Red Clover: healing properties andcontraindications, composition, drugs in the pharmacy

Update: October 2018 Red Clover (meadow, honey color,
Trinity, activity, redhead, red porridge, woodpecker, stable)
– herbaceous perennial plant of the legume family. Benefit and
plants have been studied for a long time, so clover is used everywhere
in folk medicine as an antiseptic, antifungal, astringent,
wound healing, expectorant and pain reliever, has
many useful properties and even eaten.

Unpretentious to the conditions of growth and occurs almost
throughout the whole territory of Europe, North Africa, Middle and
West Asia. In Russia, the most common in the European part
countries in Siberia, Kamchatka and the Far East. Clover
sensitive to the influence of anthropogenic factors: with adverse
conditions die and poorly restored. Grows on dry ground
and moderately wet meadows, glades, forest edges, in thickets,
on the outskirts of the roads.

It is a valuable honey plant, but only species can extract nectar.
bees with long proboscis, so productivity is not
more than 6 kg of honey per hectare of crops. Such honey is considered
best in quality and medicinal value, not long
sugared and retains its properties.

The plant is feed value for agricultural
animals planted for decorative purposes. Used as
fertilizer for the soil. Used for food purposes: young shoots
and the leaves are eaten as an additive to the salad, of which
cook soup. In the Caucasus, young inflorescences fermented for the winter.
The essential oil of the plant is used in perfumery and
cosmetology.

Morphological description

Taproot has a short length and gives a lot
shoots. At the root, blisters are formed with nitrogen-absorbing
bacteria (absorb nitrogen and accumulate air), therefore
clover sow the field for the natural fertilizer of the soil.

Branched stems reach a height of 20-60 cm, are ascending
or upright. Trifoliate leaves have ovate or
elliptical, long petiole, bright green colored
with a bright spot in the center. Lower leaves have toothed
the edges.

Flowering occurs in the June-July months, may continue until
August Red clover flowers zygomorphic, sessile, irregular
forms, 11-14 mm long, are located in capitate inflorescences,
framed by two leaves. Inflorescence is a
elongate ovoid or cylindrical head 1.5–3.5 wide
cm and a length of 2-3 cm. Fruits in July-August: filmy beans,
ovoid-spherical, with one seed of brown color.

Chemical composition

The rich chemical composition of the plant determines numerous
healing properties:Red Clover: healing properties and противопоказания

  • flavonoids (kaempferol, quercetin, prattoletin);
  • phytosterols;
  • fatty oil (especially a lot in the seeds);
  • essential oil containing methyl coumarin and furfural –
    the strongest antimicrobial substance;
  • organic acids (salicylic, p-coumaric,
    ketoglutar);
  • amino acids;
  • glycosides (trifolin and isotrifolin);
  • alkaloids;
  • tannins;
  • cellulose;
  • resins;
  • proteins and fats;
  • vitamins E, C, A, P, K, B1 and B2;
  • calcium and phosphorus salts.

After mowing the grass, nitrogen accumulates in the roots of the plant (up to
150 kg / ha).

Useful properties of red clover

What is useful clover? The plant preparations have the following
therapeutic actions:

  • astringent;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • pain killer;
  • wound healing;
  • secretory;
  • diuretic;
  • choleretic;
  • tonic;
  • diaphoretic;
  • expectorant;
  • antiseptic;
  • regenerating;
  • hemostatic;
  • anti-atherosclerotic;
  • vessel strengthening;
  • antitumor.

Collecting and harvesting

Medicinal value are the heads of red clover,
which are collected during the flowering period, while they are fresh and juicy.
Suspended and dried inflorescences for harvesting are not suitable. It is better
just cut the inflorescences with the top leaves, which are also rich
beneficial substances.

Dry raw materials in natural conditions – under sheds or on
attics It is important not to overdry the grass, because in this case
red clover loses medicinal properties. Ready dry heads not
must decay and crumble. They are neatly folded into the fabric.
bags and stored in a dry place for 12 months. Raw materials have no smell, but
It has a bitter taste.

Indications for use

Despite well studied medicinal properties and
contraindications of red clover, plant preparations mainly
used in traditional medicine for indoor and outdoor
treatment. What helps red clover:

  • SSS: atherosclerosis and its prevention, hypertension (lowers
    pressure, and also reduces concomitant symptoms – headaches
    pain and dizziness);
  • Hematopoietic system: anemia;
  • Musculoskeletal system: myositis, rheumatism,
    polyarthritis;
  • Respiratory system: bronchitis, pneumonia, tuberculosis,
    bronchial asthma, flu, ARVI, ENT pathology;
  • Pathology of the urinary system: urolithiasis,
    cystitis;
  • Reproductive system: female inflammatory diseases
    genital sphere, especially ovarian painful menstruation. Good
    helps with menopause. Men recommended for sexual
    powerlessness;
  • Oncological diseases. With the defeat of the internal organ
    taken orally and, in case of skin cancer, externally, in the form of lotions and
    ointments;
  • Skin diseases: skin damage with bleeding, fungal
    infections, burns, ulcers, psoriasis, vasculitis, vitiligo;
  • Inflammatory processes with the formation of purulent discharge:
    boils, felon, festering wounds, abscesses, ulcers and bedsores.

Plant preparations are recommended as a nutrient.
stimulant and tonic for the prevention of viral
diseases, with chronic fatigue, vitamin deficiency, sudden loss
or weight gain, alcohol intoxication.

Applying red clover

Recipes of traditional medicine:

Decoction and infusion

These are universal dosage forms, shown for all,
the above diseases. In addition to internal reception, shown
for external treatment in the form of compresses, lotions, poultices and
additives in therapeutic baths. Cool broth well help with purulent
boils and accelerates tissue healing.

Broth: 1 tbsp. l dry inflorescences pour boiling water (1 cup) and
boil on low heat for 1 minute, then insist for another hour.
Strain and drink half a glass 3 times a day, before meals.

Cool decoction for external use: as above
принципу, только взять 3 Art.l raw materials.

Infusion: 2 tbsp. l dry inflorescences pour boiling water (1 cup) and
wait 60 minutes, insist, drain. Take half
cups 3 times a day or ¼ cup 4 times a day, before meals.
Especially shown as an astringent and expectorant.

Decoction of the roots of the plant

Indicated for the treatment of bronchopulmonary pathologies and oncological
diseases.

Grind 20 gr. dried roots, fill them with 1 cup
boiling water, put the remedy in a water bath to languish on a weak
fire about half an hour. The resulting broth cool, strain and
add boiled water to the original volume. Take 1
Art. l decoction up to 6 times a day, before meals.

Red Clover Tincture

It is indicated for headaches, tinnitus and increased
cholesterol in atherosclerosis. Take to prevent flu and
ARVI, with anemia, fatigue, cancer.
Externally applied to the treatment of the throat and mouth (half
diluted with water). Cannot be used to treat open burns.
wounds and dry skin. Take with caution when elevated
pressure.

Взять 4 Art.l dry raw materials and pour 500 ml of vodka or alcohol,
diluted to 40%. Insist 10 days in the heat. Take 1
ч.l before meals 3 times a day and once more at night.

Tincture of seeds

Recommended for the treatment of male impotence, weak
erections.

Взять 1 Art. l clover seeds and pour 1 glass of red wine,
Steam the product in a water bath for half an hour. Take
длительно, не менее 1 месяца, по 1 Art. l 3 times a day.

Tea

Accepted as a means of strengthening the immune system in the season
colds and colds, to improve the appetite in children.

1 ч.l dry raw materials pour 200 ml boiling water, insist 5 minutes and
take during the day in small sips.

The juice

Fresh juice has the same effect as an infusion and decoction, but
considered more effective. It strengthens the immune system very well.
Especially recommended after a long illness, to recover
forces after operations. The juice применяют и наружно, при нагноении пальца и
nail bed, cutaneous tuberculosis.

Take fresh leaves, inflorescences and stems, skip through
grinder and squeeze the juice through cheesecloth. Take 1/3 стакана 3 раза
per day.

Oil extract

It is used to treat skin with ulcers and wounds, used to
speedy healing of burns and skin softening.

Take 1 part dry inflorescence and pour 2 parts olive
oil, insist 2 weeks. Use only externally, for processing
skin and compresses for the night.

Fresh crushed leaves

Used externally to heal wounds, stop minor
bleeding, with abscesses, burns and rheumatic pains.

Take fresh leaves, rinse with water and chop them in a mortar or
mince, put the gruel into a sterile bandage and
apply to skin for 15-20 minutes.

Fresh inflorescences

Freshly inflorescences are used as an additive to salads, soups
and recommend patients with beriberi.

Pharmacological drugs

At the pharmacy, you can buy the following drugs red clover:
drops, capsules, extract and dry raw materials.

  • Капли, 50 мl Recommended for strengthening and cleansing of blood vessels
    reduce blood cholesterol, prevent atherosclerosis and
    hypertension. Price – 110 p.
  • Capsules, 60 pcs. Used for respiratory diseases
    anemia, polyarthritis, hormonal disorders in women, with
    complex treatment of atherosclerosis, as well as for the treatment of skin
    diseases: eczema, psoriasis, furunculosis, burns and trophic
    ulcers Price – 900 p.
  • Red clover extract tablets 500 mg, 50 pcs.
    It is recommended as a dietary supplement to maintain women’s health,
    strengthen the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal system in
    menopause time. Price – 2200 r.
  • Extract on wax, 100 gr. Indicated for external use when
    burns, boils, eczema, allergic rashes, edema and
    lymph node inflammation. Price – 500 R.
  • Dry raw materials (grass and flowers), 50 gr. Recommended for
    catarrhal diseases, bronchial asthma, whooping cough, cough, pain
    in the chest, pulmonary tuberculosis, anemia. Used for headaches.
    pains and dizziness, insomnia, angina pectoris, hypertension,
    edema of various origin, with inflammatory diseases
    rectum and vagina. Outwardly used for wounds, boils,
    burns, scrofula, festering ulcers, eye inflammation. Price – 20-80
    R.

Features of use in women, men, children

  • For women. The decoction is used externally for douching when
    inflammation of the vagina, and inside – with painful
    menstruation. During the experiments, it was proved that the decoction
    plants helps to eliminate the effects of menopause due to the content
    phytoestrogens – substances that include
    hormone therapy for menopause. Women who took the decoction
    plants during menopause, stabilization of mood was observed,
    decreased frequency of hot flashes and other symptoms of menopause.
  • For men. Clover издавна относили к природным афродизиакам,
    increase male sexual activity (they use tincture of
    seed).
  • For kids. Tea из растения применяется для улучшения аппетита и
    activation of digestion, helps with cramps and abdominal cramps. Highly
    works well in exudative diathesis: you can bathe babies in
    water with the addition of a decoction or rinse the body with clover infusion
    after swimming. Alcohol clover tinctures for children
    contraindicated.

Contraindications and precautions

Among the contraindications to the use of red clover:

  • Thrombophlebitis;
  • Phlebeurysm;
  • Acute forms of chronic pathologies of the kidneys and liver;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Estrogen-dependent cancer;
  • Chronic diarrhea and constipation of various etiologies;
  • Children’s age up to 18 years (for alcohol medicinal
    forms).

In severe heart disease, after a stroke should
consult with your doctor about the possibility of treating red
clover – in these cases, the plant can be harmful to
health

Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог

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