Tests for hormones in gynecology: what and whenhand over?

Content:

  • What threatens hormonal imbalance in
    women?
  • Causes of hormonal disorders
  • When prescribed for hormones
    gynecology
  • Что показывает анализ на гормоны по gynecology
  • What days do you donate blood for hormones?
    gynecology?
  • Video
  • How to prepare for hormone tests

Анализы на гормоны по gynecology необходимы каждой
the fair sex. State of hormonal levels
is a fundamental factor in women’s health. Deviations
lead to poor health, protracted diseases, deterioration of the external
kind and mood. The birth of children, the preservation of youth also
depend on hormones. Track their blood levels without special
laboratory tests will fail. According to the results, the gynecologist and
An endocrinologist may prescribe a corrective therapy.

What threatens hormonal imbalance in women?

To the list of the sad consequences of hormonal imbalance
include:

  • reduced immunity;
  • infertility;
  • miscarriages;
  • uterine fibroids;
  • polyps and polycystic;
  • violation of the menstruation cycle;
  • obesity;
  • lack of sexual desire.

гормональный сбой


Often, it is the study of hormonal background allows time
determine ectopic pregnancy and prevent its deplorable
effects.

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Causes of hormonal disorders

Problems with hormones are congenital and acquired. They
can be passed on to the child from parents genetically or arise
as a result of abortions, infections, avitominoz, respiratory
diseases, endocrine pathologies. Huge role in maintaining
normal performance plays a lifestyle. Frequent stress, harmful
habits (alcoholism, drug addiction, heavy smoking, abnormal
food), constant lack of sleep, overwork, long reception
oral contraceptives adversely affect the health and
reproductive functions of women.

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When prescribed for hormones gynecology

Hormonal examination of women is appointed when
symptoms:

  • uterine bleeding;анализы по gynecology

  • lack of menstruation;
  • anemia;
  • fast fatiguability;
  • skin problems (acne, psoriasis);
  • hair problems (excessive dryness or oiliness,
    dropping out);
  • weight gain;
  • renal failure;
  • swelling of the body and limbs;
  • frequent headaches;
  • lower back pain and abdomen;
  • profuse painful menstruation;
  • frequent mood swings;
  • profuse sweating;
  • sleep disorders;
  • swelling and tenderness of the mammary glands;
  • long absence of pregnancy;
  • неоднократные miscarriages;
  • excessive body hair;
  • loss of interest in sexuality.

Gynecological examinations and analyzes can identify
many diseases in the early stages.
They are also used.
in preparation for pregnancy, for its diagnosis, control
fetal development, before prescribing contraceptives and some
drugs.

The basis of the examination is blood. After her lab
The analysis is carried out by ultrasound diagnostics. Can
appointed by laparoscopy or hysteroscopy.

Статья в тему:Что такое тиреотропный гормон (ттг) у women? What kind
Should be normal indicators ttg? to content ↑

Что показывает анализ на гормоны по gynecology

The gynecology and general health of a woman depend on several
hormones. Each of them is responsible for their functions. What kind сдают в
specific case depends on the preliminary questionnaire and inspection.
In the doctor’s appointments you can find the following list
titles.

  1. Estrogen. Produced by the ovaries. Responsible for
    the formation and operation of the reproductive system. Lets have
    the menstrual cycle, to bear children, creates a feminine type
    figures, protects against excess cholesterol. Helps function
    uterus, maintains proper moisture and elasticity
    skin. It is divided into 3 forms: estrone, estriol, estradiol. Most often in
    The analysis takes into account estradiol, the most important for sexual
    development.
  2. Prolactin. Responsible for the mammary glands, their
    growth, condition, lactation after the birth of a child. Rises with
    diseases of the ovaries, kidneys, immunity, thyroid,
    avitaminosis, stress, chest injuries, after abortion. Excess
    leads to tumors, cysts, frigidity and sterility.
  3. Фоликулостимуллирующий гормон (ФСГ). Without him
    impossible normal production of estrogen. Forms ovaries. With
    lack of FSH, delayed sexual development, sterility,
    inflammation of the ovaries, frigidity.
  4. Progesterone. Hormone pregnancy. Indicator
    grows at its onset and falls before childbirth. Responsible for
    health of the adrenal glands and ovaries.
  5. Лютеинизирующий гормон (LH). Guarantees
    correctness of the reproductive system, ovulation. Jumps
    with polycystic, early menopause, hypofunction. Decline says
    about injuries, tumors, excessive loads and abnormal
    nutrition. Problems with it lead to difficulties with conception.
  6. Тиреотропный гормон. Thyroid hormone.
    Its level changes during the day. With переизбытке увеличивается
    thyroid gland that leads to many disorders of the body.
  7. Тестостерон. The main male hormone. Have of women
    eat in low concentration. With повышении начинаются проблемы с
    skin and hair.

Each type is adjusted by its own
therapy.

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What days do you donate blood for hormones? gynecology?

When to donate blood depends on the hormone being tested. Each of
them has a maximum concentration at a certain time
menstrual cycle. Check with the norm can only be an analysis taken
on schedule. Otherwise, the result will be unreliable.

Hormone type Cycle day Norm
Testosterone. Let’s say any day. 6-7 are considered optimal from the beginning.
cycle.
0.39-1.98 nmol / L. With успешной овуляции допустимо повышение до
2.48 nmol / l. Have подростков бывает уровень до 3,75 nmol / l.
FGS 3-8 or 18-22 days. From 2.8 to 11.3 mU / l – follicular phase;
1.2 – 9 mU / l in the luteal phase;
5.8 – 21 mU / l ovulation;
From 25 to 138.8 mU / l to menopause.
LH 3-8, 18-22 days. Depends on age:
Up to 2 weeks of life – no more than 0.7 mU / l;
Up to 3 years – from 0.9 to 1.9 mU / l;
Up to 5 years – 0.7-0.9 mU / l;
Till 8 years – 0,7 – 2 mU / l.
In puberty, the lower bound drops to
0.3-0.5 and the upper can be from 4.6 to 25 mU / l in individual
cases.
After the onset of menopause, the rate of 14.2 – 52.3 mU / l.
Progesterone 19-21 or 23-29 days. Depends on the duration of the cycle and its
malfunction.
7, 0 – 2.23 nmol / l;
In ovulation – up to 9.41 nmol / l;
In climax – not higher than 0.6 nmol / l.
With the onset of pregnancy, a significant increase to 468
nmol / l. To its end, the upper limit rises to 771.5
nmol / l.
Prolactin Individual selection of the date twice: in the first and second phase
cycle.
All ages, including menopause – 2-23 ng / ml;
In pregnancy and lactation from 34 to 386 ng / ml.
Estrogen Any day. Before the first menstruation – no more than 22 pg / ml;
In childbearing age – up to 50 pg / ml;
In ovulation and immediately after its completion – from 90 to 300 and from 11 to
116 pg / ml, respectively;
In menopause – 5-46 pg / ml.

Статья в тему:Симптомы и лечение гормонального сбоя у of women
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