Thyroid cyst: what it is, causes,symptoms, types, treatment than dangerous cysts

Thyroid cyst – abdominal formation in one of the most
The important glands of the human body – the thyroid – is
benign, very small tumor, having inside
colloidal content.

Most neoplasms are benign and easy to treat.
treatment (up to 90%). Medical practice also knows cases where
the neoplasm disappeared without the intervention of doctors or folk
treatment methods. Однако нельзя думать, что лечить щитовидку не
necessary, since it can have negative consequences.

Causes of thyroid cyst

что такое киста щитовидной железы

The main reason for the formation of formations is a violation
outflow of secretions or colloidal fluid from the follicles. This leads
to the accumulation of fluid inside them and the formation of cavities. Such
The situation may arise under the influence of many factors, since
the thyroid gland is a very sensitive organ
reacting to any homeostasis disorders.

The prerequisite for the formation of cavities in the gland is
excessive consumption of the main hormones produced by the thyroid –
thyroxine (T3) and triiodothyronine (T4). This contributes to excessive
psycho-emotional stress, excessively pronounced changes
body temperature. This leads к нарушению эластичности и
cyst formation.

Sometimes they may not be one, but several. Factors that
provoke the occurrence of cysts are:

  • excessive consumption of hormones TZ and T4;
  • overvoltage;
  • prolonged stress;
  • rehabilitation after other ailments;
  • thermal effects (cold or excessive heat increase
    hormone production and gland function is activated);
  • loss of tissue elasticity;
  • iodine deficiency;
  • thyroiditis (inflammatory process);
  • poor environmental conditions;
  • intoxication;
  • poisoning with poisonous substances;
  • injuries;
  • congenital disorders;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • infectious processes;
  • radiation therapy.

The presence of cysts usually does not affect the functionality of the gland.
Disruption of work is possible with the development of other diseases.
The peculiarity of this disease is that cysts can
grow and disappear on their own without medical treatment.
For years, the appearance of such formations is not detected due to
отсутствия symptoms. Sometimes a cyst is found by chance
diagnosis of other diseases.

Kinds

Do not confuse cysts and nodes that occur in the thyroid gland.
Nodes have a less favorable prognosis – according to statistics, in 20%
patients who have been diagnosed with a node develop
malignant neoplasms. Cystic cavities can become
malignant in 7% of cases. Also высокую вероятность
the formation of a cancer has cavities over 4 cm in
diameter.

киста щитовидной железы

Коллоидная киста щитовидной железы

According to the structural structure of the cyst can be represented as
colloidal knot. Initially, they show no
signs, but when reaching sizes larger than 10 mm, begin
manifest symptoms associated with difficulty in swallowing,
there are squeezing effects on other organs. Pronounced
Signs of such pathology of the thyroid gland will be heavy tributaries and
heat surges, sudden flashes of irritation and bad mood, and
similarly high blood levels of hormones are a symptom
thyrotoxicosis.

Follicular cysts

Another type of alteration in the thyroid will be
the formation of a follicular cyst with a very dense structure.
With significant growth visible boundaries in its formation. Characteristic
symptoms are clinical manifestations of pathology. Meet so
the same cyst of the right or left side of the thyroid gland, bilateral
or education on the isthmus of the thyroid gland. They are easily diagnosed.
palpation even at sizes of about three millimeters. Further her
growth leads to uncomfortable pressure in the neck area.

Multiple cysts

Multiple cysts щитовидной железы – явление, которое сложно
call a diagnosis. It is rather a conclusion of instrumental
research. Among them – ultrasound. Similar education is revealed
through a special ultrasound scan. By
statistics, it is considered the initial pathological hyperplasia
tissue structure, pathogenesis of iodine salt deficiency. This is the most
common first signal about the development of pathology in the thyroid
gland. The most common cause of the disease is iodine deficiency.

Malignant

Malignant кисты щитовидной железы также называют раком. Their
are very rare when compared with adenocarcinomas. Their
difficult to diagnose, often for this prescribe an additional
biopsy.

Symptoms

киста щитовидной железы на фото

The problem in diagnosing the disease is in its
symptomatology. In the initial stages, no one attaches any importance to
elasticity and slight pain in the neoplasm.

One of the features of the thyroid cyst is the undulating course. Thats
it grows, then suddenly disappears and then forms again. When a cyst
reaches significant size in the thyroid gland, the patient
begins to feel the following symptoms: 

  • neck contour change;
  • resizing lymphatic nodes;
  • feeling of coma in the throat;
  • sore throat;
  • hoarseness;
  • timbre change;
  • palpation feels a slight soft seal in the area
    thyroid gland.

There are many symptoms of this disease, but they depend on
stage of the disease. That is, at what stage is the cyst, and
what size is it? If the patient did not consult the doctor on time and
nodes began to grow in size, then it is possible that
The change will be noticeable to the naked eye. After all, this kind
bulge pretty stands out in the laryngeal region.

In order not to lose the thyroid gland, it is necessary to apply in time for
help to the doctor immediately after the appearance of the relevant
symptoms.

Cyst less than 1 centimeter Cyst from 1 to 3 cm. Thyroid cyst more than 3 cm.
There are no subjective feelings Perhaps an independent definition of palpation Education is palpable, visually noticeable
Clinical manifestations no Visible deformity of the neck. Feels periodic discomfort in
throat, neck
Symptoms and signs:

  • Deformed neck
  • Dyspnea
  • Vein dilation
  • Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing food)
  • Hoarseness
  • Pain on palpation
  • Swollen lymph nodes.

Depending on the location of the pathological process
distinguish between:

  • A cyst of the left lobe of the thyroid gland;
  • Isthmus cysts;
  • The cyst of the right lobe of the gland.

Cyst of the left lobe of the thyroid gland

The left lobe of the thyroid gland – lobus sinister can normally
be slightly smaller than the right, this
due to the anatomical structure of the gland. Cysts can develop
both on both lobes and to be one-sided, for example, on the left
parties. Cyst of the left lobe of the thyroid gland менее 1 сантиметра, как
rule is subject to dynamic observation and does not require any
conservative, much less surgical treatment.

With palpation examination, the doctor in the left lobe probes
a tight elastic, painless formation that shifts to
the time of swallowing together with the skin. For diagnostic purposes
cyst puncture is performed. If the contents of a cyst are bloody or
dark brown it is evidence of its longstanding
the existence of.

Cyst in the right lobe

This pathology occurs quite often. Perhaps it
due to the fact that the right share is slightly larger than the left.
Such a structure is laid physiologically. Cyst of the right lobe
thyroid in most cases has a benign
character. Up to the pathological size it increases extremely
seldom.

If education is not detected in a timely manner, it can grow to
4-6 mm. The patient in this case feels the following signs:

loading...
  • unpleasant squeezing in the neck;
  • difficulty breathing, swallowing;
  • a constant lump in the larynx.

Cyst on the isthmus of the thyroid gland

An isthmus is a transverse, smooth, dense “roller”, which
performs the task of connecting the right and left lobes of the gland at the level
хрящей trachea. Any atypical thickening, increase or
the seal of the isthmus should be the reason for the examination
endocrinologist to identify possible pathology, because
this zone is most dangerous in the sense of malignancy (oncological
process).

What is dangerous cyst in the thyroid gland?

Чаще всего у женщин диагностируется киста thyroid gland. what
it is, we found out, but is the disease dangerous? Timely
and proper treatment always brings positive momentum.
Danger causes the original cause
neoplasm development. She can find out a qualified
specialist using modern methods
survey.

Thyroid cysts may be subject to inflammation and
suppuration. This causes a sharp pain in the neck, high
temperature, symptoms of intoxication, an increase and inflammation
regional lymph nodes.

The following causes are dangerous:

  • thyroiditis;
  • gland hyperplasia;
  • infections;
  • dystrophic pathological processes in the follicles.

Based on the study, the doctor will determine if a cyst is capable of
cause inflammation or fester. Thereby he
will conclude whether a tumor is dangerous or not.

It is worth paying attention to the fact that in most cases, the cyst
not easy does not bring anxiety to man, but is also capable of
disappear. This applies only to small formations that
not prone to increase.

Otherwise, no treatment is necessary. And the earlier it is
will begin, the safer pathology will pass. With timely
therapy, the cyst “leaves” without a trace. This neoplasm is easy
treatable.

Diagnostics

Thyroid cyst is a field of activity
врача-endocrinologist. Pathology determination and accurate staging
The diagnosis is always based on the results of the diagnostic
research. The initial inspection includes the collection of complaints from
пациента, пальпацию области thyroid gland. Also проводится
inspection of the lymph nodes, which allows to determine their size and
soreness

However, for accurate information apply
research:

  1. To determine the type, volume and structure, an ultrasound is assigned.
  2. whatб узнать, какие клетки формируют cyst applied
    fine needle biopsy.
  3. To determine the possible malignancy of the tumor, use
    pneumography.
  4. When a patient complains of throat problems, they also resort to
    laryngoscopy for laryngeal examination and bronchoscopy – for
    trachea.
  5. Tests on the level of hormones in the blood,
    magnetic resonance imaging and scintigraphy.

For further work with cysts of the thyroid gland is taken
puncture.

How to treat a thyroid cyst

Treatment of cysts may be different, depending on their nature and
type Small cavities do not require surgery.
Therapy in such cases is carried out with medication. Also
a regular examination by a physician is required, allowing
monitoring changes in the size of education, its contents,
wall conditions.

Small cysts that do not interfere with the work of the thyroid gland,
can be cropped with hormone thyroid drugs.
However, many doctors today are trying to avoid such appointments.
and try to control the cyst iodine-containing diet,
iodine preparations. Almost all cysts have a benign form and
favorable prognosis but need periodic ultrasound
scan.

Revising the diet of food, adherence to a special diet, as well as
an increase in the amount of iodine consumed is considered
mandatory precautions. If the cystic seal
more than 1 cm in size, punctures are prescribed by doctors and
subsequent introduction into the cavity of the left lobe of the sclerosant.

Sclerotic cyst of the thyroid gland contributes to the adhesion of the walls
education and slowing its growth. However, if after
cyst growth resumes, immediately assigned by specialists
surgical removal.

After the cure of the thyroid cyst is necessary
control ultrasound once a year.

Operation

Removal of a thyroid cyst using surgery is used
for large sizes, such as when it makes breathing difficult and
swallowing food for either cosmetic effect. notice, that
There are cases when the removal of a thyroid cyst is done by
vital indications, an example is the malignant course of this
diseases.

For surgical treatment, certain
indications:

  • Large size cysts.
  • Syndrome of squeezing on nearby organs and blood vessels
    in the neck.
  • The frequent occurrence of rapid relapses, what happens after
    puncture procedure.
  • Malignancy.

If the readings are there, it is necessary to remove the organ share.
(hemistrumectomy).

Determining whether to remove a thyroid cyst can
only endocrinologist. To date, progressive doctors have become
refuse previously popular total operations for cysts,
adenomas or nodes ShZh.

Forecast for further growth of the neoplasm directly
depends on the results of the histological analysis.
Usually, the use of drugs in such cases is not
required. Enough dietary compliance is enough
with the inclusion of the following products:

  • Seafood;
  • Dishes containing iodine.

Traditional methods of treatment

The cyst of the thyroid gland is treated with the help of folk
means. But before applying them, it is advisable to enlist
doctor support.

Treatment of folk remedies includes the following recipes:

  1. Green walnut leaves must be insisted on alcohol.
    A glass of raw material – 500 ml of alcohol. Means is maintained two weeks.
    Three times a day should be taken 5 drops. Use lasts
    month.
  2. Tie an oak bark to her sore neck for several hours while she
    fresh.
  3. Zamanihi tincture – a mixture of 20 drops with 100 milliliters
    normal boiled chilled water. Take twice a day, the course
    – 30 days. Zamaniha is famous for its immunomodulatory effects,
    she is able to activate the tone, to give energy.
  4. Medical and beet-based compresses work well.
    Beets are grated (preferably as small as possible) and
    mixed with honey in a proportion of about 1/1. The resulting gruel
    should be laid on a sheet of fresh cabbage and attached to the throat for the whole
    night.
  5. There are a number of juice recipes that should help.
    deal with this disease. First of all it concerns
    vegetable juices. You can take the juice of potatoes, cucumber or
    beets. Main condition: vegetables must be fresh and not
    treated with harmful substances.

Prevention methods

To reduce the risk of pathology can be, adhering to
certain rules:

  1. Prevention includes, above all, a regular inspection of
    endocrinologist. It helps diagnose the onset of cysts on
    early stages, its relapses. Inspection is carried out with a frequency of 1
    once a year with no violations previously.
  2. Promptly detect and treat thyroid disease.
  3. Additionally, preventive measures include enrichment
    the diet of vitamin-mineral complexes in the composition
    which includes iodine.
  4. To prevent thyroid dysfunction
    should be limited to exposure to the direct rays of the sun and any
    other radiation exposure.

Periodic an endocrinologist visit is a must
condition that allows timely diagnosis and correct
to treat a thyroid cyst.

Like this post? Please share to your friends:
Leave a Reply

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: