Radon baths: benefits, indications andcontraindications

Update: October 2018

Radon baths (radon therapy) have a therapeutic effect.
on a person immersed in radon mineral water. Baths with
radon began to be used more than 100 years ago, the procedure is popular
and now, especially as a balneological treatment option.

Most often, treatment is prescribed to patients with joint problems and
spine. Like other physiotherapeutic procedures,
радоновые ванны имеют показания и contraindications, которые следует
take into account individually.

A few words about radon and its action.

Radon is a heavy, costly inert gas discovered at 20
pure century, occurring in about 300 natural
Sources: Altai, Crimea, Primorye, Pyatigorsk, Molokovka
(Russia – only about 30), Khmelnik (Ukraine), Bad Nauheim and
Bad Brambach (Germany), Tskhaltubo (Georgia) and others.

Natural sources are considered the most valuable, therefore
sanatoriums with radon baths built in the immediate
Proximity with them, are highly popular.

Radon waters are classified as weak- (from 1 to 10 nKi / l) and
strong radon, with a gas concentration of 120-200 nKi / l.

Artificial baths are prepared from concentrated water
solution of gas, which is obtained in a bubbler with a saline solution
radon contained in a lead container. Due to the high
concentrate radioactivity, diluted it by special methods,
observing safety rules and sanitary standards.

The collapse of the gas is accompanied by the release of a-radiation. When settling
radon molecules on the skin, which is called active plaque,
alpha radiation leads to ionization of water molecules and proteins in the dermis,
during which toxic metabolites of hydroperoxides are formed and
oxygen.

радоновая ваннаAutoantigens that are products
radiolysis of protein molecules transported by Langerhans cells
and, like protein photodegradation products, come into contact with
sensitized T-helper lymphocytes. Therefore
cytokines are secreted and the formation of neutral proteases is accelerated,
immunoglobulins and substances with biological activity.

Also, the activity of immune processes in the dermis enhance the products
lipid oxidation: activation of differentiation occurs and
proliferation of T-and B-lymphocytes with the production of immunoglobulins.
Radon alpha radiation enhances prickly cell differentiation
and the basal layers of the epidermis of the skin. Due to a-irradiation
melanocyte cells are formed by dopa, dopa-amines and dopa-quinones,
stimulating melanin synthesis. In addition, radon accelerates
synthesizing glycosaminoglycans in scar tissue consisting of
connective fibers, which leads to the formation of structurally
ordered fibers of granulation tissue.

History and Popularization

At the beginning of the 20th century the healing effect of the waters was due to the mysterious
emanation, which is essentially alpha radiation.

Over the 100 years of development, the therapeutic technique has experienced several
periods from triumph after the discovery of the healing effect of gas to
absolute oblivion and fear after radiation accidents. AT
Some American publications call radon therapy
absolute stupidity. At present, the technique is mainly regarded
as an auxiliary therapeutic method that should
apply only with a doctor’s prescription, and the benefits and harm
considered by different experts in different ways. The fact is that
people there is an individual response to radon –
Someone’s procedures help a lot, and some people don’t notice any
improvements.

The first Russian radon resort Belokurikha was opened in 1867
g. on hot springs. Gases and waters of Belokurikha sources
were studied in 1907-1908 by scientists of the Tomsk technological
Institute – they belong to the weakly radon waters.

Effects during the procedure

ATо время процедуры через органы дыхания и кожу в организм
about 0.3–6.4% of radon contained in water, which
causes α-irradiation of the tissues of internal organs. After
Radon baths The main depot of absorbed gas is leather,
about 3% is deposited in the basal cell layer of the subsegmental and
segmental bronchi.

Increasing the affinity of α- and β-adrenoreceptors of tissues to
substances with biological activity and mediators,
radon causes biphasic changes in the restricted blood flow in
of them.

Primary short-term spasm of the vessels of the external dermal
plexus (1-3 min) is replaced by a long expansion of arterioles and
slight slowing of the venular outflow. This causes flushing
skin and an increase in circulating blood volume.
Conduction of nerve conductors (unmyelinated) on the background
radon stimulation drops significantly, resulting in a decrease in
pain syndrome. Also increases the tone of the parasympathetic division
vegetative NA, and the sympathetic, on the contrary, increases.

ATследствие модуляции лиганд-рецепторных связей в
adrenoreceptors of the lungs and heart, radon leads to an increase
minute and stroke volume of the heart, causes lengthening of diastole and
shortening systole without changing heart rate.
Breathing slows down and becomes deep.

By activating the work of the adrenal cortex, the gas causes
to stimulate the synthesis of corticosteroid hormones and products
insulin pancreas. Therefore в организме
the processes of glycolysis and lipolysis are enhanced, which leads to
decrease in the main exchange, weight reduction and reduction
low-density p-lipoproteins and free fats in the blood. Function
the same thyroid and ovaries radon, on the contrary, slows down.

Healing Effects

Treatment with radon baths causes the following therapeutic
effects:

  • anesthetic;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • immunostimulating;
  • reparative regenerative;
  • metabolic;
  • vasodilator;
  • epithelializing.

The benefits of radon baths are to speed up all exchange.
processes. Damaged tissues are much faster and more efficient.
are restored from all kinds of damage, leveled
inflammation.

Indications for radon baths

Diseases of the cardiovascular system: myocardial dystrophy, angina pectoris 1-3
FC, mitral heart defects, post-infarction period (1 month),
myocarditis and atherosclerotic cardiosclerosis, atherosclerosis
in the initial stage, stages 1 and 2 of hypertension,
varicose veins

NA Diseases: Pathologies and the effects of peripheral injuries
(neuritis, neuralgia, plexitis, radiculitis) and central (disturbance
sleep, neurasthenia, the effects of closed head injuries)
nervous system.

Diseases of the musculoskeletal system: degenerative and
inflammatory diseases: osteitis, arthritis and polyarthritis,
osteomyelitis, poorly healing bone fractures, osteoarthritis,
spondylitis.

Respiratory diseases: chronic lung disease, rhinitis,
sinusitis, COPD, nonspecific inflammation, bronchial asthma.

Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: pathology with a chronic course, incl.
biliary tract, liver.

Skin diseases: lichen planus, psoriasis, scleroderma,
neurodermatitis, keloid scars, trophic ulcers and long-term unhealed
wounds.

Metabolic diseases: diabetes, gout, toxic
diffuse goiter 1-3 degrees, obesity 2 and 3 degrees.

Diseases of the sexual sphere (female and male): chronic
inflammatory pathologies with hormone-induced neoplasms
imbalance – endometriosis, fibromyoma, as well as menopause;
prostatitis.

Contraindications radon baths

Радоновые ванны имеют строгие contraindications:

  • radiation sickness;
  • hyperthermia;
  • severe neurosis;
  • CHD;
  • unstable angina;
  • angina voltage 4 FC;
  • polytopic extrasystole;
  • acute inflammatory diseases and exacerbations
    chronic;
  • heart failure 2 tbsp .;
  • atrial fibrillation;
  • hyperthyroidism;
  • epilepsy;
  • purulent skin diseases;
  • benign and malignant tumors;
  • hypoestrogenism;
  • leukopenia;
  • tuberculosis;
  • vegetovascular dysfunction;
  • individual intolerance to radon mineral water,
    which is expressed in sweating, dizziness, shortness of breath, etc;
  • pregnancy, lactation;
  • professional activities related to ionizing
    radiation.

Many are interested in whether it is possible to take radon baths for children?
Children’s age is a contraindication to this procedure.

ATред радоновых ванн для пациентов с перечисленными
contraindicationsми очевиден – процедуры будут усугублять их
state.

Method of therapy with radon baths

Mineral baths with volumetric radon activity 1.five kBq / dm3
create a biological dose of short exposure to small doses of the most
Insensitive organ – skin more than 1five times less than the MPC.
This proves the radiation safety of the treatment.

Preparation of the bath: 200 l of fresh water t 34-36 ° C are mixed with
100 ml of concentrated radon mineral solution
according to the instruction.

Procedure: the person is immersed to the level of the nipples in the bath for 12-1five
minutes People with heart disease are encouraged to dive into
bath only to the level of the navel. After ванны кожу аккуратно, без
rubbing dry with a towel.

Course: designate 10-1five baths. Again – after 6-12 months. the same
course. Accordingly, the effect of radon therapy persists for about
half a year.

Radon baths can be combined with sodium chloride,
carbon baths to enhance the therapeutic effect.

Another use of radon water is intestinal rinsing,
rectal and vaginal irrigation, mouth rinses,
inhalations and applications, dry radon baths and drinking
treatment.

Vaginal and rectal irrigation

Procedures are carried out for 1five-20 minutes: for vaginal irrigation, t
3five-40 ° C and microclyster t 37-40 ° C for 2-3 days in a row, and then 1 day
break. For the course – 18-20 procedures. Water concentration is the same
as for baths.

ATоздушно-радоновые ванны

Characterized by the same properties as conventional baths, but
tolerated more easily due to lack of water stress
on the heart, therefore, can be assigned in a more serious condition
(for example, after a heart attack).

For the procedure developed a special, automated
air-radon bath: the patient is inside the box with
sealed door and open throat part – the head is located
outside boxing and sealed with a neck cuff. Per patient
affects the air enriched with radon.

Drinking cure

When drinking radon water in patients with gout improves metabolism
uric acid by normalizing liver function. According to
clinical and experimental research drinking application
water stimulates the secretory, motor function of the intestine,
excretory function of the pancreas and liver and their
blood supply. There is an acceleration of reparative reactions in
mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum 12.

Memo for the patient

  • Before treatment should undergo a medical examination;
  • Before the procedure, you should release the intestines and urinary
    bubble;
  • You can not take a bath on an empty stomach, as well as immediately after a meal.
    Optimally – in 30-60 minutes after eating;
  • ATо время процедуры следует спокойно лежать и не двигаться;
  • You can not take a bath after strong physical exertion,
    stress;
  • At the time of treatment, it is important to give up smoking and alcohol;
  • After процедуры организуется отдых 30-60 мин.

Side effects

As a rule, the procedure is well tolerated. May be observed
some side effects, with the increase of which treatment should be
stop:

  • headache;
  • dyspnea;
  • dizziness;
  • high blood pressure.

List of resorts with radon baths

Name of region / city The name of the sanatorium The origin of radon waters Contact Information
Crimea / Bakhchisarai district / s. Aroma Therapeutic and prophylactic medical center “Black Water” Aji-su natural source

st. Yalta, 3

Telephone: (36fivefive4) 4-27-40, 6-44-71

Crimea / Yalta district / Livadia Sanatorium “Mountain” Artificial Radon Baths

smt. Livadia-1

Phones: (+7 49five) 204-10-68, (+7 978) 716-16-63, (+7 978)
716-09-74

(+7 36five2) five46-201

Tel. / Fax: (+7 36five2) five3-12-22

Russia / Sochi Sanatorium “October” Artificial Radon Baths

st. Plekhanova, 34b

Phones:

(862) 2five0-14-19; 2609-232;

(862) 260-90-03;

Russia / Sochi Clinical sanatorium “Metallurg” Artificial Radon Baths

Kurortny Prospect 92

Teleofny: 8 (800) 200-21-14

8 (862) 267-26-03

Russia / Sochi/ пос. Lazarevskoye Sanatorium “Tikhiy Don” Artificial Radon Baths

st. Ring, 10

Phones:

8 (8622) 26five-663

Russia / Altai Krai / g. Belokurikha Санаторий «Belokurikha» Drilling wells in the city

st. Slavsky, 9

Phones:

8-800-five00-6404 (ext. 901);

(38five-77) 2-07-93

Russia / Altai Krai / g. Belokurikha Санаторий «Алтай ATест» Drilling wells in the city

st. Slavsky, house 39

Phones:

8-800-2five0-67-67;

8 (38five-77) 31-090

Russia / Altai Krai / g. Belokurikha Sanatorium “Siberia” Drilling wells in the city

st. Slavskogo, 67

Phones:

8-800-five00-6404 (ext. 903);

(38five-77) 2-04-13

Russia / Altai Krai / g. Belokurikha Sanatorium “Health Resort Kuzbas” Drilling wells in the city

st. Zhdanov Brothers, 3A

Phones: 8 (38five77) 2-07-00; 3-30-09

Russia / Moscow region / city Pushkino Санаторий «Pushkino» Artificial Radon Baths

Krasnoarmeyskoe highway, 28a

Phone:

(+7 49five) 12five-03-five3

Россия/ATоронежская область/г. Liski Sanatorium “Radon” Natural source, the only one in the Central Federal
district

Phone:

+7 (49five) 668-62-8five

Russia / Stavropol Territory / Pyatigorsk Clinical sanatorium “Pyatigorsk Narzan” Own well

Gagarin Boulevard 1A, Bldg. five

Phones: 8(8793) 33-78-14;

8(800) 100-five2-01

Украина/ ATинницкая область/г. Khmilnyk Sanatorium “Radon” Mineral radon water from own well

st. Resort, 2

Phones: (0332) 78-3five-6five, 24-03-90, 79-98-39

Belarus / Grodno region Sanatorium “Radon” The only source of radon mineral in Belarus
water

e. Boroviki 40A / 2

Phones:

+37five (1five63) 27233 (многоканальный)

+37five (1five63) 39337 (факс)

Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог

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