Update: October 2018
Peppermint is a popular and widespread herb.
A plant with a specific smell from the family Luminous.
Cultural species was obtained by hybridization of wild mint varieties.
garden and water.
The plant is widely cultivated by gardeners, as well as
grown on an industrial scale, especially in the territory
Voronezh region and Krasnodar region. Is valuable
honey plant – the resulting honey has a pleasant mint flavor and
flawless amber color. It prefers a marshland, but in
generally unpretentious to the soil and germination conditions. Some
Gardeners consider the plant a weed.
Medicinal properties and contraindications of peppermint for a long time and
sufficiently studied. As a result, the plant is actively used.
in industrial pharmaceuticals and traditional medicine, as well
used to deodorize rooms, clothes and shoes, in
cooking, perfumery, food industry, etc.
Rhizome horizontal, branched, with fibrous thin
the roots. The stem is straight, from 30 to 100 cm in height, hollow inside,
has 4 facets. The plant is characterized by a large number of side
branches and leaves. The leaves are opposite, are located crosswise, have
oblong-ovate form and short scapes. Leaf tips
pointed, the base is heart-shaped and sharply serrated
The flowers are small, light purple, on top
collected by semi-globules from which spike-shaped inflorescences are formed.
Flowering occurs in the summer, from June to September. Fetus
consists of 4 nuts, is formed quite rarely.
Harvesting and storage of raw materials
Medicinal value has aerial part. For
self-harvesting most suitable mint leaves, which
should be collected in dry weather at the beginning of flowering.
Raw materials are dried in the air in the shade. If leaves are collected, they are dried on
clean paper, if the branches – you can dry them with sheds. Mint well and
dries quickly, after which it is stored in cardboard
the boxes. The shelf life of dry raw materials is 2 years.
Grind raw materials should be immediately before cooking.
medication, but not in advance, so as not to lose valuable essential
The chemical composition of peppermint
Everyone knows the smell of mint – it is nothing more than an essential oil,
which the plant is very rich. Oil is a clear liquid with
greenish or yellowish tinge, pleasant fresh taste and
aroma. The content of the essential oil varies in different parts
plants: leaves contain 2.5-4.5% of essential oil, inflorescences – 4-6
% liquid, and the stems – up to 0.3%. The more favorable conditions
growth, the greater the amount of essential oil contains
plant. The composition of the essential oil is represented by menthol, esters
menthol (valeric and acetic acids), alpha-pinene,
pulgon, cineol, dipentene, beta-fellandrene and others
Fresh leaves also contain tannins and resinous substances,
organic acids, betaine, carotene, trace elements, hesperidin,
bitterness, vitamins, neutral saponins, glucose, etc. in the islands.
So, 100 grams of fresh leaves of a plant contain:
- 70 kilocalories;
- 78.7 gr. water;
- 14.9 grams carbohydrates;
- 8 gr. fiber;
- 3,8 gr. proteins;
- 0.9 gr. fat;
- 0.2 gr. saturated fatty acids;
- 570 mg of potassium;
- 80 mg of magnesium;
- 30 mg of sodium;
- 75 mg of phosphorus;
- 243 mg of calcium;
- 5 mg of iron;
- 30 mg vit. WITH;
- 1.7 mg vit. IN 3;
- 0.3 mg of Vit. B2 and B5;
- 0.1 mg of Vit. B1 and B6.
Medicinal properties of mint
The plant is used in a number of diseases. Huge contribution to
the study of the properties of mint was once introduced by the British, who in the course of a number
experiments found out the effect of menthol on the human body. With
contact with skin or mucous membranes causes irritation.
cold receptors, stimulates the narrowing of the surface
located vessels and reflex expansion of vessels feeding
internal organs. It is this effect and light local anesthetic.
the action is applied in relieving angina attacks (known
Mint preparations have the following therapeutic effects:
- pain killer;
- improves digestion and appetite;
The scope of mint is wide – it is used to treat
- viral and bacterial nature, proceeding as ARD:
tonsillitis, pharyngitis, bronchitis, bronchospasm, rhinitis, and
- cardiovascular system: hypertension, angina pectoris,
circulatory failure, coronary spasm. Also
used for heart palpitations;
- nervous system: insomnia, depression, nervous excitement,
stress, migraine, loss of attention and memory;
- digestive systems: nausea, vomiting, spasmodic pain,
colic, flatulence, poor appetite, hepatitis, gastritis, incl.
caused by H. pylori, cystitis, cholecystitis, salmonellosis, gallstones,
ICD, irritable bowel syndrome, worm infestation,
- skin and mucous membranes: itching, rash, including herpetic nature,
dermatitis, burns, acne, pimples, dandruff, insect bites,
sweating, oily skin, enlarged pores and
- female genital area: heavy menstruation, manifestations
- pain syndrome: toothache and headache, smooth muscle spasm,
myalgia, bruises, sprains, neuralgia.
Anticarcinogenic drug is widely used for prophylactic purposes.
mint effect, particularly pronounced in the prevention of skin cancer, thick
intestine, pancreas, liver, lung, breast and prostate
Preparations of the plant are used to improve the immune
system. Peppermint increases the body’s resistance to cells
prolonged exposure to small doses of radiation, therefore
used parallel to the course of cancer treatment
diseases, as well as in cases of residence in adverse
Contraindications to mint
- Stomach achlorhydria;
- Increased acidity of gastric juice;
- Individual intolerance to the preparations of the plant;
- Severe allergic reactions, including food products
- Infertility, reduced ability to conceive, both in women and
- Great weakness, weakness, drowsiness;
- Children age up to 3 years, and for dosage forms with large
menthol content – up to 6 years.
Withменение для женщин при беременности и лактации
If there are no contraindications, and the doctor authorizes the use
mint preparations, you can use them to combat nausea,
accompanying toxicosis. But mint during pregnancy should
taken in very small doses because women are in a position
Allergic reactions to various plants often develop.
It is believed that mint in small quantities improves lactation, and in
large – it suppresses it, therefore it can be in moderate quantities
used and in nursing moms, again, if permitted by the treating
doctor and pediatrician. How much can you drink peppermint, too, should learn from
Mint dosage forms and their use
Mint Leaf Infusion
Withменяется спиртовая и водная настойка:
- For приготовления водного настоя 1 tbsp. dry mint is poured
boiling water (200 ml) and insist in a thermos for 60 minutes, filter.
Withнимают по глотку 3-4 р в день для лечения заболеваний ЖКТ,
indigestion, cough, to relieve
pain in the heart. With терапии заболеваний нервной системы принимают
100 ml three times a day so that the last dose was before
a dream. Externally used in cosmetology to improve the complexion,
eliminate fine wrinkles, oily skin and extended
- For получения спиртовой настройки 1 часть сухого сырья
mixed with 5 parts of vodka, kept for 14 days in the dark. Withменяют
for rubbing in some skin diseases and migraines (rub
whiskey). Inside take in diluted with water, 10-15 drops
twice or three times a day. – to relieve pain, with
women’s problems (heavy menstruation, menopause), in
1 tbsp. 500 ml of water are poured on dry raw materials and boiled slowly.
fire 15 minutes and another 15 minutes insist, filter. Drink 100 ml
adding honey (1 tsp) for nausea, palpitations, and
also with bad breath.
- With дерматозах добавляют отвар в ванну, но делают его более
concentrated (50 g. grass ~ 10 liters of water in the bath).
- Mint decoction for hair is used as a final
rinsing after washing – eliminates high fat content,
strengthens the hair roots and adds shine to the hair.
Tea with mint
The most popular medicinal form of the plant is tea with mint,
the benefit and harm of which has long been studied. For приготовления чая берут
both dried and fresh leaves in a volume of 2 tbsp. and pour them 1
l boiling water in the kettle.
It should be understood that mint tea is medicinal, and
It is impossible to use it as usual black or green tea.
The optimal dose for adults – 100 ml 2-3 r per day, the child –
on 50 ml with the same frequency rate.
Withменяется при лечении колитов, спазмов и болей ЖКТ, тошноте,
flatulence to improve digestion and appetite, like choleretic
a drug. Well helps with colds, neurosis and
chronic fatigue. Appointed for rinsing the mouth, throat and
rinsing the nose. Used for respiratory diseases –
with bronchitis, pharyngitis, rhinitis for inhalation.
Getting this dosage form yourself is difficult,
therefore, you should buy ready-made oil in a pharmacy. For
internal use 2-4 drops drip on a piece of sugar and
dissolve. It has a therapeutic effect in diseases.
heart, lungs, liver and gallbladder, nervous system, head
pain, flatulence, helps to recover from a long
Outwardly used for acne spotting
elements, insect bites, temples (for headaches),
joints (with joint pain), throat and chest for
facilitate the progression of colds, projection muscles (with
To obtain them, you must take the medical alcohol 90%
fortress, mint oil and dry mint leaves. On 1 part of raw materials take
20 parts of alcohol, insist 1 day, periodically shaking
content. At the end enter 1 part of peppermint oil. Accepted by 10
drops 2 times a day with water for digestive disorders such as
cramps, nausea, flatulence, diarrhea.
For foot bath 50 grams of leaves pour 1000 ml of boiling water and
insist 30 minutes under the lid. In a warm condition poured into
wash and place there feet for 15 minutes. Recommended for
excessive sweating of the feet, at night.
- Peppermint Herb – used for making tea, infusions
- Packaged mint tea, shown under the conditions described
- Peppermint oil and menthol. Sold as independent
dosage forms in flaconchiki with dispenser, and also included in
the composition of drugs such as Corvalol, Dr. Mo’s lozenges,
Fitolor, validol, Zelenin drops, gevkamen, menovazin, etc.
- Mint tablets that help with vomiting, nausea, cramps
- Tooth drops, tooth elixir.
- Peppermint therapy may be accompanied by a common
lethargy, drowsiness, so this treatment eliminates
the ability to drive cars and work with exact mechanisms requiring
increased concentration of attention.
- Another unpleasant side effect for men is a reduction.
potency. However, such a reaction is rarely observed, with prolonged
treatment in large doses and especially those who already had problems
- It is believed that mint reduces the ability to conceive.
- People with hypersensitivity may develop allergies.
reactions such as rash, dermatitis, itchy skin.
- Excessive consumption of mint provokes heartburn.
Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог