The value of the game in the life of a child

Preschool children spend most of their time
games. Sometimes it seems to adults that playing, children spend time on
useless exercises, because the game is perceived as idle
pastime and pampering. Actually the game is
leading activities for preschoolers. That means exactly
The game is necessary for the development of children of this age.

Znachenie-igry-v-jizni-rebenka


The developmental impact of the game on the child is impossible without participation
an adult. The younger the child, the greater the inclusion in the game
required from parents. When the baby is just starting to play, mom and
Dad is his favorite playmates. Parents can
initiate the games themselves or support the initiative of the child. In more
older parents can act as third-party
observers, assistants and consultants. Anyway adult
man acts as a guide to the game world.

Influence of the game on the development of the child

During the game, the child develops physically, mentally and
personality. Let us take a closer look at how games affect the development
child

  • The development of the cognitive sphere. During the game
    the child actively learns the world around, gets acquainted with the properties
    objects, their purpose. This aspect of the developmental effect of the game
    manifests itself at a very early age, when the child is not yet playing, but
    only manipulates objects: puts cubes one on another,
    he puts the balls in the basket, tries the toys “to the tooth”. Together with
    learning new knowledge about the world, in the process of playing
    the development of cognitive processes: attention, memory,
    thinking. Formed at an early age skills
    to concentrate attention, analyze, remember information
    very useful for the child to study at school;
  • Physical development. During the game ребёнок
    develops different movements, improves their motor skills.
    All children love outdoor games: they are happy to run, jump,
    tumble, kick the ball. In these games, the child learns masterfully
    own your body, gains dexterity and good muscle tone,
    which is very important for a growing body;
  • The development of figurative thinking and imagination. AT
    during the game, the child gives the objects new properties,
    models own imaginary space. Child himself in
    this moment realizes that everything happens for fun, but playing,
    really sees in the leaves – money, in pebbles – potatoes for
    soup, and in the raw sand – the dough for flavored pies. Development
    imagination and figurative thinking is the most important aspect of the influence of the game,
    because the child has to make non-standard decisions in order to
    realize the plot of your game. True, lately it
    the property of the game is exterminated by the manufacturers of children’s toys,
    creating a wide variety of game sets for all occasions.
    The most realistic children’s kitchens, laundries, kits for the game.
    the shop deprives the children’s play of the element of fantasy;
  • Development речи и коммуникативных навыков. AT
    during the role-playing game, the child constantly has to
    pronounce their actions, play the dialogues between the characters
    games. Games in the company of other children contribute not only to development.
    speech, but also the development of communication skills: children need
    assign roles, agree on the rules of the game, support
    контакт непосредственно в процессе games. A child learns not only
    agree, but also comply with the accepted rules;
  • Development мотивационной сферы. Role-playing
    Games are based on the fact that a child imitates an adult. AT
    as the game progresses, the child as if tries on the role of an adult,
    game level tries to fulfill its function. This game forms
    the child has the motivation to become truly adult, that is, to get
    profession, make money, start a family. Of course, in order
    so that during the game a “right” motivation is formed, a child
    must have a positive example of adults before eyes;
  • Development нравственных качеств. Although the plots
    children’s games are invented, the conclusions that
    the child of the game situations are the real ones. The game is its
    a kind of training ground where a child learns to be honest, courageous,
    resolute, friendly. Of course, to form
    moral qualities need not only children’s play, but also an adult
    a person nearby who will help to see the game situation more deeply and
    make the right conclusions;
  • Development и коррекция эмоциональной сферы. AT
    the process of playing the child learns to sympathize, support, regret,
    to show sympathy. Sometimes it happens that through the game “break through”
    emotional problems of the child: fear, anxiety, aggression. AT игровой
    the form can be given an outlet for these emotions and live with the child
    difficult situations for him.

Читаем также: Как мы портим детям игру: 6
common mistakes

Unfortunately, recently a real spontaneous children’s game
вытесняется обучением в игровой форме или компьютерными games.
It is necessary to understand, but neither this nor the other activity is not, in
сущности, той игрой, которая так много даёт для развития child
Of course, real and “quality” children’s games are not always convenient
for adults, after all it is tents from pillows and blankets, design
cities throughout the apartment and mess. However, restrict the child to
his fantasies and games are not worth it, because rightly they say that everything
своё время, а детство – это время games. The child who was given
plenty to play enough, it will be better ready to move to a new step
its development.

Read on:

  • ATлияние музыки на развитие ребенка;
  • Modern gadgets (the impact of gadgets on the child);
  • ATлияние сказок на развитие ребенка.

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