One of the external indicators of the normal development of the child for
pediatricians, neurologists and other pediatric specialists
является родничок у новорожденных детей. He is
a small soft pulsating area on the head of the baby, under which
fairly close to the brain tissue. Fontanel surface
covered with a thick film with a little fluff.
Родничок новорожденного ребенка
- The birth of a newborn greatly facilitates the process of childbirth,
for both baby and mother. Passing the birth canal, bones
the skull is compressed, and so the head of the newborn is the first time
after childbirth looks elongated. Then head shape
- The presence of the spring provides optimal spatial
conditions for normal brain growth at the pace that is laid
- Rodnichok participates in the processes of regulation of heat exchange of the baby and
the environment. If the body temperature of the child exceeds 38
degrees, then through spring is naturally occurring
cooling brain tissue;
- Due to the ability to compress the fontanel can perform the function
shock absorber in case of accidental fall of the child.
Определить, где находится родничок у новорожденного
baby, simple enough.
Large spring in the shape of a diamond in the size of 2 by 2 centimeters
is right in the middle of the crown, or, as usual, they say – on
top of the head.
A small spring is at the back of the head. Its size is
about half a centimeter.
Large spring overgrown by about one year old
child, sometimes there are small deviations from this parameter
about one and a half years. But if the child has other parameters
meets age standards, then there is no concern
Little spring in children born on time is already closed. but
it happens that it was discovered after birth. Then him
closing should wait two to three months.
The speed and closing time of the fontanels mainly depends on
how much the baby’s body is provided with calcium. If in mom’s diet
there were no deviations, the optimum reception mode was observed
multivitamins, overgrowth of fontanelles usually occurs in
Зная сроки, когда зарастает родничок, а также размеры,
you can see any deviations, avoid and prevent
the development of many dangerous diseases in newborns. Among them
can be called a few:
- Рахит. This disease is practically
the most common cause of late closing of the spring is. This is usually
occurs in premature babies, rarely in the sun, having
lack of calcium and vitamin D. Read an article about rickets
- Hypothyroidism. Hormone reduction
thyroid can also be the cause of slowing the process
- Down syndrome. Too large
fontanel indicate the presence of this disease along with other
- Creeping early fontanel can talk about
избытке кальция, а также свидетельствовать о таких
diseases like craniostenosis, microcephaly;
- Depressed spring also represents a serious
symptom. This phenomenon speaks of acute dehydration.
(the picture is clickable)
Внимательное обследование ребенка специалистами, подробное
parents’ description of the baby’s condition will be a guarantee of early
identify deviations and will contribute to the proper appointment
The reasons for the early closing of the fontanel
Most often, a bulging spring is observed on the background of diseases
which are accompanied by increased intracranial pressure:
meningitis, encephalitis, tumors, intracranial bleeding,
increased intracranial pressure for another reason.
If the bulging spring is combined with one or several of
the following symptoms should be called as soon as possible
- Strong temperature;
- Bulging fontanelle occurred after a head injury, a fall
- Сонливость или чрезмерная раздражительность child;
- Convulsions or epileptic seizures;
- Loss of consciousness;
- Bulging fontanel for a long time without others
Most often, the decline of the fontanel is observed due to dehydration
child on the background of temperature, diarrhea, repeated vomiting. With
the detection of a sunken spring should provide the child with abundant
drinking and contacting a doctor for treating the disease that caused
Fear of harm
Многие очень сильно боятся как-то повредить родничок.
Remember! – this is almost impossible. Despite the seeming
the softness of the fontanel it is very durable, and damage it with ordinary
manipulations (washing, bathing, combing, etc.) is impossible.