Is psoriasis contagious, is psoriasis transmitted byinheritance?

Update: October 2018

Many people see a person with psoriatic skin lesions.
avoid contact with him for fear of contracting this disease,
since most believe that psoriasis is contagious. However, on
question is contagious whether or not skin psoriasis medicine has long given
negative response, psoriasis is not an infectious disease, therefore
they can not be infected.

Most people can’t see the difference between infectious inflammation.
skin – infectious, fungal, herpetic, scabies, lichen and
other, and various skin manifestations caused by internal
factors that provoke the development of psoriatic plaques. Therefore,
Naturally, most of those who do not know psoriasis are contagious
or not, at the sight of plaques on a person’s body, fear arises and
fear of contracting incomprehensible skin disease.

Psoriasis is not a contagious disease – it is considered proven.
fact

  • Psoriasis is not transmitted through contact with the patient, nor through
    handshake, neither through touch, hug, etc.
  • When caring for a patient, psoriasis is not contagious.
  • Use common household items: a towel, dishes, etc.
    can be without fear of infection, because the contact-household way
    psoriasis is not transmitted from person to person.
  • Also, psoriasis is not sexually transmitted.
  • Psoriasis is not caused by pathogens, so for
    people with psoriasis are not contagious because
    There is no potential source of infection.
  • In cases where one family member falls ill in the same family,
    then others – many see this as the fact that psoriasis is contagious. But,
    it does not indicate the physical reason for transmitting the disease through
    contact with the patient, and is explained by hereditary
    location.

However, given the various assumptions of scientists and theories of the causes
the onset of psoriasis is viral (retroviruses transmitted by
inheritance), infectious-allergic theory (as a tissue
allergic reaction to viruses, streptococci), and not only
an immune and genetic cause – with 100% certainty
declare no contagion of this little-studied disease.

Is psoriasis a hereditary disease?

Many parents who suffer from psoriasis are concerned about the issue
whether psoriasis is inherited, and can there be psoriasis in their
children? Most doctors believe that a significant role in the development
This disease is played by hereditary factors, the genetic
disposition, that is, argue that psoriasis is transmitted by
inheritance. Children born to a mother or father suffering
psoriasis, 4 times more often get this disease than children from
healthy parents. And in case both parents are sick, then
the probability of illness in their children is 75%.

Передается ли псориаз по наследству

Research scientists have discovered the fact that the same violations
metabolic processes in the skin and blood of patients with psoriasis, are detected and
their clinically healthy next of kin. Therefore changes
at the cellular level, psoriasis is inherited, creating
predisposition to this ailment.

  • When a child gets sick, they are usually found in the family
    psoriasis, perhaps not even parents, but grandmothers or great-grandmothers.
    The disease can not manifest itself for a long time, but when
    provocative factors appear unexpectedly, even in the old
    age
  • Often there are times after the family develops.
    psoriasis in a child, while there is no one in the family with this disease,
    suddenly after a while one of the parents also appears
    signs of psoriasis. Contagiousness of the disease is excluded, therefore, it
    no coincidence, and the family propensity for this disease was, but
    manifested only in the event of provoking factors.
  • There have been cases of healthy parents, in whose type of psoriasis
    never happened, the child fell ill with this ailment, and through
    for some time, signs of psoriasis were recorded in mom or
    dads.
  • Also, there are cases when parents have no psoriasis, and their
    children show signs at different ages, so it is believed
    что псориаз предается по inheritance.
  • Among all patients with this disease, 60% are found
    next of kin with a similar problem
    exclude the effect of the virus on the genetic code of the cell.
  • There is also an opinion that the disease itself is not inherited, but
    metabolism predisposition, skin features, endocrine
    mechanisms whose violation leads to various manifestations
    psoriasis.
  • Another point of view is that today psoriasis
    considered a fairly common ailment, and some doctors
    argue that the occurrence of psoriasis is not necessarily associated with
    genetic cause. And the reason should be sought in combination
    several risk factors: disorders of enzyme, lipid metabolism,
    amino acid metabolism, virus multiplication, foci
    streptococcal infection, etc.

What is dangerous for psoriasis for the patient?

Many people think that psoriasis is not life threatening and besides
psychological and minor physical discomfort,
inconvenience is nothing wrong with this ailment, because the presence
flaking and inflammation some areas of the skin does not carry serious
threats to the health and life of the patient.

But, это является глубоким заблуждением. What is dangerous psoriasis?
First of all, because it is not just a skin disease,
enough of the fact that severe common forms of psoriasis
without proper treatment lead to death.

Itching, cracks in the skin, intermittent pain, this is only the most
the onset of possible serious complications. Psoriasis is by no means
the case is not “skin disease only”, it is a systemic disease
which affects almost all organs and systems, this
the internal state of the organism, therefore, is unequivocally the statement that
psoriasis is not contagious to others.

When the process affects only the skin – it can somehow
control and during the month of treatment the symptoms can go away. But
what is dangerous for psoriasis for a patient most of all is when
affected joints.

Therefore, it is important for all patients with psoriasis to control any
inflammatory process, do not bring the exacerbation to a critical
condition and prevent diseases of the joints. With
psoriatic arthritis to help the patient is much more difficult and
drugs used to treat put no less
harm than good because they have a lot of side effects.
Complications of psoriasis:

Nail damage

Psoriatic nail changes are harbingers of onset
заболеваний  суставов. If the patient has a change
the appearance of the nail plate, appear grooves, or
oil stains, nail plate dystrophy is a warning sign,
which should alert the patient with psoriasis because it is
indicates approaching psoriatic arthritis.

With псориазе возможен целый комплекс различных нарушений
organs and body systems:

  • Eye diseases, conjunctivitis, lens sclerosis, iritis,
    episcleritis, etc.
  • Various diseases of the digestive tract, mucous membranes of the oropharynx,
    urethra, bladder.
  • Enlarged liver and spleen.
  • Violations of the central nervous system – with such manifestations
    as nonsense, epileptic seizures, encephalopathy.
  • Spontaneous muscle pain, muscle wasting, muscle weakness.
  • Due to the massive destruction of cells (desquamation) of the kidney
    overloaded with purine bases. Nephropathy may develop
    and CRF.
  • Heart damage, up to myocarditis, pericarditis, defects
    hearts.

Psoriatic arthritis

These are multiple lesions of the joints. Meet at about 7
percent of cases. Typical lesions of several joints of one
toes or feet. Sausage fingers (swelling, swelling, impairment
active movements in the joints). Further asymmetric arthritis
large joints: knee, ankle, elbow, often
lesions of the sacroiliac joint. After few years
There is a phase of subluxation of the joints (seal flippers) and muscle atrophy.
On the x-ray is the destruction of the articular cartilage and heads
bones.

Автор: Мельникова Светлана Георгиевна врач-дерматолог

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