Nettle: medicinal properties, contraindications,benefit and harm

Update: February 2019

Stinging nettle – a pervasive perennial
plant covered with thin burning hairs all over
surface. A plant known to all since childhood that
�”Stalking” or “biting”, is difficult to eradicate weed
for gardeners, but has long been used both in medical and in
food purposes.

Today, nettle is part of many herbal medicine recipes,
sold in the pharmacy network in dried form and actively
harvested by many people on their own. This article we
devote to the healing properties of nettle, the characteristics of the plant
on the body and the rules of safe treatment.

An interesting fact – during the Gallic War, army legionaries
Caesar beat themselves with nettle branches to keep warm.

Why does nettle bite?

On the leaves and stalks of the plant is a large number
hairs in the form of thin spikes, which serve as nothing but protection
from herbivores. In contact with the skin hairs
discard the allergenic mixture of histamine, choline and formic
acid, which also cause instant reaction in the form
redness, burning and blistering. The older the plant, the more palpable
�”Nettle bite”.

The chemical composition of nettle

Studies conducted by the State Unitary Enterprise “GOSNIISINTEZBELOK”. In 100 grams
Dry raw nettle contains:

Basic substances: Amino acid composition: Mineral elements in the ratio of 1 mg per 1 kg of dry
raw materials:
Vitamins, mg / 100 g:
  • Protein 35.3%;
  • Carbohydrates 23.8%;
  • Pectins 0.7%;
  • Cellulose 17.2%;
  • Lignin (non-hydrolyzed substance) – 0.7%

  • Histidine 0.61%;
  • Glutamic acid 2.20%;
  • Lysine 1.08%;
  • Threonine 0.80%;
  • Arginine 1.05%;
  • Serine 0.55%;
  • Cystine 0.32%;
  • Glycine 0.97%;
  • Aspartic acid 1.62%;
  • Proline 0.88%;
  • Valine 1.06%;
  • Isoleucine 0.82%;
  • Alanine 1.11%;
  • Methionine 0.52%;
  • Tyrosine 0.57%;
  • Leucine 1.47%;
  • Phenylalanine 0.92%.
  • Potassium – 20387 mg;
  • Magnesium – 5260 mg;
  • Calcium – 28,665 mg;
  • Sodium – 3760 mg;
  • Manganese – 131 mg;
  • Iron – 143 mg;
  • Selenium – 0.94 mg;
  • Zinc – 35 mg;
  • Copper – 11 mg;
  • Nickel – 0.8 mg;
  • Cobalt – 1.9 mg.

The following elements were not found – chromium, cadmium, lead, mercury,
arsenic.

  • B1 – 1.0 mg;
  • B3 – 0.993 mg;
  • Sun (folic acid) 0.167 mg;
  • H – 0.0246 mg;
  • PP – 4.18 mg;
  • Meso-inositol 110.8 mg;
  • C – 145.2 mg;
  • K – 2.63 mg;
  • Beta-carotene 210 mg.

A rich set of macro and micronutrients, amino acids, vitamins
nettle herbs provide healing properties as well as a wide
range of tonic and prophylactic action. Nettle squirrels
contain 9 of 10 essential amino acids, which, along with vitamin and
mineral group allows you to maintain a high intellectual
and physical performance, recover quickly after
loads and diseases.

Pharmacological properties

  • Normalization of lipid metabolism, mainly due to salts
    iron and vitamins;
  • Pronounced hemostatic effect due to the presence of
    vitamin K, involved in the development of coagulation factor –
    prothrombin. This property is characteristic of fresh raw materials.
    dried nettle, on the contrary, slows down the process of coagulation
    blood;
  • Choleretic action;
  • Anti-inflammatory effect;
  • Acceleration of tissue regeneration;
  • Increasing the tone of the uterus and intestines;
  • Stimulation and toning of the body, increased basal metabolism
    due to the high content of chlorophyll.
  • Improving heart and respiratory activity.

Contraindications to the use of nettle

Medicinal plants, like any medicine, can bring
not good, but harm if used in certain conditions
и заболеваниях, при which они противопоказаны и могут не помочь,
but do harm, and nettle is no exception. It is contraindicated in
individual intolerance, as well as:

  • First trimester of pregnancy;
  • Treatment with antidepressants and drugs for insomnia –
    the plant enhances their action;
  • Thrombophlebitis, varicose disease, increased clotting
    blood and atherosclerosis – when consumed plants occurs
    blood clots, dangerous with these pathologies.
  • Hypertension. Leads vessels in a tone, therefore can raise
    pressure;
  • Bleeding due to cysts, polyps and other tumors
    uterus;
  • Severe kidney disease.

The use of nettle for human health

Use roots, stalks and nettle leaves. Pharmaceutical
The industry produces the following types of drugs from nettle:

  • Препарат Аллохол, содержащий экстракт крапивы, экстрактом чеснока, сухую желчь
    animals and activated carbon. Used as a laxative
    and cholagogue for 3-6 tablets per day;
  • Dry raw nettle (leaf, root, seed). Used in
    many recipes of herbal medicine, especially in for strengthening hair;
  • Экстракт крапивы жидкий – спиртовое извлечение из листьев растения на 70% этиловом
    alcohol. Assign 25-30 drops three times a day for 30 minutes before
    food;
  • Nettle leaf briquettes – compressed crushed raw materials,
    which is poured a glass of boiled water and insist 10 minutes,
    cool, filter and take for indications.
  • Filter bags of dried nettle leaves. Are used for
    tea preparation, applied at 0.5 – 2 cups per day.

With anemia

Nettle contains iron that is directly incorporated into
hemoglobin synthesis, as well as histidine amino acid,
involved in the synthesis of red blood cells. In addition, the use of
nettle promotes better absorption of iron coming from
other products. Rich vitamin and mineral composition helps
Overcome the unpleasant symptoms of anemia in the form of fatigue.

Чай из крапивы — 2-3 ст.л. dry nettle
poured half a liter of boiling water and insist on a quarter water bath
hours, cool and filter. The resulting volume is consumed in
throughout the day. Since the taste of the drink is specific, you can add
to infusion a little honey. Назначается for курсового лечения в течении
4 weeks. After a short break, the treatment is repeated.

Nettle bleeding

The mechanism of action is similar to that in the treatment of anemia, because
any bleeding is accompanied by blood loss and, accordingly,
anemia of varying severity. Also the plant possesses
hemostatic effect.

Настой из крапивы — 1 ст.л. fresh raw materials
mixed with 1 cup of boiling water, cover and insist 120
minutes Can поверх укутать махровым полотенцем. Cooled infusion
filter and drink 1 tbsp. before eating food.
Course duration 2 weeks.

With diabetes

Nettle does not directly affect blood sugar levels, but
maintains the state of the vessels, pancreas and liver,
who suffer from diabetes, and also normalizes the main exchange.
Secretin is involved in the synthesis of its own insulin. Long lasting
nettle treatment leads to recovery of beta-cells
pancreas.

Отвар из крапивы и одуванчика — по 30 грамм
nettle leaves and cuttings, as well as dandelion roots pour 600
ml of water, boil on low heat for half an hour. Ready decoction
cooled under a lid (about 4 hours), filtered and diluted
half with water. Take 0.1 l before meals three times a day.
for 2 weeks. Can принимать в течение года с перерывами в 1
month.

With respiratory diseases

Excellent help in the treatment of persistent cough. Root is used
nettle, whose useful properties and help get rid of
painful symptom.

Сироп — около 100 гр свежих корней растения
crushed with a knife, pour cold water, which is drained after 10
minutes In parallel, prepare sugar syrup: 3 tbsp. Sahara
dissolved in 100 grams of water and boiled over low heat, injected into
смесь измельченные корни и варят около 5 minutes Give syrup
infuse, filter and take 1 tbsp. three times a day
food.

In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

Well-known drug Allohol contains nettle.
The plant is successfully used in the treatment of hepatitis, cholangitis,
cholecystitis, gastrointestinal ulcers, chronic constipation. Take in the form of infusion
course at least 2 weeks.

For skin diseases

Itchy dermatitis, minor wounds and abrasions, eczema, furunculosis,
Acne – all these problems can be cured with nettle.
Used infusion of plants that wipe problem areas
2-3 раза в день либо присыпка из dry nettle. Dry plants
milled in a blender to a powdery mass and sprinkled with them
problem areas.

With musculoskeletal pathologies

Showing nettle treatment for rheumatism, muscle and joint
pains, radiculitis.

Веник — крепкие растения срезаются по стеблю
approximately the same length and are collected in a broom (very well, if
there are blooming specimens). Ready broom dipped in
hot water and perform the usual bath procedures. If the bath
contraindicated for health reasons, a paired broom in hot
the form can be applied to painful places before cooling.

For diseases of the urinary system

The plant has a diuretic effect, therefore it is indicated for
conditions accompanied by edema. Also helps in treating
inflammatory processes. Used as an infusion of at least 1
of the week.

Antitoxic action

Previously, nettle was used as a universal antidote,
Today, these properties of the plant help with poisoning, including
the number of alcoholic and bacterial. Lignins and polysaccharides actively
bind toxic components and remove them from the body. Are cooking
infusion that should be diluted with half cooled boiled
water, so as not to provoke vomiting. Within 2-3 days after
poisoning take half a cup of infusion three times a day, drinking
specified volume in small sips and gradually.

Restorative action

Infusion or nettle tea is recommended to take at least 1
months in the following conditions: the postoperative period,
depletion of the body, being under stress, increased
neuropsychic load, heavy physical labor.

Without exception, the components of nettle are beneficial, we will describe
just some of them:

  • the amino acid lysine is involved in bone tissue regeneration,
    Histidine protects against radiation and helps the immune system,
    arginine increases immunity, threonine supports
    basal metabolism, feninalanin accelerates blood flow;
  • vitamin k stops bleeding and exerts
    anti-inflammatory effect;
  • bioflavonoids have antioxidant and antihistamine
    act.

Nettle for hair

The rich mineral composition of plants, vitamins and amino acids
methionine lead to the cessation of hair loss, getting rid of
dandruff, enhancing the growth of hair rods and improving their
structures.

Rinse is recommended as a permanent procedure.
decoction of nettle, carefully filtered from small parts of the leaves.
Such rinsing after each shampooing quickly acts
very effective.

For express assistance, you should use the juice of the plant,
which is rubbed into the roots, and spread on the hair, wrapped
head with cellophane and a towel and leave for 1 hour. Three four
procedures will lead to a visible result.

The benefits of nettle for women

With heavy periods

The plant helps to reduce uterus and speedy cleansing
internal cavity of the body, and also helps to quickly recover
blood loss. Fresh juice is used – the plant is crushed and
squeeze the juice from the raw material through a clean gauze. Take 1 tsp.
three times a day before meals for 7 days (until they run out
menses).

Nettle with uterine myoma

With benign uterine tumors, nettle has
embolizing effect on the vessels feeding myomatous nodes:
narrows the vascular walls, thereby reducing blood flow to
tumor, which leads to its gradual regression. Should be understood
that the large nodes of the plant can not afford, but in the case
small nettle tumors are indicated. If myoma is accompanied
bleeding – nettle is shown doubly.

Saturated broth – 1 tbsp. nettle seed and shredded root
plants are mixed with 200 ml of water, boiled at a slow boil,
until half the liquid has evaporated, cool and filter.
Take 3 tbsp. before meals four times a day for 3 weeks, after
a month break the course is repeated.

Nettle breastfeeding

It has long been used by nursing mothers to increase
quantities of milk, because it increases blood hemoglobin,
increases strength and has a positive effect on lactation. Getting ready in
in the form of tea: you can use the above recipe or buy
ready-made filter packages in the pharmacy.

Nettle for increased lactation – how to take: For better
effect is recommended to alternate weekly courses mono-tea: first
nettle, a week later fennel, and then raspberry leaves.

During pregnancy

Nettle is prohibited for first trimester use.
pregnancy because can cause vasospasm and uterus spasm and
provoke a miscarriage. In the future, nettle contributes to the overall
strengthen the body, better resist infections, especially
urinary tract prevention of anemia.

Take nettle in the form of tea, 200 ml once a day,
however, the finished tea should be half diluted with water. Can
use for 7 days, then take a 7-day break, after
what the cycle repeats. Before use nettle pregnant
women should consult a gynecologist about
expediency of such treatment!

With cervical erosion

The healing properties of nettle in gynecology are also used for
treatment of the most common diseases of the genital sphere – erosion
CM For treatment, freshly squeezed juice is used, which is moistened.
sterile swab and insert it into the vagina overnight. Course
treatment – 1 month.

Nettle for men

Providing a positive effect on the urogenital system, the plant
helps to improve the potency, especially with regular use.
Tones vessels, including vessels of the penis, therefore
improves erection. In addition, the plant helps with hyperplasia
prostate

Can применять растение for заваривания чая, как описывалось
above, but the best effect is given by fresh seeds of a plant, 1 tbsp. which
crushed and mixed with the same amount of honey. Such a mixture
should be taken daily 1 time per day.

Side effects

As any medicinal plant, nettle can cause
allergic reactions, especially with regard to its use
persons with a tendency to allergies. Dysfunction is also possible.
gastrointestinal tract (nausea, diarrhea, etc.)

Nettle in cooking

Nettle is no less useful in dishes, moreover, it gives them a special
taste.

Щи зеленые — молодые побеги растения промывают
under running water, pour hot, lightly salted water and
boil for 1-2 minutes. In the finished soup add finely chopped
boiled egg, greens and sour cream. Can кушать как в горячем, как и в
cold form.

Салат весенний — молодые побеги крапивы обдают
hot water, finely chopped. Add 1 fresh green cucumber
onions and cilantro, finely chopped. Refueling can be from
vegetable oil, salt and lemon juice either from sour cream, according to
to taste.

Application in other areas

  • Nettle roots are a vegetable dye yellow or
    brown, and the pigment chlorophyll is used in perfumery,
    pharmaceutical and food industries for coloring raw materials
    green color;
  • From fiber plants you can make a rope, rope, sail, carpet,
    fishing gear;
  • In the absence of cold nettle leaves allow you to save
    the freshness of perishable foods;
  • A useful oil is obtained from the seeds;
  • The plant is used in agriculture for feeding birds,
    pigs, cattle and small cattle.

The collection of wild nettle is the main source for
получения полезного сырья, но в неwhich хозяйствах давно
cultivate this culture.

Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог

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