Smecta – instructions for use for children andadults, from what helps, how to breed in water, analogs

Smecta belongs to the clinical pharmacological group
antidiarrheal drugs with adsorbing
therapeutic effect. It is used in the development of diarrhea.
different origin.

Next, consider in detail how to properly take Smektu.
adults and children, for which diseases it is prescribed and in which
dosage, as well as what analogs can be replaced.

Composition and release form

Смекта

Смекта (Smecta) — это природный энтеросорбент,
contributing to the rapid elimination of toxins from the body
�“Works” against viruses, pathogens and harmful
substances.

Active substance Dioctahedral Smectite
Composition AT одном пакетике Смекты содержится 3 грамма смектита
диоктаэдрического (диосмектита).AT качестве вспомогательных веществ
the preparation includes: vanilla and orange flavors,
sodium saccharinate, dextrose monohydrate (powder d / n suspension with
orange flavor).
Release form The drug is a powder for the manufacture of suspensions.
(orange or vanilla flavor) intended for
oral administration. Powder has a light yellow-gray or
white and gray, packaged in 3.76 g of paper in laminated paper
bags that fit in cartons. Smell
non-specific weak or vanilla.

pharmachologic effect

Diosmectite – so called smectite dioctahedral for short
(INN is an international non-proprietary name). It represents
is an aluminosilicate (a kind of porous clay), which is mined
in smectite deposits. ATоздействует как
enterosorbent.

It has the following properties:

  • stabilizing effect on the mucous membrane of the digestive organs;
  • forms a chemical bond with protein compounds
    parietal mucus layer;
  • affects the amount of mucus produced and improves it
    immunological properties;
  • absorbs harmful bacteria and viruses that fill
    lumen of the digestive tract.

AT терапевтических дозах не влияет на моторику кишечника.
Diosmectite is radiolucent and does not stain stools.
Aluminum in the composition of smectite is not absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, including
diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by symptoms of colitis and
colonopathy.

The peculiarity of the drug is the possibility of using the medicine.
even among newborn babies. Powder components well
are tolerated by both adult patients and babies. Suspension
has a pleasant aroma and taste.

Active substance Смекты отличается небольшим эффектом
swelling, when taken in recommended doses does not change
the physiological time of passage of consumed food through
intestine, not metabolized, excreted unchanged and not
paints feces. The drug is X-ray transparent.

What does Smecta help with: basic indications

Smecta stimulates intestinal secretion of natural mucus. is he
will protect itself from the harmful effects of pathogens.
This is a great advantage over other drugs.
this series. With complex treatment of diseases of the digestive system
she is appointed only because of this ability to stimulate
intestines.

Smecta helps with such conditions:

  • Diarrhea in violation of the diet;
  • Diarrhea when taking medications, for example,
    antibiotics;
  • Food poisoning, for example, when using unusual
    products;
  • Gastritis;
  • Pain in the stomach, intestines;
  • Heartburn;
  • Gastric or intestinal ulcer;
  • ATздутие живота;
  • AT комплексной терапии при инфекционных заболеваниях;
  • Increased gas formation.
Vomiting The drug is taken if vomiting is caused by poisoning, and not
other diseases. Rinse before drinking medicine
stomach, then the powder will act directly on
mucous membrane, it will quickly lead to the desired positive
result – recovery. If vomiting is stopped, take
medication must stop.
Diarrhea To get rid of diarrhea symptoms you need to take 3 sachets
funds per day (9 grams). Dilute the powder in 125 ml
boiled water. AT готовой смеси не должно оставаться комков.При
doctors recommend treating acute diarrhea to increase the dose to 6
bags of medicine (18 grams). Overdose may not cause
only to constipation. A person may have allergic
reaction.
Poisoning Smecta poisoning is an effective drug
because it is able to sorb in the lumen of the stomach and intestines
numerous toxic substances causing clinical
проявления poisoning.AT результате сорбции в кишечнике токсины
cease to be absorbed into the bloodstream, and intoxication symptoms
decreases. When poisoning with any substance Smektu should
take according to the rules for the treatment of diarrhea.

Instructions for use: methods of administration and dosage

How to take Smektu: before or after a meal? With symptomatic
лечении эзофагита следует принимать непосредственно после еды.
ATо всех остальных случаях препарат следует принимать либо за час
before, or 2 hours after meals.

Newborn babies take Smecta with food or
drinking, or in the intervals between feedings, if possible.

How to breed and take smectu adults

Duration of treatment and dosage Smekta absolutely not
depends on the weight or age of the patient. ATажно только учитывать
intoxication intensity, severity of intestinal infection,
poisoning.

The dosage of Smecta varies:

  • 1-2 bags for 1 reception;
  • 1-6 bags per day;
  • from single dose to 7 days of regular use.

При острой диарее суточная доза Смекты для взрослых
makes 6 bags.

Обратите внимание: препарат обладает мощными адсорбирующими
properties, it must not be taken simultaneously with
any other medicines, so as not to reduce the absorbability
лекарственных substances.

The method of preparation is as follows:

  1. A bag of powder is opened by shaking.
    content.
  2. The powder is poured into a glass of boiled warm water. To breed
    Smektu need precisely in warm water. Liquid too hot
    reduces the activity of the active substance, cold powder can
    do not dissolve.
  3. The solution is thoroughly mixed and left for a few minutes.
    until completely dissolved.
  4. For diarrhea and vomiting, adults are advised to drink.
    warm suspension at one time 3-4 times a day.

Smekta reception instructions for children

ATрачи назначают Смекту не только взрослым, но и детям с
infancy age. The kids are bred the contents of one package in
50 ml. warm water. If at a time the child can not drink this
the amount of suspension, it can be given in several stages,
while watching the state of the baby.

The drug must be diluted immediately before
use, the diluted mixture can not be stored for a long time
maximum 16 hours in the refrigerator in a closed container.

Smecta in the form of ready-made suspension is well perceived by kids.
infants and children 1-2 years old, since small
the dosage of the drug is easily swallowed, has a pleasant taste.

In acute diarrhea, the dosage of Smecta will be as follows:

  • newborns and up to one year old – 2 sachets
    drug per day for three days, then 1 sachet per
    day before complete recovery / normalization of the stool;
  • children over one year old – 4 sachets per day for
    the first three days of the disease, then 2 sachets a day until
    full recovery of health.

For other indications, see the table below:

ATозраст ребенка amount amount приема в сутки
Children from one year 1 packet (3 g) 1 time
Children from 1 to 2 years 1 packet (3 g) 2 times
Children from 3 years 1 packet (3 g) 3 times

Most often reception Smekta prescribe honey meals. For babies
being artificially fed give Smekt in the form
готовой суспензии или разводят порошок в 50 ml. warm boiled
water or infant formula.

Contraindications

Smekta powder suspension is contraindicated in several
situations that include:

  • Individual intolerance to any of the components
    (active or auxiliary substances) of the preparation.
  • Disturbance of digestion and absorption of carbohydrates in the intestines
    (lactase deficiency, lactose intolerance,
    glucose-galactose malabsorption).
  • Fructose intolerance.
  • Intestinal obstruction of any localization.

Before starting the drug is important to ensure that
contraindications.

Use during pregnancy and lactation

Smecta is approved for use in pregnant and lactating women.
Correction of dosage and regimen is not required.

Side effects for the body

Smecta children and adults are given in accordance with the instructions for
application. It is well tolerated, but sometimes side effects may occur.
effects:

  • constipation, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting;
  • allergic reactions: urticaria, skin rash, itching,
    anaphylactic reactions, angioedema, angioedema
    edema;
  • dizziness, headaches;
  • flatulence;
  • frequent bowel movements;
  • digestive difficulties;
  • darkening of tooth enamel;
  • abdominal pain, feeling of heaviness in the stomach.

According to the instructions, side effects pass quickly, do not need
the abolition of the drug or the appointment of symptomatic therapy.

special instructions

пакетики Смекты

При воспалении слизистой оболочки пищевода смекта на
голодный желудок не принимается – обязательно после приема
food. ATо всех других случаях лекарство употребляется между приемами
food, that is, at least 1-2 hours before meals or 1 hour after
приема food. Of course, after the smecta you can eat, but not immediately.

When diarrhea (especially in children) increases the risk of imbalance
electrolytes and dehydration. To avoid this
the child is usually assigned Regidron and Smecta together. ATместо
Rehydron can be used:

  • Citraglukosolan,
  • Disol,
  • Trisol,
  • Reosolan,
  • Hydrovit

A solution of oral rehydration salt helps to replenish
loss of electrolytes during vomiting and diarrhea, glucose contained in it
improves salt absorption, and citrates help to balance
with metabolic acidosis.

ATзрослым регидратационные средства назначают при
of necessity.

Overdose

With a significant excess of the recommended therapeutic dose
suspension of Smecta powder may develop constipation. AT
In this case, symptomatic therapy is aimed at
softening of the chair.

ATзаимодействие с другими препаратами

The drug can reduce the rate and extent of absorption.
simultaneously taken drugs. Not recommended
take Smektu along with other medicinal
means.

It is recommended to observe the interval of 1-2 hours between taking Smekta and
other drugs.

Shelf life

  1. Shelf life порошка для приготовления суспензии Смекта
    is 3 years.
  2. It must be stored in the original intact factory.
    dry, dark, out of the reach of children
    air temperature not higher than + 25 ° C.

Pharmacy sales terms

Releases from a pharmacy without a prescription.

Analogs

The following drugs are synonymous with Smecta.
drugs:

  • Diosmectite powder for suspension for reception
    inside;
  • Neosmectin suspension and powder for solution for
    ingestion.

Analogs Smekta are:

  • Neosmectin,
  • Diosmectite,
  • Enterosorbent SUMS-1,
  • Activated carbon,
  • Enterumin,
  • Microcel,
  • Enterosgel,
  • Enterosorb,
  • Laktofiltrum,
  • Integnin,
  • Lignosorb
  • Enterodez,
  • Polysorb MT,
  • Polyphepanum
  • Filtrum-STI.

Prices in pharmacies

AT среднем цена на Смекту со вкусом ванили варьируется в
range from 127 to 155 rubles, and with an orange flavor – from 139 to
156 rubles (for a package containing 10 bags).

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