Update: October 2018
With age, all organs of the human body wear out,
том числе и важherший из них — сердце. For example, 99-year-old David
Rockefeller, trying to prolong life, made the sixth in a row
transplant young heart. But since not all people are
material and moral and ethical considerations available such
The procedure for replacing this important body with a more efficient one,
It is worth referring to the prevention of its diseases.
Traditionally, in addition to quitting smoking and excessive alcohol
excretions, weight loss and normalization of lipid metabolism in a row
recommendations to prevent the development of cardiovascular
diseases and their complications include drugs of potassium and magnesium.
How effective are these remedies, and in what other areas of medicine
they can play a role, consider in this article.
Why does man potassium and magnesium
Potassium в теле человека не только помогает работать проводящей
heart system and regulates blood pressure, but also responsible for
transfer of excitation from nerves to muscles, and also regulates the work
bowel and maintains water-electrolyte balance, takes
participation in the regulation of protein and carbohydrate metabolism due to
enzyme activation. With it, proteins are synthesized and goes
conversion of glucose to glycogen stored in the liver.
Калием богаты листовая зелень, dried apricots, raisins, соя, горох, фасоль,
bananas, дыни, watermelonы, киви. Somewhat less of it in black bread and
potatoes. Among animal food, the comparison with potatoes
potassium is found in beef and milk (see table at the end
Adult depending on physical exertion may be required
from 2 to 5 grams of potassium supplied with food per day. For example, in
1 banana daily intake of potassium. And from food, potassium is absorbed
percent by 90%, provided there are no problems with the body
suction and profuse diarrhea or vomiting.
Magnesium в основном занят добычей энергии, так как помогает
break down glucose. He is involved in a variety of enzymatic
reactions aimed at increasing the resistance of cells and their
regeneration (due to protein synthesis, DNA). Improves neuromuscular
transfer due to the synthesis of vitamins of group B.
When interacting with calcium, it is involved in muscle contraction,
maintaining vascular tone. Also magnesium provides the best.
absorption of calcium and regulates its level in the blood. For this
the ratio of calcium and magnesium in food should be 2 to 1. For
due to this, bone density and tooth integrity are preserved.
By stabilizing cell membranes, magnesium allows potassium, calcium ions
and chlorine penetrate through it. This is achieved coordination
heart rate and lower blood pressure.
The daily need for magnesium 400 mg per day. It is contained in
cereals, legumes, cabbage, nuts, sea fish and seafood. AT
there is little milk and magnesium curd, but of them it is easy
Ofбыток не менее опасен, чем недостаток
For any medicinal product, including containing
potassium and magnesium have their own indications and strict dosages. Wherein
drugs should be prescribed by the attending physician, and not
recommended by a pharmacy worker or an article on the Internet. therefore
�“Harmful fantasies” that the more these substances fall into
the organism, the safer the heart, will have to leave.
How dangerous is excess potassium in the body?
The maximum daily dose of potassium is 6 grams. With
14 grams may cause cardiac arrest. Original
an excess of potassium in the body can be observed with:
- chronic renal failure
- type 2 diabetes
- при обширных травмах с разможжением ткаher
- against the background of radiation or reception of cytostatics.
With длительном употреблении высоких доз можно получить такие
- irritability, suspiciousness and anxiety
- muscle weakness, heart rhythm disorders
- intestinal colic, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
- frequent urination and diabetes.
The limit for magnesium is 800 mg per day. You can’t die from him, but
overdose, you can earn chronic fatigue, stones in
kidney, hyperthyroidism, psoriasis. Wherein совершенно не важно, будут
whether to take medicine or it will be dietary supplements with minerals. Magnesium
excessively retained in the body with CRF.
Drugs калия и магния для сердца и сосудов
It is the most favorite and inexpensive drug of magnesium and potassium in
tablets, which is taken for both cheeks for most problems
with heart, ranging from arrhythmias and ending with angina. At the very
In fact, this source of potassium and magnesium asparginate is not so harmless.
- Its main purpose is to compensate for the loss of potassium intake.
potassium-sparing diuretic (Furosemide, Torasemide, Etakrinova
acids, diacarba), for example, in the treatment of hypertension or
chronic heart failure. But potassium-sparing
мочегонные (ATерошпирон, Триампур, Триамтерен, Амилорид, Эплеренон)
not supplemented with potassium drugs. Hypothiazide and Indapamide
also do not require the addition of potassium.
- With ventricular arrhythmias, Panangin is able to normalize rhythm.
But more often with paroxysmal tachycardia or atrial fibrillation, it
used as an aid. It is also used when
atrial rhythm disturbances (extrasystoles) in combination with
- For prophylaxis more often used in the elderly with recurring
extrasystoles, paroxysmal tachycardia, on the background of low potassium
blood, during an increase in strokes or unstable
- When treated with cardiac glycosides, Panangin improves them.
portability and smooths side effects.
Contraindications are: acidosis, myasthenia,
atrioventricular block, cardiogenic shock with low blood pressure, hemolysis,
dehydration, metabolic disorders of potassium and magnesium. Carefully
prescribe the drug in pregnant and lactating. Interaction
other drugs: combined with
beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, cyclosporines,
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory increase risks
overdose of potassium. Price: 50 tabl. 120-140 rubles
This is a cheaper version of Panangin with a similar composition (potassium
and magnesium asparginate), indications, contraindications, adverse
action and dosing regimen. Price: 56 tables. 70-120 rubles
Other analogs of Panangin: Asparkad, Pamaton, Potassium-magnesium
asparginate tablets and solutions for infusion.
Orokamag — калия и магния оротат в капсулах применяется в
complex therapy of unstable angina and supraventricular
extrasystoles. Not indicated for pregnant and lactating. Has similar
Panangina contraindications and side effects.
Magnerot – магния оротата дигидрат в таблетках по 500 миллиграмм. Of
side effects gives you allergies, appetite disorders, nausea and
diarrhea. Carefully может применяться у беременных и кормящих
assuming a balanced level of magnesium in the blood. Indications for
magnesium deficiency associated with this
trace element arrhythmias, progressive angina, atherosclerosis,
chronic heart failure, myocardial infarction, spasms
muscles, blood vessels, endarteritis, disorders of fat metabolism. Contraindicated:
for urolithiasis, renal failure, liver cirrhosis
with ascites, in children under 18 years old, with intolerance to milk sugar
(lactase deficiency), glucose absorption disorders. Price:
20 tab. 300 rub, 50 tab. 600-700 rubles
This dietary supplement with a combination of magnesium and calcium. Used with the same
состояниях, что и Magnerot. Price: 30 tab. 350 rub.
Magnesium and potassium in convulsions
Cramps, tingling sensations, goosebumps are associated with
impaired neuromuscular transmission and may occur on the background
magnesium deficiency. The situation is worsened and the deficiency of vitamins of group B, in
which synthesis is involved magnesium. People may start to suffer from
muscle twitches, called cramps, with:
- Electrolyte disorders on the background of diarrhea and vomiting
- When taking diuretics or laxatives
- Thoughtless intestinal cleansing with frequent enemas
- When fasting
Most often this is observed in the elderly at night, when
one or both legs start to numb and twitch involuntarily,
delivering often a lot of trouble and disturbing sleep. With the same
problems face faces:
- Alcohol Abuse
- Poisoned by lead, manganese, cadmium, aluminum, nickel,
- After resection of the small intestine, in violation of absorption in
- With diabetes
- Against the background of treatment with gentamicin and antitumor
In this seizure can be common and seize
a variety of muscle groups, similar conditions can suffer
pregnant women and children in periods of intensive growth. In order to
to cope with these unpleasant phenomena and sensations, patients
prescribe courses of drugs containing magnesium and supplemented
with vitamins B.
This is a pill or solution for internal use. Composed
contains magnesium lactate dihydrate in combination with pyridoxine
hydrochloride (vitamin B6). The amount of magnesium in the tablet
equivalent to 48 mg of divalent magnesium.
- In addition to muscle spasms, the drug can be used when
- heart rhythm disorders
- spasms in the gastrointestinal tract
- sleep disturbances, irritability or
Shows a course taking the drug (an average of 4-6
weeks). His drink on 6-8 tablets per day in 3-4 doses. Pills and
the solution is taken for food with water. Solution can
pre-diluted in semi-glass of water. Medicine
contraindicated in renal failure, children under six years old,
fructose intolerance, impaired glucose absorption and sucrose.
Do not use with levodopa. Not recommended
pregnant and lactating as it penetrates the milk and through
placental barrier. Side Effects: as an undesirable effect.
nausea, vomiting, loose stools, flatulence are known. Poisoning
can occur only with a significant drop in speed
glomerular filtration of the kidneys and manifested in the fall of the arterial
pressure, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, depression, respiratory depression,
heart rhythm disorders. Price: Magne B6 50 tab. 550-700 rubles,
Magne B6 Форте 30 tab. 700-800 rub.
Аналоги Magne B6
Magnistad – tablets containing a combination of 470 mg of magnesium
lactate dihydrate and 5 mg of pyridoxine hydrochloride. Special
the shell of the tablets dissolves only in the intestines, providing
maximum absorption of the drug. Indications, side effects and
противопоказания такие же, как у Magne B6.
50 tab. 200 rub.
20 tab. 640 rub.
50 tab. 350 rub.
30 tab. 500 rub.
Other indications of these drugs
- Magnesium sulfate or magnesia is a hypotensive drug that
reduces the swelling of the vascular wall, lowering blood pressure.
For a long time it was used as a drug for stopping.
hypertensive crises, including in pregnant women. Today in
mainly used as a means of successfully reducing
intracranial pressure after intramuscular injection.
- In magnesium powder, sulphate is a laxative that increases
the passage of bile, due to the bile acids which is implemented
laxative effect. It used to be popular to spend liver
tyubazhi. After drinking magnesium sulphate and falling right side on the heating pad.
Today it is not practiced, since it is more efficient to use
drugs ursodeoksizholy acid.
- In droppers, magnesium sulfate is used in pregnant women for
reduce swelling and tocolytic, reducing the tone of the uterus. Drugs
potassium and magnesium are also included in the composition of polarizing mixtures, which
Today anaesthesiologists call “paralyzing” and seriously not
Thus, magnesium and potassium preparations today have more
auxiliary value and are designed primarily to carry out
replacement therapy in the absence of these micronutrients in
the body. What drugs are better, and in general the appropriateness of
Reception should be decided only by the attending physician with this
clinical situation in a particular patient.
How much potassium, magnesium in foods?
The table shows a list of products – fruits, vegetables, nuts,
meat, fish, dried fruits, drinks – with the maximum content
potassium and magnesium (mg. per 100 g. product). With normal suction
vitamins and minerals in the body and nutritional deficiency
these trace elements in humans should not occur.
potassium 175 mg / 100g magnesium 25
potassium 440 magnesium 125
potassium 390 magnesium 40
potassium 340 magnesium 20
potassium 290 magnesium 27
potassium 215 magnesium 18
potassium 160 magnesium 13
potassium 150 magnesium 15
potassium 108 magnesium 9
potassium 85 magnesium 16
potassium 1020 magnesium 130
potassium about 750 mg 160
potassium 470 mg 24
potassium 360 magnesium 18
potassium 250 (310) magnesium 19 (38)
potassium 140 magnesium 12
potassium 140 magnesium 12
potassium 100 magnesium 46
potassium 100 magnesium 28
potassium 90 magnesium 160
potassium 1150 magnesium 570
potassium 380 magnesium 78
potassium 350 magnesium 133
potassium 140 magnesium 70
potassium 100 magnesium 30
potassium 1876 magnesium 50
potassium 1020 magnesium 60
potassium 1750 magnesium 1
potassium 1660 magnesium 170