Sage: medicinal properties and contraindicationsapplication, folk recipes, side effects

Update: October 2018

Salvia officinalis (Salvia) is a beneficial plant from
of the family of Lambskin, long used in official and folk
medicine. Clary sage is also helpful and is a source
essential oil. The aroma of sage cannot be forgotten, but the appearance
plants causes a pleasant aesthetic sensations.

Homeland beautiful shrub – is the Mediterranean.
Accordingly, the first to apply the plant with
the goal was the ancient Greek and Roman healers, and
used sage in the widest range. The name comes from
греческого – «зbeforeровье и благополучие».


Растение является многолетником, beforeстигает максимальной высоты
75 cm. The root is hard and branched. Numerous stems have
четырехгранную форму и густо усеяны проbeforeлговатыми листьями. Flowers
irregularly shaped, painted in purple or pinkish white
color, collected in inflorescences. The fruit remains in the cup.

Цветение начинается со второго года вегетации и проbeforeлжается с
конца мая before июля. Sage is cultivated in heat-loving regions
Russia, in Ukraine, in the Crimea, and with a decorative purpose. Leaves
have a strong smell. Medicinal value are top
parts of the plant and leaves, as well as inflorescences in clary sage.

Collecting and harvesting

Leaves шалфея можно заготавливать все лето, начиная с периода
flowering They should be cut at a height of 10 cm from the ground, separated from
stalks and lay an even layer on the paper. Drying can be carried out
as an open method in the shade, and in the dryer at T 40 C. Raw materials
retains its properties for 12 months. after harvesting. Keep
best in glass jars out of exposure to the sun

Chemical composition

Sage leaves contain:

  • phytonutrients;
  • alkaloids;
  • flavonoids;
  • phytoncides;
  • resins;
  • tannins;
  • organic acids (ursolic, oleanolic,
  • elements Na, K, Ca, Cu, Fe;
  • vitamins P, A, C, E, K, folic acid, B6, B2, B3 and PP;
  • essential oil rich in terpene compounds;
  • cellulose;
  • bitterness.

Valuable essential oil is most actively produced in the period
плоbeforeношения и больше всего содержится в цветках.

Medicinal properties and contraindications of sage

Leaves шалфея оказывают:

  • astringent;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • disinfectant;
  • antimicrobial especially for staphylococcus and
  • tonic;
  • кровоостанавливающее act.

Essential oil of a plant is equivalent to ointment in its effectiveness.
Vishnevsky, because it has antibacterial and wound healing

Sage preparations are indicated for:

  • Bleeding and inflammation of gum tissue and mucous membranes
  • Stomatitis;
  • Angina;
  • Bronchitis;
  • Catarrhal phenomena of the upper respiratory tract;
  • Желуbeforeчных коликах;
  • Female infertility;
  • Diabetes;
  • Nonhealing wounds, burns, ulcers;
  • Radiculitis, sciatica and other diseases.

Contraindications and special instructions

Нельзя принимать шалфей в beforeзах, превышающих рекоменbeforeванные, а
also more than 3 months continuously. Absolute contraindications to
The use of sage preparations are:

  • individual intolerance;
  • epilepsy;
  • суbeforeрожная готовность;
  • acute nephritis;
  • strong, persistent cough;
  • pregnancy and lactation;
  • also do not recommend treatment for children under 5 years old.

Side effects

In case of intolerance, plants can develop individual
hypersensitivity reactions. При превышении указанных beforeзировок и
prolonged use may irritate mucous membranes

Sage Pharmacological Drugs

In addition to dry plant materials, sage is produced in
following dosage forms:

Tablets and lozenges for sucking

They are held in the mouth, without swallowing, until the tablet / lozenge
completely will not resolve. Lollipops with extract are also available.
sage that relieve symptoms of inflammatory processes

Contains dry extract and essential sage oil. Shown in
complex therapy of inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity and
respiratory tract: stomatitis, gingivitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis,

Sage solution and spray

Contains liquid plant extract. Used to treat
inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity and pharynx for rinsing,
irrigation, lubrication of inflamed areas.

Essential oil

Presented by the natural essential oil of the plant. Applied
as an anti-inflammatory and effective antiseptic
in inflammatory pathologies of the oral cavity (inhalation and rinsing
throat with oil) for the treatment of burns (at the stage of healing), for
fight against acne, strengthen hair roots. As
ароматерапии и beforeбавки в ванны: для снятия нервного напряжения,
eliminate headaches, improve memory. Is natural
дезоbeforeрантом, а также отпугивает насекомых. Can not be applied

  • Included in syrups for the treatment of respiratory diseases
    and pharynx: Bronkholin-Sage, Larinal, Bronhosip, etc.
  • Plant extract is part of the cosmetics
    (shampoos, creams, hair balms), toothpastes, rinses
    for oral cavity.

Folk recipes

The scope of application of sage in traditional medicine is really
unlimited. It is used to treat ENT pathology (angina,
laryngitis, etc.), inflammatory and purulent skin lesions,
pulmonary tuberculosis, polyarthritis, edema, radiculitis, atherosclerosis,
gynecological diseases, gastrointestinal tract pathologies, liver, infertility and
much more. We give the most effective recipes with
a plant.

Sage Tea

  • It has a pronounced antiperspirant effect, which
    stored at least 2 hours. It is recommended as with increased
    sweating, and in diseases accompanied by accelerated
    sweating, for example, tuberculosis.
  • Helps speeding recovery for bronchitis, bronchial
    asthma, gastrointestinal diseases, liver and gall bladder.
  • Stops lactation if necessary.
  • Strengthens hair follicles, stops premature

1 tbsp. dried raw materials or 1 bag of pharmaceutical tea is poured 1
a glass of boiling water, insist 15 minutes and drink a third of a glass
three times a day before meals. The optimal duration of treatment is 2-3
of the week.

Sage tea

For external use:

  • Contributes to the rapid tightening of non-healing wounds
    (washing of wounds, application of lotions).
  • Eliminates thrush in children (mouth rinse).
  • Sage helps with toothache, as well as in the treatment of flux,
    bleeding gums (rinsing).
  • Reduces the severity of inflammatory changes in sore throat
    (irrigation of the throat and rinsing).
  • Improves hair condition, strengthens roots (rinsing after
    washing with a light massage of the scalp).

With internal reception:

  • Normalizes the acidity of gastric juice with gastritis
    low acidity.
  • Helps with colitis, enterocolitis.
  • Helps with cough – sage not only facilitates the discharge
    sputum, but also has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory

1 tbsp. dry leaves pour a glass of boiling water and insist 1
hour, filter. Inside take half a cup three times a day before
food. For the treatment of cough, it is recommended to mix the infusion with warm
milk in a 1: 1 ratio.

Decoction with sage

  • Accelerates recovery in case of bronchopulmonary diseases;
  • Helps to cure acute gastrointestinal diseases, liver.
  • Normalizes blood sugar.
  • Reduces pain with radiculitis.

One tbsp dry raw materials pour a glass of boiling water and very
at low heat they boil for 10 minutes, after removing from the heat they insist
half an hour. Принимают по 1 tbsp. three times a day.

Sage alcohol tincture

  • Helps in the treatment of atherosclerosis.
  • Improves brain activity, especially in the elderly.

3 tbsp. dry grass insist 1 month on half a liter of alcohol on
sunny place, tightly closed lid. Принимают по 1 tbsp. before
еды, запивая воbeforeй.

Sage wine

It is recommended for older people for general strengthening, improvement
работы сосуbeforeв и головного мозга. On 1 liter of table grape
species is taken 80 grams of dry raw materials of the plant. Mixture insist 8 days and
принимают по 20 мл в день после food.

Inhalation with sage

  • Help eliminate inflammation in the throat,
  • Help cure infectious rhinitis.

A handful of dry grass is poured over 2 cups of water and over low heat
boil for about 5 minutes. The resulting broth is allowed to cool slightly,
then inhalation of steam is carried out, covered with a towel, about
5-7 minutes.

Sage Herb for Infertility

Entire books are devoted to the treatment of infertility with the help of a plant.
folk healers, which has a completely scientific explanation.
The fact is that the sage phytohormones are similar in structure to
estrogen, female sex hormones, therefore, act in
организме поbeforeбным образом (см. также боровая матка при бесплодии).
But before treatment you should consult with the gynecologist about
the possibility and feasibility of phytotherapy.

Treatment regimen

Herbal medicine is prescribed for 10 days in the first phase of the menstrual period.
cycle on the first day after the completion of the next menstruation, i.e.
from about the 5th to the 15th day of the cycle. If there are no monthly
a long period of time, you can begin treatment on any day –
In this case, the first day of treatment will be considered 5m in the afternoon.


One tbsp dry leaves of a plant or pharmacy tea bag
make a glass of boiling water, insist 15 minutes, filter. it
daily portion, which is divided into three doses during the day and
пьют за 20 минут before food. Every day a fresh infusion is prepared.

Do not recommend simultaneous treatment with sage and hormonal
drugs. If undesirable
reactions, allergies – taking sage is stopped.


After 1-3 cycles (1-3 coursework, respectively) should
сходить на УЗИ и оценить состояние яичников, энbeforeметрия и другие
Signs of readiness for pregnancy. You can not take sage more than 3
months, but if necessary, re-treatment with
break in 1 month.

Sage in gynecology

Used to eliminate climacteric symptoms, especially
effective at the beginning of use at the earliest manifestations
климакса, еще before прекращения menstruation.

Effectively plant in the treatment of premenstrual syndrome,
accompanied by emotional instability, soreness
belly, etc.

Provides beneficial properties for women who need
stop lactation, which is recommended to take tea or
100 ml sage infusion twice a day for 5-7 days, but usually
milk disappears already on the 3-4 day of admission.

At the same time it is recommended to put compresses on milk
gland with sage oil (2-3 drops per 25 ml of vegetable oil) with
purpose of preventing milk stagnation. Gauze is moistened in the resulting
oil mixtures and applied to the chest for 1 hour, covered with cellophane.
Enough one-time conduct during the day.

Interesting facts about sage

  • The ancient luminaries of medicine considered the plant salvation from all
    diseases and even from material distress;
  • During the period of the plague, sage preparations helped to recover and
  • Sage-based drug development research is underway.
    for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease;
  • Sage extract is used in perfumery.

Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог

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