Tick-borne typhus. Rash от тифа первоначально часто называют
    pink, although so this first symptom appears only on the light
    skin. The next stage is blanching the rash, and later it turns red again.
    and it gets dark. In severe cases of typhus where visible hemorrhagic
    elements, often develop bleeding into the skin (petechiae).
  • Hemorrhagic fever. The danger is heavy
    and sometimes irreversible damage to vital organs. Everything
    people with suspected hemorrhagic fever are subject to
    hospitalization in an infectious disease unit
    hospitals.

Prevention

  1. It is best to get vaccinated earlier because after infection
    vaccine is prohibited. The vaccine is indicated for those who live in
    troubled region, professionally associated with the forest.
  2. First of all, going to the habitats of ticks, you need
    dress correctly Clothing must be long sleeved,
    pantyhose, you also need to wear something on your head, the best
    hood. Thermal underwear can be very convenient as well.
    adjacent to the body and does not allow the insect to crawl into secluded
    places.
  3. Going to the zone where ticks meet, be
    maximum “armed”, grab all the necessary things that
    need in case of tick bite.
  4. Walking through the forest, keep the middle of the paths, avoiding
    high grass and shrubs.

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