Лечение runny nose у грудного ребенка

The body of children up to 1 year (breast period) is more susceptible
different diseases than older children, and very
часто родители сталкиваются с проблемой runny nose у ребенка.
The mucous membrane of the nose of infants is very sensitive, therefore
respiratory diseases are almost inevitable. Main
причины runny nose у новорожденных деток
это вирусы, аллергия, воспалительные процессы.
Но, и в тоже время, у детей до 2.5 месяца жизни
the presence of nipples does not indicate a child’s illness. at once
after birth in the internal cavity of the nose, at first it is very “dry”,
then getting too wet is a normal process
adaptation of the organism to external conditions, it is
физиологический runny nose. In infants full
mucous work begins after 10 weeks of life, so that sputum
in the nose it is a physiological and natural process. Treat it not
need to. Важно его распознать и нужно просто обеспечить
comfortable air in the room of the newborn. Let’s detail
разберемся о видах runny nose и о том, как помочь ребенку нормально
breathe.

The content of the article

  • 1 Виды и причины runny nose
  • 2 How and what to treat a runny nose in infants
    • 2.1 We treat physiological and infectious (viral)
      runny nose 
    • 2.2 Allergic rhinitis
    • 2.3 Cold remedies for the smallest
  • 3 What the infant should not do during treatment
    runny nose
  • 4 Видео консультация: как лечить runny nose у грудничка
  • 5 Школа доктора Комаровского: Насморк и лекарства от
    runny nose

Насморк у грудного ребенка


Виды и причины runny nose

Runny nose for an infant is very tiring, because
the baby is not yet able to breathe through the mouth, the nasal passages are narrow, and the swollen
The mucous membrane of the nose makes it very difficult to breathe completely.
When a child has a spout clogged up – it eats badly, sleeps poorly,
naughty. В первые дни runny nose сопровождается обильными
водянистыми выделениями из носа,  повышением температуры (в
mainly with a cold or hypothermia) and lasts up to 2 weeks.
При сильном runny noseе вокруг носа и верхней губы может возникнуть
swelling and irritation.

Symptoms:

Main симптомы — это сопли :)

  • Copious watery discharge from the nose.
  • Deterioration of the child’s general condition, possible appearance
    temperatures from 37ºС.
  • При появлении заложенности носа или непосредственно runny nose,
    грудничок отказывается от груди (от бутылочки), начинает
    take frequent breaks while sucking.
  • Shortness of breath appears and normal breathing is disturbed.
  • Если runny nose имеет аллергическую природу, помимо водянистых
    discharge, there are bouts of sneezing, itching in the nose,
    eye redness.
  • Infants involuntarily pull the handle to the nose, rubbing
    him.
  • The child’s life rhythm is disturbed (sleep, wakefulness, and
    power).

Runny nose can be:

  • Physiological. At the beginning of the article said
    what is the natural process of the body.
  • Infectious or viral.
    Причины заболевания бактериальные или вирусные инфекции.
    Sopelki is the body’s defensive response to viral
    infection.
  • Allergic. It is caused by various
    allergenic substances (dust, products (if a child is HB, then all that
    what mother eats, gets with milk and baby) to bloom
    plants, household chemicals and so on. d). At the same time there is not only
    runny nose, но еще и слезоточивость глаз.
  • Vasomotor. It arises due to the presence
    проблем с сосудами слизистых покровов носа (у грудничков
    встречается довольно редко
    ).

Как и чем лечить runny nose у грудничков

Use medication for infants only for
doctor’s recommendations!

We treat physiological and infectious (viral)
runny nose 

  1. Как уже говорили в начале статьи физиологический runny nose у
    an infant does not require special treatment. Вирусный runny nose,
    It is the body’s natural reaction that helps the nasopharynx.
    copes with a virus or bacteria. The main treatment is not to give
    dry up mucus. For этого требуется поддерживать в комнате
    оптимальную температуру и влажность воздуха не более 22
    градусов (поддержать влажность можно с помощью обычных чашек с
    water, spray out a spray bottle, use special
    humidifiers, put the aquarium).
  2. Moisten the nasal mucosa with normal saline
    (or regular saline): at the rate of 1 tsp. of salt
    (preferably marine. If not marine, use the usual
    поваренную) на 1 л теплой кипяченой water. Dig in by
    1 капли в каждую ноздрю. (ОЗНАКОМЬТЕСЬ СО
    СТАТЬЕЙ:
    как правильно закапывать носик ребенка).
    IMPORTANT! saline (commercial or homemade)
    use only as drops, as washing use
    can’t!
  3. Herbs Calendula or Yarrow: steam in a water bath
    1 чайную ложку на стакан water. Cool and bury baby by
    half a pipette into each nostril.
  4. Если runny nose сильный, то очистите носик ребенка от корок и
    thick mucus with a special little enema for removing snuffles
    (Available at any pharmacy.) You can use the usual “pear.”
    There are special nasal aspirators (nozzles). Или очень
    gently remove the mucus with baby cotton buds. (See article as
    clean the nose newborn baby in different ways)
  5. Bury breast milk. В составе грудного молока
    There are substances that will help protect the baby’s mucosa from
    �”Harmful” microbes.
  6. You can drip Aquamaris droplets (based on marine
    water).
  7. Chamomile decoction helps (if the child does not have on her
    allergies).
  8. Bathe the newborn in medicinal herbs. Bath with
    calendula, sage and yarrow. Take 25 grams of herbs,
    brew and leave in a thermos for 2 hours. The resulting decoction
    Pour into a bath with a water temperature of not more than 37 degrees.
  9. The most common folk remedy for the treatment of rhinitis
    infants, this is dripping into the spout freshly squeezed beetroot or
    carrot juice, half diluted with water or olive or
    vegetable sunflower oil.
  10. Another folk remedy is to put sea buckthorn in the nose.
    butter.
  11. You can drip aloe juice or kalanchoe. The juice
    необходимо развести кипяченной водой, 1 часть сока 10 частей
    water. Dig in 5 times a day.
  12. Breathe in the oil of eucalyptus. В аромалампу налить воды и
    drop 5-10 drops of eucalyptus oil, heat and leave in the room
    for 15-20 minutes, the child will breathe in pairs.
  13. Lubricate areas of irritation with baby cream.

Herbal decoctions must be used carefully, as they
can cause baby allergies.

NOT! With physiological or viral rhinitis
не нужно грудничкам капать в нос сосудосуживающие
drops. Эти капли можно использовать только после
назначения врача в крайних случаях (если ребенок не может
спать или кушать из-за забитого носа).Капли могут вызвать отек
mucous membrane.

NOT! Enema or pear mucus we suck,
but in no case do not need to rinse the spout! Liquid under
pressure can get into the baby Eustachian tube (which
connects the ear and nose) and cause otitis media (inflammation of the middle ear).

Allergic rhinitis

In allergic rhinitis, swelling of the nasal mucosa occurs and
treatment can only prescribe a doctor!

Prevention of the common cold caused by allergies – exclude
контакт грудного ребенка с аллергеном: чаще делайте влажную
cleaning, you need to abandon the use of household chemicals, for example
cleaning agents for carpets, polishes, scouring powders and gels,
air fresheners, laundry wash only phosphate-free children’s
powders or simple soap (see how to wash baby clothes). For
ensure clean and humid air in
комнате используйте увлажнитель воздуха, пылесос с
water filter, salt lamp, ionizer.

Cold remedies for the smallest

We give the names of drops and ointments for general information. Before
application is better to consult a pediatrician!

  • Nasal drops for babies from the first days
    жизни
    : Аквамарис, Аквалор, Називин, Виброцил, доктор
    IOM, Salin and Pinasol.
  • Согревающие мази и настойки: мазь
    Calendula, Hypericum, Vitaon, Pulmeks-baby (we grease a foot),
    Dr. IOM (grease feet).
  • Ароматерапия: масло туи (2 капли на
    a glass of boiling water put evaporate in the room with the baby); Butter
    tea break (from 6 months on 1 drop on a pillow before bedtime).

What you should not do a baby in the treatment of rhinitis

  • Do not rinse the spout with enemas, pears and other injectors.
    devices;
  • Do not bury antibiotics;
  • Do not suck snot from the internal areas of the nose;
  • Vasoconstrictor drugs only on prescription.

In some cases, you may need medical
help if:

  • The child’s breathing became whistling;
  • With a runny nose, there is redness of the throat;
  • The child refuses food and begins to lose weight;
  • You suspect a child headaches;
  • Bloody nasal discharge;
  • A runny nose lasts longer than a week;
  • If the baby has 3-6 months. temperature below normal;
  • If a baby has a temperature of 40 ° C, it does not decrease, but
    continues to grow.

We treat a cold! 

  • 5 best drugs for the treatment of rhinitis in children from 0 to 5
    years old;
  • 10 effective folk remedies for rhinitis in children.

Видео консультация: как лечить runny nose у грудничка

Школа доктора Комаровского: Насморк и лекарства от
runny nose

Actress Anastasia Basha addressed Dr. Komarovsky with
Questions about a cold – where does it come from, what and how is it treated, how much
in general, it is dangerous … Obviously, it is impossible to avoid runny nose, but
it is quite possible to make it so that childhood, constantly snotty, will become
childhood, snotty occasionally, and these episodes will be short,
light, rare. We listen to the recommendations of the doctor!

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