Update: November 2018
Many doctors, neurosurgeons, orthopedists, traumatologists are sure that
most adult back problems begin with
childhood. Wrong poses in children when working at the table, studying at
school desk, lack of reasonable exercise for
Strengthening your back muscles can cause a lot of trouble with
spine in adulthood. Most diseases
spine originate from the moment when a child with
birth pyramidal insufficiency or rickets in which the muscles do not
keep posture. As a result, the child begins to slouch.
Unfortunately, every adult person is familiar with different pains in
back, and such a diagnosis as a vertebral hernia, the symptoms of which
quite painful, familiar to many people not by hearsay. Intervertebral
hernias are most often diagnosed in people younger than 45 years old.
Older generation has no gelatinous core
and the load falls directly on the disk, plus age-related degenerative
Changes in cartilage – these are the prerequisites for the occurrence of cracks in
disc and hernia formation.
Vertebral hernia – causes
Intervertebral hernia is an offset of the gelatinous nucleus, with
rupture of the fibrous ring of the disk, with a part of the nucleus going under
pressure outward, forming a protrusion in the spine. With
this may be a narrowing of the spinal canal (if the hernia
prolapses into it), swelling and inflammation of the surrounding tissues and
squeezing of the nerve roots. And if this is Schmorl’s hernia, that is
outward, the channel does not narrow.
The most common hernia site is in
lumbosacral spine, less frequently in the cervical spine and
very rarely are vertebral hernias in the thoracic region. Exists
several risk factors that contribute to the development
pathological changes in the spine, the occurrence of vertebral
hernia, which can not be mitigated or reduced, they
- Возраст. Natural wear with age
vertebral discs, the traumatic impact increases with
- Пол. Physiologically in men, cartilage tissue
subject to wear much stronger and faster than women, therefore
they have a higher risk of developing problems with the spine.
- Травмы. Postponed surgery
and spinal injuries, falling on your back, sharp back
contribute to the occurrence of intervertebral hernia.
But there are also such sources, the causes of vertebrates
pathologies whose effects can be controlled, reduced or
even exclude. This will require the desire to rebuild your
lifestyle, habits, change attitudes to some things:
- Obesity. Exchange violation
substances. Excess fat in the abdominal area
have a significant effect on the lower back, increasing
load and adversely affect the drives
spine. In addition, a person with obesity has weak muscles,
since it is in poor physical shape, respectively
his spine has lost its flexibility. Keep your back healthy
for many years is possible only with constant weight control and
maintaining healthy muscle tone.
- Smoking. Any toxic substances regularly
entering the body, reduce the ability of the blood to supply
intervertebral discs are essential nutrients.
The risk of injury to the disks with daily admission
Nicotine in the blood increases at times.
- Passive lifestyle. Office work, work
drivers, salespeople, accountants make a person a big part
daytime spend in a sitting position, which is significantly
increases the risk of herniation of the intervertebral disc.
- Наследственность — у родственников повышается
risk of spinal hernia, if the family history is already
similar pathologies were diagnosed.
- Weight lifting Hard physical work
постоянная вибрация (водители) также отрицательно
affect the spine.
Symptoms of vertebral hernia lumbar
All manifestations of a herniated disc are determined by the size
pathological changes, localization and stage of its development.
The main signs of vertebral hernia lumbar
- Constant back pain. With небольшом размере грыжи боли
are dull and periodic. With the progression
pain diseases intensify, especially shooting pains occur
on exertion, coughing, sitting or standing for a long time
weightlifting position. Pain may radiate to the side
thigh surface, sometimes run on the back or front side
- Weakness in the legs, numbness of the fingers of one or both legs, this
occurs due to compression of the roots of the spinal cord.
- Restriction of mobility in the lumbar region. The pain does not allow
the patient straighten his back, and usually six months or a year after
the appearance of a hernia is a violation of the patient’s posture.
- Possible violations of the urinary function of the body – delay or
incontinence, impotence, and dysfunction intestinal blockage and
Читайте подробнее о симптомах и лечении грыжи поясничного
Withзнаки позвоночной грыжи грудного и шейного отдела
To the main manifestations of vertebral hernia of the cervical and thoracic
отдела spine относятся:
- Pain in the back, between the shoulder blades, extending to the arm, shoulder
- Dizziness, headaches
- Numbness in fingers
- Blood pressure jumps
- Meteorological dependence
- Scoliosis, kyphosis
- Dry skin
- Disturbed sweating
It is important to know about vertebral hernia !!!
- From the onset of vertebral hernia to the symptoms of the disease
years may pass.
- Osteochondrosis is not 100% the only cause of development
hernias, as well as with osteochondrosis, hernias are not always formed.
- Conservative therapies do not remove the hernia that has arisen, but
only reduce its size.
- Withчин болей в поястично-кресцовой области может достаточно
many, and even if there are signs of a hernia on the MRI result only
in half of the cases intense persistent low back pain is caused
the development of intervertebral hernia.
- To determine the presence of a hernia is possible using fluoroscopy,