- What is blood pressure?
- Pressure norms by age (table)
- What determines the pressure in women?
- Increased pressure in women
- Low blood pressure
- How to normalize pressure in women?
An important indicator of heart and vascular health is
arterial pressure. The rate of age for women is the same for
all, only minor deviations are allowed. Severe excess or
decrease in indicators indicates serious pathologies.
Changes in blood pressure do not go unnoticed
patient, as they cause deterioration of health.
What is blood pressure?
Артериальное давление — это показатель работы
hearts. In other words, it is the force of blood pressure on the vascular
walls. To assess the functionality of the cardiac muscle, always take
attention 2 indicators:
- Systolic pressure (upper).
- Diastolic (lower).
Upper blood pressure reflects systole moment (contractions
heart muscle). It indicates which minimum resistance
периферических сосудов во время сокращения мышцы hearts. Bottom
blood pressure shows how strongly resist
blood vessels push during the diastole (when
If we take away from the indicator of the upper pressure, the indicator of the lower,
то получится пульсовое давление. Average rate of it
varies from 35 to 50 mm Hg, the indicators change depending
by age. Heart rate (pulse) and blood pressure level
inextricably linked, they are the main indicators of normal
functioning of the cardiovascular system. However, when lowering
or an increase in heart rate does not necessarily change
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Pressure norms by age (table)
Doctors consider normal in an adult human blood pressure range from
115/75 to 120/80. Normal heart rate is in the range of 60 to
90 beats per minute. At different ages, the norm values are different.
So in children under one year the pressure is low, this is due to the fact that the vessels
the baby is not yet strong. At the same time, the heart rate of babies is significantly
higher than in adults. When a child matures, its vessels
become stronger, their resistance increases,
therefore, blood pressure also increases.
What pressure is normal for a person? Numbers by age
are shown in the table:
pressure from age table
|From 15 to 19 years||121 75||116 76|
|From 20 to 29 years||125 86||119 75|
|From 30 to 39 years||128 89||124 84|
|40 to 49 years old||135 85||130 89|
|50 to 59 years old||139 89||139 89|
|60 to 80 years old||143 93||148 98|
Minor deviations have nothing to do with diseases. If at 30
years a person has a pressure of 126 by 86, 113 by 80 or 115 by 85 – this
Blood pressure indicators for a child:
- Up to 12 months – 70 40.
- From 1 year to 5 – 99 59.
- From 5 to 9 years old – 105 65.
- From 9 to 15 years – 119 69.
If a child has lower than normal age, then this indicates
that his cardiovascular system develops more slowly.
If there are no other pathologies, then no treatment is required. By
as the baby grows, the vessels will get stronger and the indicators will normalize.
In adult men and women, a slight deviation from the norm is not
is a pathology. In adult males, pressure is always higher than
in a woman, because his height and muscle mass are much higher than that of women,
so the heart pumps more blood, increases accordingly
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associated with obesity?
In women, the level of pressure is controlled by the hormones estrogen.
They regulate lipid metabolism, inhibit the growth of cholesterol. it
protects blood vessels from the formation of cholesterol plaques. Among women
pressure is usually slightly less than male. It may be 109 65, and
116 66. Byэтому женщины меньше подвержены сердечно-сосудистым
pathologies. When menopause, estrogen is produced less,
Therefore, a woman increases the risk of increasing blood pressure.
With age in humans, the vessels lose elasticity,
diastolic pressure is reduced. Byсле 70 лет небольшое повышение
BP is even welcome, because with weakened vessels of the heart
hard to bleed the blood. And increased rates prevent
hypoxia of the brain.
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What determines the pressure in women?
Each person has their own physiological features,
causing the size of blood pressure and heart rate. Small variations can be
caused by various factors not related to diseases.
A healthy body independently controls the work of the heart and
changes pressure according to the situation. For example, when
Exercise, muscles need more nutrition, increases
pulse, respectively, the excess of blood pressure by 15-20 units is not
In a healthy person, the pressure increases due to
effects of the following factors:
- Physical stress.
- Drinking caffeinated beverages.
- PMS in women.
- Times of Day. In a dream, usually the performance decreases;
wakefulness – rise.
- Exercise man. Professional athletes
have lower scores than people not associated with
There is the concept of “working pressure”. Its value depends on
age, individual characteristics of a person. For someone working
there will be a pressure of 105 to 60, for another – 140 to 90. At the same time, a person
feeling good, no abnormalities in health
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Increased pressure in women
If a patient’s blood pressure constantly increases by more than 30
mm.rt.st., it is considered a pathology. About hypertension
speak at numbers from 150 100. Almost 30% suffer from this disease
adult population, numbers increase with age.
predisposition. The risk of developing the disease increases in individuals
abusing alcohol, tobacco, consuming a lot of salt,
The reasons for the increase in blood pressure may be as follows:
- Заболевание hearts.
- Endocrine pathology.
- Hormonal disorders.
- Vegetative-vascular dystonia.
The patient feels an increase in blood pressure in characteristic
- Nausea, vomiting.
- Byвышенное потоотделение.
- Feeling hot.
- Flies before your eyes.
Contrary to popular belief, a headache does not always indicate
increase in blood pressure. It can be associated with spasms of the muscles of the head or
other factors. When the IRR jumps blood pressure caused by a violation
regulation of vascular tone. it связано с дисфункцией вегетативной
nervous system. Also, the patient has:
- respiratory failure;
- panic attacks;
- increased sweating;
- digestive disorders;
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Normal values and how to lower blood pressure?
An increase of 100 -110 units is considered critical. In this
situation can happen hypertensive crisis. it экстренное
emergency condition, otherwise the patient will die.
Hypertensive crisis is especially dangerous if the patient has
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Low blood pressure
If the figures are reduced by more than 150-20 mm Hg, such
condition called hypotension. When such situations are rare, it is
due to overwork, stress, change of weather, lack of
of vitamins. Also, the pressure decreases with prolonged fasting.
Pathologically low numbers are when following
- Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine.
- Diseases of the digestive tract (ulcer, pancreatitis).
- Heart failure.
- Heart attack.
- Blood loss
- Tumor of the adrenal glands.
Decreased blood pressure may be accompanied by vegetative-vascular
Hypotension is expressed by the following symptoms:
- Pain in the back of the head.
- Weakness, lethargy.
- Pallor of the skin.
- Cold hands and feet.
- Deterioration of attention.
- Deterioration of health when changing weather.
- Chilliness at normal ambient temperature.
A strong drop in performance is very dangerous, since
приводит к остановке hearts.
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