Kalanchoe: medicinal properties, contraindications,composition, treatment of rhinitis, sinus

Update: October 2018

Kalanchoe is an extensive genus of perennial plants of the family
Crassulapid. Today, more than two hundred species of plants are known,
that grow in the tropics, Southeast and South Africa,
Australia, some are grown as ornamental plants.
The largest species diversity (about 100) is found on
The African continent, somewhat less in Central America,
Australia, South Asia, Mexico, Cape Verde, Hawaiian, Caribbean
and the Canary Islands.

The most common types of Kalanchoe, which have medicinal
properties and used in the recipes of folk and official
medicine, especially for the treatment of ENT pathology (from a cold,
sinusitis) is:

  • Cirrus (Kalanchóe pinnáta) – the most studied species
    used in official medicine for cooking
    pharmaceuticals. It is this species, as more studied, that follows.
    use in homemade recipes;
  • Blossfeld (Kalanchoe blossfeldiana) – less studied
    a variety, however, also used by herbalists;
  • Degremona (Kalanchoe daigremontiana) – a culture that is more common
    just figured in the recipes of traditional medicine. In some western
    sources report toxicity of all parts of this species.
    plants, however, recorded cases of poisoning in humans do not
    there is.

A feature of plants is their ability to take water from
air, which determines their high survival in adverse
conditions and adaptability to such conditions.

Morphological description

Kalanchoe pinnate

It can reach a height of up to 2 m, has a strong, fleshy
stem, tree bottom. On the stalk opposite each other
there are petiolate leaves slightly pubescent with hairs
round shape and glossy surface. Often in the grooves
teeth formed leaf buds that are designed to
vegetative propagation.

The plant blooms irregularly and not strongly, more often the bloom falls out
for the cold season. Inflorescences are axillary
panicles: there are large bisexual flowers on the pedicels. Every flower
Kalanchoe is the basis of 4 boxed fruits that are surrounded
the remains of the corolla. Seeds are small, oval.

Kalanchoe Degremona

rfkfy[j' ktxt,yst cdjqcndf b ghjnbdjgjrfpfybzThis is a popular
a kind of race, a feature of which is the presence of babies,
located at the edges of the leaves. Kids are very easy to fall off the leaves
and take root quickly. The culture is not high, up to 50 cm, stems more often
just creep, therefore, need support. Leaves продолговатые,
pointed, dark green. Blossom falls in winter –
flowers are bell-shaped, large, pink-purple.

Kalanchoe Blossfeld

This is a popular plant with numerous bare
weakly branching stems. Plant height reaches up to 30 cm.
Leaves имеют округлую или яйцевидную форму, зеленый или
dark green color. Sometimes a red border runs along the edge of the sheet.
It blooms for a long time, from the beginning of winter to the beginning of summer. Flowers
dark red, pink, yellow or orange color reach in
up to 1 cm in diameter, gathered in clusters in the form of brushes.

History and popularization of Kalanchoe

About the healing properties of Kalanchoe was known in antiquity –
the inhabitants of the island of Madagascar, which is considered the historic homeland
cultures were actively treated with the sap of the plant both internally and
outwardly. In some countries, the plant has been used in the treatment of
tuberculosis. On the territory of modern European countries, where
the plant was brought as a healing, there were many supporters
unconventional treatment, for example, Johann Goethe used daily
inward “babes” Kalanchoe, which, in his opinion, possessed
anti-aging effect.

The plant attracted the attention of scientists only in 1962, when
began to appear notes about the so-called “indoor ginseng”
which delivered from many diseases forever.

The first clinical studies were organized in 1966.
Fresh juice plants were treated fistula, wounds and burns in
a few patients who healed very poorly. Result
The experiment turned out to be positive and proved that Kalanchoe
has healing properties and can be used inside and
outwardly.

The juice растения быстро обрел популярность и стал выпускаться в
industrial scale. A little later, appeared and ointment. All drugs
used to heal wounds, cleanse them of necrotic masses and
eliminate inflammation.

Collecting and harvesting

Since Kalanchoe is a houseplant, then
it should not be harvested in advance. However, experienced herbalists do not
completely agree with this position and recommend special training
plants before preparation of dosage forms.

The best time to harvest leaves is from early August to
the end of October. The required amount of leaves is cut from the plant,
washed in water and placed in a dry, dark and cool place for 7
days It is believed that during this period the leaves actively accumulate
biogenic stimulants. Next, the leaves are crushed to semi-liquid
masses and squeeze juice from them. The resulting raw material is rather muddy,
so it can stand for several days in the refrigerator, then
filter and use already for the intended purpose.

For long-term storage of juice you need to achieve it.
sterility – diluted with medical alcohol in a ratio of 5: 1 and
put in storage in the fridge. Use such raw materials
possible for 1 year.

Chemical composition

Leaves каланхоэ, которые и являются сырьем для получения
dosage forms contain:

  • a large number of micro and macro elements (magnesium, aluminum,
    copper, calcium, iron and manganese), which have a positive effect on
    the course of redox processes, blood formation,
    blood clotting reactions, as well as involved in the work of the muscles;
  • enzymes – natural catalysts, protein organic
    substances that regulate metabolism, accelerating all chemical
    processes;
  • Bufadienolida- steroid substances that affect the tone of the heart
    muscles;
  • organic acids: isolimonic, malic, citric,
    oxalic and acetic acid, which have a choleretic effect,
    have a bactericidal effect, prevent the processes of decay in
    intestine. Reduces autointoxication processes, helps
    effective absorption of calcium and food in general. Participate in the regulation
    metabolic processes, as well as biogenic stimulants;
  • tannins that provide antimicrobial, astringent and
    hemostatic effects;
  • polysaccharides;
  • flavonoids (kaempferol, quercetin).

In addition to these nutrients, according to herbalists,
short leaf storage in the dark at low
temperatures in it accumulate biogenic stimulants. However this
The theory has no evidence base.

It is believed that the rich natural composition determines the high
antimicrobial activity of the plant, so it can be grown on
window sills for natural air disinfection
premises.

Healing properties of Kalanchoe

It is proved that the juice of the plant has:

  • bactericidal;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • bacteriostatic action.

Most often prescribed for external use and treatment
various skin lesions, especially purulent and poorly healing.
Due to the ability of the culture to clean its necrotic masses
called the “surgeon without a knife.”

In the course of research it has been proven that Kalanchoe juice has
bactericidal effect on hemolytic and non-hemolytic
streptococcus and Staphylococcus aureus, which explains the high
efficacy in sinus, external skin diseases, otitis,
tonsillitis, since the etiological pathogens of these pathologies
most often is the indicated flora.

At the Department of Microbiology NMU. A. A. Bogomolets studied
antiviral activity of the juice of different species of this plant:
most active against influenza virus, Coxsack B1 and B6,
possess K. velutina, blossfeldiana, pinnata and crenata.
Antiviral properties work when a viral headache
etiology, which allows to cure SARS in the early stages, because
the entrance gates for the infection are the respiratory tract, including
слизистая оболочка the nose.

In a number of scientific works immunomodulators have been proven,
adaptogenic and antihistamine properties of the juice, which allows
prophylactically take Kalanchoe medications during the seasonal
infections, recovery from serious illnesses, etc.

Kalanchoe application

Kalanchoe plant is part of the cosmetic care products
for skin, ointments, some tinctures and solutions. Treatment соком
Kalanchoe is most justified for getting anti-inflammatory
external effect: juice inhibits exudative phase
inflammatory response and inhibits the formation of granulations in
proliferative phase of inflammation.

In surgery

Ointment и сок активно применяются в хирургии для лечения
trophic ulcers, including postthrombophlebitic, varicose,
posttraumatic, purulent-necrotic lesions, bedsores.
Used to cleanse a wound before stitching.

With ulcerative lesions sterile gauze, folded in 4-5 layers,
moistened with juice, half-diluted 1% rm Novocain (for
exclusion of burning sensation). If it is a diabetic, instead
Novocaine use insulin. In cases of seeding the wound with bacteria
and in case of purulent discharge from the ulcer, an appropriate
antibiotic to which the isolated pathogen is sensitive.

In dentistry

The juice применяется в лечении запущенных форм гингивита,
periodontitis, severe forms of stomatitis. It is sprayed on the damaged
mucous several times a day. Such procedures contribute to
stopping bleeding, purging of purulent masses and epithelization
foci.

In gynecology

The juice и мазь применяют для ускорения заживления разрывов
perineum after childbirth, endocervicitis treatment, cervical erosion
uterus, nipple cracks.

In ophthalmology

A drugы растения помогают вылечить эрозию и травмы роговицы,
нейропаралитический, язвенный кератит, ожоги глаз и others, причем
show effectiveness in patients who have been treated by others
drugs did not give the desired therapeutic effect.

In otolaryngology

The juice применяют для лечения хронических форм тонзиллитов, а также
runny nose, sinusitis in the early stages, uncomplicated otitis
It is believed that the juice helps to restore damaged
eardrum. A promising direction is treatment
simple and toxico-allergic chronic tonsillitis in children with
using electrophoresis of Kalanchoe juice together with UHF-therapy,
held every other day.

In cosmetology

Effective in the fight against acne, fine wrinkles.

Homemade recipes from Kalanchoe

Leaves

  • Effectively heals the skin, helps get rid of acne, and
    also fine wrinkles, stop bleeding. How to use:
    the leaf of the plant is cut from the stem, gently remove the upper skin
    and rub this part of the face, the area around the eyes, neck or cut on
    skin.
  • A leaf attached to the skin under the eyes will help eliminate
    dark circles, if you carry out this procedure regularly.
  • In the treatment of colds, especially those with
    defeat of the nasopharynx, should be 3-4 times a day after meals
    chew kalanchoe leaf, and then spit gruel. The
    method will help with periodontal disease.
  • If the leaf is crushed into a mush and put it on the warts,
    having strengthened over a bandage, it is possible to get rid of these unpleasant
    formations. The dressing should be changed to a fresh 2 p per day. Treatment
    spend during the week.

Ointment

  • Available in volumes of 10, 30 and 50 grams. Before use ointment
    incubated at room T for half an hour.
  • Homemade recipe: fresh or diluted with alcohol
    juice in a volume of 30 grams is mixed in 50 grams of lanolin, heated in
    enameled pan to dissolve, but not allowing boiling,
    then poured into a sterile jar, cooled and stored in
    the fridge.
  • Ointmentю можно обрабатывать различные раны, лечить пролежни,
    fistula, use for skin rash, frostbite, eczema and
    others

Extract

Chop the stalks and leaves, pour boiling water in relation to
raw 1: 5 and soak for 20 minutes in a water bath. Then extract
strain, boil on low heat to reduce the volume by 2 times.
Охладить и хранить в the fridge. Apply to:

  • oral irrigation and rubbing in the gums during dental
    diseases, periodontitis,
  • for lubrication of ulcers and non-healing skin wounds,
  • washing fistula (in diluted form).

The juice

  • The recipe for making juice, we outlined above. You can buy juice in
    pharmacy – the drug is available in ampoules of 3, 5, 10 ml, also
    bottles of 10, 20, 100 ml. Before use it is heated to
    37 C.
  • For the treatment of varicose veins, folded in several layers,
    soak Kalanchoe juice and put on varicose nodes,
    enduring at least an hour. Spend a 10-day course.
  • Effective in the complex treatment of erysipelas: the juice is diluted with 0.5% rm
    novocaine in a ratio of 1: 1 and moisten in sterile solution
    napkin, which impose on erysipelas lesion. Napkin
    additionally moistened with juice 2-3 times a day. The course of treatment is 5-6.
    days
  • The juice также применяют при лечении ирита, артрозов, пери- и
    polyarthritis, iridocyclitis, stomatitis, periodontal disease, gingivitis,
    conjunctivitis, purulent wounds, burns, pressure sores, etc. A drug
    participates in the regulation of metabolic processes, acts
    anti-inflammatory, cleans wounds and promotes their healing.
    Treatment проводят 15-20 days
  • Still fresh juice can be instilled into the nose, 1-2 drops into each
    nasal passage 2-3 r per day (in some sources it is advised to
    procedure every 1-2 hours), as a prophylactic and
    remedy for rhinitis, sinusitis, with an epidemic of ARVI and
    the flu. Instead of instillation, you can gently lubricate the mucous
    the nose. Kalanchoe drip should be after the hygienic
    procedures.
  • In the treatment of eye diseases, 1 drop of fresh juice is dripped into
    each conjunctival sac after 4 hours.

Many are interested in, is it possible for children with rinitis juice Kalanchoe?

Many people use this tool even in infants, but they breed juice.
Cooled boiled water 1: 1. This therapeutic composition, which
drip 1 drop in each nasal passage 2-3 r per day, eliminates
nasal congestion, cleans the mucous membrane and exerts local
antiviral and antimicrobial action. If you follow
general recommendations, this dosage form can be applied from 3
years old.

Infusion

Raw materials (crushed sheet) are placed in an enamel bowl and
pour boiling water: for external use 1: 5, for internal –
1:10, close the lid and incubate for about 20 minutes on the water
bathhouse

Used to treat varicose veins, purulent wounds, burns, inflammation.
eyelid gargle. Inside take with diseases of the digestive tract,
gynecological pathologies, tuberculosis, gastritis occurring with
low acidity, gastroduodenitis and chronic colitis – by
1 tbsp. 2 p a day before meals for 1 month (in the case of tuberculosis –
3-4 months for both the patient and those who are in contact with him).

Infusionка

This dosage form is rarely used, but it still has
place to be. In a half-liter bottle is placed pre
crushed leaves and add 70% alcohol, clog and set
for 7 days in a dark place, periodically shake the contents.
Затем процеживают и хранят в the fridge.

Infusionка используется для натирания при варикозном расширении
lower veins limbs. Helps remedy and felon,
pustular skin diseases, mastopathy, inflammatory
processes in the oral cavity: sore spots are treated with tincture
several times a day.

Combined use

Very often, plant preparations are combined with antibiotics,
other herbal remedies, physiotherapy, etc. This allows
achieve greater effect.

Most often this is justified in the treatment of thrombophlebitis, varicose veins,
posttraumatic ulcers, pustular lesions. In folk medicine
Kalanchoe is combined with flax seeds, chamomile flowers, sweet clover,
leaves Althea.

Contraindications

  • Children age up to 3 years (due to the lack of clinical
    research on the use of plants in young children);
  • Individual intolerance;
  • Acute allergic diseases;
  • Pregnancy.

Side effects

Develop quite rarely. Locally, in the area of ​​application
drug may burning, swelling, redness of the skin. Of common
reactions that often develop with an overdose of the drug,
It may be noted nausea, weakness, pain in the epigastrium, headache.
In severe cases, with individual intolerance may
develop anaphylactic shock or angioedema.

Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог

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