Update: December 2018 Wild Rosemary (swamp, puzzle,
hemlock, forest rosemary, marsh stupor) – perennial plant
from the heather family, which has a special appearance and smell. People,
far from botany who ever see this plant
touch the specific leaves and smell, remember the puzzle
for life and no longer confused with another culture. Is an
poisonous, therefore, requires careful assembly and harvesting, and
also strict dosing when used in therapeutic
Holarctic view, mikotrof. It is characterized by a large range on
the territory of Russia: grows in the tundra, the European part, in
Siberia and the Far East. Grows in Ukraine, Belarus (especially in
Polesie, where many swamps). It is found in Alaska and Canada.
A typical place where you can see a plant is a moss bog,
peat bog or swamped coniferous forest. Very often forms
thickets dominating other vegetation. Frequent “neighbor”
marshy stupor is a blueberry, a useful and rare berry.
Today, the healing properties and contraindications of wild rosemary are good.
studied, allowing you to apply it in the official and popular
medicine, but strictly according to indications.
Evergreen bog is a shrub reaching
heights of 50-60 cm, sometimes can grow more than 1 meter. Roots can
sprout to a depth of 30-40 cm. Erect shrub: stems
supine, rooting, have a large number of rising
branches. Shoots rusty furrow. Old branches are bare
bark grayish-brown color without edge.
The leaves are sitting on short petioles, alternate, have a linear or
oblong-elliptical shape. Sheet length – 0.7-4 cm, width –
2-10 mm. The edge is slightly tapered or dull. The leaves are quite dense,
leathery, wrinkled, shiny with small glands on top and
drilling machine bottom. The edge is solid, a little wrapped down. Petioles
The flowers are arranged on thin
glandular pedicels, reach a diameter of 8-10 mm. White colour,
sometimes reddish, the smell is strong, sometimes stupefying. Collected in
shields or umbrella brushes 16-25 pieces each. The corolla is white, consists of 5
free elliptical petals and has a length of 5-7 mm. Cup
has 5 rounded teeth, small, remaining with fruits.
Sepals are brownish-pubescent, sticky, have a rounded shape with
ciliated edge. The stamens exceed the rim in length (10
pieces). Filaments widened and pubescent at base.
Anthers are opened by holes. On the pestle has a top,
pyatignezdnaya ovary. A single column, filiform, small, has
five-blade stigma. Around the ovary is a nectar disc.
Flowering will fall on May-July, and fruit ripening occurs in
July-August. The fruit has a length of 3-8 mm and has the form of an elongated
multi-seeded elliptical pyatignezdnoy box,
glandular At the top – a column. Long stem,
bent down. When ripening, the capsule breaks down the leaf.
upwards. Seeds about 1.5 mm long, spindle-shaped, small,
flat, have a light yellow color with pterygoid webbed
appendages at the ends. Propagated by vegetative means and
All parts, except the root system, contain a lot of essential
oil, determining the specific smell. In the composition of the oil are
sesquiterpene alcohols (up to 70%). The most significant are icebreakers,
which can be used to produce guayazulene as well
tsimol, palustrol, geranyl acetate. These alcohols have balsamic
smell and have a bitter-burning taste, characterized by a pronounced
expectorant and relaxing action.
The highest content of essential oil is determined in
first-year leaves (1.5-7.5%) and leaves of the 2nd year (0.25-1.4%),
flowers (2.3%). In the branches of the second year is up to 1.5% oil, and
in the branches and fruits about 0.2%.
Aerial parts also contain:
- флавоноиды. Substances of this group improve
vascular tone, reduce the permeability of the vascular wall, have
revitalizing effect on the blood supply system, including small ones
- дубильные вещества. Have an astringent effect
help stop bleeding;
- арбутин. Glycoside with antiseptic
effect. Quickly and effectively inhibits the growth of pathogenic flora.
Considered the most effective against golden
- неомертиллин. Glycoside possessing
In a small amount in a plant various
minerals, amino acids, vitamins, organic acids,
The younger shoots, the greater the concentration of nutrients
observed in them.
Scientific research wild rosemary
The very first known mentions of the plant are subsidized 12
century and are in the Danish herbaria. In Europe, in the medicinal
practice swamp introduced Swedish doctors. Famous scientist Carl
Linnaeus wrote an essay on the healing characteristics of the plant in 1775
In folk medicine, this odorous healer has already been used with
16th century, especially in Sweden and Germany, where positioned as
remedy for various diseases of internal organs and skin.
It has been used in Russia since the 19th century, but was known to scientists much
- So, in 1496 Rauffus K.A. first received the essential oil from
raw materials of the plant and described that it consists of crystalline and
the liquid part.
- In 1912, Academician A.P. Krylov. was first described
tactics of treatment of pertussis with plant preparations.
- Later, in 1943, Professor Tatarov A.P. wrote about fast
the effect of wild rosemary when coughing accompanying acute bronchitis,
bronchial asthma, which has been proven in treating patients during
- In 1945, Dyakov N.N. also described the beneficial properties that
allowed to use the plant for the treatment of bronchial asthma.
- For the first time the structural formula of tricyclic sesquiterpene
спирта — ледола предложил Кирьялов Н. П. в 1949 year And detection
antiallergic action and mild hypertensive effect
allowed to recommend wild rosemary to patients with cough syndrome,
who suffer from hypertension.
Soviet scientists wrote that even long-term use
bog does not cause habituation effect. Therefore it is possible
use his drugs for several years for example like
maintenance therapy for asthma, pulmonary tuberculosis and other
chronic pathologies of the bronchopulmonary system in which
there is a cough.
At the beginning of the 21st century under the guidance of Professor Berezovskaya T.P.
on the basis of the Siberian Medical University was held the first
fundamental research of a plant: it is established
pharmacological activity and high resource bog as
biologically active substances.
In 2004, on the basis of the Tomsk Medical University,
An experimental study of antioxidant properties
extract extracted from wild rosemary sprouts collected in
various parts of Russia from 1988 to 2003. Study
was carried out on white laboratory mice and found that the plant
can be used to prevent the development of free radical
processes in the human body that cause damage
cellular structures. The investigated plant extracts showed
pronounced antimutagenic activity, which once again proved
the legitimacy of the use of medicinal properties of wild rosemary, as
Collecting and harvesting
The first thing to remember when going to the collection of the bog is
respect caution. Wear gloves and arms
respiration protect respirator.
For further therapeutic use collect annual shoots.
with leaves and flowers, up to 10 cm long. Branches are cut where
leaves begin to grow. The billet is produced during the flowering period to
how fruits are formed. It is believed that blooming wild rosemary
the richest in chemical composition.
Dry branches in the form of bundled, suspended.
It can be dried both in attics and verandas, and in the open air,
but not in the scorching sun. When rainy weather can be dried in
drier at t to 55 ° C.
Dries out about 3 times. Ready-made raw materials are sharp,
resinous smell. Keep it separate from other plants, outside
Access children in iron cans with lids.
Useful properties and indications
Ledum grass has a number of positive effects:
Indications for the use of drugs plants are extensive. Most
frequent ones are:
- acute and chronic bronchitis;
- whooping cough;
- pulmonary tuberculosis;
- spastic enterocolitis;
- acute rhinitis;
- rheumatic and gouty joints;
- arthrosis deformans, polyarthritis;
- eczema, neurodermatitis, scrofula, rash of various origins, zoster,
- external bleeding;
- wounds, bruises.
Most often used as an antitussive: softens
agonizing cough, makes it productive, improves discharge
sputum and its removal from the lower parts of the bronchial tree,
relaxes the smooth muscle tissue of the bronchi.
Some unscrupulous traditional healers advise
use strong decoctions of plants to interrupt unwanted
of pregnancy. However, the opinion of doctors in this regard is categorical: it
is unacceptable. Against the background of such stimulation miscarriage does not suffer
only the embryo, but also the mother’s body, which is exposed
severe intoxication, and its consequences may be
Pharmaceutical preparations with wild rosemary
Official medicine has long paid attention to this poisonous, but
useful plant. In the pharmacy network of Russia and post-Soviet countries
space you can buy the following drugs with the bog:
- Ледин. Tablets on the basis of seksviterpenovogo
alcohol emitted from the essential oil of wild rosemary. It is applied for
suppression of the cough reflex with bronchitis and other pulmonary
diseases (acute and chronic), laryngitis, tracheitis.
- Побеги/трава wild rosemary. Dry
vegetable raw materials that are assigned with bronchopulmonary
diseases (acute and chronic) in which there is
- Ледум-ГФ. Homeopathic ointment for outdoor
use characterized by analgesic and antipruritic
action. It is indicated for pain associated with joint disease, and
itching after insect bites.
- Фитоприл. Drug with a complex composition
natural beta blocker. It is applied for предупреждения заболеваний
CAS (stroke, arrhythmia, angina, etc.)
Recipes with wild rosemary
Many proven recipes help millions of people around the world.
the world in the treatment of certain pathologies. However, given the toxicity
plants before deciding on such treatment should
consult a doctor.
It is indicated for angina, tuberculosis, bronchitis, cough, cold,
inflammatory processes in the intestine. 1 tsp raw dry pour
200 ml of water, boil for 1 minute, leave under the lid for steam
for 30 minutes To filter
Drink 1 tbsp. 3 r / day. after meal.
For the treatment of skin diseases, the broth is evaporated by half and
warm vegetable oil 1: 1 is added to it, smeared with it
composition of the affected areas.
Shown as a diuretic, to soothe the nervous system,
as well as with asthma, tuberculosis, whooping cough, cold and cough,
accompanying bronchopulmonary diseases, gout, rheumatism,
shortness of breath, diabetes. Due to the high antioxidant and
infusion tonic activity can be used to wipe
fading skin instead of lotion. You can also apply a bandage,
wetted with infusion, to small wounds to stop bleeding.
For internal reception: about 8 gr. dry raw mix with 400
ml of boiling water and wait 15 minutes, filter. Take 2 tbsp.
per day in small portions.
For internal use – cold method of infusion, less
концентрированный настой: 1 tsp raw materials pour 400 ml of boiled water
(холодной), укрыть и настоять 8-10 ч. To filter Take
three times a day, half a cup.
For external use: 12 gr. dry raw materials pour boiling water
(250 ml) and steam for 20 minutes, strain. Use in case of arthrosis,
eczema, rheumatism for rubbing and compresses.
Infusion (ancient recipe)
Shown as a diaphoretic and also helps with
rheumatism, gout, moist eczema, flu, runny nose. Take 20
gr. dry raw material and pour 1000 ml of boiling water, put it in the oven or
oven (temperature ~ 50 C) for 10 hours, drain.
Take по 1/3 стакана после еды 4 раза в сут.
Take 1 part dry and pour 5 parts alcohol or 40%
vodka, insist in heat during the day.
Use externally for grinding for arthritis, rheumatism
radiculitis, for lotions for gout.
Take 100 ml of vegetable oil and mix with 1 tbsp. dry
raw materials, insist in the dark for 3 weeks, shaking the mixture daily.
After the raw material drain and squeeze.
Instill 2-3 drops in each nostril at once, and then – 1
a drop, frequency rate – 3-4 times a day.
Ledum oil (cold method)
Indicated for lubrication in skin diseases (eczema, etc.).
Take 2 tbsp. l dry сырья залить 4 ст.l vegetable oils,
insist in heat for 12 hours, filter.
Ledum oil (hot method)
Indicated for the treatment of insect bites, wounds, bruises,
rubbing with arthritis and radiculitis. Take 3 tbsp.l oils
растительного и перемешать с 3 ст.l dry сырья, поставить в печь
or oven for infusion.
Ointment for joint diseases
Take a ceramic pan, and lay out the grass in layers
wild rosemary, then fat (goose, pork), alternating them until the capacity
will not fill up. Close the lid tightly and cover the edges with dough.
Put the pan in the oven with t 100 ° C for 2-3 hours. Ready product
filter, put in the refrigerator (ointment gets semi-solid
Rub the joints 2-3 times / day.
Medicinal fees with wild rosemary
Tea for cold, cough, rheumatism, and bronchial asthma
Take 20 gr. травы болотника и 10 gr. nettle leaves, pour
1000 ml of boiling water and wait 12 hours.
Take 100 мл 3-4 р/сут. При лечении коклюша пить по 1 tsp
up to 5 times a day.
Collection from chronic bronchitis
Take 2 tbsp.l душицы, по 1 ст.l nettle leaves and birch
почек, 4 ст.l wild rosemary 2 tbsp.l mixture pour boiling water in a volume of 2
l, 10 min boil on low heat, insist 60 min,
Пить по трети стакана 3 r / day. after meal.
Collection from dysentery
Взять 10 gr. болотника, смешать с 20 gr. Althea root and pour 1
l of boiling water. Обождать 1 час, strain.
Take по 1 ст.l every 2 hours.
Remedy for acute bronchitis
Взять по 2 tbsp.l puzzle, camomile pharmacy, coltsfoot,
1 ст.l birch leaves and oregano, mix. К 2 tbsp.l mix take
500 ml of boiling water and boil for 10 minutes, then insist for another half an hour
under the lid.
Take по трети стакана 3 r / day. after meal.
Смещать: по 200 gr. травы багульника и цветков ромашки, 60 gr.
березовых почек, 40 gr. ephedra, all grind. Take 2 tbsp.l
mixture, add to it 500 ml of boiling water, insist 6 h and
Take теплым по половине стакана 3 r / day. before meals.
Сбор от dry кашля and difficult sputum
Взять 5 ст.l багульника, добавить по 10 ст.l coltsfoot and
Althea roots. 2 ч.l mix add to 1 liter of boiling water, hold for 5 minutes
on low heat, insist half an hour.
Take по половине стакана до еды, 5 раз в сут.
The collection of hypertension and obesity
Take 3 tbsp. l motherwort, the same number
2 tbsp. l wild rosemary and 1 tbsp. l horsetail and buckthorn bark,
mix. К 2 tbsp.l plant mixtures add 500 ml of boiling water, 10
min boil and insist another half an hour.
Take по трети стакана после еды, 3 раза/сут.
Взять по 2 tbsp.l wild rosemary, daisies, succession and plantain,
добавить по 1 ст.l lingonberry leaves and juniper berries,
mix. 2 tbsp.l raw materials mixed with 500 ml of boiling water, insist 6 hours,
Take 3 раза/сут по полстакана.
Взять 150 gr. багульника и 150 gr. hellebore white (roots),
добавить к сырью 500 gr. pork fat put in a water bath on
6 h, strain and cool.
Lubricate affected and healthy skin bordering the area
tick localization, 2-3 times / day.
Other uses of the plant
- In everyday life, dry leaves can be used as a natural
insecticide, fumigating their rooms or sprinkling decoction of the place
clusters of flies, mosquitoes, bedbugs, cockroaches.
- Powder from a plant or dry twigs help get rid of
moths: they shift clothes or hang bunches in a closet.
- Essential oil mixed with tar is used to tan the skin, in
perfumery, textile industry, soap making.
- Previously, bog tried to use instead of hops in brewing
(counterfeit). However, the drink was too intoxicating, caused delirium,
headache and dizziness, abdominal pain, colic.
- Is an хорошим медоносом, но мед на нем становится ядовитым,
therefore, it cannot be eaten. Such honey can be used
only bees for family development. For this reason, it is impossible to collect and
there is an unexplored honey of wild bees since it is unknown on
the basis of what plants it is obtained.
- Used in veterinary medicine for the treatment of pets:
pigs, cows, horses with epidemic diseases, colic,
Since the plant is poisonous, the wild rosemary contraindications are
absolute, they can not be ignored!
- Children’s age up to 14 years (and for a number of sources, and to 18
- Individual intolerance.
Overdose and side effects
In case of poisoning and overdose with plant preparations
inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the intestines and stomach, depression
or excitement of the nervous system, dizziness, hallucinations.
If the patient notes headaches during treatment,
dizziness, irritability or drowsiness,
the drug is immediately discontinued.
It happens that a person unknowingly inhales a long time smell
wild rosemary, for example, when collecting berries in a swamp. Wherein
typical symptoms of “stupefying” develop, such as a strong
headache, disorientation in space, dizziness.
Ledum is a healer, but, once again, it requires
knowledge, prudent approach and strict dosing during
Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог