Oregano: medicinal properties, contraindications,women, children

Update: October 2018

Content:

  • Morphological description
  • Collecting and harvesting
  • Chemical composition
  • Useful properties of oregano
  • Pharmaceuticals with oregano
  • Folk recipes with oregano
  • Oregano for women and men
  • Contraindications to the use of oregano and special instructions


Oregano vulgaris (oregano, motherboard, matsardushka, ladanka,
dushnitsa, zenovka, brass color, motherboard, bee lover, forest mint) –
species of herbaceous plants of the family Luminous. All over the world
there are about 50 species of oregano, but the plant’s birthplace is
Southwest Asia. Widespread in Europe and
Mediterranean, where it is more often cultivated than grown in the wild.
the form.

Perennial. It is found everywhere in Russia and does not grow only.
in the Far North. Undemanding on soil, but sour and
clay soils grow poorly. Loves open areas – glade,
the edge of the forest, overgrown shrubs, open grassy places, slopes
the hills. It grows best on dry, sandy and loamy soils. ATо
the flowering time of the field with oregano becomes like glossy and
beautifully shine in the sun, for which the plant is also called
brilliant. It tolerates winter well and starts growing season from the end.
February

ATходит в состав пряностей для паштетов, домашних колбас, фарша.
Perfectly complements meat dishes and gives a special taste and aroma.
sauces and gravies. In the Caucasus and Belarus oregano is used in
home canning cucumbers and mushrooms. Is used for
brewing flavored, tasty tea, as well as in baking. AT эфирное
plant oil is used to perfume cologne, toilet
soap, toothpaste, lipstick.

Oregano is considered a good nectar, dried
used in beekeeping to combat ants and wax
I beg. It has a distinctive spicy scent reminiscent of aroma.
Thyme

Morphological description

Plants reach a height of 50-70 cm.

The rhizome is bare, with numerous branches, often
creeping

Stem is straight, tetrahedral, soft-pubescent, branched in
upper part, 30-90 cm high.

The leaves are oblong-ovate in shape, 1-4 cm long,
located opposite. Grow on petioles, have solid edges, on
The top is sharp, dark green above, gray-green below.

Numerous fragrant small flowers are collected in inflorescences
corymbose-paniculate type, painted in reddish-purple or
mauve color. Two-lipped corolla consists of 5 fused
petals that form a double-limp and tube. ATерхняя губа
consists of 2 petals, and the bottom – of 3. It blooms from the second year
life in June – July.

Fruit is 4 bare, brown or brownish nuts, which
sit in the cup. Seeds ripen in August, weight 1000 seeds
makes only 0,1 gr. Propagated by dividing the bush, and
seeds.

Collecting and harvesting

Medicinal value is the herb oregano,
which is collected in the mass flowering season, but only from the second
vegetation year. ATажно, чтобы было полное раскрытие бутонов. With
the later collection of essential oil content in raw materials is reduced, and
its quality will be worse.

ATерхушки срезают на высоте примерно 20 см от уровня земли.
It is desirable that the raw materials almost did not have stems. Oregano
common in the forests of Russia, but you can not tear it up by the roots – this
undermines the resource base.

Dried under sheds, in ventilated areas and in attics, and
in bad weather – in dryers at a temperature of 30-40 ° C. Raw material
considered dry if the stems break when bent. Dry raw materials
has a fragrant smell, bitter-spicy, slightly astringent, tart
taste.

Store separately from other medicinal raw materials. If plants
dried whole, shelf life is 1 year. If raw
grind and fold into a hermetically sealed container, then the term
shelf life is 2 years.

To obtain the famous essential oil, the grass is subjected
hydrodistillation immediately after collection.

Chemical composition

The plant contains:

  • ascorbic acid: in flowers 166, in leaves 565 and stems 58
    (mg%);
  • essential oil (0.3-1.2%);
  • tannins;
  • bitterness;
  • flavonoids;
  • phytoncides;
  • fixed oils;
  • caffeic acid and its derivatives;
  • phenols.

The essential oil is yellow or colorless, has a typical
для растения аромат и острый taste. AT составе масла обнаружены:
thymol – 50%, carvacrol, bi-and tricyclic sesquiterpenes – 12.5
%, geranyl acetate – 2.6-5%.

Carvacrol has a great therapeutic value – natural
antibiotic, superior to a number of synthetic
antibiotics. Thymol has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic
and analgesic effect, well helps with colds
diseases and musculoskeletal pains.

Useful properties of oregano

Plant preparations have a wide range of beneficial
actions:

  • painkillers;
  • antispasmodic;
  • carminative;
  • sudorific;
  • sedatives;
  • sleeping pills;
  • wound healing;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • antiseptic;
  • haemostatic (when applied externally);
  • deodorizing;
  • choleretic;
  • expectorant;
  • diuretic;
  • anthelmintic.

Medicinal properties of oregano allow apply plant preparations
in the following cases:

  • Respiratory: as an expectorant and
    antiinflammatory in the composition of diaphoretic, nursing
    charges for diseases – whooping cough, bronchiectasis,
    acute and chronic bronchitis, tuberculosis;
  • Dental diseases: toothache, tartar;
  • Digestive system: intestinal atony, gastrointestinal spasms,
    esophagitis, gastritis, especially with low acidity, colitis,
    enterocolitis, inflammatory diseases of the liver and gallbladder,
    jaundice, liver and kidney colic, constipation and flatulence, poor
    appetite. Plant preparations increase secretion well.
    digestive glands and intestinal motor function;
  • Cardiovascular system: hypertensive illness (initial
    stage), atherosclerosis;
  • Urinary system: edema, chronic cystitis;
  • Musculoskeletal system: rheumatism, paralysis;
  • Nervous system: insomnia, nervous disorders, epilepsy,
    depression;
  • Immune system: as a stimulant and restorative
    facilities;
  • Skin diseases: scrofula, rashes, including allergic,
    pustular diseases, diathesis, neurodermatitis, eczema,
    vitiligo;
  • AT гинекологии: при отсутствии месячных, нарушении цикла,
    delayed puberty, inflammatory processes, reduced
    lactation.

Infusions and decoctions of oregano have a complex effect when
stomatitis, gingivitis, sore throat, toothache and apply for
rinses. From infusion and decoction do inhalation with tonsillitis,
antritis, laryngitis. Used for lotions in diathesis (including
children), scrofula, rashes, rickets.

Pharmaceuticals with oregano

  • Urolesan. Multicomponent drug, which includes
    oregano herb extract. Appointed with pyelonephritis, dyskinesia
    gall bladder and biliary tract, liver diseases, stones
    and sand in the kidneys and biliary tract.
  • Oregano oil. Aromatic oil, effective for neurasthenia,
    arthritis, back pain, muscle pain, cold, bronchitis, sore throat,
    rhinitis, fungal diseases, boils and other inflammatory
    skin processes. The oil is added to the cream, used to
    inhalations, baths (steam and sedentary), do on its basis
    lotions, compresses, lubricate the inflamed areas and skin. ATесьма
    effective in the early days of the disease.
  • Oregano herb. Dry raw materials для приготовления лекарственных форм.
    Refers to expectorants of plant origin when
    respiratory diseases are also prescribed for secretory
    Gastrointestinal insufficiency, enterocolitis, intestinal atony. Outwardly
    used in the form of lotions and baths in diathesis and pustular
    skin diseases.

Grass is a part of various vegetable fees.

Folk recipes with oregano

  • Sleep bag Effective in insomnia. Dry grass is filled
    fabric bag and put it near the pillow. This bag soothes
    nervous system, helps you quickly fall asleep and improves quality
    sleep.
  • Universal infusion. ATзять 2 ч.l chopped herbs add
    to a glass of boiling water, close the lid and insist 15-20 minutes,
    strain. Drink with the above pathologies in the form of heat before eating
    (15-20 min.) for ½ cup 3-4 p / day.
  • Decoction. ATзять сырье и кипяток в пропорциях для приготовления
    infusion, put in a bowl and put in a water bath for 15-20
    min., cool, strain and take the scheme infusion. This form
    more effective due to the high concentration of beneficial
    substances.
  • Alcohol infusion. ATзять 20 гр. dried herbs and mix with 40 ml
    alcohol, put on 24 hours in a cold, dark place. Withем по 15-20
    drops thrice a day contribute to sputum and improve
    cough productivity for bronchitis, pneumonia and other
    bronchopulmonary diseases.
  • Butter. ATзять 100 гр. dried flower plants and add to 500
    ml of olive oil, shake the medicine container thoroughly and
    put in a warm place for a few days, filter. ATтирать
    into the skin of the temples with neat circular motions 2-3 times a
    with headaches and migraines. Good helps this oil and
    pain in the limbs, can be used for general massage.
    Locally, the oil can treat the skin affected by a flat
    deprive.
  • Juice oregano. Very useful dosage form. Squeeze the juice out
    blooming grass and drink 1 tbsp., mixed in 3 tbsp. honey, 3 times a
    the day before the meal (15 minutes). Helps with rheumatism, paralysis,
    epilepsy, convulsions, intestinal cramps, low secretion
    gastric juice, bloating and intestinal atony, constipation. Effective
    to improve appetite and digestion. Well established
    with colds, gynecological diseases and
    menstrual disorders. Outwardly используется при
    furunculosis, ulcers, skin rashes, as well as headaches.
    Is used for натирания при ревматизме, невралгии, параличах,
    cuts, as lotions for tooth and ear pain.
  • Infusion of herbs for epilepsy. Fight it hard
    disease can be using oregano. ATзять 10 гр. herbs, pour 1.5
    cups boiling water, insist, filter and drink at ½ cup
    thrice / day for 15 minutes before meals. Course treatment – at least 3 years.
  • Chest tea ATзять 1 ст. l drug mixture of Althea root
    (2 parts), leaves of coltsfoot (2 parts) and oregano (1 part),
    pour 400 ml of boiling water, 15 min. nap, filter and
    drink warm ½ cup after a meal every 3 hours.
  • Sweatshops. Mix 2 pieces of dried raspberries, so much
    же листьев мать-и-мачехи и 1 часть травы душицы, взять 2 ст.l this
    mix and pour 400 ml of boiling water, steam for 15 minutes,
    filter, drink hot for half a glass three times a day.
  • Infusion when coughing. ATзять 1 ст.l dry grass and pour it 1
    a glass of boiled milk, insist on a water bath (with a slow
    boiling water) 15 minutes, drink the entire volume before bedtime.
  • ATетрогонный сбор. Mix in equal proportions of chamomile flowers
    pharmacy and oregano, pour boiling water (200 ml), put on
    water bath, boil for 5-7 minutes., cool, strain and drink 1
    a glass in the morning and in the evening.
  • Anti-inflammatory infusion for rinsing the mouth and throat. ATзять
    4 parts of oregano, 6 parts of oak bark and 1 part of Althea root, 2
    ст.l this смеси pour 400 ml of boiling water, 15 min. to steam up
    filter and use in a warm form for gargling and
    mouth after meals several times a day.
  • Tea. Dried or fresh grass cut into small pieces
    and put in a teapot (in volume, as when brewing black tea),
    pour boiling water and 1-2 minutes. to boil. Remove it from fire, cover it
    towel and steam for a few minutes. Drink with milk, cream or
    honey for colds, general malaise, nervous overstrain.
    Напиток имеет терпкий, вяжущий и слегка горьковатый taste.
  • Collection in the fight against smoking. ATзять 2 части мать-и-мачехи, алтея
    лекарственного и 1 часть душицы, 3 ст.l herbal mixture pour
    half a liter of boiling water and insist 2 hours in a thermos. Drink received
    volume during the day. The tool relieves withdrawal symptoms
    soothes and cleans the lungs.

Oregano for women and men

This fragrant plant is considered female grass and is widely
used to maintain health and youth.

  • Since ancient times, the infusion of the plant is used to preserve skin tone.
    and its freshness: a means to wash in the morning and in the evening, better
    cool infusion before use.
  • Infusion, frozen in ice cubes – a great tonic
    remedy, especially for fading skin. Such procedures are better.
    spend in the morning: wipe the face, neck and decollete skin with a cube,
    then apply care cream.
  • ATодный настой душицы с добавлением календулы, наполовину
    diluted in mineral water is an excellent lotion for
    skin care prone to inflammation, oiliness, rashes.
  • Oregano decoction is used for baths (1 liter per procedure). Already
    after several baths the skin will become softer and more fragrant. Besides
    Moreover, such baths will be useful for women with chronic
    cystitis.
  • Rinsing hair with infusion of oregano helps with dandruff,
    loss of elasticity and dullness of hair.
  • Essential oil of oregano helps to get rid of cellulite. For
    This 2-3 drops of oil mixed with vegetable oil (olive,
    sufficient for treating problem areas, and
    carefully rubbed into the skin, after which you can make anti-cellulite
    Massage with a special roller massager. To repeat
    procedures within 14 days.

Plant preparations are used in gynecology, especially when
violations of the menstrual cycle (delay, failure), with pain
sensations during menstruation. The plant is used in the form of water.
infusion and take half a glass of 3 p / day. ATажно знать: если
delayed menstruation is associated with a possible pregnancy;
plant preparations are prohibited: they can lead to miscarriage and
bleeding.

Young mothers during breastfeeding oregano tea helps
improve and improve lactation, recover from childbirth and speed up
the process of cleansing the uterus from natural postpartum secretions.

There is an opinion that the plant helps to increase the volume of the breast,
However, this is not quite true. Infusion is used in delayed development.
mammary glands and genitals, and in adult women
no effect.

Tea with oregano also facilitate the state during menopause,
smoothes tidal sensations, eliminates migraines and stabilizes
condition of the nervous system.

Contraindications to the use of oregano and special instructions

  • Erectile dysfunction and reduced libido in men.
  • Severe vascular and heart diseases.
  • Gastric or duodenal ulcer.
  • Renal, intestinal, hepatic colic.
  • Individual intolerance.
  • Children’s age up to 16 years (it is admissible external application).

Can oregano during pregnancy? The answer is simple: no.
The active substances of the plant stimulate the contraction of the muscles of the uterus
and can lead to miscarriage or premature birth.

With caution use of plant preparations for hypertension,
only in the initial stages of the disease and in no case
ignoring the antihypertensive drugs prescribed by the doctor as well
coordinating with him the use of oregano.

Men are not recommended to use the preparations of the plant, but
if necessary, only in short courses and in small doses. AT
large doses of oregano is harmful because there is a risk of developing
impotence, decreased libido and even impotence.

Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог

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