The technique of Maria Montessori: the basic principlesadvantages and disadvantages

In modern pedagogy, parents can find many
copyright methods of raising a child from the cradle. However most
rightly considered developmental program
Italian scientist Maria Montessori. Her method, of course, with
looking at new achievements in pedagogy, is actively used in
numerous development centers and kindergartens in many countries of the world. AT
What is the secret of such popularity?

The content of the article

  • 1 A bit of history …
  • 2 The essence of Montessori pedagogy
    • 2.1 AT чем особенность занятий по Монтессори?
    • 2.2 Controversial points in the Montessori method
  • 3 Our opinion
  • 4 film about maria montessori
  • 5 Montessori method. Child development from 8 months to 3 years
  • 6 Mother’s School: Child Development in the Montessori System

Марии Монтессори


A bit of history …

The founder of the well-known technique is the first woman in Italy,
which has mastered the profession of doctor. Working with kids with disabilities
in development, the author has developed her own rehabilitation course,
who was praised in the pedagogical environment.

AT 1907 году впервые распахнул свои двери «Дом ребенка» уже
for healthy preschoolers and schoolchildren. It is in this institution
the very same technique that we are today and
speak

AT дальнейшем метод получил широкую известность – Монтессори
read a large number of lectures, released several unique
books and many tutorials. Worldwide appeared
preschool educational institutions in which the teachers used
This method, and a little later experimental schools appeared. ATот
for more than a hundred years, it has remained at the peak of popularity among parents
and educators.

The essence of Montessori pedagogy

тезисы методики Марии Монтессори


Perhaps the main principle of this method is the idea
self-education baby. Parents and caregivers need to understand that
It’s interesting for the child to create the necessary developmental conditions and
explain how you can get knowledge. Hence the motto
образовательной системы: «Помоги мне это сделать
самому!»
.

Key points:

  • Classes are held in a specially organized, shared environment.
    into several zones (we will tell about them a little later), in which
    conveniently posted benefits for work.
  • AT группах занимаются дошкольники разного возраста: старшие
    take care of little kids, and they, in turn,
    try to learn from older children.
  • Teachers should not impose anything on the child, he will decide
    what he is interested in (bathing pupsika, coloring or playing with
    frame inserts) how much time he spends, whether he becomes
    study alone or in a company.

However, do not think that thriving in groups and classes
permissiveness. Children are taught to abide by the following
regulations:

  • What a child can do on his own, he performs without
    teacher or parent involvement. It develops independence
    self confidence.
  • Children should behave quietly, do not disturb others.
    to do However, they can “let off steam” in special rooms for
    relaxation.
  • ATсе игрушки, кубики и письменные принадлежности, с которыми
    the kids interact, they are obliged to wash, fold and put away on
    a place. It develops in children respect for other people.
  • The one who first took the doll or liners, and deals with these
    benefits. In this way, children develop awareness of their
    foreign borders.

Compliance with the rules, streamlining activities brings to the nursery
life stability, allows preschoolers to feel more
confident cultivates patience and respect for peers and
for adults.

AT чем особенность занятий по Монтессори?

цитаты-марии-монтессори


AT садиках группы поделены на несколько зон и наполнены самыми
разными дидактическими benefits. Similar zoning helps
educators to organize work space and maintain order,
and for children it is better to navigate in a variety of materials. So,
more about zoning:

  1. Практическая зона помогает детям приобретать
    simple household skills. For example, children from a year to three years
    learn to sweep the floor with a scoop, button up and unfasten
    Buttons of various sizes, Velcro, clothe and undress
    dolls. Children from three to eight years old learn to clean shoes, wash and
    iron clothes, wash and chop vegetables for salads and even polish
    metal objects.
  2. Сенсорная зона включает в себя предметы,
    which differ in shape, size, color and weight. Games with
    similar materials (foam balls of various diameters, set
    lids of different sizes for jars and bottles) develop in children
    hand and finger motor skills, tactile sensations, and mental
    processes – memory and attention.
  3. Математическая зона состоит из материалов,
    that help kids master the bill, get to know
    mathematical symbols and geometric shapes. For babies
    selected models of geometric bodies. Older kids study
    mathematics with the help of accounts, wooden plates with examples
    calculations, sets of figures that give an idea about fractions.
    Solving similar tasks, the child also improves the abstract
    thinking, fosters perseverance.
  4. AT языковой зоне кроха найдет пособия,
    designed to learn letters and syllables, vocabulary expansion
    stock. For example, textured letters, boxes with pictures of “What is this?”,
    �“Who is it?” For the smallest ones, as well as a box of letters and syllables, sets
    printed and uppercase letters, the book “My first words” for kids
    older With their help, children learn to write and read.
  5. Космическая зона познакомит с ATселенной,
    environment, enigmas of nature and weather phenomena,
    culture and customs of the peoples of the world. Young children waiting
    figures of various animals, and older preschoolers are engaged with
    maps, collections of minerals.

ИНТЕРЕСНО: Бизиборд — развивающая доска с
padlocks and buttons for kids with their own hands

A photo:

Maria-with-children-big_1286305075 (2)


maria_montessori_1


int_montessori-2


Controversial points in the Montessori method

The main advantage of the Montessori method – the child develops
alone at your own pace without much
adult interventions. As for the essential
cons of the technique, then experts refer to them the following:

  1. Most benefits are aimed at developing fine motor skills,
    logical and analytical thinking, intelligence. Creative and
    the emotional sphere is almost unaffected.
  2. There are no plot-role and outdoor games that, according to
    opinion of the author, only inhibit the intellectual development of the baby. BUT
    After all, scientists proved that the game in preschool childhood is
    leading activity. The child learns the world,
    human relationships playing and interacting with
    peers.
  3. Psychologists advise moms shy and reticent children
    Take great care with the Montessori method. She is
    implies considerable autonomy, and quiet babies are unlikely
    will ask for help if they suddenly can not do something.
  4. Teachers note that after the democratic atmosphere prevailing in
    montessori groups, the child has difficulty getting used to the rules of ordinary
    kindergartens and schools.

AT настоящее время развивающие центры и многие образовательные
institutions do not practice the Montessori method in its original
the form. Современные преподаватели берут из нее только
лучшее
, добавляя собственные наработки.

A conversation with a Montessori system specialist in early
развитии малышей: Что нужно знать родителям, которые хотят,
so that their child develops from an early age

Our opinion

Methods of early education of the Italian doctor and scientist Maria
Montessori is quite interesting and original. Children brought up in
montessori classes, independent and self-confident, can solve
everyday problems. They not only defend their opinions, but

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