Update: October 2018 Medicinal Dandelion is grassy
perennial of the Astrovie family. Familiar to everyone since childhood
a yellow flower whose pollen turns the hands sunny
the juice is difficult to wash off the skin and clothing, is useful and valuable
a plant with a wide range of healing properties.
In nature, found everywhere and is considered gardeners
like an annoying weed. Because of the easy, well-known way
reproduction, the plant is scattered over large areas and
it is well acclimatized, even on poor and dry soils.
Favorite growing places – along roads, near housing, on
lawns, flower beds and garden beds. Actively populates meadows, gardens, meadows,
the edges and shores of reservoirs, mountainous terrain. Distributed in
subtropical, cold and temperate climatic zones. On
the territory of Russia (even in the tundra zone), Belarus, Ukraine
It is found everywhere.
Medicinal properties and contraindications of dandelion хорошо изучены,
which allows the use of the plant with health benefits.
Vertical branched root up to 0.6 m thickened to 20 mm in
diameter, the outside has a brown color, and inside – the core
white color. Dandelion leaves are pinnately cut
oblong shape assembled in a rosette.
Cylindrical inflorescence with a hollow middle ends
single rounded basket 20-50 mm in diameter. Dandelion flowers
reed, collected in inflorescences and have a rich yellow color.
The fruit is a pubescent seed. Seeds scatter
with umbrellas for long distances.
The plant contains thick milk – juice, which all are rich
The flowering period falls on April-May, as well as at the beginning of summer.
Fruits long, from the beginning of summer and in fact until mid-autumn
– from one yellow flower about 200 seeds turn out.
Collection and harvesting plants
In folk medicine are valued
medicinal properties of dandelion root and its aboveground parts,
accordingly, they are harvested.
Roots are harvested in the fall and early spring: carefully dug
shovel, shake off the ground, cut off the leaves and thoroughly washed
under water. After that, the root of the order of 4-5 days is dried in air,
further dried in ventilated areas or in dryers at t
from 40 to 50 ° C.
Dandelion grass is recommended to collect in the flowering period:
leaves are dried in the air (not in the sun) or ventilated
Plant blanks are stored for 5 years.
Chemical composition and properties
Surprisingly, habitual to all dandelion folk healers
styled “the elixir of life.” The useful chemical composition is characteristic
for all parts of the plant:
- Vitamins A, PP, E, C, B groups, vitamin-like substance
- Trace elements: manganese, potassium, iron, phosphorus, calcium, boron,
- Organic acids;
- Substances of terpenic nature: tetrahydrodentin, lacticopycrin,
taraxolide, taraxinic acid;
- Glycosides: Taraxanthin, Flavoxanthin;
- Sterols: sitosterol and stigmasterol;
- Amino Acid Asparagine;
- Inulin polysaccharide;
- Flavonoids: tricine, luteolin, chryseriol;
Dandelion has a beneficial tonic effect and
improves overall well-being. Normalizes metabolism, gastrointestinal function.
Lowers cholesterol. Helps with heart failure
- Provides analgesic, bile and diuretic, expectorant,
anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic, antispasmodic, laxative,
soothing, toning action.
- It has anticarcinogenic activity.
- There is evidence of antiviral, anti-tuberculosis,
fungicidal and anthelmintic properties of the plant.
- It acts as a soft diuretic, while delivering
Potassium washed out with urine.
- It cleans the blood, activates the synthesis of white blood cells and red blood cells.
Due to the content of bitterness is used to excite
appetite and activation of digestive function. Reflex
irritation of taste buds of the oral mucosa and tongue
leads to the excitation of the food center, what causes the increase
secretion of gastric juice and other digestive glands.
Recipes, in which there are dandelions, simply impossible
transfer. The plant is effective in chronic liver pathologies,
kidney (especially inflammatory), kidney stones and
gall bladder. Helps with atherosclerosis. Used when
poisoning, cirrhosis of the liver, cholecystitis, edema of various origins,
low potassium level, poor appetite, gastritis with reduced
acidity, with joint pathologies. Dandelion can be found in
the composition of complex herbal teas with a wide range of
- The easiest, affordable method of treatment – the use of plants
in food. In cooking, use fresh, canned and dry
dandelion. Add it to the first and second dishes, snacks and
the drinks. Healthy desserts are very common – jam, marshmallow and
- Dried aerial parts are used to brew tea. Of
dried root make a kind of coffee substitute.
- Young, tender leaves are suitable for salads, which is especially
recommended for vitamin deficiency, improves metabolism and helps
lose weight To eliminate the characteristic taste of bitterness, the leaves can
soak in salted water for about 30 minutes. However, it is this
bitterness is good for the body.
- Dandelion juice is a valuable firming and toning and
remedy recommended for avitaminosis. Helps normalize
acidity of gastric juice. Onзначают при камнях в желчном пузыре
and kidney, atherosclerosis, anemia, to improve the appetite,
diabetes. Effective for cleansing the blood during furunculosis,
allergies. Old-timers advise dandelion juice to strengthen bones
older people and for the treatment of rickets – children. Also recommended when
anti-oncology. Juice is obtained from all parts of the plant, which
crushed and soaked in a small amount of water
(extraction). Accept from ¼ glass to 200 ml daily, having mixed with
honey or oat broth. Onружно свежий, неразведенный сок
used to remove freckles, warts, corns, pigmentation,
for eczema, as well as to reduce the severity of allergic
reactions with bee stings.
- For canning juice squeeze it without dilution with water and
mixed with an equal part with vodka. Take 1-2 tbsp. l 3 times
- Onстои и отвары готовят из корней, листьев и цветков. Take 1
ст.l сухого сырья из наружных частей растения и 1 ч.l dried
roots to 0.2 liters of boiling water. In the case of the present – stand for 2-3 hours in
thermos, broth boiled in a water bath for 10 minutes. Take 1-2
ст.l (the dose can be increased to 1/3 cup) between meals with
main indications. If it is about treating depression or
insomnia, be sure to take medicine before bedtime.
Helps with: lack of appetite, constipation, as choleretic
remedy for pathologies of the liver, kidney and urinary diseases
bladder, spleen, atherosclerosis, gastritis, anemia, sugar
diabetes (activates the production of own insulin). Effective
remedy for sexually transmitted diseases, abdominal pain, eczema,
skin rash and allergies. Onзначается при гипо- и авитаминозах,
metabolic disorders, colitis, headaches, abdominal cramps,
poor appetite, gout. Onстой одуванчика для женщин назначается
with inflammatory diseases and hormonal changes.
Good for chronic constipation, hypoacid gastritis,
hemorrhoids, general weakness, avitaminosis. Onружно: на основе отвара
make lotions on the eyes for inflammation of tissues, treat foci
furunculosis, skin rash.
Fresh flowers are poured entirely with vodka and insist in the dark.
place for 3 weeks, then squeeze the raw material and take
The resulting tincture is 40 ml 2p / day. Especially recommended after
severe hypothermia and at the initial signs of a cold and
Dry Root Powder
Prepared by grinding the dry raw materials. Helps with
атеросклерозе и применяется внутрь по 1 ч.l 3 times в сутки с
water Onружно используется для лечения болезней кожи (ожогов,
To get the ointment, the roots and leaves are washed and dried, finely
crushed and poured vegetable oil 1: 5, insist in the dark
15 days. The resulting remedy is excellent for burns (at the stage of
regeneration), non-healing wounds, used in the treatment of
Put a dandelion flowers (1/3) in the container, washed and
dried from water, add vegetable oil so that it
completely covered with florets and boil on the lowest heat for 40 minutes.
Indications are similar to the use of ointment.
300 gr. baskets free from green leaves and stalks,
rinse and pour 0.2 l of water, boil for 3 minutes, turn off. To add
mix 1 crushed lemon (without peel) and leave for 6-8 hours. Of
1 cup of water 1 kg of sugar to cook syrup. Lemon dandelion
strain the infusion and pour into the sugar syrup, cook for half an hour
on the lowest fire. Pour into sterile jars.
Принимают с чаем и молоком по 1 ч.l 3 times/сут. Can
use instead of sugar, and also as confiture on a sandwich.
Indicated for healing the liver, improving digestion,
restoration of intestinal biocenosis, normalization of the gall
bladder prevention and treatment of colds (especially
flowing with cough).
The basis for a compress is prepared according to the recipe of infusion and used for
reduce the symptoms of arthrosis, gout.
The plant is part of the fees and herbal teas, both mono and
multicomponent. There are other dosage forms.
- Входит в состав популярного немецкого препарата аристахоl
Indicated in infectious and inflammatory pathologies of biliary
ways and liver and after operations on them, with jaundice, initial
stage cirrhosis of the liver.
- Dandelion oil It has anti-inflammatory,
wound-healing effect and is used externally to treat ulcers,
burns, diseases of the joints (for rubbing).
- Available in homeopathic remedies. galstena
used in pathologies of the liver, gall bladder, as well as
- BAA “Dandelion” in the form of capsules. Recommended as an extra
source of vitamin C.
Dandelion is not recommended for acute conditions that frolicked on
background obstruction of the biliary tract. Patients prescribed with caution
with peptic ulcer and gastritis with hypersecretion of hydrochloric acid
(according to some sources – is contraindicated).
The decision to treat pregnant, lactating women and children should
be taken together with a doctor.
Overdose and side effects
Overdose leads to a reaction in the form of diarrhea and vomiting. Side effects
reactions: diuretic effect, heartburn, diarrhea, allergic rash on
Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог