Normal values ​​of the hormone cortisol in femalein the body

Content:

  • Cortisol function in women
  • What is the norm of cortisol in women?
  • Standard indicators of cortisol in children
  • What affects the reduction of cortisol levels?
    women?
  • Cortisol is higher than normal in women: causes and signs
  • What pathologies still affect the increase in cortisol in
    women?
  • Video
  • Free Cortisol Determination

Cortisol, the norm in women of which depends on age,
belongs to glucocorticoid hormones. In medicine, cortisol is still
known as hydrocortisone. It enters the bloodstream in
small quantities, and then very quickly split. AT
altered and processed, it is excreted by the kidney.
with urine. The main task that lies ahead
cortisol, is a “painless” adaptation of the body to external
environmental change.

Cortisol function in women

TOортизол в in the body влияет на деятельность практически
all organs and systems.

Impact objects Changes that occur under the influence of the hormone
Carbohydrate exchange Turns protein into glucose.
Increases the sugar content in the blood stream.
Protein exchange Accelerates the breakdown of protein.
Hinders the formation of protein.
Increases the amount of nitrogen that leaves the body with
urine.
Fat exchange Stimulates the synthesis of fats.
Responsible for the accumulation of fat and its transportation
to the body.
Hemopoiesis Interferes with the movement of stem cells.
The cardiovascular system Increases pressure.
Reduces the permeability of the walls of blood vessels.
The immune system Inhibits the formation of antibodies.
It inhibits the formation of prostaglandins, which are responsible for
the occurrence of pain and signs of inflammation.
Reduces the content of mast cells responsible for
allergic manifestations.
Digestive system Stimulates the production of hydrochloric acid and pepsin, which
improve food digestion.
ATыделительная система It inhibits the formation of gonadotropic hormones.
Inhibits the formation of thyroid stimulating hormone.

ATлияние кортизола на водно-электролитный обмен:

  • Controls the balance of potassium and sodium in the bloodstream.
  • Activates filtration in the glomeruli of the renal apparatus.

The hormone also has an effect on energy metabolism:

  • Slows down the breakdown of glucose in muscle tissue. Thereby
    energy reserves are squandered more slowly.
  • Contributes to the accumulation of glycogen in the liver.

TOортизол у женщин


Taking part in all the processes necessary for
vital functions of the body, cortisol carries out a number of the following
action:

  1. Antiallergic. Due to its action,
    cortisol reduces hypersensitivity, if available in
    in the body женщины. And also the substance partially blocks the effects
    allergens.
  2. Anti-inflammatory. Hormone limits
    the spread of the inflammatory focus.
  3. Antishock Cortisol – the main assistant
    during stress and overstrain of the nervous system. ATещество
    corrects the body’s response to external changes (danger,
    stress), protects from emotional stress.
  4. Antitoxic. Cortisol activates
    glomerular filtration, due to which toxic substances are faster
    leave the body.
  5. Antiedematous. ATещество сужает просвет
    blood vessels, thereby affecting blood pressure. In women, level
    hormone which is reduced, there is a reduced pressure.

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What is the norm of cortisol in women?

Indicators of the norm of the hormone in women differ. Affect them
возраст женщины, время суток
. So, cortisol concentration in
крови в утренние часы буде на верхней границе (от 140 до
620)
. TO вечеру уровень вещества упадет (от 48 до
290)
.

The daily norm of cortisol in an adult and not sick woman
будет считаться показатель равный 130 до 600 нм/л.
It remains unchanged, if there is no stress, in
otherwise, cortisol concentration increases. it
accompanied by a woman crying, irritability,
depressed state.

The amount of cortisol is also affected
female oral contraceptives.

Hormone levels in women depending on
age:

ATозраст The amount of cortisol (nm / l)
Adolescence: 12 to 15 years 130 to 400
16 to 40 years old 130 to 600
From 40 and over Less than 130

Growth hormone occurs in a pregnant woman. So his level
ranges from 1200 to 2100 nmol / l.

Cortisol levels in men also vary with
time of day. So, in the morning, the hormone concentration ranges from 171 to
526 nm / l, and in the evening – from 64 to 327.

кортизол таблица


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Standard indicators of cortisol in children

In children, cortisol is produced in amounts not less than that of
adults. Stressful situations in young patients, too short
therefore, the body must also adapt to external conditions and
needs. Normal levels of hormone in children:

  • Up to 1 year of life – from 30 to 670 nmol / l.
  • From 1 year to 15-16 years – from 75 to 630 nmol / l.

The reason to contact the laboratory to identify elevated
cortisol levels may become characteristic of the syndrome
Cushing In children, it manifests itself as follows. signs of:

  1. Significant fat deposits in the cheeks and neck
    (“Moonlike face”).
  2. Increased blood pressure.
  3. Passivity, fatigue.
  4. Insomnia.

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What affects the reduction of cortisol levels? women?

Гипокортизолемия – так называется состояние,
wherein the amount of cortisol in the blood is below normal. It is
сигналом серьезных нарушений, происходящих в in the body женщины. TO
one of these disorders belongs to the hypofunction of the thyroid gland.
Hypocortisolemia occurs:

  • Persistent lowering of blood pressure.
  • Расстройствами в работе ЖTOТ: болью в животе, тошнотой и
    gagging impulses.
  • Muscle weakness
  • Labile emotional background. The woman is disturbed by a causeless
    fear, anxiety, depression.
  • Failure of the menstrual cycle. It may take too long. Have
    some women have poor or no discharge
    at all.

The article in the topic: What is a hormone antimühler responsible for? TOакие нормальные
значения АМГ в женском in the body?

кортизол


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Cortisol is higher than normal in women: causes and signs

Increasing cortisol levels is not always good for
body of a woman. Its constant increase leads to the development of
women of chronic stress. It is characterized by the following
signs:

  • Haveхудшение способности к запоминанию новой информации.
  • The activity of the thyroid gland is impaired.
  • Blood pressure is increasing.
  • ATозникают проблеме в работе ЖTOТ. Woman pursues a permanent
    the feeling of hunger, which she tries to satisfy, taking a lot of food.
    Against this background, she develops obesity, malfunctions occur in metabolic
    processes.

ATысокий уровень кортизола у женщин приводит к нарушениям
reproductive function. So such patients can have
diagnosed with infertility.

An increased amount of cortisol is clinically manifested as:

  • ATысыпаниями на кожных покровах.
  • Delay or absence of the menstrual cycle.
  • The appearance of hair on the back, the face of women.

If there is a persistent increase in cortisol in the blood, it can
lead to complications in the form of:

  1. Heart attack.
  2. Stroke
  3. Insomnia It is present even with large
    overwork
  4. Reduced thyroid function.
  5. Frequent diseases of the respiratory system.
  6. Increased blood pressure. It is accompanied by swelling, shortness of breath, nausea,
    discomfort behind the sternum.

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What pathologies still affect the increase in cortisol in
women?

Long-term treatment with hormonal drugs may result
to persistent increase in cortisol. More high hormone levels
affect the pathological processes taking place in the adrenal glands.

ATыше нормы кортизол определяется при ATИЧ, а также при:

  • Diabetes mellitus.
  • Oncopathology.
  • Mastopathy.
  • Multiple ovarian cysts.
  • Fasting
  • Alcoholism.

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