Intestinal Dysbiosis in Infants: Causesand treatment

Dysbacteriosis in infants is a phenomenon with which
face up to 95% of children under the age of one. Especially prone to
this weakness is weakened, premature and often sick babies. what
is dysbacteriosis and what it
is dangerous?

The content of the article

  • 1 Infantile dysbacteriosis
    • 1.1 Symptoms and signs of dysbiosis
    • 1.2 Causes
    • 1.3 Tests for dysbiosis
  • 2 treatment

Дисбактериоз – дисбаланс здоровой
микрофлоры кишечника В соответствии с «Международной
statistical classification of diseases and problems associated with
health (document of the World Health Organization),
this imbalance is not a disease. In European countries it is
the condition is often not treated at all: it is believed that the body must
handle it yourself. But many modern specialists
hold the opposite opinion.

Why it happens? Let’s look at everything
order.

Дисбактериоз у грудничков

Dysbacteriosis in infants: symptoms and
лечение

Грудничковый дисбактериоз

Until the moment of birth, the baby is in absolutely sterile
environment, its gastrointestinal tract does not contain any
bacteria or microorganisms. At the time of birth, moving on
the birth canal, the child for the first time “meets” the natural
mother’s microflora, which normally contains lacto- and
bifidobacteria and E. coli. Further when feeding
chests, hugs and kisses, the crumb encounters various
bacteria that are on the skin and in the mouth of the mother. In this way
colonization of the baby’s normal (healthy) colon
microflora.

Ideally, babies who stay completely on the natural
feeding, intestinal microflora consists of 95-99% of lacto-and
bifidobacteria (the so-called probiotics). And only minor
some are “neutral” (obligate) bacteria, which are
no harmful or beneficial effect on the body of the infant do not have.
These include streptococci, enterococci, micrococci, Clostridium,
bacteroids and E. coli.

In the event of adverse factors (forced admission
antibiotics by mother or baby (read also: how to recover
child after antibiotics), later the first attachment to the chest,
lack of breastfeeding) intestinal microflora balance may
be disturbed and lead to adverse consequences for
fragile organism.

Symptoms and signs of dysbiosis

Признаки и основные симптомы, говорящие о том, что
the infant may be disturbed intestinal balance
flora:

  • bloating;
  • flatulence;
  • frequent abdominal pain;
  • bad breath;
  • increased salivation;
  • dry skin;
  • manifestations of allergic dermatitis;
  • thrush, stomatitis on mucous membranes;
  • constipation;
  • diarrhea for more than 2-3 days;
  • vomiting;
  • decrease (lack of) appetite;
  • a child gains weight poorly (or does not gain at all) weight (article about
    this);
  • a large amount of green mucus and foam, bloody streaks in
    the stool.

Here it is worth making a reservation and remind you that for infants
age is normal, the stool is yellow, similar in texture and
smell sour cream. At the same time a small amount of mucus and foam does not
considered abnormal. And the chair of the babies receiving complementary foods
may contain uncooked pieces of food.

We also read:

  • Diarrhea in an infant
  • Green stools with mucus

The reasons

Causes of dysbiosis in infants
The following factors may serve:

  • impaired maternal health during the peritoneal period of development
    fetus;
  • generic pathology;
  • long stay in the hospital;
  • infections of various origins (respiratory viral,
    intestinal, pustular);
  • physiological immaturity of intestinal motor function;
  • dyspeptic disorders in the gastrointestinal tract (vomiting, regurgitation,
    constipation, malabsorption and bowel dysfunction);
  • primary immunodeficiency;
  • late attachment to the chest;
  • lack of breastfeeding or early transfer of the child to
    artificial milk formula;
  • forced use of hormonal and anti-inflammatory
    drugs;
  • taking antibiotics;
  • operations;
  • constant stay of the baby in stressful and unfavorable
    social conditions, change in neuropsychiatric status
    child;
  • pathological phenomena of anemia, hypotrophy, rickets,
    allergic dermatitis and others.

Tests for dysbacteriosis

анализы на дисбактериоз

Analysis table (norm) Click for
увеличения
анализ на дисбактериоз у грудничков

Нормальные показатели анализов на дисбактериоз (Клик
для увеличения)

При наличии нескольких из вышеперечисленных симптомов врач
suspect the development of dysbiosis in the crumbs and offer to hold
laboratory research.

Tests for dysbacteriosis у грудничка включают в себя
The following types of research:

  • coprogram – diagnosis, revealing the degree of digestion
    intestinal food components, as well as signs of inflammation (or their
    absence);
  • seeding feces on conditionally pathogenic flora – research,
    identifying the percentage of obligate bacteria (excluding quantitative
    indicators of healthy microflora);
  • seeding feces for dysbacteriosis – an analysis that reveals the ratio
    normal and conditionally pathogenic flora and its resistance
    (sensitivity) to antibiotics.

When collecting tests, remember that feces (at least 5-10
г.)  собирается в чистую стеклянную баночку и сдается
freshly harvested. Long storage at room temperature is not
permissible. If a child takes probiotics, then before surrender
analysis of their need to cancel.

Treatment

лечение дисбактериоза у грудничков

Чем лечить дисбактериоз

В случае если врач поставил диагноз «дисбактериоз кишечника», то
complex long-term treatment will be required.

At the first stage bacteriophages are assigned – the so-called
�”Tamed” viruses. Their action is to destroy
pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic flora (and they do not affect
beneficial bacteria). In parallel with intestinal antiseptics
Sorbents are assigned (for the rapid removal of toxins from the body)
and enzymes (to aid the digestive system).

At the second stage, the intestine should be colonized with “good” microflora.
(lacto-and bifodobakteriyami). For this purpose, special
drugs.

For successful treatment in infants dysbacteriosis is necessary
strictly follow the doctor’s instructions and not engage
�”Amateur”.

Additionally, pediatricians may prescribe to infants
a mixture containing lactobacillus. Give the child similar mixtures without
Prescribing is not recommended. The actual will be the inclusion in
sufficient amount in the diet of babies receiving supplements,
fermented milk products.

Children fed naturally are susceptible to dysbacteriosis in
a lesser degree in comparison with the “artificial artists”.

Therefore, breastfeeding (at least up to one year old
age) – the best prevention of dysbacteriosis. In breast milk
содержатся  антитела против кишечной палочки, ротавируса,
Vibrio cholerae, Shigella, Salmonella and Giardia, and
bifidus factor – a substance that promotes the growth of normal
microflora. At the same time nursing moms need to adhere to
proper and balanced nutrition.

We read on breastfeeding:

  • Breast-feeding
  • Nutrition of nursing mother

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