The topic of childhood vaccinations has been hotly debated for many years, but by
common opinion to vaccinate the baby or not, the community of moms is up to
so far has not come. The main argument of those who are “against” is possible
complications and side effects. However, not every reaction is
a complication, because of which it is necessary to refuse vaccinations.
Например, повышение температуры почти во всех случаях –
normal scenario. So that parents do not
there was reason to panic, try to figure out which vaccinations and
why they cause fever in a child, how to prepare for vaccination, and how
recognize the warning signs of complications.
The content of the article
- 1 Why is the temperature after vaccination normal?
- 2 How to prepare for vaccination
- 2.1 When to vaccinate categorically can not
- 3 Temperature after vaccination: when to worry
- 4 How to monitor a baby after vaccination
- 5 How to alleviate the condition of the baby after vaccination
Why is the temperature after vaccination normal?
Vaccinations are set for the sole purpose of creating immunity to
pathogens. The condition of the child after vaccination can
to call a disease in a very, very easy way. However, the immune
the baby’s system during such a “disease” is activated and struggles with
the causative agent. Maintenance of this process with temperature –
- Increased temperature indicates that the body is
immunity to the introduced antigen is formed (“organism
fights “). In this case, special substances are formed in the blood that form
during the formation of immunity. They lead to higher
temperature However, this reaction is very individual. Some
людей «борьба» организма проходит без повышения temperature
- The possibility of increasing the temperature depends not only on
characteristics of the organism, but also on the vaccine itself: on the degree of its
cleaning and on the quality of antigens.
How to prepare for vaccination
Every young mother knows about the existence of the vaccination calendar.
Vaccination schedule is sometimes changed, but mandatory vaccinations in it
remain unchanged: vaccination against whooping cough, diphtheria and tetanus,
tuberculosis, hepatitis, parotitis, polio and rubella. Some
Vaccinations are given once, some – in several “stages”.
ATнимание! If parents don’t want to be vaccinated
baby – they can write a waiver. This is a better solution.
ponder and weigh all the arguments. Without vaccinations in a child can
it is difficult to go to kindergarten and school, and even to travel
to rest in a children’s camp or abroad.
If the vaccine is to be prepared for the baby.
This will help smooth out the reaction to the vaccine.
- In the next 2-4 weeks before the vaccination, the child should not
to hurt On the day of vaccination, he must also be completely healthy.
And “completely” is really completely. Even beginning
a runny nose or a slightly hoarse voice – a reason to postpone vaccination;
- During the week before vaccination should not be carried out
experiments with lure and new products. After vaccination so
it is better to keep a week on the usual diet;
- If the baby has a chronic illness – before vaccination
it is necessary to pass tests to check the status
- If children have allergies – a couple of days before the vaccination can
start giving an antihistamine (for example, fenistil drops) and
continue to give it a few more days after;
- Vaccination is put only after examination by a pediatrician. Pediatrician
must make sure that the child has a normal temperature (36.6
degrees) and there are no visible signs of the disease, as well as ask
mother about the state of the baby in recent days. Unfortunately, such inspections
often carried out very formally. And yet for the health of the child
the mother is responsible, not the doctor, so if the mother is not satisfied with the examination
– do not be shy to ask the doctor to measure the temperature and
inspect the child as it should.
What is the normal body temperature should be in the chest
ребенка (36 — 37,3 °C — в подмышечной впадине; 36,6 — 37,2 °C
– oral temperature; 36.9 – 38 ° C – temperature
- Often parents are worried about finding that their breast
baby temperature 37 degrees or even higher. Elevated
temperature is perceived as a sign of disease, it seems that
малыш требует обязательного и немедленного лечения — 37 ºC —
norm or not?
- As a newborn baby to measure the temperature. Where better
измерять (в подмышечной впадине, ректально в прямой кишке,
в ушке) и каким термометром?
When to put the vaccine categorically impossible
Some факторы являются категорическим
contraindication for vaccinations. So, the vaccine can not be done,
a child weighs less than 2 kg (this applies only to the vaccination
- previous vaccination has ended with complications;
- baby has malignant oncology
- the child suffers from congenital or acquired
- the child has a strong allergy to chicken protein, baker’s yeast
(contraindication for hepatitis B vaccination) and antibiotics group
- the kid is prone to cramps and has a nervous system disease
(contraindication for DTP vaccination);
- there is an exacerbation of a chronic disease or baby
caught the infection, and it is still in the acute phase (the vaccine is not
canceled, but temporarily postponed);
- the child recently returned from a long trip and not yet
adapted to the previous climate;
- the child has epilepsy and has recently had a seizure (vaccination
postponed for 1 month).
Temperature after vaccination: when to worry
It is impossible to predict the vaccination reaction in advance:
it depends on the vaccine, and the state of the body. However understand
whether the reaction is natural, or it is time to sound the alarm – it is possible.
For each vaccination, a picture of the normal reaction emerges.
- Hepatitis B vaccine
Hepatitis B vaccination is done in the hospital immediately after birth. AT
the site of the injection usually appears a small seal, after vaccination
the temperature rises, sometimes there is a weakness. At normal
reaction to vaccination, the temperature rise lasts no more than 2 days.
If it lasts longer or some other symptoms appear –
Need urgently seek advice.
- BCG vaccination
BCG is a vaccine against tuberculosis. Vaccination is also put in
maternity hospital for 4-5 days of life. First at the vaccination site
a red seal appears which in a month turns into
infiltrate approximately 8 mm in diameter. Over time, the wound is covered
crust, and then completely heals, and in its place remains a scar.
If healing does not occur by 5 months and the site of vaccination festers,
while the temperature rises – you need to go to the hospital.
Another complication of BCG is the formation of a keloid scar, but
this problem can be felt only a year after
vaccinations. In this case, instead of the usual scar at the site of vaccination
an unstable red scar is formed that hurts and
- Polio vaccination
This vaccination is not a traditional injection, but drops that drip.
baby in the mouth. It usually does not give any reaction and is transferred
very easy. Sometimes 2 weeks after vaccination may
temperature rise, but not higher than 37.5. It is also not always the first
a couple of days after vaccination, there is an increase in stool. If after vaccination
other symptoms of malaise have appeared – you need to apply for
- Vaccination against whooping cough, diphtheria and
This vaccination is done by a combination vaccine of Russian
(DTP) or imported (Infanrix, Pentaxim) production. Fact
�”Combination” already suggests that vaccination will be serious
load on the immune system. It is believed that the domestic vaccine
worse tolerated and often gives complications. AT любом случае после этой
vaccinations normal temperature increase
lasting up to 5 days. The vaccination site usually turns red there
There is a seal that may disturb your baby
soreness. At normal реакции через месяц шишка
If the temperature rises above 38 and does not get off normal
means – it is better to call an ambulance, especially if the child is prone to
allergies (allergies can cause a vaccine
anaphylactic shock). Another reason to apply for
медпомощью является понос, тошнота и рвота после vaccinations.
- Parotitis vaccination
Usually vaccination takes place without visible reaction. AT редких случаях
parotid may increase from day 4 to day 12 after vaccination
the lymph nodes, stomach aches, a slight runny nose or cough appears,
larynx and nasopharynx swells a little, temperature may rise
and appear a seal at the site of the vaccine. General state
baby remains normal. If rises high
temperature or indigestion observed – need
consult a doctor.
- Measles vaccination
Put in a year and also usually does not give a reaction. Sometimes after 2
weeks after vaccination, the temperature rises, there is a slight
runny nose and skin rash, reminiscent of measles symptoms. In a few
days all the effects of vaccination pass. ATысокая температура, не
going down in 2-3 days, and the poor general well-being of the child –
reason for consulting a doctor.
ATот тут о всех прививках: календарь
vaccinations for children up to a year
We also read detailed articles:
- Vaccination Mantoux;
- Measles vaccination, краснухи, паротита.
How to observe the baby after vaccination
After the child has been vaccinated, you need to watch for
his condition. This will help notice in time the complications and
- First half hour after vaccination
Do not rush home. AT первые 30 минут after vaccination
usually the most serious complications, such as
anaphylactic shock. Better to be not far from the vaccination room
and watch the baby. Pallor will be cause for concern
skin or redness, dyspnea and cold sweat.
- The first day after vaccination
AT этот период чаще всего происходит повышение температуры как
reaction to vaccination (especially after DTP vaccination). Can not
wait for the temperature to rise and immediately after vaccination to give
antipyretic baby (for example, put a candle with paracetamol
or ibuprofen). As the temperature rises, it must be lowered.
If the temperature does not drop – be sure to call an ambulance. Even
if the vaccine is “light” and the baby has no reaction, on the first day
It is recommended to walk and have a swim in the bath.
We also read: Можно ли купать ребенка
- ATторые-третьи сутки after vaccination
Inactivated (i.e. non-live) vaccines can cause
аллергию, поэтому для профилактики можно to give ребенку
Such vaccines include polio, hemophilia,
коклюша, дифтерии и tetanus, а так же от гепатита. Concerning
high temperature – the rules are the same: shoot down antipyretic and
call a doctor if the thermometer is more than 38.5.
- Две недели after vaccination
After such a period of time, the reaction can occur only
for rubella, measles, polio and parotitis vaccinations. Temperature
at the same time it does not rise much, therefore, of particular concern
should not cause. AT случае если ребенку поставили прививку не из
named list, and after 2 weeks the temperature rose,
There is no need to link temperature and vaccination: this is either starting
disease, or a reaction to teething.
Как облегчить состояние малыша after vaccination
Such unpleasant phenomena for the child as fever
and pain at the injection site are not tolerated by babies. Need to
ease the baby’s condition and try to relieve the symptoms of a reaction to
- When a child is sick, the temperature does not decrease to 38 degrees
советуют (см ссылки выше). На температуру after vaccination
this rule does not apply. If the child does not tolerate
temperature up to 38 degrees – it can be reduced. The best thing
use candles with paracetamol or ibuprofen.
Temperature above 38 is difficult to knock down with one candle, so candles are better
combined with syrup, and it is desirable that the candle and syrup be
different active ingredients (for example, a candle with paracetamol
(Panadol), ibuprofen syrup (Nurofen)). At temperatures above
38.5 call an ambulance. Using antipyretic, do not forget to read
instruction so as not to exceed the allowable rate.
ATажно! Drug List for Temperature
allowed children up to a year;
- Do not ignore the physical methods of cooling at high
temperature: a minimum of clothing, wiping with a damp cloth;
- To alleviate the condition of the child should take care of
microclimate at home: we ventilate the room, we moisten the air;
- Usually, when the child is ill, there is no appetite, so the food
do not insist. Drink the opposite need a little more to
compensate for fluid loss. Offer your child to drink at least
sip, but often;
- To relieve inflammation at the injection site, you can make a lotion with
novocaine and lubricate the seal with Troxevasin ointment.
It is very dangerous during the heat to choose not
correct behavior tactics. ATот что делать совершенно не
- water baby aspirin (it has many side effects and
may cause complications);
- wipe the body with alcohol or vodka (alcohol is not compatible with
drugs, and through the skin he, though in small doses, but
- go for a walk and bathe the baby in a warm bath (walk –
an extra load on the body, and swimming in warm water will only increase
- make the child eat (all the forces of the body are thrown on
formation of immunity and restoration of a normal state,
the need to digest food “distracts” the body from the more important
We also read:
- We treat the temperature of the child folk remedies;
- ATысокая температура: что делать и чем сбить.
Carefully monitor the condition of the baby, keep your hand on
Pulse and feel free to ask questions to doctors or ask for
using If you prepare for vaccinations and keep everything under control –
they will not be scary at all.