The technique of Maria Montessori is deservedly used
very popular among parents. Confirmation of this is
A large number of specialized kindergartens and schools. If moms and
dads are not able to send a child to such a kindergarten, but there is
the desire to educate him with the help of Montessori pedagogy can
organize the development environment at home. Today we will tell
how best to do it.
Detailed article on the technique of Maria Montessori
— Методика Марии Montessori: основные принципы,
advantages and disadvantages
Make a reservation that the home montessori class is designed for children.
from three years. Basic principles and ideas of the classical method
Montessori can be implemented only from this age. Exactly
a three-year-old child begins to realize his own
independence, and adults should not indicate, but gently help
its development. Отсюда и знаменитый лозунг: «Помоги мне это
do it yourself!”
We divide a children’s room into zones
Here you should collect materials that help the development of
self-service children skills – buttoning, knotting
shoelaces, cleaning clothes and shoes, washing dishes. In a classic set
- frames with different types of fasteners (lacing, buttons,
- brushes, pots, clothes pegs;
- jars for transfer and transfusion;
- cleaning kits – sponge, dustpan and broom.
The list of things, as we see, is simple and uncomplicated. In the usual
the hardware store you can buy almost everything except frames with
clasps. You can do them yourself – there are many schemes on the Internet for
manufacturing. Ну вот как пример рамки (эта развивающая доска
называется бизиборд, и как ее сделать самому
2. Sensory development
The benefits in this area help the kids get to know the main
properties of objects: color, shape, weight, sounds, smells and
temperature You may have the following in your home
- matryoshka, pyramid;
- sachets (pads with flavored fillers);
- beads, lego parts, buttons that differ in shape and
- pieces of fabric (silk, satin, knitwear, etc.);
- colored cardboard of various shades;
- noise jars filled with grits, salt;
- bottles of various sizes;
- magic bags with small trinkets.
3. Mathematical zone
Exercises and subjects in this area are designed to form
children have knowledge about numbers, about basic operations – addition,
subtraction. We prepare the following materials:
- rough numbers;
- wooden or plastic abacus;
- plank or carton with the simplest math
- counting sticks;
- large beads or chips;
- lotto with numbers.
4. Language area
This should include materials that show the shape and type
writing letters of the Russian language. These items will help children learn
write and read. So, post here:
- box office letters and syllables;
- sets of capital and block letters;
- rough letters;
- children’s literature, for example, from the My First
- box with manka for training fingers (compress and unclench
cams with barley; fingertip paint wavy first
lines, circles, and then letters);
- the pencils;
- cards with words, lotto, domino for speech development.
5. Space Zone
In this zone are the items responsible for the formation
ideas of the child about our world, nature. You can help
children, providing the following materials:
- geographic Maps;
- Children’s encyclopedias about animals, plants, stars,
- books about nature;
- a set of stones (river pebbles, beautiful pebbles that can
bring from trips to the lake and the sea);
- figures and pictures of wild and domestic animals.
Create a Montessori environment at home – a few concrete steps.
For lessons on the methodology, it is necessary to divide the nursery so that
the baby could easily find and retrieve the necessary item without your
instructions. For this you need to put every allowance on the right
place, thereby dividing the room and providing zoning
- Сортировка. Disassemble all the toys and
sort them according to their purpose – to improve small
motor skills, sensations, speech, math skills, etc. After
this sort you will see which materials a lot, and what –
- Equipment zones. You need so
place benefits so that they are always accessible to children.
The best option – shelves or plastic shelves for the growth of the baby.
However, do not forget about safety rules – with small
items that a child can swallow should be played under
- Picking. Certainly materials
take a lot. You can purchase ready-made benefits (this
quite expensive), pick up analogues in hardware stores or
make by yourself.
Photo examples of rooms equipped according to the method
Montessori materials do it yourself
Making developmental benefits at home is not
a lot of time saves significant amounts of money because
made of improvised or even unnecessary materials. Here is Total
just a few simple options.
- Коробочка с тканями. Pick up two scraps
different in texture of fabrics. Put them in the box
demonstrating and letting touch the child. The purpose of the job – to the touch
get out of the box the same rags.
- Magic bag. Sew a small pouch
put there 10 familiar small items to your baby and ask
closed eyes determine that he pulls out of tactile
pouch. Another variant of the task – offer to get a certain
thing: spoon, button, keg from lotto.
- Fragrant sachet. Make a sachet with filling of
pharmacy herbs, dried orange peel, coffee grains. For
pads fit children’s cotton socks. Teach kids
recognize and recognize different flavors.
- Covers. Take six different largest and
the volume of jars with lids. Open the caps and put all
items in one large capacity. Let the children pick each
jar appropriate cover.
- Rough letters. Print the alphabet –
vowels on red paper and consonants on blue. Glue them
on a thick cardboard and place under the press. On the contour coat with glue
PVA, sprinkle on top semolina, and then dry. After высыхания
apply another layer of PVA to secure the decoy. According to the same scheme
You can make rough numbers.
So you’ve done zoning the room and creating
home developing environment but don’t dwell on
achieved Be sure to purchase literature for parents in
which are described in detail specific exercises according to the method
Montessori: «Гениев учат с рождения. Montessori system
at home ”,“ Practical Montessori Pedagogy: a book for
teachers and parents “, a book from the series” Home School
Полезная книга вам в помощь — 60 занятий с
child by the method of montessori
And one more important note. Catching up with the kid
at home, do not forget, children should move on to a new task, only
completing the previous one and returning the work material to your
We read about other popular methods of raising children