Hypoplasia of the thyroid gland in women. Symptomsdiagnostic and treatment methods

Content:

  • What is hypoplasia of the thyroid gland in women?
  • Causes of hypoplasia
  • Symptoms
  • Diagnostic methods
  • Treatment of thyroid hypoplasia
  • Effects
  • Video
  • Prevention of hypoplasia

Hypoplasia of the thyroid gland in women is quite rare
disease. It is expressed in full or partial loss by the body
its functions. For unknown reasons, the disease affects women
much more often than the representatives of the stronger sex. Affliction has
congenital, symptoms may appear immediately after
of birth. In some cases, hypoplasia runs unnoticed,
the woman does not even suspect about this pathology.

What is hypoplasia of the thyroid gland in women?

The diagnosis of thyroid hypoplasia is based on
survey results. What it is? The essence of pathology –
в атрофии ткани щитовидки, которая влечет
reducing the amount of hormones and loss of organ function.

The disease has several types. One of them is diffuse
hypoplasia. In this case, the organ is affected evenly. Wherein
the size of the gland decreases, and the shape does not change. If the disease
localized in one part of the thyroid gland, speak of right hypoplasia
or left lobe. Complete atrophy of the body is called aplasia.

гипоплазия щитовидной железы


Depending on the degree of damage to the thyroid gland and
the severity of clinical symptoms emit several stages
diseases:

  • Умеренная. Body size reduced
    slightly, the symptoms are unexpressed.
  • Average. It is characterized by vivid symptoms and
    a significant decrease in the size of the body.
  • Last one Changes in the body have
    irreversible. Children develop cretinism, in adults –
    Misxedema (pathological fluid retention in the body due to
    low hormonal level).

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Causes of hypoplasia

Основная причина гипоплазии — генная мутация в период
внутриутробного развития
. It is influenced by
various provoking factors:

  • Lack of iodine in the body of a pregnant woman.
  • Acceptance of hormonal drugs.
  • Radioactive exposure.
  • Heredity.
  • Autoimmune diseases.
  • Endocrine disorders.
  • Tumors of the thyroid gland.
  • Hypothalamus malfunction.
  • Taking medications that suppress thyroid hyperfunction.

Often the disease develops in old age, when
disrupted the functioning of many organs and systems.

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Symptoms

The first signs of the disease appear in a child aged 3-4.
months. As a result of the lack of the hormone thyroxine and triiodothyronine in
children have the following symptoms:

  • Bad weight gain.
  • Apathy, weakness.
  • Disproportionate development of the limbs.
  • Bad reaction to external stimuli.
  • Long-lasting jaundice.
  • Developmental delays, both physically and
    mental.

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Symptoms и лечение


In adolescence, the following should alert
symptoms:

  • Sharp weight gain.
  • Fatigue, lethargy.
  • Irritability.
  • The deterioration of memory and attention.
  • Hair loss.

In adults, the disease develops gradually. Main symptoms
hypoplasia of the thyroid gland in women:

  • Reproductive dysfunction.
  • Disproportionate development of parts of the face and body (short stature,
    big head).
  • The increase in the abdomen.
  • Unreasonable weight gain.
  • Increased nervousness.
  • Fast fatiguability.
  • Hoarseness.
  • Poor coordination of movement.
  • Violation of speech function.
  • Decreased libido.
  • Deterioration of the skin, nails and hair.

These symptoms are characteristic of grade 2 pathology. Danger
diseases in that the patient does not always associate appeared
symptoms of thyroid malfunction and begins to be treated for
other ailments. Meanwhile, the disease progresses and causes
serious complications.

At the last stage, the work of the cardiovascular
system, the kidneys work. Signs of fluid retention
myxedema:

  • Swelling of the face and limbs.
  • Laryngeal edema.
  • Bradycardia.
  • Decreased hearing due to middle ear edema.

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Diagnostic methods

The diagnosis of “hypoplasia” is made on the basis of complex
survey. It includes:

  • Determining the level of thyroid hormones in the blood.
  • Ultrasound of the thyroid gland.

If there are difficulties with the diagnosis, then appoint
puncture of the gland, at which determine the amount of glandular tissue.
When hypoplasia is small or none at all.


If you suspect a gene violation of a pregnant woman spend
perinatal screening that involves level measurement
hormones in a certain period of pregnancy.

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Treatment of thyroid hypoplasia

Disease therapy involves lifelong hormone therapy.
drugs. With the help of hormones, the function of the body is restored,
normalized size. The success of treatment depends on which
stage it began. The earlier it is possible to diagnose pathology and
start treatment is more likely to eliminate negative
effects on the body.

If a child is prescribed treatment on time, it will be possible to avoid
developmental problems, the child will not differ from healthy
peers.

At the last stage, a complete cure is impossible. In this case
The therapy is symptomatic, it is aimed at
reduction of the negative manifestation of the disease. If therapy is matched
correctly and medications are taken regularly, it is possible to stop
disease progression.

Important! Hormones the patient must take to the end
of life.

In addition to taking hormones, prescribe a firming massage and
gymnastics, aimed at improving muscle tone. Success
treatment depends on adherence to medical recommendations for regular
приему drugs.

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антитела к тиреопероксидазе?to content ↑

Effects

If the treatment of hypoplasia is not started on time, the patient will
irreversible changes will occur in the body:

  • The development of heart failure. This is due to
    fluid accumulation in the pericardium.
  • Impaired kidney function, as they do not cope with elevated
    volume of fluid.

As a result, myxedema develops and the patient may die from
swelling.

The disease leads to impaired reproductive function.
Hypoplasia in women causes miscarriages or fading
of pregnancy. In men, the disease leads to impotence and infertility.

In children with no treatment, mental development develops.
backwardness, impaired physical development, the appearance of external
signs of deformity: short legs, wide feet and palms, bulging
forehead, squint, big belly. In adolescents, the disease becomes
cause of obesity and diabetes, genital underdevelopment, low
growth.

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