Symptoms of vertebral hernia lumbar, cervical,thoracic spine

Update: November 2018

Many doctors, neurosurgeons, orthopedists, traumatologists are sure that
most adult back problems begin with
childhood. Wrong poses in children when working at the table, studying at
school desk, lack of reasonable exercise for
Strengthening your back muscles can cause a lot of trouble with
spine in adulthood. Most diseases
spine originate from the moment when a child with
birth pyramidal insufficiency or rickets in which the muscles do not
keep posture. As a result, the child begins to slouch.

Unfortunately, every adult person is familiar with different pains in
back, and such a diagnosis as a vertebral hernia, the symptoms of which
quite painful, familiar to many people not by hearsay. Intervertebral
hernias are most often diagnosed in people younger than 45 years old.

Older generation has no gelatinous core
and the load falls directly on the disk, plus age-related degenerative
Changes in cartilage – these are the prerequisites for the occurrence of cracks in
disc and hernia formation.

Vertebral hernia – causes

Intervertebral hernia is an offset of the gelatinous nucleus, with
rupture of the fibrous ring of the disk, with a part of the nucleus going under
pressure outward, forming a protrusion in the spine. With
this may be a narrowing of the spinal canal (if the hernia
prolapses into it), swelling and inflammation of the surrounding tissues and
squeezing of the nerve roots. And if this is Schmorl’s hernia, that is
outward, the channel does not narrow.

The most common hernia site is in
lumbosacral spine, less frequently in the cervical spine and
very rarely are vertebral hernias in the thoracic region. Exists
several risk factors that contribute to the development
pathological changes in the spine, the occurrence of vertebral
hernia, which can not be mitigated or reduced, they
inevitable:Межпозвоночная грыжа

  • Возраст. Natural wear with age
    vertebral discs, the traumatic impact increases with
    every year.
  • Пол. Physiologically in men, cartilage tissue
    subject to wear much stronger and faster than women, therefore
    they have a higher risk of developing problems with the spine.
  • Травмы. Postponed surgery
    and spinal injuries, falling on your back, sharp back
    contribute to the occurrence of intervertebral hernia.

But there are also such sources, the causes of vertebrates
pathologies whose effects can be controlled, reduced or
even exclude. This will require the desire to rebuild your
lifestyle, habits, change attitudes to some things:

  • Obesity. Exchange violation
    substances.
    Excess fat in the abdominal area
    have a significant effect on the lower back, increasing
    load and adversely affect the drives
    spine. In addition, a person with obesity has weak muscles,
    since it is in poor physical shape, respectively
    his spine has lost its flexibility. Keep your back healthy
    for many years is possible only with constant weight control and
    maintaining healthy muscle tone.
  • Smoking. Any toxic substances regularly
    entering the body, reduce the ability of the blood to supply
    intervertebral discs are essential nutrients.
    The risk of injury to the disks with daily admission
    Nicotine in the blood increases at times.
  • Passive lifestyle. Office work, work
    drivers, salespeople, accountants make a person a big part
    daytime spend in a sitting position, which is significantly
    increases the risk of herniation of the intervertebral disc.
  • Наследственность — у родственников повышается
    risk of spinal hernia, if the family history is already
    similar pathologies were diagnosed.
  • Weight lifting Hard physical work
    постоянная вибрация (водители) также отрицательно
    affect the spine.

Symptoms of vertebral hernia lumbar
spine

All manifestations of a herniated disc are determined by the size
pathological changes, localization and stage of its development.
The main signs of vertebral hernia lumbar
spine являются:

  • Constant back pain. With небольшом размере грыжи боли
    are dull and periodic. With the progression
    pain diseases intensify, especially shooting pains occur
    on exertion, coughing, sitting or standing for a long time
    weightlifting position. Pain may radiate to the side
    thigh surface, sometimes run on the back or front side
    thighs
  • Weakness in the legs, numbness of the fingers of one or both legs, this
    occurs due to compression of the roots of the spinal cord.
  • Restriction of mobility in the lumbar region. The pain does not allow
    the patient straighten his back, and usually six months or a year after
    the appearance of a hernia is a violation of the patient’s posture.
  • Possible violations of the urinary function of the body – delay or
    incontinence, impotence, and dysfunction intestinal blockage and
    diarrhea.

Читайте подробнее о симптомах и лечении грыжи поясничного
отдела spine.

Withзнаки позвоночной грыжи грудного и шейного отдела
spine

To the main manifestations of vertebral hernia of the cervical and thoracic
отдела spine относятся:

  • Pain in the back, between the shoulder blades, extending to the arm, shoulder
  • Dizziness, headaches
  • Numbness in fingers
  • Blood pressure jumps
  • Meteorological dependence
  • Scoliosis, kyphosis
  • Dry skin
  • Disturbed sweating

It is important to know about vertebral hernia !!!

  • From the onset of vertebral hernia to the symptoms of the disease
    years may pass.
  • Osteochondrosis is not 100% the only cause of development
    hernias, as well as with osteochondrosis, hernias are not always formed.
  • Conservative therapies do not remove the hernia that has arisen, but
    only reduce its size.
  • Withчин болей в поястично-кресцовой области может достаточно
    many, and even if there are signs of a hernia on the MRI result only
    in half of the cases intense persistent low back pain is caused
    the development of intervertebral hernia.
  • To determine the presence of a hernia is possible using fluoroscopy,
    MRI

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