Panic attacks during pregnancy: does it exist pill for fear?

Content

  1. The roots of panic in pregnant women
    1. What happens during a panic?
    2. Why can a pregnant woman experience panic?
  2. How to deal with a panic attack?
    1. How to help yourself on your own?
    2. Pressure panic

Suddenly the heart froze for a moment, and then it started to jump, like mad Breathing stopped, for a moment dizzy, and the body was covered with cold, sticky sweat. Reason obscures the black cloud inexplicable, almost irresistible fear. I want to run somewhere hide from the whole world. It seems like you’re going to die or get away with of the mind. Is that familiar? This is a panic attack. She can go on a couple of minutes or last for hours. This condition is not associated with body disease, rather, the result of constant stress, various phobias or depression (in the modern world, all these almost every person has “charms”). No wonder that women during pregnancy experience panic attacks – occasions for excitement and stress they have more than enough.

The roots of panic in pregnant women

In modern medicine, a panic attack is called a vegetative crisis, cardioneurosis, vegetovascular dystonia with crisis over current. But this does not change the essence of the matter. Pregnant is experiencing uncontrollable excruciating fear with which she is not able fight.

A completely optional panic attack becomes a sign a weak, unbalanced person. Unfortunately pastoral peace is rarely available in the bustle and wild rhythm of modern metropolis. People are forced to constantly be in the crowd (transport, shops, work), live in suspense, adapt constantly changing circumstances. Emotional fatigue, inner conflict between “want” and “must”, ongoing stress plus understandable anxiety about pregnancy – here fertile ground for a panic attack.

panic attacks

A woman feels like a heart stops or literally “jumps out” of the chest, does not understand what is happening, loses orientation. Often this condition is attributed to severe cardiac diseases. Pregnant consults a therapist or cardiologist. Doctors find no abnormalities (cardiogram and tests are normal), on just in case prescribe valerian or motherwort and advise pregnant do not worry. Like it’s so easy to do!

If the doctor is more conscientious, then various unnecessary analyzes and diagnostics, followed by a narrow specialist profile. The woman concludes that she is incurable, perhaps mortally ill, but doctors can not determine what exactly. Of course, this also does not contribute to the strengthening of mental health.

There are recommendations to change lifestyle, relax more, find a fascinating hobby to distract. It really has meaning, as, indeed, in many other cases. Only a reasonable way out in such a situation is a visit to a professional psychotherapist or psychologist (not to be confused with a neurologist, this is from another opera).

What happens during a panic?

At first glance, the situation is similar to a heart attack. But the origins lie in problems with the nervous system and impaired functions brain. Panic is accompanied by a whole “bouquet” of symptoms:

  • heart palpitations;
  • cold sweat;
  • chills;
  • a feeling of sudden heat (and sometimes a fever body);
  • trembling hands;
  • lack of air, sometimes choking;
  • indigestion (constipation or diarrhea);
  • nausea, vomiting is possible;
  • frequent urination;
  • lump in throat;
  • numbness of the limbs;
  • loss of balance, orientation in space;
  • dizziness;
  • pressure surges.

A pregnant woman may experience some of the symptoms or all at once. A business complicated by thoughts of imminent death, fear of losing reason, lose control of yourself, insomnia.

Important! Worst of all, bouts of fear are accompanied by a strong muscle tension, which affects the uterus, and increased tone the uterus is dangerous at any time (miscarriage, premature birth, fetal hypoxia).

Why can a pregnant woman experience panic?

pregnant woman panicAt first glance, direct reasons for there is no inexplicable fear. But with in-depth research you can identify situations that give impetus to the beginning of a panic attack. how As a rule, it can be:

  • fear of open or enclosed space;
  • crowd fear (transportation, social events);
  • fear of death.

If you manage to figure out and determine what exactly causes attack, try to avoid situations that cause panic. For example, subway trips can be replaced by land transport, for a while refuse to attend mass events, find a hobby, which will redirect thoughts in a positive way.

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Equally successful pregnancy can alleviate a woman’s condition or, conversely, worsen it. On the one hand, a woman is distracted from my own fear, because all thoughts are now only about the child, with another, anxiety and nervousness often increase during pregnancy, which gives rise to panic attacks.

Unfortunately, the condition can significantly worsen after birth of a child. Amid fatigue, postpartum depression, anxiety for the baby subconscious treacherously palm off the woman the idea that she has already fulfilled her main purpose – brought a new life to the world. The result is a sensation emptiness, slurred longing and indifference.

Important! You can not blame a woman for her fears or depression. She Needs help and support. And it’s important not only professional help of a doctor. Attention and care of loved ones, understanding and patience sometimes works better than any medicine.

How to deal with a panic attack?

At the time of panic, a woman literally doesn’t owns and is already unable to somehow influence the situation. A logical question arises: what to do pregnant so that panic attack did not occur, or manifested at least not so expressed? There are three main ways available for a woman during bearing a child:

  • visit to a psychotherapist (unfortunately, to find a good specialist not so easy);
  • ability to relax muscles (special exercises);
  • breathing exercises.

Working with a psychotherapist (even the best) will produce results only a few months later. Specialist will help a woman understand the origins of her fears, determine the situation in which panic attack is most possible.

reception at the psychotherapist

Sometimes medications are prescribed in addition, but medications are only support, not the main treatment. You can’t hope for miracle pills that will instantly change the situation. Moreover, with it is not safe to take such drugs during pregnancy. Moreover, if a woman planning a pregnancy is undergoing psychotherapy with the use of drugs, then the drug should be stopped for two months before conception. And you need to do this gradually, under doctor’s guidance so as not to provoke the so-called syndrome cancellation.

How to help yourself on your own?

During panic attacks, the pregnant woman does not experience only painful experiences, but also the tension of all the muscles that she cannot control. In order to alleviate the condition and to protect the child, you need to learn how to completely relax by of your own free will.

At the moment of any danger (not necessary during a panic attack) our body tenses, sending a corresponding signal to the brain. The science muscle relaxation will destroy the foundation, the physiological basis fear.

Exercises are based on alternating intense stress and subsequent relaxation. Muscles must remember what tension should definitely relax.

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Relaxation Workout:

  • strain all your fingers, squeeze them into a fist;
  • bend your wrists as far as possible (muscles work forearms);
  • raise and spread apart the arms bent at the elbows (approximately to shoulder level);
  • move the shoulder blades together and mark their downward movement (keep your attention down);
  • sitting on a reliable support, raise elongated straight legs;
  • pull the heels forward with the socks up and towards you (not spread the socks to the side, the feet should be slightly clubbed);
  • bend your toes, leaving your feet in tension.

Each action is followed by relaxation. To start relax after each exertion, gradually combine a few movements, and only then release the muscles. As a result you need to learn how to fully strain all the muscles and keep this state a few seconds. Subsequent sharp relaxation do simultaneously with a deep long exhale. Listen to the sensations remember how your body responds to relaxation.

Important! Do not hold back during exercise breath. Inhale and exhale even and free, breathe through your nose.

First you need to constantly concentrate on breathing, even in damage to exercise. Over time, the body itself will support such a mode without distracting you. This complex must be repeated until ten times a day (at the beginning of classes you can have less). In a week, ten days maximum (with proper concentration on sensations) you learn to relax completely without stress the muscles. This is our goal – to remove physical stress and not give the brain panic.

Breathe and calm down

Fear, stress, panic are breathless. The breath becomes shallow, intermittent, letting the brain know that it’s time to arrange panic. Breath control is another way to bring down the beginning panic attack.

Inhaling activates muscles and internal organs, stimulating all system, and as you exhale, the body relaxes. In ordinary life we ​​do not pay attention to it, but for a stressful situation skill breathing becomes very important.

breathing exercises

The point of breathing exercises is to learn how to exhale longer, than a breath:

  • sit with your back straight (open your lungs) so as to see clock with a second hand;
  • take a deep slow breath for five seconds, for the next hold your breath for five seconds, then exhale slowly, watching so that the exhalation lasts as long;
  • when this is mastered, reduce the pause between inspiration and expiration to 4 seconds, and exhale lengthen to six;
  • gradually reduce the length of the pause, increasing the time expiration
  • at the end of the inhalation exercise, it should take five seconds, and on exhale ten.

A few minutes of such breathing will relieve tension and soften or prevent panic. You can try the breath practiced in yoga. Inhale slowly, imagining how the air flows first into stomach, and only then into the chest. Then exhale first lower your chest and then your stomach. It will require full concentration, distracting the brain from a stressful situation.

Pressure panic

Low-pressure attacks usually occur in the morning or daytime hours. They are characterized by slow heart rate (up to 45 strokes), weakness, suffocation, sensation of heat or cold is possible sweat. In this situation, help:

  • tincture of valerian (20 drops);
  • strong sweet tea or some coffee, spicy help someone cheese or a slice of salted fish;
  • horizontal position of the body (preferably on a solid surface) with with raised legs.

Important! With a sharp decrease in pressure, you should not drink motherwort or funds with it, as the pressure may drop even more.

Evening attacks are often accompanied by increased pressure. An elevated pressure is considered to be from 150/90 to 180/110. Attack accompanied by a feeling of lack of air, a sudden heart beat, followed by a sharp increase in the frequency of contractions (pulse knocks like mad), numbness of the extremities, “goosebumps” is possible, even a rise in temperature.

You need to take a comfortable position (sit down or lie down) so that head was high, put on forehead, neck, wrists cold compresses, slowly, in small sips, drink water. With strong palpitations can take 30 drops of Corvalol or Valocordin.

A panic attack can overtake anyone. Surrounding you cannot panic with him, scream or persuade “take yourself in hands. “At the time of the attack, this is not possible. Try to figure out causes of fear and avoid dangerous situations. Learn to control breathing, relax muscles. Better yet find yourself an interesting occupation by redirecting all your thoughts to positive channel. And what can be more positive for a pregnant woman than her future baby?

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