Update: November 2018 Shepherd’s bag (field buckwheat, handbag) –
An annual plant of the Cabbage family. Occurs everywhere
and certainly known to many thanks to its unusual external
mind Feed culture for rabbits, goats. It is a honey plant.
The plant is completely unpretentious and grows even in places
completely unsuitable for this, for example, between stones. More often
only found on the fields, near roads, in wastelands and landfills,
near the houses in the front gardens. Is a cosmopolitan, grows in
tropical and temperate zones of the globe. In Russia
common everywhere, including Siberia, does not grow only in the Arctic
The healing properties and contraindications of a shepherd’s bag are good.
studied by folk herbalists and pharmacologists, so the plant
actively used for therapeutic purposes and helps with many
The height of a single erect stem is 20–60 cm. On
stem and twigs, especially the bottom, there are simple and branched
hairs. The root is thin, fusiform.
Bottom leaves have scapes, the form – whole or
strunovodno-notched. Are pinhole with sharp
entire, triangular or toothed segments, collected in
outlet. Stem leaves sit alternately on the stem, shape
lanceolate, oblong, entire or notched-toothed,
with small ears. Upper leaves are linear and
base in the form of an arrow.
Flowers of the correct form, four-membered, arranged in a brush,
which first has an umbrella-like shape, and then lengthened.
Petals are white.
The fruit is a inverted-triangular pod,
strongly oblate, with a heart-shaped notch. Blossoms from April
to August, and unusual fruits ripen from May to September. For
plants are characterized by high fertility, up to 70,000 seeds with
Collecting and harvesting
Only shepherd’s grass is harvested and harvested. Period
blanks fall on April-July, when the plant blooms. Cut off
the entire above-ground portion, including the basal leaves, and dried in the shade, on
air, and in adverse weather conditions – in ventilated areas.
If a dryer is used, the air temperature should not be
more than 45 ° C. Dry raw materials have a faint odor and bitter taste.
Raw material is valid for 3 years, must be stored in the dark and
dry paper bags.
The elevated part contains:
- tanning and protein substances;
- specific bursovuyu acid;
- easily soluble alkaloid bursin;
- choline and acetylcholine;
- acids: malic, fumaric, citric, tartaric;
- vitamins: riboflavin, thiamine, phylloquinone, C, carotene;
The seeds contain fatty oil (about 20%) and a slight
share allylgorchichnogo oil.
Medicinal properties of shepherd’s bag due to chemical
- It has long been known that plant preparations increase contraction
uterus and help with its atony. In the works of A. L. Leibovich
confirmed hemostatic effect of shepherd’s purse infusion
with uterine bleeding. Shepherd’s purse in gynecology also
appointed during prolonged and painful menstruation,
- The hemostatic effects of the shepherd’s purse have been known to
wise healers of ancient Rome and Greece. In the Middle Ages in the countries
In today’s Europe, infusion plants are actively used as
hemostatic agent. Now folk herbalists also
recommend a plant for bleeding (lung, intestinal
renal, uterine, hemorrhoidal) and conditions that are capable
cause internal bleeding (erosive gastritis, diarrhea,
peptic ulcer disease). Most help gelenovye drugs
(obtained by stretching), providing a pronounced hemostatic
effect, especially in hemorrhages due to lack of education
- There is experimental information about the hypotensive and diuretic
effects of drugs of the plant, about its positive effect
treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis.
- Clinical data confirmed that the plant has
proper therapeutic effect in the treatment of pyelonephritis (acute and
- The plant has astringent properties that are relevant to
treatment of inflammatory diseases of the stomach and duodenum (acute
- As an adjuvant therapy shepherd’s purse drugs
can be used in diseases of the gallbladder, liver and for
prevention of stone formation.
- Not so long ago the useful influence of a plant on work was discovered.
SSS. The effects are comparable to the effect of mistletoe: adjusts and levels
heart rhythm, especially in the elderly, and can be used with increased
and reduced pressure.
- The leaves are characterized by phytoncidal activity.
- The plant activates intestinal motility.
Folk recipes with shepherd’s bag
The leaves are fresh and dry
Rich in nutrients and can be used as an additive in
salads, borscht, soups, as a filling in pies. Also fresh
leaves and celery make a healthy vitamin paste: you can
to spread on toast bread and eat like a sandwich. Dry seeds
can be used in cooking instead of mustard and pepper. Dry leaves
good to add to soups at the end of cooking.
The main dosage form, which is universal and
suitable for all diseases in which the plant helps:
- especially effective in pulmonary, uterine, renal and intestinal
bleeding, after abortion and childbirth, with abundant
- also characterized by anti-inflammatory and wound healing
- recommended for gastritis, gastric ulcer and
Duodenal ulcer, intestinal atony, diarrhea, dysentery, pathologies
- prescribed as a choleretic drug with cholelithiasis
disease, cholecystitis, with vomiting;
- used as a diuretic for rheumatism, gout;
- helps in the treatment of female genital oncopathology and
10 gr. dry raw materials pour 0.2 l of boiling water and incubate for 30 minutes
under the lid, filter c / o cheesecloth. Take 1 tbsp. up to 4
p / day before meals, 20 min.
External infusion is indicated for washing wounds, including, in case of wounds,
ulcers, for compresses, rubbing with bruises.
2 tsp. herbs are mixed with 250 ml of boiling water, 10 minutes insist and
filter. Take 2 cups of this tea per day. Special
useful drink, cooked with melt water, to cleanse the blood
after long treatment with strong drugs, and in the spring – in
as a general tonic drug.
Extract liquid on 70% alcohol
Implemented in pharmacies, but you can get it yourself.
Dry plant raw materials insist on 70% alcohol in a ratio of 1:10 per
протяжении 14 дней в темном, теплом месте, потом filter.
Take 20 cap. 3 r / day for uterine bleeding and atony
Obtained in the case when you can not take the alcohol form.
Prepare an aqueous infusion according to the recipe described above, then
incubated for a couple, until 2/3 of the volume is evaporated, cooled.
Take 1 tbsp. 3 p / day
Infusion на водке
1 part of a dry plant is poured with 10 parts of vodka, insist 21
день и filter. Take 20 drops, diluted in water.
Helps relieve sore joints, normalizes stomach function
and blood pressure in hypertension.
Crushed the plant to the state of gruel and squeeze the juice, which
diluted 1: 1 with boiled water. Take 3 p / day for 40 drops
(indications are similar to infusion). Previously, the juice was used as natural.
Drug for the treatment of endometriosis
One liter of dry white wine is poured 100 grams of dry grass,
настаивают около 14 дней и filter. Take 1 tbsp. until 6
once a day and so on until the drug is over. After
make a break in 1 month and repeat the course.
Medicine to strengthen the body of the elderly
Mix the shepherd’s bag flowers and hawthorn flowers, valerian
(roots) and leaves of lemon balm in the proportion of 10: 10: 5: 5. 1 tsp mixtures
You must pour 200 ml of cool water and insist at least 10
hours Take sips during the day, previously
Use with other medicinal plants
Most often shepherd’s purse is used in conjunction with other
medicinal plants. So, when uterine bleeding is shown
liquid shepherd’s bag extract with viburnum extract or
tincture of water pepper. When renal bleeding is combined with
Included in the fees sold through the pharmacy chain, which
shown in uterine bleeding, menorrhagia, cystitis,
urolithiasis, pyelonephritis, for neutralization and excretion
toxins after the use of cancer drugs.
Contraindications к пастушьей сумке немногочисленны. Among
- individual intolerance of the plant;
- increased blood clotting.
Overdose and side effects
Excess therapeutic doses may lead to the formation of
jade and bloody diarrhea.
Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог