Update: October 2018
Every woman in the waiting period of the child there is a mass
questions – what can be done and what cannot be done during pregnancy, what
safe for the child, and what may adversely affect his
development. Consider some popular questions.
Can I dye my hair during pregnancy?
Special studies on the effect of constituents
no hair dye on the fruit. Yes, hair dye (per
with the exception of plant-type henna) contains many harmful substances,
such as hydrogen peroxide, resorcinol, ammonia, but their penetration
through the skin into the blood is very insignificant. Placental barrier
reliably protects a fruit from any toxic substances, therefore harm
for the baby will not.
You can dye your hair no more than 1 time in 2 months, only
high-quality paints and in conditions of good ventilation
premises. When pregnancy is more relevant than ever to test
sensitivity to paint, which many neglect, because even
allergies may develop to habitual ingredients.
To drink coffee?
There is no definite answer. Doctors do not recommend drinking coffee
following categories of pregnant women: with hypertension, risk
osteoporosis, kidney disease, severe toxicosis, gastritis and
peptic ulcer disease, as well as elevated blood cholesterol levels.
In addition to the invigorating action and pleasant taste, coffee has
diuretic, hypertensive effect, leaches calcium from the body
and raises cholesterol. If you fall into the category
prohibition, but do not think of life without coffee – replace it with chicory,
having similar taste.
If a woman did not drink coffee before pregnancy, then
Bearing is definitely not worth starting. If the coffee was
habitual drink, you should drink observe the following
- the usual dose of coffee for 1 cup divided in two;
- drink no more than 2 cups a day;
- do not drink coffee on an empty stomach and at night;
- add milk or cream to the drink.
There is not a single useful component in a cigarette – any
Doubting pregnant women can read their “rich” chemical
composition on the Internet (see the video of what makes modern cigarettes).
But besides the lack of good, cigarettes are an obvious harm. Fetus
smoking mother completely suffers from hypoxia, many times more
is at risk of developing oncopathology, heart defects,
bone system and other organs. Premature birth, low weight
children, organic damage to the central nervous system – this is not a complete list
последствия курения в период gestation Even if you quit smoking
during pregnancy, the prognosis for the baby improves (see
mortality is reduced if a woman quits smoking during
Some smokers, learning about future motherhood, are moving to
hookah. But this is self-deception, it is no less harmful because
Filled with the same tobacco with masking additives.
What about modern e-cigarettes? In accordance with
conducted research by the US FDA department in smoke
electronic cigarettes contain a large number of dangerous
chemicals, incl. diethylene glycol and nitrosamine, known
carcinogens. Most tested cigarette refilling liquids
contained nicotine, although in the composition it is not specified. Those. electronic
a cigarette is no less evil than a regular cigarette.
Not. No doctor will answer this question ambiguously.
Алкоголь вреден на любом сроке gestation Ethanol from maternal blood
easily penetrates the placenta and bloodstream of the fetus, causing hypoxia and
disrupting normal development. The consequence of this may be different
congenital abnormalities, fetal hypotrophy, cerebral hypoplasia
brain and more.
The view that alcohol is supposedly not allowed to drink in the first 12 weeks,
and then you can, extremely wrong. Yes, in the first trimester alcohol
leads to more large-scale pathologies as it goes bookmark
organs. In the future, there is a ripening of all body systems, and
alcohol can disrupt this process.
If you really want to drink – let it be non-alcoholic wine
or beer, or better – natural juice!
Drink black and green tea?
Green tea is more beneficial than black tea. contains more
antioxidants and minerals. When this drink contains
almost the same amount of caffeine as black tea, and
it can increase pressure and cause insomnia. Besides,
green tea irritates the gastrointestinal tract and interferes with absorption
фолиевой кислоты (см. зеленый чай при pregnancy).
Black tea can provoke heartburn, and in large quantities
contributes to the leaching of magnesium. And you should definitely give up
drinking cheap tea bags.
You can summarize this: 2-3 cups a day of weak tea with milk
do not harm, provided that after drinking a woman
feels good. The safest for future moms is
white tea, with less caffeine and irritants, but
and this drink cannot completely replace the required volume daily
Unfortunately not It is safe antibiotics for pregnant women.
Any manufacturer indicates in the annotation that the drug can
apply to pregnant women only on prescription.
The danger of antibiotics lies not only in teratogenic
action, but also in side effects, which are very often manifested
именно у будущих мам и угрожают нормальному течению of pregnancy.
The unpleasant moment of antibacterial treatment is
dysbacteriosis. The most dangerous antibiotic groups are:
aminoglycosides, cephalosporins, tetracyclines, sulfonamides.
A doctor will never prescribe an antibiotic without foundation, but with
development in the body of a pregnant bacterial infection without
antibiotic is indispensable. Antibiotics that would no doubt
appointed in the first trimester, does not exist. But the choice of a doctor
small – broad spectrum antibiotics are preferred
actions – amoxicillin, azithromycin, which are not dangerous for
developing fetus and most often are prescribed to pregnant women in the second
and the third trimester (see
In any case, self-admission antibiotic without appointment
doctor banned. If it so happens that the drug is necessary
to drink, it is necessary to strictly observe the dosage and frequency, not
exceeding and not reducing them. Untreated infection is chronic.
infectious process that carries a direct threat to the fetus in its
intrauterine life or immediately after birth (intrauterine
infection, fetal hypotrophy, pneumonia, sepsis, etc.).
Paracetamol is one of the most commonly used drugs. is he
helps relieve pain of various origins, reduce fever,
neutralize the inflammatory response.
Like other drugs, paracetamol should not be taken in the first
триместре of pregnancy. In the future, his reception should be
medically justified, you can not take pills constantly. Headache
pain often accompanies pregnancy, but no doctor will advise
take it off with paracetamol. Side effects such as anemia,
thrombocytopenia, allergy and aseptic pyuria, can significantly
worsen the course of pregnancy and require additional
Receiving paracetamol 1 time in 2-3 months is safe, but provided
that the drug is prescribed by a doctor. In case of a rise in body temperature
You can lower the temperature by half a degree without drugs.
Any sport is an additional burden on and so on.
an overloaded female body that now works for two. AT
interesting position is difficult to maintain balance, and familiar
Exercise can cause considerable difficulty. But besides that,
Sport is a good mood, strengthening muscles and ligaments.
Women who previously devoted a considerable amount of time to sport
pregnancy will be difficult to completely abandon the usual load.
If health allows, but the doctor does not prohibit, light types are acceptable
sports, such as yoga, swimming, breathing exercises,
exercises on the ball, etc. Any traumatic species should be excluded.
sports (bike, ski), weightlifting exercises
(free weights, exercise equipment), ladder, jumping.
Those for whom sport is not a priority are definitely not worth it.
start to join him in an interesting position. Hiking
fresh air is the best exercise for the future
If the doctor has forbidden sex during pregnancy – there is
serious reasons (most likely the threat of miscarriage) to neglect it
recommendations are not worth it. And what about those women who are on this
nothing is said about it, but it’s embarrassing to ask the doctor directly? If a
bring together all the advice of doctors on this topic, you can answer
- not recommended to have sex in the first 2 months
pregnancy, i.e. period of active growth of the placenta and bookmarks
organs of the baby, as well as in the days when menstruation was earlier;
- in the last month of carrying sex can provoke
- You should not be excessively active, use poses, while
which clamp the stomach;
- deep vaginal penetration is not recommended, but
anal sex is generally considered dangerous;
- should use a condom.
Of course, the joy of intimacy should be a joy – agree
for sex only for the sake of the desire of a man, and at this time to go with
crazy about experiences, if you do not harm the child, you can not!
Sleep on your stomach?
You can safely sleep on the stomach in the first trimester – the fetus is still
very small, and the uterus does not protrude over the pubic bones. ATо втором и
the third trimester cannot sleep on the stomach and is absolutely uncomfortable.
Intensively growing fetus will compress the internal organs of the mother,
disrupting blood flow in them. Clamping the internal vena cava may
lead to a significant violation of the outflow of blood from the lower
limbs. And for the fetus, such a situation is unsafe.
The best posture for sleep, to which you should train yourself from the first
weeks – it is in position on its side. Most likely, this position is still long
will remain the main and after the birth of the crumbs, when you need to
Swim in the pool and pond?
Swimming – замечательный вид спорта для future moms helping
strengthen the muscles of the pelvis, back, abdomen and perineum without overload.
Improving blood circulation contributes to the normal nutrition of the fetus
oxygen, and training the respiratory muscles is useful for proper
breath in labor.
But you can not appoint yourself a pool without the knowledge of the doctor. Swimming
prohibited under: threatened miscarriage, placenta previa, presence
vaginal secretions, serious chronic diseases
(epilepsy, heart defects, etc.). If the doctor has authorized this gentle
sport, you need to adhere to the following tips:
- choose a pool with low people and non-aggressive
water purification system (ozonation, silvering);
- if it is an open reservoir, then it must be officially
allowed for swimming, which means with a proven quality
- do not swim immediately after a meal or on an empty stomach;
- it is necessary to refuse employment and in days of the general malaise, even
if it is paid and “disappears”.
Visit the sauna and bath?
Bath and sauna are always associated with the effects of high temperatures on
organism, and this is the risk of miscarriage or premature birth. therefore
in the first and last trimester, these recreational activities are not
recommended. Strictly forbidden to visit the bath and sauna
- the presence of acute infections;
- complicated pregnancy (edema, severe toxemia, detachment
- heart defects.
The total time in the bath or sauna should not exceed half an hour. Need to
wear a special headdress for the prevention of heat stroke,
drink water to avoid dehydration. With hygienic purpose and for
injury prevention on the feet need to wear rubber shoes.
Even in the normal course of pregnancy should not get involved
steam room – a sharp contrast in temperatures can lead to rupture
fetal membranes, which at best will end up leaking
amniotic fluid, and at worst – miscarriage. The second threat is the reaction
future mom’s blood vessels for heat, which may be in the form of a faint,
hypoxia dangerous fetus and injury.
To take a bath?
You can not take a hot bath, because this is a direct threat
A warm relaxing bath is useful for expectant mothers, since
water muscles relax, relieve stress from the legs, blood
distributed throughout the body evenly. Total procedure time is not
must exceed 20 minutes.
You should not add to the bath a variety of essential oils, coloring
salts that can cause allergies. During the bath
fresh air must be provided to the room for
prevention of fainting. A close person should help to dive
in the bath and get out of it to eliminate the fall.
Fly on a plane?
Air travel is not recommended for women due to the fact that
the occurrence of miscarriage or premature birth, the woman will
more difficult to provide medical care – in early pregnancy
(up to 12 weeks) when there is a high risk of miscarriage, and in the later periods
(after 36 weeks) due to the risk of preterm birth. Is forbidden
flight in cases of diabetes mellitus, hypertension,
thrombophlebitis, varicose veins, bleeding and
premature birth or miscarriages in history.
In each case, a woman should visit a doctor for a couple
days before the intended flight. If the term is large, it is worth taking
permission from a doctor because the airline may refuse
flight without this document.
Flights 1-2 times for 1.5-2 hours in the air during the whole
gestation period is not dangerous. Flight more than 4 hours is not
recommended for any period of time, since permanent residence in
forced posture leads to circulatory disorders. But more
frequent flights threaten fetal hypoxia due to low
oxygen content in the cabin. Pressure drops can
lead to rupture of the fetal bladder. Natural radiation effects
may adversely affect fetal development.
Pregnancy is an absolute contraindication to
fluorography, but the procedure can be prescribed for serious
clinical indications (suspected pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis
and other pathologies of the respiratory system).
Ionizing radiation is most dangerous in the period of 2-20 weeks
gestation and threatens to stop fetal development, miscarriage,
serious pathologies of internal organs and oncological
blood diseases of the child.
Sunbathing in the solarium and under the sun?
The sun’s rays help the development of an important future for the body
Vitamin D moms. If the doctor does not prohibit tanning, then you can let
half an hour sunbathing in the shade of a canopy, with a protected
head and off hours of solar activity (12-16 hours). When skin
will get used to the sun, you can soak up and under direct solar
rays, but do not forget about the possible overheating (see sunstroke),
burn (see what to do if burned in the sun) and dehydration.
Excessive exposure to UV rays increases hormonal
adrenal and thyroid activity that threatens
miscarriage, and may exacerbate existing chronic diseases.
Excessive production of melanin leads to stains
As for tanning, and although he and safer in terms of safer
UV exposure (no B spectrum), but there is a high risk of overheating and burns.
It is recommended to refrain from visiting the solarium.
When lifting weights, abdominal pressure increases dramatically,
which puts pressure on the uterus, causing a risk of miscarriage or premature
childbirth. The fragility of bone tissue and friability of cartilage can lead to
bone cracks and tendon stretching when lifting heavy things.
Even such a pleasant thing as carrying your own
baby is dangerous.
The allowable maximum load for the future mother is 3 kg.
To treat teeth?
Sick tooth and toothache are emergency conditions that
need medical intervention. Caries is also
chronic source of infection that is undesirable during
It is not recommended to treat teeth in the first trimester, but if
emergency condition – treatment is acceptable. If necessary, a doctor
can perform local anesthesia, the drugs of choice are
ultrakain and ubestin (do not penetrate the placental barrier and do not
act on the vessels).
Based on the foregoing, it becomes clear that any
previously accustomed action in the period of carrying a precious baby
must be carefully considered and authorized by your doctor!
Автор: врач-гигиенист, эпидемиолог