All newborn babies come to this world with bent.
handles and legs and tightly clenched cams. Limb movements
baby messy. This phenomenon is completely normal and wears
The name “physiological tone.” The task of the parents is to
to eliminate this tone and help your child understand the science
conscious movements. This will help you massage.
The content of the article
- 1 Types of massage
- 1.1 Benefits / benefits of massage
- 1.2 When do I need a massage?
- 1.3 Contraindications
- 2 Fundamental rules
- 3 Step-by-step technique
- 3.1 Massage for children from 1 to 3 months in pictures
- 4 Basic massage techniques according to V. I. Vasichkin
- 4.0.1 Video guide: massage instructions
Types of massage
Depending on the goal pursued, the massage is subdivided into
- therapeutic and prophylactic.
Therapeutic massage should be carried out by a specialist. Assign it
can with the following diseases identified in the baby:
- hypertonus or hypotonia;
- hip dysplasia;
- congenital dislocation of the joint;
- acquired or congenital clubfoot;
- umbilical hernia;
- CNS diseases;
- flat feet;
- leg deformity (X- or O-shaped).
For each disease, apply their own special techniques.
massages, which tend to differ among themselves.
Профилактический массаж рекомендован всем
newborn if there are no contraindications. Sessions of such a massage
can improve blood circulation and appetite, normalize metabolism
substances, normalize breathing. In children with high
excitability is stabilized behavior and normal sleep.
It turns out that massage can reduce the content of the hormone in the body.
cortisol. Cortisol is a stress hormone with increased levels of it.
the body’s immune defenses are destroyed. Therefore, under
воздействием массажа улучшается и иммунитет baby
Since preventive massage is performed in most
cases by the parents themselves, his sessions are additional
way to contact your baby with mom or dad. Sure, it will improve
and the psychological state of the crumbs.
Therapeutic and prophylactic массаж, как и
medical, prescribed by a doctor and carried out by experts. is he
involves massaging the whole body with special attention
problem areas. This type of massage is able to normalize
blood circulation, improve the work of the cardiovascular system,
correct the defective state of bones and muscles, eliminate intestinal
colic. It is also recommended for respiratory diseases,
urinary and digestive systems. Therapeutic and prophylactic
massage has a beneficial effect on motor abilities
baby The child quickly learns to roll over, sit down and
The benefits / benefits of massage
There are many receptors on our skin that
irritation send signals to the brain. This is how work is stimulated.
and the development of the entire human nervous system, and massage here takes
leading positions. After all, the massage session is annoying.
most nerve receptors.
When massaging the body, blood circulation is improved, and this
positive effect on the state of any internal organ. Exactly
therefore, preventive massage sessions are recommended for all children
first year of life.
Massage replaces nursing kids with gymnastics. In addition,
newborns are still underdeveloped auditory and visual
ability, the whole world is felt through touch. Therefore, it is
massage develops the emotional state of the baby and the ability
perception of the world around.
Pediatricians consider massage to be a reliable preventive measure.
various diseases, as well-coordinated work depends on it
We have already mentioned the beneficial effects of massage treatments on
immunity of the newborn. So, as a result of this influence
the child will be less likely to “catch” various infections and colds.
Massages are beneficial to the digestive system, eliminating
kidney intestinal colic and constipation. Beneficially they act on
musculoskeletal system, helping to form a correct posture
and if necessary, restore physical fitness.
When do you need a massage
Massage to newborns is usually prescribed with the following.
- muscle hypertonus;
- valgus and flat valgus deformity of feet;
- residual reflexes of the newborn;
- tremor of various parts of the body;
- lesions of the central nervous system;
- Cerebral palsy;
- umbilical hernia;
- hip dysplasia;
- clubfoot, flat feet, leg deformity;
- chest deformity.
The course of massage can also be prescribed as part of therapy.
bronchial asthma, pneumonia, limb fractures, etc.
It is also shown with increased tonus of the limbs and constipation.
However, if the baby has not been identified special
indications for massage, they can and should be engaged independently in
home conditions. Naturally, observing the necessary conditions, and
after consulting with a pediatrician.
- Any type of massage will not bring any benefit if the baby
increased Body temperature. It is contraindicated for various
skin lesions or diseases (especially pustular
nature), increased bone fragility, circulatory diseases
- It is advisable to refuse massage treatments in the midst of acute
stages of any disease.
- In the presence of an umbilical hernia massage should be carried out under the sensitive
observation of the doctor, since in this case it is necessary to exclude
possibility of pinching hernia.
- For children with heart disease, massage sessions should
monitored by a pediatric cardiologist.
- Not recommended for massage and with increased nervousness
baby because this condition causes an increased tone
In any case, the course of massage should be prescribed by a doctor.
�”Amateur” is not allowed.
You can start doing massage no earlier than a crumb
�”Knocks” 20 days old. Children under the age of 3 months can not
to massage the area of the fontanel and under the knees, elbow bend,
armpits, inner thighs. Also contraindicated
pressure and shock movements, pats so you only
cause excessive receptor irritation and increased nervous
excitability of the baby.
- The temperature in the room should be between
18 до 23 градусов. The most important –
temperature conditions in the room. Do not forget that the baby is some
time will be completely naked and may freeze. Not necessary
soothe yourself that the body warms up during the massage.
This axiom is applicable to an adult. For the baby massage
movements are more stroking than force, and therefore
the warming effect is almost zero. That the baby is cold
You can tell the beginning of the hiccups and the temperature of the spout crumbs.
We read articles about optimal temperature in the room for
newborn baby and it’s helpful to read the article about
the hardening procedure, namely air baths for
- To carry out the massage should prepare the changing station.
столик или любую ровную поверхность. Cover by
тонким одеялом, клеенкой или
diaper. Поверхность должна быть достаточно широкой,
so you can freely turn the baby.
- Place for a massage is desirable to equip
in advance with all necessary. Provide what can
come in handy and ensure that these funds are available
proximity. You should not be distracted and leave the crumb, even mobile
put the phone nearby. It is also advisable to spread the absorbent
reusable diaper, because the baby still can not control
- Particular attention should be paid to their hands.
Long nails are undesirable not only for massage, they are superfluous and for
daily child care. Beauty hands and a good manicure
possible with short nails, so cut them off for a while
while the pussy is at the tender age. It is also recommended to remove from
hands all the decorations. There is absolutely no chance of injury
- Be able to choose the right time for
procedures. You can approximately calculate
when a child asks for food and sleep. Massage is better done later.
one and a half to two hours after feeding. Even with a little discomfort with
hand baby process will not give positive results.
- During the massage, do not be silent, talk to
a child. Any children’s songs and nursery rhymes will be useful.
Such simultaneous activities not only set up the baby to
positive, but also develop his auditory and conversational
- Gradual increase in exercise time
carrying out massage procedures.
- Direction of massage movements: strictly from the bottom up, from
periphery to the center.
- Movement must be careful and not deliver the baby
- Duration of one session 15-20
Сразу напомним, что никаких силовых движений при
performing a newborn massage should not be. Only light
- We always start with crumbs. Massaging
each finger individually, unclench the cams and pay attention
palms. Gently proceed to the wrist massage and gradually
We rise above. Armpits do not touch.
- Gently go to the legs. First we massage
foot, not forgetting to pay attention to each finger. Further
perform light massaging movements in the direction from the foot to
groin Careful with the knees, no effect on the joints to be
should not. Do not touch the area under the knees at all.
Important! During the procedure, massage pens and
the legs of the newborn should be in a bent
- Gradually move to the tummy and stroke it from
navel clockwise. Further смыкаем руки на средней
tummy lines and start doing gliding movements: one hand
moves up and the second down. At the same time we try to avoid
effects on the genitals.
- Breast baby start to massage in the direction of
the sternum to the shoulders, then – from the sternum to the sides. Thoracic
gland bypass side.
- We turn the baby on the stomach and gently massage
the neck. In those moments when the baby is trying to raise or
turn your head, all movements are recommended to stop.
- Further начинаем back massage. Directions
there are two movements here – from the waist to the shoulders, then from the spine to
sides. The spine itself is not massaged. Ass stroking in
direction from the side of the thighs to the tailbone area.
- We spread the crumb on the left side and carefully hold
hand on the paravertebral lines in the direction from the sacrum to
head. In this case, the child must be slightly curved forward.
Do no more than three movements and repeat the same in the position
on the right side.
- Laying the child in the starting position and massaging
head, avoiding the fontanel area (probably not worth explaining,
почему). Do not forget about ears. We also give them a little
time and affection.
We finish the massage with stroking movements all over the body.
Massage for children from 1 to 3 months in pictures
Освоить все эти «премудрости» не так сложно, как кажется
initially. We hope with our help you will become for your crumbs.
Exercises for a month-old baby are selected based on his overall
status, as well as individual characteristics.
Basic massage techniques according to V. I. Vasichkin
- Поглаживание – манипуляция, при которой
the masseur, without moving the skin into the folds, slides over the child’s skin with
varying degrees of pressure;
- Растирание – прием, при котором рука массажиста
produces shifting, stretching of the underlying tissues;
- Разминание – прием, при котором массирующая рука
performs three steps: fixing, squeezing or compressing,
rolling out. This technique is rarely used in baby massage.
preferably a specialist.
- Вибрация – манипуляция, при которой массажист
transmits to the child various oscillatory movements. In monthly
aged is usually a pat.
- Поглаживание рук – 8-10 раз.
- Stroking feet – 10 times.
- Rubbing feet – 10 times.
- Flexion and extension of the toes – 6 times.
- Wiggling the torso left and right – up to 8 times.
- Stroking the abdomen – 6 – 8 times. This set of exercises
must be carried out starting from one month of age. Then to him
You can add one of the following exercises each
- Stroking back – up to 8 times.
- Kneading feet – 6 times.
- Buttocks slamming – up to 10 times.
- Crawling – 2-3 times.
Массаж для ребенка в первый месяц —
it is a necessary means of regulating the work of the flexor muscles and
extensor, nervous system activity and general harmonious
development of a newborn baby.
On the topic of massage and hardening:
If a ребенка часто мучают колики, то вот инструкция как
сделать массаж от колик;
- In addition to massage, it is very useful to apply tempering.
newborns, look at the rules and methods of hardening;
- Важно с ребенком проводить занятия на фитболе.
Video guide: massage instructions