- Why are they vaccinated with DTP?
- Vaccination preparation
- How and when is vaccination given?
- DTP response
- Actions of parents after vaccination
When it comes time to vaccinate a newborn, vaccine DTP causes parents the most doubt and anxiety. The thing is the fact that such a vaccine is difficult to tolerate by children, it causes fever, tearfulness and restless sleep.
However, this vaccine is recommended for use, so the consequences diseases are much more serious than a possible reaction to vaccination. So what is it for?
Why are they vaccinated with DTP?
DTP vaccine protects your child against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. Together with the vaccine, the killed or weakened microbes and their toxins that stimulate the production of antibodies, but can not lead to infection. The largest number killed vaccine bacillus causes reactions to the vaccine.
Administering a vaccine to a child contraindicated in the presence of one of the following factors:
- Allergy to any component of the vaccine;
- Exacerbation of any chronic diseases;
- Pathology of the nervous system;
- Attacks of seizures without fever.
In the last two versions of the children, an ADS vaccine arrives, which does not contain whooping cough.
One week before vaccination is not allowed add new types of complementary foods or switch to another brand of the mixture. A nursing mother should discard new products on the menu. All this it is necessary so that in case of allergies it is clear that it’s because of the vaccine, not the new product.
Three days before vaccination, it is recommended to give the child antiallergic drug, the dose of which is to recommend Therapist.
Before vaccinating a child, you should not overfeed, as well as try to spend as much time as possible with him on a walk. Before administering the vaccine, the child should be examined pediatrician.
It is worth noting that you need to go to an appointment with him exclusively in “healthy children’s day”, excluding contact with sick children. Remember that vaccination can only be given to healthy children, therefore at the slightest ailment, it is best to postpone the vaccine.
How and when is vaccination given?
To develop immunity, you need to enter the vaccine four times DTP. Subsequent administration of the vaccine is called revaccination, it needed in order to maintain the right amount antibodies.
The first DTP vaccine is administered to a 3-month-old baby; the second – at 4-5 months, and the third at 6 months. Fourth dose of vaccination done in 1.5 years.
After this, the children are revaccinated at 6 or 7 years, after which at the age of 14. If it’s time for vaccination and the child is sick, it’s best to take the vaccine. Baby body can respond differently to each vaccine.
The case when the child well tolerated the first vaccination, but fever and malaise appeared after the second vaccinations are a variant of the norm, it is not considered as possible contraindication to further vaccines. Most children have the strongest reaction is precisely to the second DTP vaccine.
In the vaccination room it is important pay attention to exactly where the nurse is going to do child an injection. DTP vaccine must be administered exclusively in hip, however, this rule is not always respected in practice. If inject the vaccine into the buttock, risks such as:
- The introduction of vaccination in the subcutaneous tissue;
- Sciatic nerve damage
- Hit in a blood vessel.
In the latter version, the baby only faces a bruise on the buttock, and when injected into the subcutaneous tissue, vaccination effectiveness decreases because the desired amount of antibodies is not produced. Where to damage to the sciatic nerve is more dangerous, as it can lead to serious complications.
After the introduction of the vaccine about half an hour is recommended not far from the clinic, so that in case of acute reaction, the child was immediately provided with the necessary medical help. This rule must be observed after each vaccination. Better just take a walk in the fresh air than stay in a building polyclinics.
Approximately 30% of children have a reaction to DTP vaccination. More often total it manifests itself in the form of elevated temperature, compaction or swelling at the injection site, loose stools, loss of appetite, and also the crying and lethargy of the child. Depending on severity such symptoms distinguish between severe and mild reactions.
Redness at the injection site with a diameter of up to 8 cm, as well as a temperature of 37 degrees Celsius indicates a mild reaction. In this case, no treatment is required. Swelling and redness may remain for two weeks.
Long incessant crying (more than three hours), temperature up to 39 degrees Celsius, as well as redness with a diameter of 8 cm talking about a severe reaction. Convulsions may occur, but their the cause is high fever, not a vaccine. About this condition need to inform the pediatrician.
Any reactions after vaccination occur during the first day after the injection, after which they go into decline. If after a few days lethargy, runny nose and fever appear after the injection this is a sign of a viral infection, not a vaccine action.
Actions of parents after vaccination
To relieve the child after vaccination, parents may take the following measures:
- Give your child a plentiful drink (baby tea, compote, mineral water);
- If a child has no appetite, do not force him to eat through force;
- For several days do not visit crowded places;
- Do not add new types of complementary foods;
- If the child does not have a fever, spend more with him time in the fresh air;
- More often do wet cleaning in the children’s room and ventilate her.
These actions are aimed at the child was protected from various viral infections. At that time it is extremely undesirable to get sick, since the baby’s immunity already has increased stress due to the action of the vaccine.
In the case when a child has got DTP after the vaccine a cold, you need to give it an antipyretic based on ibuprofen or paracetamol in a dosage by age. It also has analgesic effect, therefore, the child improves and overall well-being.
DTP vaccination is an effective means of protecting a child from dangerous diseases. Most complications that appear after vaccination, caused by ignoring contraindications to it application. The severity of the vaccination reaction can be reduced if properly prepare for the vaccine and use simple ones after it methods to alleviate the condition of the child.