Update: November 2018
Among all malignant neoplasms affecting the body
human bladder cancer statistically ranked 10th in
women and 5 for men, which is about 3 percent of the total
numbers of oncological diseases. Among the malignant lesions
genitourinary system he owns 70 percent, with 90
percent accounts for transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder.
To determine the methods of treatment, the effective treatment tactics of this
pathology, the characteristics of the malignant process are very important,
such as tumor size, histological structure of cellular
elements, the presence and extent of tumor growth in various
distant or nearest organs and tissues.
Characteristics of urinary oncology
- The most basic symptom observed in 85 percent of cases
bladder cancer is the detection of blood clots in the urine or
even blood particles, and this may not be accompanied by pain
sensations. Sometimes blood can not be detected by eye and
slight bleeding is detected only after analysis
urine. You should know that the appearance of blood in the urine is a symptom that
occurs in many other diseases of the urinary
systems, therefore it is imperative to complete
survey to exclude or confirm such a terrible time
disease like a malignant tumor of the bladder.
- The patient may also complain of burning, pain in the end
urination, that is, 20 percent of patients have symptoms
- In the initial stages of the disease, blood in the urine is hematuria.
may appear sporadically, that is, to show up during
one day, then disappear and after some time
repeat again. Moreover, the intensity of bleeding is not associated with
tumor sizes, there are cases that a minor tumor
causes severe bleeding, and the tumor is large
does not lead to a significant release of blood.
- Most often, patients experience pain localized above the pubis,
but as the disease progresses, the pain may be
more common and radiating either to the perineum or to
rectum, vagina or scrotum.
- If the tumor is localized near the bladder neck, then
to other manifestations of the oncological process joins –
- With the accumulation of many blood clots,
- If a person suffers from chronic pyelonephritis, cystitis,
hydronephrosis, the symptoms of which may be the first signs
development of malignant neoplasms should be shown
oncological vigilance. In the presence of these diseases, the risk
The development of cancer of the urinary system increases with age.
Therefore, with the recurrence of chronic diseases of the urinary system
First of all it is necessary to exclude oncology and regularly undergo
full attentive examination.
Because bladder cancer is often in the initial stages
развивается бессимптомно, при появлении любых подозрительных,
even minor irregularities when urinating, should
make sure that this is not the beginning of cancer.
In Russia, due to the inattention of medical workers,
public awareness, low diagnostic
cancer screening, most commonly bladder cancer
found in the late, advanced stages, which is significant
aggravates the prognosis and reduces the survival of cancer patients.