Rosemary: healing properties andcontraindications

Update: December 2018

Rosemary (морская роса, свадебный цветок) —  вечнозеленый
branchy shrub from the family Luminous. In the wild
grows in the Mediterranean countries: Italy, Spain,
Portugal, France, Greece. Artificially cultivated on
the territory of the Crimea. Морозонеустойчивая культура atживается в средней
strip, but is grown as a home plant.

Rosemary has pronounced healing properties, as well as
used in food as a spice. It has a specific
memorable aroma, reminiscent of pine.

Chemical composition

The leaves, top shoots and flowers contain:

  • essential oil 0.3-1% (composed of: sabinen, bornyl acetate,
    limonene, borneol, camphor, α-pinene (30%), cyneol (10%);
  • organic acids, including ursolic and rosemary;
  • alkaloids (rosemary);
  • saponins;
  • flavonoids;
  • resins;
  • bitterness;
  • tannins.

Useful properties of rosemary

For therapeutic purposes, the plant was used in ancient Egypt,
Rome and Greece to improve memory, vision, normalization
digestion. In the Middle Ages it was the first remedy against the plague.
В настоящее время atменяется как лекарственное растение, а также
as a spice in cooking.

Rosemary preparations have the following medicinal properties:

  • stimulating (on the central nervous system);
  • enhancing cerebral circulation (improves memory,
    attention, visual acuity);
  • antidepressant;
  • antitumor (used in complex treatment of leukemia,
    breast cancer, colon);
  • tonic;
  • antispasmodic;
  • tonic;
  • choleretic;
  • pain killer;
  • antiseptic;
  • antimicrobial;
  • antiviral;
  • immunostimulating;
  • hepatoprotective;
  • diaphoretic;
  • antioxidant;
  • hemostatic;
  • expectorant.

See Rosemary improves memory and mental abilities.

В каких случаях показано atменение розмарина?

  • Heart disease and low blood pressure. Rosemary stimulates
    blood supply, including the work of the coronary vessels, improves
    contractile heart function. Normalizes cholesterol in
    blood. Препарат назначают at ИБС и гипотонии, для восстановления в
    post stroke period.
  • CNS dysfunction: lethargy, weakness, apathy, decreased
    concentration of attention. The plant improves memory, invigorates, helps
    справиться с интеллектуальными и  психоэмоциональными
    stress, exhaustion, stress. In recent studies
    It has been proven that rosemary extract is very beneficial for the brain: improves
    mental activity.
  • Болезни joints и мышц: подагра, ревматизм, неврит. Rosemary
    eliminates joint and muscle pain.
  • Digestive disorders: abdominal distension, loss of appetite, colic,
    spasms, diarrhea. Helps at воспалительных процессах в органах ЖКТ,
    has a choleretic effect, relieves stomach pain. By
    some data, rosemary helps dissolve gallstones
    the bubble.
  • Respiratory system diseases: ARVI, flu, bronchitis, asthma.
    The plant has a mild expectorant, mucolytic action,
    has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory properties,
    helps to get rid of cough. Detrimental effect on staphylococcus,
    Streptococcus, yeast fungi, E. coli. Asthmatics
    use rosemary in the form of special smoking preparations.
  • Skin diseases Helps at фурункулезе, прыщах, угревой
    rash Применяется как антисептик at нарушении целостности кожных
    covers. Eliminates dry skin mixed with almond oil
    helps against stretch marks.
  • Women’s diseases. Растение помогает at аменорее, нарушениях
    menstrual cycle, used to normalize
    psycho-emotional state during menopause. Renders
    обезболивающее и спазмолитическое действия at ПМС. Medicinal
    формы растения рекомендуются для женщин для сatнцевания и ванночек
    at белях и вагинитах. It is recommended for slimming as a natural.
    fresh spice (speeds up metabolism and digestion), as well as for
    wraps, massage (counteracts cellulite, removes excess
    жидкость) и для ароматерапии (atтупляет чувство голода).
  • Men’s problems. Rosemary относится к мужским афродизиакам
    мягкого действия и at длительном atменении помогает восстановить
    potency.
  • For hair. By мнению фитотерапевтов, розмарин способен решить
    any problem of hair: strengthens the roots, fights fat,
    перхотью, atдает жизненную силу и блеск.

Rosemary рассматривается как общеукрепляющее средство, помогает
активировать защитные силы организма и atдает силы. Possesses
antioxidant action and helps cleanse the body of products
metabolism.

Collecting and harvesting

Raw materials are obtained from cultivated plantations, plants of the first year.
life: harvested rosemary flowers and shoots with leaves.
The maximum useful properties of the plant has, if collected at the end
May, at the time of the first flowering (in August, rosemary blooms again,
however, leaves are tougher).

  • Cut the tops of the shoots to half the height.
  • Raw materials are washed in running water, laid out on linen
    towel to dry the water, shift one layer, loosely on
    paper and dry in sufficiently ventilated indoors periodically
    turning over.
  • Drying naturally lasts from 2 to 4 weeks. Can
    dry the raw materials in a dryer at T 40ºC for several
    hours
  • Signs of readiness of raw materials: straw color and easy shedding
    leaves with twigs when touched.

Growing at home

The main method of reproduction – annual cuttings, which
rooted in water and then in the soil. 2 weeks after planting
Cut apex to form lateral branches. May also
grown from seed.

The plant is demanding of moisture and constant watering, but
Root rotting is also unacceptable. Loves a lot of light
heat, when growing may need additional lighting
a lamp. Optimum temperature: 20-25 ° C.

Rosemary in the pot – always fresh spice and raw materials for
drug preparation at hand. Beautiful plant disinfects and
refreshes the air in the room.

Pharmacy drugs

Medicinal properties of rosemary can be obtained from the plant
drugs that can be bought in pharmacies (the main thing is not to forget about
contraindications).

Rosemary extract (liquid and dry form)

They belong to the group of dietary supplements – an additional source of flavonoids.
Price: 150 rub.

Dry vegetable raw materials (bulk and
filter bags) 

Used for making decoctions, teas and tinctures. Price
70-80 rubles

 Rosemary essential oil

Intended for external use: aromatherapy (3-5 drops
bath), massage, inhalation, baths and baths (5 drops per bath),
compresses (5-7 drops per 500 ml of water), wraps and rubbing.
Main indications: peripheral circulation disorder,
mental or physical exhaustion, pressure drops, muscle and
rheumatic pains, headache.

Used to strengthen the hair roots (rubbed into the skin
heads, better with the addition of lavender oil and bergamot, 5-10 drops
which add to the broth burdock and nettle). Pure oil
enrich shampoos for everyday use: helps 
prevent dandruff and hair loss.

Bactericidal and tonic properties of the oil contribute to
acne healing, wounds. Rosemary activates blood circulation and
metabolism in the skin, improves skin tone and refreshes the face. Recommended
for oily, sensitive, inflamed skin: enrich with oil
face creams.

Price: 80-100 руб.

Recipes of traditional medicine

Tea, infusion

Suitable for oral use, compresses, therapeutic baths,
douching. Cold form is used as skin lotion.
(toning, eliminating inflammation). Used when
diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract, including asthma,
cough, weakness of the heart muscle, low pressure. Useful for
weakened memory. Helps to recover after a long
infection, with digestive disorders.
Women are recommended during menopause, men – with
sexual weakness.

Take 1 tsp. dry herbs, pour 200 ml boiling water, insist 15
minutes and strain. Take 1 glass twice a day, in the morning and
in the evening.

Alcohol infusion

Universal medicinal product for oral administration, as well as
compresses and rubbing with gout, rheumatism.

Take 50 gr. dry grass, pour 200 ml of 70% alcohol or bottle
wine, insist 10 days, strain. Take 20 drops before meals 2
times a day.

Decoction

For cooking broth, take 2 tsp. dried leaves
rosemary and pour a glass of boiling water, boil for 15-20 minutes and
strain. Take half an hour before meals three times a day for 1 tsp. at
pains in the heart, stomach cramps, neurosis, amenorrhea, impotence.
Наружно atменяется вместо ополаскивателя для волос, в виде
замороженных кубиков льда – для протирания кожи at снижении
tonus.

Rosemary essential oil

Accurately repeat the technology of obtaining oil at home
difficult, but you can get a useful product that is suitable
even for food purposes. To do this, take 300-400 gr. fresh twigs
rosemary and 1 liter of olive oil. Rosemary finely chop and
lightly ceiling with wooden tolucum, place in a glass jar.
Pour the raw material with heated oil, close the lid and put in
dark place for 5-6 weeks. Strain and refrigerate 2-3
months

Use inside, 1-2 spoons a day, you can as a dressing in
salad. Oil has anti-inflammatory effect, raises
immunity, normalizes the function of the stomach and intestines, cleans the vessels.
При наружном atменении заживляет ушибы, снимает отеки, устраняет
joint, muscle pain. Suitable for the enrichment of cream, masks for
face and hair with a moisturizing and nourishing effect. Helps from
acne: inflamed elements are dotted with oil
rosemary.

Immunostimulating tea

Recommended after suffering colds, flu. Dry leaves (1
ч.л.) залить 250 мл кипятка, запарить 20 мин и atнимать весь объем
2 times a day in the form of heat.

Противовоспалительное средство at заболеваниях мышц и
joints

Take rosemary leaves and white willow bark in a ratio of 1: 1, 1 tbsp.
pour 1 liter of boiling water, insist for 2 hours and in equal portions
atнимать в течение дня, за 4-5 раз.

Tincture on the fault

Dry leaves to grind in a mortar and pour 1 dry white wine,
insist for 2 days. Take 20 ml before meals. Helps
to restore potency, returns visual acuity.

Bath infusion

Take 50 gr. dry raw material, pour 1 liter of water and bring to
boil. Byсле снятия с огня настоять еще один час, strain.
Добавить полученный объем в воду и atнимать ванну at мышечных,
joint pain, general weakness and loss of strength.

Contraindications and side effects

Rosemary противопоказан at:

  • individual intolerance;
  • increased nervous excitability;
  • severe kidney disease;
  • hypertension;
  • insomnia;
  • pregnancy and lactation;
  • children up to 6 years.

Side effects in the form of dyspepsia and allergies are rare.
Эфирное масло atменяют очень осторожно: возможны спазмы ЖКТ,
irritation of the kidneys. Also rosemary is able to increase blood
pressure so hypertensive sufferers should minimize
употребление этой atправы.

In pregnancy, you can not use rosemary even for baths:
the herb stimulates uterine contraction and can cause miscarriage. Are available
information that previously grass was used to interrupt
unwanted pregnancy.

When using essential oil and other drugs
rosemary consider possible allergic reactions and not
exceed the indicated dosages.

Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог

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